IC Up Int Unit 15 wordlist afl by ESh0i12Z


									in company                 Upper-intermediate

Unit 15
headword                   pronunciation          translation/notes      example sentence

acquisition (n)            /ækwə'zɪʃən/                               This department is mainly concerned with the
                                                                      acquisition of property.
activist (n)               /'æktɪvɪst/                                Environmental activists demonstrated outside
adopt (v)                  /ə'dɒpt/                                   He decided to adopt a more radical approach to the
affirm (v)                 /ə'fзːm/                                   The school affirmed its commitment to its students.

alliance (n)               /ə'laɪəns/                                 Independent companies are encouraged to form
                                                                      strategic alliances to help them compete.
analyse (v)                /ˈænəlaɪz/                                 Candidates must demonstrate an ability to analyse
                                                                      and evaluate information.
analysis (n)               /ə'næləsɪs/                                The study included an analysis of accident
analytic (adj)             /ænə'lɪtɪk/                                Adriana has an analytic mind.

analytical (adj)           /ænə'lɪtɪkəl/                              With your analytical skills you should consider a
                                                                      career in forensic science.
antagonise (v)             /æn'tægənaɪz/                              They were always careful not to antagonise rural
assign sth to sb (phr v)   /ə'saɪn sʌmƟɪɳ tə ˌsʌmbədi/                It’s his job to assign tasks to the various
                                                                      members of the team.
assignment (n)                /ə'saɪnmənt/                      His first assignment as a reporter was to cover the
                                                                local election.
attention (n)                 /ə'tenʃən/
 pay close attention to sth   /peɪ kləʊs ə'tenʃən tə ˌsʌmƟɪɳ/   Please pay close attention to the demonstration.

autocratic (adj)              /ɔːtə'krætɪk/                     Our new boss favours a less autocratic
                                                                management style.
bash (n)                      /bæʃ/                             Are you going to Emma and Jonathan’s bash on
basics (n pl)                 /'beɪsɪks/                        The basics of the game can be learned very

battery (n)                   /ˈbætəri/
 recharge your batteries      /riːˌʧɑːʤ jə ˈbætərɪz/            She needs to take a break to recharge her
bearing (n)                   /'beərɪɳ/
 have a bearing on sth        /hæv nəʊ 'beərɪɳ ɒn ˌsʌmƟɪɳ/      His private life has no bearing on his competence
                                                                as a manager.
benevolent (adj)              /bə'nevələnt/                     ‘Keep up the good work’, said the CEO with a
 (opposite = malevolent)                                        benevolent smile.

blowout (n)                   /'bləʊaʊt/                        Jim’s having a birthday blowout at the Hacienda.

bond (n)                      /bɒnd/                            The experience formed a close bond between us.

bond (v)                      /bɒnd/                            The team has bonded well.

bonus (n)                     /'bəʊnəs/                         Most of our employees will receive a Christmas
                                                                bonus this year.
bottleneck (n)                /'bɒtəlnek/                       We are currently experiencing bottlenecks in
                                                                production, resulting from a lack of spare parts.
brainpower (n)                /ˈbreɪnpaʊə/                      The organisers have gathered the greatest scientific
                                                                brainpower together in one place.
brainstorm (v)           /ˈbreɪnstɔːm/              After a brief introduction, delegates were divided
                                                    into groups to brainstorm.
break up (phr v)         /breɪk 'ʌp/                There were suggestions that her involvement had
                                                    broken up the partnership.
build on sth (phr v)     /'bɪld ɒn ˌsʌmƟɪɳ/         We need to build on the ideas we have had so far.

bureaucracy (n)          /bjuːˈrɒkrəsi/             We had to struggle through a maze of bureaucracy
                                                    to obtain visas.

burn out (phr v)         /bзːn 'aʊt/                Many of these young executives burn out before
                                                    they turn thirty.
burnout (n)              /'bзːnaʊt/                 After all her hard work on the launch, she’s taken a
                                                    week off to recover from burnout.
bust (n)                 /bʌst/                     His third movie was a bust.

call for sth (phr v)     /kɔːl/                     Skill and initiative are called for in this job.
                         /'kɔːl fə ˌsʌmƟɪɳ /
charisma (n)             /kə'rɪzmə/                 Our finance manager is a man sadly lacking in
chicken out (phr v)      /'ʧɪkən aʊt/               I was going to tell her how much it really cost, but I
                                                    chickened out.
clock (n)                /klɒk/
 work around the clock   /wзːk əraʊnd      'klɒk/   Rescuers worked around the clock to free people
                                                    trapped in the wreckage.
code of honour (n)       /ˌkəʊd əv 'ɒnə/            Fire fighters have their own code of honour.

cohesive (adj)           /kəʊ'hiːsɪv/               Luis is part of a small cohesive research team.

collectivist (adj)       /kə'lektəvɪst/             Collectivist means relating to a political system in
                                                    which the government owns all businesses and
                                                    controls all institutions.
competence (n)                 /'kɒmpətəns/            The research looks at ways of improving student
                                                       communicative competences through teaching in
compromise (v)                 /'kɒmprəmaɪz/           Her refusal to compromise infuriated her
conflict (n)                   /'kɒnflɪkt/             The issue provoked conflicts between the press
                                                       and the police.
conglomerate (n)               /kənˈglɒmərət/          The company was taken over by a huge mining
consensus (n)                  /kən'sensəs/            It will be difficult to reach any sort of consensus on
                                                       this issue.
constraint (n)                 /kən'streɪnt/           The organisation has to operate within the usual
                                                       democratic constraints.
conventional (adj)             /kən'venʃənəl/          You can cook the meat either in a microwave or in a
 (opposite = unconventional)                           conventional oven.
core business (n)              /kɔː 'bɪznɪs/           Selling insurance is still our core business.

counterintuitive (adj)         /ˌkaʊntərɪn'tjuːətɪv/   It sounds counterintuitive but to work faster you
 (opposite = intuitive)                                need to slow down.
de facto (adj)                 /deɪ 'fæktəʊ/           English is the de facto language of the computer
debate (n)                     /dɪ'beɪt/               There has been intense debate over political union.

delegate (v)                   /'deləgeɪt/             He always delegates boring tasks to his assistant.

delegation (n)                 /delə'geɪʃən/           The secret to staying on top of your workload is
demonstrate (v)                /'demənstreɪt/          The study demonstrates that cigarette advertising
                                                       does encourage children to smoke.
dilemma (n)                    /daɪ'lemə/              I’m in a dilemma over whether to tell him or not.
diplomat (n)        /'dɪpləmæt/      HR managers and diplomats require many of the
                                     same qualities in their work.
diverse (adj)       /daɪˈvзːs/       The newspaper aims to cover a diverse range of
diversify (v)       /daɪˈvзːsɪfaɪ/   We need to diversify in order to still be competitive.

diversity (n)       /daɪ'vзːsəti/    We value the rich ethnic and cultural diversity of
                                     the group.
dogma (n)           /'dɒgmə/         Their opposition to the reforms is based on pure
dominate (v)        /'dɒmɪneɪt/      She tends to dominate the conversation.

dotcom (n)          /dɒt'kɒm/        In addition to their chain of stores, the firm has
                                     started up a mail order dotcom.
elite (n)           /ɪˈliːt/         Guests included heads of state and members of the
                                     political elite.
embrace (v)         /ɪm'breɪs/       Most countries have enthusiastically embraced the
                                     concept of high-speed railways.
empower (v)         /em'paʊə/        Our goal is to empower everyone on our staff.

eradicate (v)       /ɪ'rædɪkeɪt/     Inflation will never be completely eradicated from
                                     the economy.
e-tailer (n)        /ˈiːteɪlə/       Most e-tailers can offer more competitive prices
                                     than high street shops.
ethnicity (n)       /eƟ'nɪsəti/      There is an optional box on the form for you to
                                     indicate your ethnicity.

evaluate (v)        /ɪ'væljʊeɪt/     The study will evaluate the long-term effects of
                                     exposure to radiation.
exceptional (adj)   /ek'sepʃənəl/    The children had shown exceptional courage.
excessive (adj)            /ek'sesɪv/                    The charges seemed a little excessive.

exhaustive (adj)           /ɪgˈzɔːstɪv/                  After exhaustive research, Rob finally decided
                                                         which camera he wanted to buy.
experience (n)             /ɪk'spɪerɪens/                In my experience, very intelligent people can still
                                                         make terrible mistakes.
expertise (n)              /ekspə'tiːz/                  The company is keen to develop its own expertise
                                                         in the area of computer programming.
feedback (n)               /'fiːdbæk/                    Initial feedback from parents has been
fictitious (adj)           /fɪk'tɪʃəs/                   He had registered at the hotel under a fictitious
fierce (adj)               /'fɪəs/                       We face fierce competition from overseas
fire up (phr v)            /'faɪər ʌp/                   She’s all fired up about this new course she’s
fluid (adj)                /'fluːɪd/                     Our travel arrangements are fairly fluid.

focus sth on sth (phr v)   /'fəʊkəs sʌmƟɪɳ ɒn ˌsʌmƟɪɳ/   Efforts are now focused on cleaning up the
follower (n)               /'fɒləʊə/                     Marx still has many followers in academic circles.

formality (n)              /fɔː'mæləti/                  We went through the usual formalities at customs
                                                         and passport control.
formula (n)                /'fɔːmjələ/                   The company’s winning formula includes excellent
                                                         service and quality products.
general (n)                /'ʤenərəl/                    My grandfather was a general in the US army.

generate (v)               /'ʤenəreɪt/                   The business is not generating enough revenue to
                                                         cover its costs.
global (adj)                /'gləʊbəl/                There is no obstacle to making our company truly
go along with sth (phr v)   /gəʊ ə'lɒɳ wɪƟ ˌsʌmƟɪɳ/   They describe him as a weak man who went along
                                                      with the scheme out of fear.
habit (n)                   /'hæbɪt/                  George has got into the habit of going to bed late.

hand (n)                    /hænd/
 at hand                    /æt 'hænd/                Finish with the task at hand before moving on to
                                                      the next one.
hierarchy (n)               /'haɪərɑːki/              He reached a high level within the Soviet political
hour (n)                    /'aʊə/
 put in long hours          /pʊt ɪn lɒɳ 'aʊəz/        She’s putting in long hours at the library.

hover (v)                   /'hɒvə/                   The waiter was hovering by their table.

illustrious (adj)           /ɪ'lʌstrɪəs/              He’s retiring after 25 illustrious years in
impact (v)                  /'ɪmpækt/                 The failure of the transport system impacts daily on
                                                      all our lives.
implement (v)               /'ɪmpləment/              The agreement was signed but its
                                                      recommendations were never implemented.
implementation (n)          /ɪmpləmen'teɪʃən/         The full implementation of the system will take
                                                      some time.
impose (v)                  /ɪm'pəʊz/                 They have imposed restrictions on trade with
                                                      foreign companies.

individualism (n)           /ˌɪndɪ'vɪdjʊəlɪzəm/       Americans tend to be self-reliant so individualism
                                                      is a part of their business culture.
ingredient (n)              /ɪn'griːdɪənt/            Good communication is the magic ingredient in
                                                      good management.
initiative (n)         /ɪ'nɪʃətɪv/              Employees are encouraged to use their initiative if
                                                faced with a problem.
innovate (v)           /'ɪnəʊveɪt/              If we can see no immediate solution to a problem
                                                then we innovate.
insight (n)            /'ɪnsaɪt/                I got more insights about him from reading his
                                                books than from talking to him.
intuition (n)          /ɪntjʊ'ɪʃən/             Archaeologists often use their intuition to decide
                                                where to dig.
lead (n)               /liːd/                   The Spanish rider has a lead of 35 seconds over
                                                his nearest rival.
lead (v)               /liːd/
 lead from the front   /'liːd frəm    ˌfrʌnt/   The team has responded well to a manager who
                                                leads from the front.
leadership (n)         /'liːdəʃɪp/              The complaints from the club seem to be that the
                                                president isn’t showing enough leadership.
lean (adj)             /liːn/                   The new management team is aiming to make the
                                                company leaner and more efficient.
logic (n)              /'lɒʤɪk/                 I don’t understand your logic.

logistics (n pl)       /lɒ'ʤɪstɪks/             Decentralising distribution should solve many of our
                                                logistics problems.
loyal (adj)            /'lɔɪəl/                 Even customers who have stayed loyal for over ten
                                                years are moving to our competitors.
loyalty (n)            /'lɔɪəlti/               She inspires great loyalty among her staff.

master (v)             /'mɑːstə/                She never managed to master the Greek
mentor (n)             /'mentɔː/                Every new employee is assigned a more
                                                experienced mentor.
meritocratic (adj)         /merɪtə'krætɪk/          A meritocratic system promotes people on the
                                                    basis of their merit and expertise.
mission (n)                /'mɪʃən/                 It is the international community’s mission to end
motivate (v)               /məʊtɪ'veɪt/             We must motivate students to take charge of their
                                                    own learning.
mountain (n)               /'maʊntən/               I’ve got a mountain of paperwork to get through
                                                    before the weekend.
multitasking (n)           /'mʌltɪtɑːskɪɳ/          Recent brain research shows that multitasking
                                                    actually slows you down.
navigate (v)               /'nævɪgeɪt/              There’s no one I trust more to navigate these tricky
                                                    political situations.
nurture (v)                /'nзːʧə/                 The magazine had a reputation for nurturing young
obsess about sth (phr v)   /ɒb'ses əbaʊt ˌsʌmƟɪɳ/   Joe’s always obsessing about his health.

optimise (v)               /'ɒptɪmaɪz/              These changes have been designed to optimise
                                                    the efficiency of the organisation.
oversee (v)                /əʊvə'siː/               The government agencies that oversee the airline
                                                    industry will issue a joint report on the incident.
paralysis (n)              /pə'ræləsɪs/             Perhaps a leadership contest will end the paralysis
                                                    currently affecting the government.
paternalistic (adj)        /pə'tзːnəlɪstɪk/         Companies in Argentina tend to be rather
                                                    paternalistic. Leaders try to gently persuade
                                                    subordinates that their way is the best way.
patriarch (n)              /'peɪtrɪɑːk/             Leaders of all businesses in China, not just family
                                                    businesses, act as patriarchs.
patriarchy (n)             /'peɪtrɪɑːki/            A patriarchy is a society, system, or organisation in
                                                    which men have all or most of the power and
perfectionism (n)     /pə'fekʃənɪzəm/   I sometimes find Caroline’s perfectionism irritating
                                        but she certainly gets good results.
perfectionist (n)     /pə'fekʃənɪst/    If you were less of a perfectionist, you might
                                        manage to meet deadlines more often.
phenomenon (n)        /fə'nɒmənən/      Violence in society is not a new phenomenon.

philanthropic (adj)   /fɪlən'Ɵrɒpɪk/    Companies that are philanthropic and focused on
                                        their local community attract more supporters.
picture (n)           /'pɪkʧə/          It’s important we don’t lose sight of the larger
                                        picture when we make these decisions.
potential (n)         /pə'tenʃəl/       Our common goal is to maximise our potential for
                                        economic growth.
price (n)             /praɪs/
 pay the price        /peɪ    'praɪs/   One day you will all pay the price for your selfish
procedure (n)         /prəʊ'siːdjə/     Companies use a variety of testing procedures to
                                        select appropriate candidates.
proposal (n)          /prə'pəʊzəl/      Proposals for a new constitution are under
pyramid (n)           /'pɪrəmɪd/        This really only benefits the few at the top of the
                                        social pyramid.
ratify (v)            /'rætɪfaɪ/        The treaty still has to be ratified by EU heads of
recession (n)         /rə'seʃən/        As the recession deepened, the group folded.

recipe (n)            /'resɪpɪ/         Giving your kids too much freedom can be a recipe
                                        for disaster.
reconcile (v)         /'rekənsaɪl/      Management and labour are attempting to
                                        reconcile their differences.
refurbish (v)            /riː'fзːbɪʃ/               They have refurbished their office and improved
                                                    their image.
replenish (v)            /rɪ'plenɪʃ/                Rachel’s taken a few days off to replenish her
                                                    energy levels.
revenue (n)              /'revənjuː/                The magazine had been losing advertising revenue
                                                    for months.
reverence (n)            /'revərəns/                The staff at the school have a reverence for
reward (v)               /rɪ'wɔːd/                  He always believed that the company would reward
                                                    him for his efforts.
ride out (phr v)         /raɪd 'aʊt/                We hope to ride out this recession better than last
  ride out a recession   /raɪd 'aʊt ə rəˌseʃən/     time.

rivalry (n)              /'raɪvəlri/                There is friendly rivalry between the two teams.

roll out (phr v)         /rəʊl 'aʊt/                The firm rolls out 21 million tons of steel a year.

run (n)                  /rʌn/
 in the long run                     ɒɳ rʌn/        Cutting jobs could be more expensive in the long
                                                    run if we have to hire freelancers.
scene (n)                /siːn/
 behind the scenes       /bɪˌhaɪnd         siːnz/   These agreements have been drafted by officials
                                                    behind the scenes.
sceptic (n)              /'skeptɪk/                 Global warming sceptics state that climate is
                                                    something the human race can do little to influence.
screw up (phr v)         /skruː 'ʌp/                He made a bad decision that screwed up his entire
self-reliant (adj)       /selfrɪ'laɪənt/            It’s important to help your child become self-
shake up (phr v)         /ʃeɪk 'ʌp/                 A new managing director was brought in to shake
                                                    up the company.
shop floor (n)               /ʃɒp 'flɔː/                Rumours of pay cuts have caused resentment on
                                                        the shop floor.
slog through sth (phr v)     /'ʃlɒg Ɵruː ˌsʌmƟɪɳ/       I slogged through the first 200 pages before
                                                        finally abandoning it.
smart (adj)                  /smɑːt/                    If you were smart, you’d buy now before prices go
sponsor (v)                  /'spɒnsə/                  Nissan sponsors the championships as part of its
                                                        community relations work.
standardise (v)              /'stændədaɪz/              We need to standardise discipline procedures
                                                        throughout the school.
statesman (n)                /'steɪtsmən/               The president has earned universal respect as a
step (n)                     /step/
 one step ahead              /wʌn step ə'hed/           She was congratulating herself on her cleverness,
                                                        but he was one step ahead of her.
step back from sth (phr v)   /step 'bæk frəm ˌsʌmƟɪɳ/   When filming is over, he’s going to step back from
                                                        his career for a few months to spend time with his
strategy (n)                 /'strætəʤi/                The countries hope to devise a common strategy
                                                        to provide aid.
streamline (v)               /'striːmlaɪn/              The new CEO plans to invest in re-training and
                                                        streamline overseas operations.
subordinate (n)              /sə'bɔːdɪnət/              He never won the respect of his subordinates.

suppress (v)                 /sə'pres/                  State monopolies had suppressed all forms of
                                                        economic competition.
swamp (v)                    /swɒmp/                    Online bookshops were swamped with orders
                                                        during the pre-Christmas rush.
tactful (adj)                /'tæktfəl/                 He made some tactful enquiries about her family
 (opposite = tactless)                             life.
target (n)                /'tɑːgət/                Not many states will meet their targets for energy
tend (v)                  /tend/                   The gym tends to get very busy at about six
thrive (v)                /Ɵraɪv/                  This type of plant thrives in cool conditions.

throw (v)                 /Ɵrəʊ/                   Let’s throw a dinner party for him.

top-down (adj)            /tɒp'daʊn/               In Argentina, leaders take an almost military
                                                   approach. The leadership style is very top-down.
tough cookie (n)          /tʌf 'kʊki/              Helen’s a tough cookie. She’s more than capable
                                                   of dealing with an industrial dispute.
track (n)                 /træk/
  get back on track       /get bæk ɒn 'træk/       Vanessa got back on track and won the match.

track record (n)          /'træk ˌrekɔːd/          They have a long track record of being mean with
                                                   their money.
turn sth around (phr v)   /tзːn ˌsʌmƟɪɳ ə'raʊnd/   The £400 million loan will help turn the Russian
                                                   economy around.
ultimately (adv)          /'ʌltɪmətli/             Technological advances could ultimately lead to
                                                   even more job losses.
upside down (adv)         /ˌʌpsaɪd 'daʊn/          The new management has turned the company
                                                   upside down to try to make it more productive.
venture (n)               /'venʧə/                 The event is a joint venture between the British
                                                   and Italian authorities.
vest (v)                  /vest/                   They are vested with the authority to police the
voice (v)                 /vɔɪs/                   Matthew voiced some doubts about our plan.
warlord (n)      /'wɔːlɔːd/     The sword belonged to a Japanese warlord.

warrior (n)      /'wɒrɪə/       Archaeologists believe it is the tomb of an Aztec
wisdom (n)       /'wɪzdəm/      The Egyptian leader was praised for his courage
                                and wisdom.
withstand (v)    /wɪƟ'stænd/    A head teacher needs to be able to withstand
work ethic (n)   /wзːk 'eƟɪk/   Giuseppe expects the whole department to share
                                his work ethic.
workload (n)     /'wзːkləʊd/    She was suffering from stress caused by her heavy

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