ART IN OTHER CULTURES by 54sPBkC

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									AP ART HISTORY

THEME – IDEOLOGY
How a culture is perceived is often
expressed in depictions of the human
figure. Choose two specific
representations of the human body from
different cultures. One of your choices
must be from beyond the European
tradition. Discuss significant aspects of
each culture that are revealed by the way
in which the human body is depicted. (30
minutes)
Analyze the Pairing of Images:
(R): Figure Intro-16 Oba and Attendants, ca. 1550-1680, from Benin Kingdom (Nigeria). Brass, 19 ½” high. The
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
(O): Figure 12-10 Justinian, Bishop Maximianus, and attendants, mosaic on the north wall of the apse, San Vitale, Ravenna,
Italy, ca. 547.


                                                                         What to Look for in Each Art Form
 CONSIDER PURPOSE/FUNCTION and ORIGINAL
 PLACEMENT/INTENDED SETTING
                                                                         SCULPTURE
 •To commemorate an event
                                                                         Scale/Proportion
 •To document a place, event, and time
                                                                         Relationship to viewer’s space
 •To assert power or authority
                                                                         Original and intended setting
 •As an expression of wealth and status
                                                                         Interaction among figures
 •To glorify or commemorate the life of an individual.
                                                                         Sculpting technique
 •As propaganda
                                                                         Material/media
 •To establish personal or cultural identity
                                                                         Surface texture/color
                                                                         Degree of realism or abstraction
                                                                         Movement/gesture/facial expression
                                                                         Stance/presentation
 VOCABULARY                                                              Open/closed form
                                                                         Negative/positive space
 •Hierarchy of scale
 •Oba
 •Justinian
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Analyze the Pairing of Images:
(L): Figure 15-6 King, from Ife, Nigeria, 11th to 12th century. Zinc-brass, 1’61/2”high.Museum of Ife Antiquities, Ife.
(R): Figure 10-25 Portrait of Augustus as general, from Primaporta, Italy, early-first-century CE copy of a bronze original of
ca. 20 BCE. Marble, 6’ 8” high. Musei Vaticani, Rome.
(O): Figure 3-12 Khafre enthroned, from Gizeh, Egypt, Fourth Dynasty, ca. 2520–2494 BCE. Diorite, 5’ 6” high.



 CONSIDER PURPOSE/FUNCTION and ORIGINAL                                    What to Look for in Each Art Form
 PLACEMENT/INTENDED SETTING
                                                                           SCULPTURE
 •For religious worship
 •For human obsession with death and to provide for afterlife
                                                                           Scale/Proportion
 •To commemorate an event
                                                                           Relationship to viewer’s space
 •To document a place, event, and time
                                                                           Original and intended setting
 •To assert power or authority
                                                                           Interaction among figures
 •As an expression of wealth and status
                                                                           Sculpting technique
 •To glorify or commemorate the life of an individual.
                                                                           Material/media
 •As propaganda
                                                                           Surface texture/color
                                                                           Degree of realism or abstraction
                                                                           Movement/gesture/facial expression
 VOCABULARY
                                                                           Stance/presentation
                                                                           Open/closed form
 •canon
                                                                           Negative/positive space
 •Oni
 •Augustus
 •Naturalism
 •Idealism
 •Stylization
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