December 2 & 3, 2010
Please Do Now: List reasons for the
movement of the US manufacturing
jobs to other countries.
Objective - Learner
describe how the earnings of workers are
Composition of US Labor
ed, U.S. institutionalized
Nonlabor Total U.S.
force labor force
Tracking the labor
• Labor Force - all nonmilitary people who
are employed or unemployed
• Employment & unemployment
• The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
in the US (1920-1940)
• College Graduates - human capital
• Women at work
• Temporary Workers
• Which of the following is not a factor in the
rising percentage of women in the labor
• A) higher levels of education
• B) need for a second income
• C) decreasing levels of human capital
• D) rise in divorce rates
Assignments – turn in
• Chpt. 9 vocabulary – pages 210-237
• Using 10 of the vocab words, choose 1 to
complete: Diary entry about the Labor
Market, crossword puzzle, Letter to Union
• Underline or highlight each word used.
• Read pages 219-227
• Complete Notes – 2 column
• Collected & checked TODAY!!
Supply and Demand for
• Labor Demand - productivity
• Labor Supply
• Equilibrium Wage
Wages and Skills
• Unskilled Labor
• Semi-skilled labor
• Skilled Labor
• Professional Labor
• Laws Against Wage Discrimination
• Pay Levels for Women
• Pay Levels for Minorities
Other Factors Affecting
• Minimum Wage Laws
• Safety Laws
• Employers Respond to Wage Levels
• Create 2 columns: “Wages go up” and
“Wages go down”
• Under each column, include examples (3)
to show how the 3 forces (working
conditions, discrimination, and unions have
on wages) can cause wages to rise or fall.
Assignment: on back
• Read page 227, Karl Marx, & answer the 3
• Answers only.
Section 2 Quiz
• Directions: Read each question carefully.
Answer each question on a separate sheet
• Use complete sentence responses only
• Remember this is a quiz! No noises ... No
wandering eyes ... No cheating ...
Section 2 Quiz
1. What is the wage rate called at which there is neither
excess supply of or demand for workers?
2. What generally happens to the equilibrium wage when
(a) demand for workers is low and supply is high; (b)
demand for workers is high and supply is low?
3. Which of the following describes one reason women’s
wages are lower than men’s?
4. How does skilled labor differ from professional labor?
Give and example of each.
5. How do minimum wage and safety laws affect wages?
• December 14 & 15
Labor and Labor Unions
• The movement began in the mid-1800s
• Unions used strikes as their main tool.
• Great gains in the mid-1900s (figure 9.12)
• Samuel Gompers started the Labor
movement: higher wages, shorter hours,
and safer environments (AFL)
Your turn …
• Which of the following was NOT a focus of
Samuel Gompers’s workplace reforms?
• A) higher wages
• B) safer work environments
• C) individual and family health coverage
• D) shorter hours
Decline of Labor
• Employers resisted Unions.
• Congress protected Labor cause during the
• Union leaders started to abuse their power.
• Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 passed – right-to-
• Blue-collar workers are those who work in
industrial jobs, and receive wages.
• Example: Factory workers
• White-collar workers are those in a
professional or clerical job who usually
earns a salary.
• Example: Business professionals
Stop and think …
• Each of you are assigned a letter, turn your books to
page 232 and analyze Figure 9.13: U.S. Economic
Changes That Have Affected Unions.
• In your notebooks, write a short paragraph
explaining how the assigned visual (A, B, C, D)
shows a factor that led to the decline of the labor
• Switch with a member who belongs to another
group, read what they wrote, and write a one
sentence comment on their response.
• Continue, until you have evaluated all 4 groups: A,
B, C, D.
Labor & Management
• Companies are required to bargain with
Unions in good faith.
• Collective Bargaining is the process in
which union and company reps meet to
• Typical bargaining goals are wages and
benefits, working conditions, and job
• Strikes and Settlements
Application: 10/10 (A)
• Create a time line in which you trace the history
of labor unions in the United States from the
1800s to the present.
• You must have the following:
• 5 events – 5 points
• 3 graphics/pictures – 3 points
• Timeline title – 1 point
• Full heading (name, date, period) on back – 1
• Strategy and Implementation Summary
Due next class!
• Be prepared to compete in our ECON
• Bring snacks at your own risk!
Get your Game Face on!
• December 16 & 17
• Monopoly – A
• Life – B
• RISK – C
• PIT – D
• (Play your assigned letter first – option to switch after 30
• Mid-term Exams are upon your return –
refer to the Exam schedule.
• Review sheet is posted on-line. A paper
copy will NOT be distributed. Go Green!