CDM 2007

       Ken Logan
CDM 2007 : –
Making a Difference
The Challenge
  •   To change attitudes

  •   To change

  •   Achieve sensible risk
  CDM 2007 – Key         Features

To improve the
Co-ordination and
Information Flow
during: -
 The pre-construction
 The construction
             Aim of the revision
 Simplify the regulations and improve clarity
 Maximise their flexibility
 Focus on planning and management, not
  ‘The Plan’ and other paperwork
 Strengthen requirements on cooperation
  and coordination- encourage better
 Simplify competence assessment; reduce
  bureaucracy and raise standards
Main changes
   CHSW and CDM combined
    Regulations apply to all
    construction work
   New trigger for appointments
    and preparation of the plan
   Clients duty on management
   A new dutyholder- the
    CDM Coordinator
   Designers to eliminate hazards;
    reduce risk
   Clarity in relation to
    competence assessment
        CDM 2007 – Making A Difference
             Structure of the Regs-
   Five parts
       Part 1: Introduction
       Part 2: General management duties applying to
        construction projects
       Part 3: Additional duties where projects are notifable
       Part 4: Health and Safety on Construction sites
       Part 5: General
       Schedules 1 to 4
        CDM 2007 – Making A Difference
             Structure of the Regs
   Regulations apply to all construction work
   Notification triggers appointments of duty holders
    and duties in Part 3 of the Regulations: -
       Appoint a CDM Co-ordinator
       Duty to provide Pre-construction information
       Appoint a Principal Contractor
       Construction Phase Plan ; Health & Safety File
   Duties remain on clients, designers, & contractors
    regardless of notification
    CDM 2007 – Making A Difference
     Trigger for Appointments

       CDM 1995                  CDM 2007
   Demolition             30 days, 500 person
   30 days, 500            days
    person days
   5 or more workers
 What difference do we want to
 TheRegs have been revised to address
 past problems
   Thismeans a distinct change in current
    behaviour is required to achieve the aims
   The key messages are
     Reduce  risk
     Reduce bureaucracy
     Reduce paperwork
     Develop understanding and take ownership
    Change in mind set is required
   “Pre tender health and safety
    plan scrapped
   Competence assessment is
    greatly simplified
    Changes needed include stopping :
       Unhelpful DRAs
       Coordinators insisting on DRAs to
         check compliance
        Coordinators checking PC’s RA
         and method statements
        CDM policy statements
        Verification culture
              Cutting back on paper
   Does it reduce risk on site?
    should be the covering
    criteria for all actions.
   CDM 2007 requires
    following: -
       Pre-construction information
       An NI 10 Notification Form
       A Construction Phase Health
        and Safety plan
       The Health and Safety File
       Reaction to CDM 2007
   A “business as usual approach’’ with no
    change achieved – not an option
   Failure to take the opportunity to reduce
    paperwork and bureaucratic systems
   ‘Gold plating’ by advice and consultancy
    services beyond what is required by the
   Failure for duty holders to embrace changes
    where their role has changed
   Take this as an Opportunity to Improve.
Expectation of Clients
   Makes them
    accountable for the
    impact they have on
    H&S standards
   They should make sure
    things are done not do
    them themselves
   CDM Co-ordinator is
    their key advisor
   Must provide enough
    time and resource to
    allow the project to be
    delivered safely
What clients must do
   Engage competent and
    adequately resourced team
   Provide relevant information
    to the team
   Ensure welfare is in place
    from the start
   Comply with Workplace
   Ensure work does not start
    until the PC has a H & S plan
   Ensure the H & S File is
          What clients must do
 Where    there is more than one Client they
  can elect in writing one to take on the
  client’s duties.
 Allow the contractor time for planning and
  preparation before the construction phase
        CDM co-ordinators
 Key  advisor to the Client on: -
 Appointment of competent designers and
 Ensure adequate arrangements are in place to
  manage the project;
 Notify HSENI
 Ensure proper co-ordination of the design
  process – safe to build, use, maintain, and
          CDM co-ordinators
   Key advisor to the Client on: -
   Identify, collect and pass on pre-construction
    information to the right people at the right time
   Suitability of the initial Construction Phase Plan &
    arrangements to have Welfare Facilities on site from
    the start of the project
   Manage the flow of health and safety information
    between clients, designers and contractors
   Prepare and up-date the health and safety file
CDM Co-ordinators
   Are expected to adopt a
    positive enabling role
   Brevity and clarity is key
   They must be discouraged
       from developing unproductive
        paper based systems
       Asking for proof from designers
        such as DRA
   They do not have to approve
    RA or methods statements
   Advise on management
    arrangements not the detail
Who can be a CDM Co-ordinator
   Anyone - so long as they fulfil competence given
    in ACOP
   An appointment has to be made early
   The duties can be carried out by a
       Designer
       Contractor
       Principal Contractor
       CDM Co-ordinator
   On small jobs a combined role of designer and
    CDM Co-ordinator may have advantages
          CDM Co-ordinator
      - Knowledge & Experience
 Design   & Construction process –
  Professionally qualified to Chartered level.
 Health & Safety in construction eg
  NEBOSH construction certificate. Etc.
 Experience relevant to the task – evidence
  of significant work on similar projects.
   Designs should be safe, to build, to
    use, to clean, to maintenance, to
   Inform others of significant or unusual
    risks which remain
   Amount of effort put in to risk
    reduction should be proportionate to
    the risk
   Take account of relevant provisions
    of Workplace Regs
   Eliminate hazards and reduce risks
    from the start of the design process
    subject to other relevant design
        Designers - Information
   Designers must provide information to identify and
    manage remaining significant risks to those that
    need it. This can be achieved by brief: -
      Notes on drawings

      Written information provided with the design

      Suggested construction sequences when not
     If in doubt discuss with a constructor.
    Designers - Records
   CDM does not require Designers to keep records
   Designers are not required to produce copious
    amounts of paperwork detailing hazards and risk
   This is potentially harmful and must be positively
   May reflect a lack of competence
   But - brief records why key decision were made will
    be helpful when designs are passed to another to
    prevent decisions being reversed
    TRANSITION – on current
          projects –
 Reg47(2) – client to appoint CDM-C and/or
 PC as soon as is practicable

 Reg47(3) – if appointing existing PS and/or
 PC, Client has 12 months to take
 reasonable steps re: Reg 4(1) – ensure
 competence of those appointed.
        TRANSITION – on current
              projects –
   Reg 47(4) – with no express appointment by the
    client, existing PS and/or PC shall be treated as
    having been appointed as CDM-C and/or PC

   Reg 47(5) – any PS and PC treated as being
    appointed shall take such steps as are necessary
    to ensure they are competent – within 12 months.
         TRANSITION – on current
               projects –
   Reg 47(6) – any Client-appointed agent MAY, if requested
    by Client, continue to act as Agent (under the new Regs)
    until (i) client revokes, (ii) project completes, or (iii) 5 years
    elapses – whichever comes first.

   Reg 47(7) – any Notification under old Regs shall be
    construed as Notice under new CDM2007 -
    (unless details change)
Competence - Organisations:
   Stage 1: An assessment of the company’s
    organisation and arrangements for health and
    safety to determine whether these are sufficient to
    enable them to carry out the work safely and
    without risks to health
   Stage 2: An assessment of the company’s
    experience and track record to establish that it is
    capable of doing the work; it recognises its
    limitations and how these will be overcome and it
    appreciates the risks from doing the work and
    how these will be tackled
   Achieve the next step change in
    industry performance
   Focus on effective planning and
    management of risk through
    integrated teams
   Real investment in competence &
    skills of the workforce
   Paperwork should be risk focussed
    and project specific
   Actively drive out needless
   Provide the right information to the
    right people at the right time;
   Building on success
ACop & Industry Guidance
   ACoP
   Supported by Industry produced guidance
       Guidance coordinated through ‘task and finish’ Working
        Group of CONIAC
   Web sites
       HSE -
       SID -
       DBP -
Any Questions

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