Maritime Transport by t2aaSB

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									Maritime Transport
  Maritime Transport in Iceland
                  Responsibilites




• Ministry of the Interior
   – Icelandic Maritime Administration
       • The Maritime Traffic Service (VTS)
   – Icelandic Coast Guard
   – Icelandic Marine Accident Investigation
     Board


• Ministry for the Environment
   – The Environment Agency
      • Responsible for marine pollution
                   Icelandic Maritime Administration
                                    Main tasks in Maritime Transport


•   IMA Resides in Kópavogur, near Reykjavík

•   65 employees

•   Responsible for centrally administrating
    maritime, harbour and lighthouse affairs

•   Operations commenced 1 October 1996 when
    the Directorate of Shipping (1903-1996) and
    the Lighthouse and Harbour Administration
    (1878-1996) were consolidated

•   IMA Organisation Chart 2006 - pdf

•   Legislation
     – IMA Act (pdf) No. 6/1996
               Icelandic Maritime Administration
                              Main tasks in Maritime Transport




•   Ship registration and measurement
•   Ship surveillance – Marine equipment
•   Issue of Ship Certificates
•   Recognised organisation
•   Flag State
•   Port State Control
•   Vessel Traffic Monitoring
     – LRIT-AIS-SafeSeaNet
     – Lighthouses
• Certificates of Competency
  (Domestic/STCW)
• Safe Manning Document
     – Manning regulations for fishing
       vessels
          Icelandic Maritime Administration
                         Main tasks in Maritime Transport


    Cont.
•   Legal registration of seamen
•   Seafarers rights and obligations
•   Living conditions, safety and health
•   Hours of work and rest
•   Safety of seafarers and vessels
•   Passenger vessels
•   Oil tankers – bulk carriers
•   Pilotage
•   Research projects
•   Participation in International co-
    operation (IMO, ILO, EU, EMSA,                Weather and Sea State
    COSS, Nordic co-operation)
                                            Icelandic Waters and North Atlantic
                              Icelandic Coast Guard
                                    Main tasks in Maritime Transport




•   Resides in Reykjavík and established 1926

• 140 employees

•   Homepage

•    Safety and security surveillance and law
    enforcement at sea
         – Protection against illegal activities such as illegal
            migration and illegal drug trafficking
         – Fisheries control and enforcement
         – Pollution surveillance and response
         – Natural resource and ecology protection
         – Salvage and rescue diving
         – International cooperation
                       Icelandic Coast Guard
                             Main tasks in Maritime Transport




Cont.

•   Search and rescue
•   Emergency medical transport
•   Explosive Ordinance Disposal “EOD”
•   Hydrographic surveying and nautical charting
•   Assistance to law enforcement on land
•   Civil protection
                                                        Coast Guard Vessel Thor
                                                     To be delivered 31 August 2011
Icelandic Maritime Administration
           Harbours in Iceland
                                      Maritime Transport
                             Number of ships registered in Iceland 1st January 2011

Type                                 Count       GT
                                                       OIL TANKER                       1      372
BARGE                                   14     2.586
BARGE /SEAWEED                           6       30    PASSENGERSHIP                   52     7.750

CARGO VESSEL LIVE FISH CARRIER           1      152    PATROL AND LIFEBOAT              1       73
DREDGER                                  1      220
                                                       PILOT- AND TUGBOAT               3      274
DREDGERSET                               5     2.207
                                                       PILOT BOAT                       8      214
DRY CARGO SHIP                           1      415
FISH.V.PURSE STEINERS/ST                 1     2.156   PLEASURE CRAFTS-               362     2.125

FISH.V.STERN TRAWLER                    57    70.613   PONTOON BRIDGE                   2      720
FISH.V.WHALE CATCHER                     4     2.000
                                                       RESEARCH VESSEL                  7     5.783
FISHING VESSEL                        1.500   86.721
                                                       SAILBOAT                        83      783
FISHING,PASSENGERSHIP                   24      411
FISHING. LEISURE BOAT                   44      181    TRAINING VESSEL                  2     2.389

FLOATING DOCK                            2    18.009   TUGBOAT                         12      569
HYDROGRAPHIC VESSEL                      1        3
                                                       VIKINGSHIP                       1       13
INSPECTION SHIP                          2     2.529
                                                       WORKBOAT                        12      505
LIFEBOAT                                39      679
MUSEUM SHIP                              1      910    Total                     2.249      211.392
Maritime Transport
   Ferry routes in Iceland
            Maritime Transport
                Ferries in Iceland




Herjólfur
             Maritime Transport
  GENERAL ISSUES AFFECTING ALL MODES OF TRANSPORT
                   PASSENGER RIGHTS




• Reg. 1177/2010 (rights of passengers when
  travelling by sea and inland waterway)

• Compliance date: 18 December 2012

• EEA Relevant

• No problems are foreseen in implementing
  Reg. 1177/2010
          Maritime Transport
                  ACCESS TO MARKET


•   Reg. 3577/92 (maritime cabotage)

•   EEA Relevant

•   This Reg. is fully transposed into Icelandic
    legislation:
     – Notice No. 563/1998 on the entry into
         force of Council Regulation (EEC) No
         3577/92 of 7 December 1992 applying the
         principle of freedom to provide services to
         maritime transport within Member States
         (maritime cabotage).

•   Cargo and passenger transport by ships
    between Iceland and other countries have
    always been free and open to all. The same
    applies to maritime transport between ports in
    Iceland.
        Maritime Transport
                 ACCESS TO MARKET



•   Reg. 4055/86 (freedom to provide services)

•   EEA Relevant

•   This Reg. is fully transposed into Icelandic
    legislation:
      – Notice No. 572/1993 on the entry into force
         of provisions according to the Agreement
         the European Economic Area regarding
         maritime transport

•   Cargo and passenger transport by ships between
    Iceland and other countries have always been
    free and open to all. The same applies to
    maritime transport between ports in Iceland
        Maritime Transport
                 ACCESS TO MARKET

•   Reg. 789/2004 (transfer between registers)

•   EEA Relevant

•   This Reg. is fully transposed into Icelandic legislation:
     – Regulation (EC) No 789/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April
         2004 on the transfer of cargo and passenger ships between registers within the
         Community and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 613/91 (Text with EEA
         relevance), 698/2006.
        Maritime Transport
                 ACCESS TO MARKET


•   Reg. 4058/86 (action to safeguard free access to
    cargoes in ocean trades)

•   EEA Relevant

•   This Reg. is fully transposed into Icelandic
    legislation:
      – Notice No. 572/1993 on the entry into
         force of provisions according to the
         Agreement the European Economic Area
         regarding maritime transport.

•   Cargo and passenger transport by ships between
    Iceland and other countries have always been
    free and open to all. The same applies to
    maritime transport between ports in Iceland
  Maritime Transport
     INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS


• Reg. 4057/86, Dec. 77/587

• EEA Relevant

• This Reg. is fully transposed
  into Icelandic legislation:
   – Notice No. 572/1993 on
      the entry into force of
      provisions according to the
      Agreement the European
      Economic Area regarding
      maritime transport.
  Maritime Transport
     INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS


• Dec. 92/143 and Reg. 2158/93

• EEA Relevant

• This Reg. is fully transposed
  into Icelandic legislation:
   – Notice No. 442/1994 on
      the entry into force of
      provisions according to the
      Agreement the European
      Economic Area regarding
      maritime transport.
  Maritime Transport
     INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS


• Reg. 2158/93

• EEA Relevant

• This Reg. is fully transposed
  into Icelandic legislation:
   – Notice No. 442/1994 on
      the entry into force of
      provisions according to the
      Agreement the European
      Economic Area regarding
      maritime transport.
    Maritime Transport
     INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS


•   Dec. 2002/971 (HNS)

•   Dec. 2004/246 (IOPC)
     – amend 2004/64, 1490/2007,
        2002/762 and 2008/143.

•   Iceland has not yet ratified HNS and
    IOPC
       Maritime Transport
     TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
            Recognized Organisations




•   Dir. 2009/15/EC
     – Com. Dec. 2009/491
     – Com. Dec. 2009/78 (Polish Register)

•   EEA Relevant

•   These Directives are fully transposed into Icelandic legislation with:
     – Ship Survey Act, No 47/2003 (Art. 10)
     – Regulation on the recognition of classification societies and on rules and standards
       for institutions responsible for carrying out ship survey and control, 142/2004.

•   Reg. 391/2009 (recast) – Not yet incorporated into the EEA Agreement - No problems
    are foreseen in implementing this Regulation
         Maritime Transport
       TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
                       Flag State




•   Dir. 2009/21/EC - on compliance with
    Flag State Requirements

•   Compliance date: 17 June 2011

•   EEA relevant

•   No problems are foreseen in
    implementing this Directive
          Maritime Transport
         TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
                     Port State Control




•   Dir. 2009/16/EC
     – Amend. 428/2010, 801/2010 and 802/2010
     –   Dir. 96/40 (identity card)

•   Iceland has been a party to the Paris MOU since 1 July 2000

•   According to a notice from Schengen and SafeSeaNet, there were 351 single ship arrivals to Iceland in
    2010 which is 6 ships fewer than the preceding year. Single ship arrival means that a ship is only
    counted once although they arrive more often in Icelandic ports during the period. A total of 106 ships
    were inspected, which amounts to 30.2% of foreign ship arrivals in Iceland

•   These Directives are fully imposed into Icelandic legislation with:
     – Ship Survey Act, No 47/2003 (Art. 14)
     – Regulation on Port State Control No. 589/2003, a new Regulation according to Dir. 2009/16/EC,
        as amended and will be published later this month
         Maritime Transport
        TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
              Vessel Traffic Monitoring




•   Dir. 2002/59/EC
     – Amend. 2002/84,
•   EEA Relevant

•   These Directives are fully imposed into
    Icelandic legislation with:
     – Act No 41/2001 on the Maritime Traffic
         Service
     – Regulation No. 672/2006 on the
         Maritime Traffic Service

•   Dir. 2009/17, 2009/18 and 2011/15
     – Not yet incorporated into the EEA
       Agreement - No problems are foreseen in
        implementing these Directives
           Maritime Transport
         TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
                 Vessel Traffic Monitoring



•   The Maritime Traffic Service (VTS) was established
    2004 and is on the responsibility of IMA who has
    entered into a service agreement with Emergency
    Iceland (112), Coast Guard, Icelandic Association for
    Search and Rescue (ICE-SAR)

•   Notifications of ships
     –   LRIT – AIS – SafeSeaNet
     – Since 1st January 2011 all fishing vessels
       registered in Iceland must be equipped with AIS

•   Weather and sea state (information system)
           Maritime Transport
         TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
              Vessel Traffic Monitoring –
Range of AIS shore-based stations - A total of 35 stations
 Icelandic Maritime Administration
          Lighthouses in Iceland



       Name    District        Ship        Distinctive
       and     letters         registratio number or
       home    and             n numer     letters (Call
       port    number                      sign)
> 30   15 cm     45 cm            45 cm        15 cm
GRT
< 30   12 cm      25 cm            25 cm
GRT
      Maritime Transport
     TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
    International Safety Management Code




•   Reg. 336/2006, amend. 540/2008

•   Com. Decision of 21. feb. 2011

•   EEA Relevant

•   These Directives are fully transposed into
    Icelandic legislation:
      – Act No 76/2001 on Crews Serving on
         Board Icelandic Passenger Ships and
         Cargo Ships Art. 9 A
      – Regulation 337/2009
       Maritime Transport
      TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
                        Pilotage




•   Dir. 79/115

•   EEA Relevant

•   These Directives are fully transposed into
    Icelandic legislation:
      – Notice No. 569/1993 on the entry into
         force of the provisions according to the
         Agreement on the European Economic
         Area on ship pilotage of deep sea pilots.
           Maritime Transport
            REPORTING FORMALITIES

•   Dir. 2010/65 (repealing Dir. 2002/6)

•   EEA Relevant

•   Implementation in Iceland:
     – Regulation No. 869/2004 on reporting
        formalities for ships arriving in and/or
        departing from EEA Member States,
        implemented Dir. 2002/6.

     – A new Regulation according to Dir.
       2010/65 is currently being
       implemented and no problems are
       forseen. Not yet incorporated into the
       EEA Agreement -
          Maritime Transport
        TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
                    Marine Equipment



•   Directive 96/98/EC; amend 98/85,
    2001/53, 2002/75, 2008/67, 2009/26,
    596/2009 and 2010/68

•   EEA Relevant

•   This Directive is fully transposed into
    Icelandic legislation:
      – Ship Survey Act No. 47/2003; Art. 1,
         par. 4 og 7 and Art. 3
      – Regulation No 589/2004 on marine
         equipment, with later amendments
        Maritime Transport
          Technical and safety conditions
                Passenger ships


• Dir. 1999/35, amend. 2002/84,
  2009/18, 2003/25

• EEA Relevant

• These Directives are fully transposed
  into Icelandic legislation:
   – Ship Survey Act No. 47/2003, Art.
      1. par. 4
   – Regulation on the inspections of ro-
      ro ferries and high speed passenger
      craft engaged in international
      voyages, cf. 595/2004.
         Maritime Transport
       TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
                Safety of fishing vessels




•   Dir. 97/70/EC, amend. 1999/19, 2002/35 and
    2002/84

•   EEA Relevant

•   These Directives are fully transposed into
    Icelandic legislation:
      – Ship Survey Act No. 47/2003
      – Regulation No. 122/2004 on the safety of
         fishing vessels of 15 metres in length overall
         and over, as amended
                                Maritime Transport
                            TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
                    Safety of fishing vessels - Long-term safety programme



•   IMA administrates the implementation of the
    programme in co-operation with a              Fatal accidents:
    management board, consisting of               Work at sea (red) – Work ashore (grey)
    representatives of the Ministry and
    stakeholders.
•   The main programme topics are:
     – Education and training
     – A safety-management system (SMS) is
        being prepared for fishing vessels
        involving a manual where special
        emphasis will be placed on the human
        element in the working environment of
        fishing vessels.
     – Development of educational material
        and guidelines. Manuals, brochures and
        video tapes/DVDs on safety matters are
        prepared and issued on a regular basis.
                                  Maritime Transport
                             TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
                     Safety of fishing vessels - Legal registration of seamen



• Before every Icelandic vessel leaves port, the
  master must register into a central computer
  database the names of the crew members and
  their positions on board. The database is
  accessible to official control authorities (e.g.
  IMA and Coast Guard)

• Reasons for the strict registration policy:
     –   Who is on board?
     –   Is the Certificate of Seaworthiness valid?
     –   Has the Tonnage Certificate been issued?
     –   Are the Certificates of Competency of the
         master and other crew members valid and
         authentic?
     –   Is the ship fully manned according to Safe
         Manning Document?
     –   Are all insurances valid and authentic?
     –   Have the crew members attended all mandatory
         safety courses?
     –   Records on seagoing service in connection with
         issue of Certificate of Competency.
     –   Basis for Seamen’s Tax Reduction.
          Maritime Transport
         TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
                         Oil tankers




•   Reg. 417/2002, amend. 2099/2002, 1726/2003,
    2172/2004, 457/2007 and 1163/2009

•   EEA Relevant

•   These Directives are fully transposed into Icelandic
    legislation:
      – Ship Survey Act No. 47/2003, Art. 1 Par.4
      – Regulation No. 1110/2008 on the design of oil
         tankers
          Maritime Transport
        TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
                      Bulk carriers




•   Dir. 2001/96, amend 2002/84

•   EEA Relevant

•   These Directives are fully transposed into Icelandic legislation:
     – Ship Survey Act No. 47/2003, Art.1 par 4
     – Regulation No 204/2004 on harmonized requirements and
       methods on safe loading and discharging of bulk carriers.
        Maritime Transport
       TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
              Accident investigation



• Dir. 2009/18

• Compliance date: 17 June 2011

• EEA relevant – not yet incorporated

• No problems are foreseen in
  implementing this Directive. Directive
  2009/18/EC is currently being translated
  into Icelandic and its implementation is
  being prepared.
        Maritime Transport
       TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
              Accident investigation


• A special accident investigation board is
  responsible for investigating marine
  accidents and incidents.

• The Minister shall appoint a five-person
  board of experts for a four-year term to
  investigate marine accidents. Board
  members must have such qualifications
  and experience as will be particularly
  useful in investigating marine accidents

• The Board shall publish a general report
  on its work each year and reports on
  individual cases. These reports shall be
  regarded as public documents
        Maritime Transport
      TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
                        Insurance



•   Dir. 2009/20

•   Compliance date: 1 January 2012

•   EEA Relevant

•   No problems are foreseen in implementing
    this Directive. A Bill is being prepared for
    the implementation of the Directive.
         Maritime Transport
     TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONDITIONS
                 COSS


•   Reg. 2099/2002; amend 415/2004 and
    93/2007

•   EEA Relevant

•   These Directives are fully imposed into
    Icelandic legislation with:
     – Ship Survey Act No. 47/2003, Art. 1.
         para. 4
     – Regulation No 652/2009 establishing a
         Committee on Safe Seas and the
         Prevention of Pollution from Ships
         (COSS)
     – Icelandic Maritime Administration
         participates in COSS meetings.
          Maritime Transport
                          EMSA

•   Reg. 1406/2002; amend. 1644/2003, 724/2004
    and 2038/2006

•   EEA Relevant

•   These Directives are fully imposed into Icelandic
    legislation with:
      – IMA Act (pdf) No. 6/1996, Art 3, par. 13
         Regulation No. 1138/2007 on the
         establishment of a European Maritime Safety
         Agency

•   Director General of IMA has participated in the
    EMSA Administrative Board meetings and has
    the right to speak and make proposals.

•   Employees of IMA, Icelandic Coast Guard and
    the Environment Agency have attended Work
    Shops at EMSA in Portugal
  Maritime Transport
 ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
     Ship-source pollution



• Dir. 2005/35; amend. 2009/123

• Not yet incorporated in the
  EEA Agreement

• No problems are foreseen in
  implementing this Directive.
          Maritime Transport
        ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
            Ship-generated waste


•   Dir. 2000/59; amend. 2002/84 and Dir.
    2007/71

•   EEA Relevant

•   These Directives are fully transposed into
    Icelandic legislation:
     – Act No. 33/2004 on marine and
         coastal antipollution measures
         (unofficial translation), Art. 6 k and l
         and Art. 11
     – Regulation No. 792/2004 on the
         reception of waste from ships
         (2000/59) as amended 463/2011
         (2007/71)
         Maritime Transport
       ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
          Organotin compounds

• Reg. 782/2003; amend. 536/2008

• EEA Relevant

• This Regulation is fully transposed into
  Icelandic legislation:
   – Act No. 33/2004 on marine and
      coastal antipollution measures
      (unofficial translation), Art.6,par. v.
   – Regulation No. 824/2005 on
      prohibition of organotin compounds
      on ships, amend. 827/2010
      (implementing 536/2008)
          Maritime Transport
                MARITIME SECURITY


• Reg. 725/2004; amend. 2009/83,
   – Dir. 2005/65
   – Reg. 324/2008
   – Rec. from 11 March 2010

• EEA Relevant

• This Regulation is fully transposed into Icelandic
  legislation:
    – Act on Maritime Security, No. 50/2004, cf.
       amendments No. 18/2007
    – Regulation No 474/2007 on ship and port
       security, as amended (725/2004 and
       324/2008)
    – Regulation No 265/2008 um the
       implementation of maritime security
       (2005/65)
Maritime Transport
  MARITIME SECURITY
          Maritime Transport
                     SEAFARERS
                 Training of seafarers

Dir. 2008/16/EC
     – Amend. 2005/45 and 2010/361 (Israel),
       2010/363 (Algeria), 2010/705 (Georgia),
       2010/704 (Sri Lanka)

• EEA Relevant

• Implementation in Iceland:
    – Act No 76/2001 on Crews Serving on Board
      Icelandic Passenger Ships and Cargo Ships
    – Regulation on Crews Serving on Board
      Icelandic Passenger Ships and Cargo Ships
      No. 416/2003
    – Regulation on Watchkeeping Arrangements
      on Board Icelandic Passenger Ships and      College of Navigation and Marine Engineering - Reykjavík
      Cargo Ships No. 599/2001
        Maritime Transport
                    SEAFARERS
                Training of seafarers

•   IMA issues all Certificates of Competency to
    Icelandic Seafarers. Currently 700 STCW
    CoCs are valid.
•   Iceland has ratified the STCW Convention
    and is on the IMO White List
•   IMA is responsible for controlling that
    education in maritime colleges meet s the
    requirements of International Conventions
•   Masters and Mates
     – < 65 GT in near coastal in Iceland (1
        semester)
     – < 500 GT in near coastal (4 semesters)
     – < 3000 GT (7 semesters)
     – Unlimited (8 semesters)                     College of Navigation and Marine Engineering - Reykjavík

•   Marine Engineers:
     – < 750 kW (2 semesters)
     – < 3,000 kW (9 semesters)
     – Unlimited (10 semesters)
       Maritime Transport
                    SEAFARERS
                   Social aspects



•   Dir. 1999/63 (working time)
•   EEA Relevant
•   Implemention in Iceland:
     – Act No 76/2001 on Crews Serving on
        Board Icelandic Passenger Ships and
        Cargo Ships , Art. 7A og 7B
     – Reg. 680/2004, amend. 1019/2006
         • incorporates dir. 1999/63
• Directive 2009/13/EC is being
  translated and its implementation is
  being prepared. No problems are
  foreseen in implementing these
  Directives
Thank you. Any questions?

								
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