Dadaism, Surrealism, &
• Dadaism or Dada is a post-World War I cultural
movement in visual art as well as literature
(mainly poetry), theatre and graphic design. The
movement was, among other things, was a
protest against the barbarism of the War.
• Dadaists believed existed an oppressive
intellectual rigidity in both art and everyday
society; its works were characterized by a
deliberate irrationality and the rejection of the
prevailing standards of art. It influenced later
movements including Surrealism.
• Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in
the early 1920s, and is best known for the visual
artworks and writings of the group members.
• Surrealist works feature the element of surprise,
unexpected juxtapositions and non sequitur;
however, many Surrealist artists and writers
regard their work as an expression of the
philosophical movement first and foremost, with
the works being an artifact.
• Salvador Dali- famous surrealist artist.
• Cubism was a 20th century avant-garde
art movement, pioneered by Pablo
Picasso and Georges Braque
• Revolutionized European painting and
sculpture, and inspired related movements
in music and literature.
Frank Lloyd Wright
• Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright, June 8, 1867 –
April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer
and educator, who designed more than 1,000 projects, which
resulted in more than 500 completed works.
• Wright promoted organic architecture (exemplified by Fallingwater),
was a leader of the Prairie School movement of architecture
(exemplified by the Robie House and the Westcott House), and
developed the concept of the Usonian home (exemplified by the
Rosenbaum House). His work includes original and innovative
examples of many different building types, including offices,
churches, schools, hotels, and museums. Wright also often
designed many of the interior elements of his buildings, such as the
furniture and stained glass.
• Wright authored 20 books and many articles, and was a popular
lecturer in the United States and in Europe. His colorful personal life
often made headlines, most notably for the 1914 fire and murders at
his Taliesin studio.
• Already well-known during his lifetime, Wright was recognized in
1991 by the American Institute of Architects as "the greatest
American architect of all time".