Overview Information Federal Agency Name: Air Force Research Laboratory, Sensors Directorate (AFRL/RY) Broad Agency Announcement Title: Sensor Technology Research, Development, Test & Evaluation Open-Ended Broad Agency Announcement (STROEB) II. Broad Agency Announcement Type: This is the initial Open-Ended Broad Agency Announcement. Broad Agency Announcement Number: 09-01-PKS Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number(s): If a grant or assistance instrument is awarded, the CFDA number will be 12.800 (AF) or 12.910 (DARPA) Proposal Due Date and Time: Specified in each call for proposals to this solicitation. NOTE: Proposal receipt after the due date and time shall be governed by the provisions of FAR 52.215-1(c)(3). NOTE: This BAA replaces, in its entirety, its predecessor BAA, STROEB (BAA # 04-03-SNK). STROEB expires/expired 22 Dec 08. The anticipated AFRL Sensors Directorate (AFRL/RY) FY09 requirements that were published under Amendment 34 to STROEB, are repeated here and placed under their respective Core Technical Competency (CTC). Any anticipated funding listed reflects estimated program funding only. This estimate is not a promise of funding. Funding is uncertain and is subject to change. Changes in availability may occur as a result of the exercise of Government discretion. Additional Overview Content: The Sensors Directorate (AFRL/RY) of the Air Force Research Laboratory, is announcing to business and academia its intent to solicit proposals under this Broad Agency Announcement (BAA). This announcement does not request any proposals at this time. Solicitations (or calls) for proposals will be accomplished via amendments to this BAA. The over-arching strategy of the BAA involves the use of this 5-year open-ended BAA which spans the seven (7) major Core Technical Competencies (CTCs) of: 1) Radio Frequency (RF) Sensors 2) Electro-Optical (EO) Sensors 3) RF Electronic Warfare (EW) 4) EO Battlespace Access 5) Automatic Target Recognition (ATR)/Performance Driven Sensing 6) Enabling Sensor Devices/Components 7) Trusted Collaborative Sensing This strategy will provide AFRL/RY an acquisition tool with the flexibility to solicit proposals and make awards to develop technologies to meet present and future Air Force needs as ever-changing technology issues are identified. The BAA will remain "open" for 5 years; however, proposals will only be solicited and accepted during calls. Each call will identify solicitation topics and contain a common cut-off date for proposal submission. Proposal receipt after the specified due date and time shall be governed by the provisions of FAR 52.215-1(c)(3). Calls for proposals (made by amendments to this BAA) will occur periodically throughout the life of this over-arching BAA. Each call will: (1) identify specific technology development topics within the seven major CTCs; (2) identify any changes to the standard evaluation criteria or proposal preparation instructions, and; (3) contain common cutoff dates for proposal submissions. It is anticipated that solicitations issued under this BAA will be unrestricted. Small businesses are encouraged to propose on all of the solicitations. The NAICS code, unless otherwise stated in the BAA amendments, shall be 541712, and the size standard is 500 employees. Proposals submitted shall be in accordance with this BAA and it’s appropriate amendment(s). Interested offerors should be alert for any BAA amendments that call for proposals, permit extensions to the proposal submission dates, or otherwise change the requirements of this BAA or its subsequent amendments. On-line Representations and Certifications: Potential offerors are notified that effective 01 Jan 2005 to be eligible for an award, they must submit annual Electronic Representations and Certifications, otherwise known as On-line Representations and Certifications Application (ORCA) via the Business Partner Network (BPN) at http://www.bpn.gov/orca. These FAR and DFARS level representations and certifications are required in addition to the representations and certifications specific to this acquisition. Before submitting the Electronic Representations and Certifications, contractors must be registered in the Central Contractor Registration (CCR) Database. On-line registration instructions can be accessed from the DISA CCR home page at http://www.ccr.gov Type of Contract/Instrument: It is anticipated that a mix of contract types will be used throughout the life of this BAA, including cost type contracts in the form of Cost, Cost Sharing, Cost Plus Fixed Fee (Completion), Cost Plus Incentive/Award Fee, Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity (ID/IQ) contracts, and/or Assistance Instruments (i.e., Grants, Cooperative Agreements or Other Transactions). Estimated Program Cost: The estimated value of the subsequent requirements that are to be advertised under this BAA, over the next 5 years, is $500M. Anticipated Number of Awards: The total number of awards under this solicitation is unknown at this time. Future awards are probable based on amendments and/or calls for proposals issued during the 5-year (FY09-FY14) solicitation period. Address technical questions to the AFRL/RY CTC Leads: CTC 1: Alan Kerrick, AFRL/RYR, Bldg. 620, 2241 Avionics Circle, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone: 937-904-9330, Email: Alan.Kerrick@wpafb.af.mil CTC 2: Michael Eismann, AFRL/RYJ, Bldg. 620, 2241 Avionics Circle, Wright- Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone: 937-904-9921, Email: email@example.com CTC 3: David A. Wilkes, AFRL/RYZW, Bldg. 620, 2241 Avionics Circle, Wright- Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone: 937 904-9915, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org CTC 4: Bill Taylor, AFRL/RYJW, Bldg 620, 2241 Avionics Circle, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone : 937-255-4174 ext. 4004, Email: email@example.com CTC 5: Lori Westerkamp, AFRL/RYA, Bldg 620, 2241 Avionics Circle, Wright- Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone: 937-904-9815, Email: Lori.Westerkamp@wpafb.af.mil CTC 6: Chris Bozada, AFRL/RYDD, Bldg 620, 2241 Avionics Circle, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone: 937-904-9633, Email: Christopher.Bozada@wpafb.af.mil CTC 7: John Erickson, AFRL/RYT, Bldg 620, 2241 Avionics Circle, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone : 937-320-9068 x 105, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Note: The technical POC(s) for all requirements advertised under this open-ended BAA will be specified with each individual call for proposals. Address contracting questions to: John Stovall, AFRL/PKSR, Bldg. 167, 2310 8th Street, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone: 937-255-5306, Email: John.Stovall@wpafb.af.mil; or Sarah Chaffe, AFRL/PKSR, Bldg. 167, 2310 8th Street, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone: 937- 255-4279, Email: Sarah.Chaffe@wpafb.af.mil; Note: The contracting POC(s) for all requirements advertised under this open- ended BAA will be specified with each individual call for proposals. Full Text Announcement I. Program Description: 1. Description of AFRL/RY Core Technical Competencies (CTCs): The Air Force Research Laboratory Sensors Directorate (AFRL/RY) has defined a set of “Core Technical Competencies” (CTCs) in order to optimize the strategic investment planning process. Each CTC, led and represented by subject matter experts of the Sensors Directorate, is organized to support the development and maintenance of related technologies by identifying technical thrust areas and challenges, then translating these challenges to a set of quality technical programs and projects involving internal and external customers. The end state goal is to develop and sustain world-class core technical competencies that span the spectrum of future Air Force mission sensor needs that include diverse Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities, while balancing necessary funding constraints. AFRL/RY CTCs are defined as follows: 1) Radio Frequency (RF) Sensors 2) Electro-Optical (EO) Sensors 3) RF Electronic Warfare (EW) 4) EO Battlespace Access 5) Automatic Target Recognition (ATR)/ Performance Driven Sensing 6) Enabling Sensor Devices/ Components 7) Trusted Collaborative Sensing The CTC operating concept includes broad collaboration across internal and external government channels, and with industry partners, in order to best assess technology development options that reduce the time and resources needed to field new warfighting capabilities. Through implementation of the CTC approach, the Sensors Directorate leadership anticipates development of supporting technology roadmaps, investment strategies, and transition opportunities for new warfighting capabilities. Individual descriptions of each defined Sensors CTC follows. CTC-1 Radio Frequency Sensors The Radio Frequency (RF) Sensing Core Technical Competency (CTC) supports the vision of Layered Sensing. The vision of Layered Sensing entails an architecture of platforms and sensors in space, air, surface, subsurface and cyberspace netted together to enable fusion of data to form a coherent situational awareness picture. Supplying the RF sensors for this vision involves a breadth of technical understanding, including precision navigation and timing, phenomenology, signal processing, sensor designing, and system engineering. In addition, this CTC also supplies the RF sensors to enable precision strike. The RF CTC is organized into six sub-CTC areas: 1.1 Space-Based Sensing 1.2 Airborne Sensing 1.3 Ground Based Sensing 1.4 Advanced Concepts 1.5 Phenomenology and Signal Processing 1.6 Assured Reference The Space-Based Sensing sub-CTC provides an interface to the Sensors Directorate Space Office as well as external customers. It works to satisfying the RF sensor needs of Air Force Space Command, the space sensing community and Space and Missile Center. The Airborne Sensing sub-CTC works on systems that will go on aircraft. Sensing in general, and RF sensing in particular, is getting harder. Foreign air defense systems are effective at greater ranges. Radar jammers are becoming more sophisticated and more proliferated. At the same time, targets and environments are becoming more challenging. Small UAVs and civilian vehicles must be detected and tracked in urban and difficult environments. The spectrum is becoming more crowded. A strong base of enabling technology and multiple sensing approaches are required to cope with these difficulties of the 21st century. Scalable, flexible, multi-function sensing options critically enable Layered Sensing. The attributes of Tailored Performance, Spectrum Dominance and Control, and Robustness, Agility, and Adaptability are particularly important. This is exemplified in the SensorCraft vision for next-generation Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR). This vision drives device work to increase bandwidths and reduce Size, Weight, and Power (SWAP). It led to the successful completion of the X-band Thin Radar Aperture (XTRA) Advanced Technology Demonstration (ATD), and is being continued with the Multi-Intelligence Sensor Technology (MIST) program, which operates a set of RF sensors as an integrated sensor suite. The Ground-Based Sensing sub-CTC is in place to support customers on projects such as Three-Dimensional Expeditionary Long-Range Radar (3DELRR), next generation over- the-horizon radar, and as a home for the outdoor RF range which will be coming to WPAFB as part of the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) process New approaches are investigated within the Advanced Concepts sub-CTC. This sub-CTC has a particular strength in the detection and location of weak RF emissions using small sensors which can be deployed in a number of ways, including on a small UAV. The glue which integrates these sensor concepts into Layered Sensing solutions is provided by the Phenomenology and Signal Processing sub-CTC and the Assured Reference sub-CTC. Phenomenology and Signal Processing began with a core expertise in Space-Time Adaptive Processing (STAP) and knowledge-aided signal processing, and has broadened to develop creative solutions across the breadth of evolving sensing challenges. Current investigations include tomography, multi-input/multi-output radar, and waveform diversity. In particular, waveform diversity holds promise for alleviating problems of spectrum crowding, adding processing gain in distributed sensing applications, and as an EP technique. Also showing promise are distributed sensing strategies including passive radar and tomography. Passive radar has been developed in partnership with DARPA under the Symbiotic Communications (SYCO) program. Greater adaptivity of the passive sensing function to the electromagnetic environment is being developed under the Passive Multi-Mode Surveillance (PMMS) effort, and a Multi-Static RF Experiment is planned as follow-on. Tomographic image processing techniques show promise in using spatial diversity instead of radar bandwidth to provide resolution The objective of the Assured Reference sub-CTC is to enable the capability to provide accurate, 24-hour, reliable, secure global positioning, velocity, attitude, and timing “state vectors” for global operations. Current research thrusts include robust Global Positioning System (GPS), navigation alternatives, and multi-sensor/vehicle integration, navigation, and control. Robust GPS involves expanding the operational envelope of GPS use in interference, dynamics, and plasma/hypersonic flight. Navigation alternatives research explores inertial drift aiding technologies in GPS denied or obscured environments including urban canyon and underground. Multi-sensor/vehicle integration, navigation, and control research involves leveraging the use of multiple sensors/vehicles to cooperatively solve navigation and targeting challenges. Precision alternative navigation is especially critical to Layered Sensing since denial of GPS is probable and from a Layered Sensing architectural standpoint we need to know where the sensors are located at all times. Central to the operating philosophy of the CTC is connecting with other organizations. The Sensors Directorate, and indeed AFRL as a whole, is being driven more and more to combine dissimilar technology developments into integrated warfighter solutions. RF Sensing enjoys strong partnerships with other CTCs as exemplified by SWAP reduction from the Enabling Sensor Devices/Components CTC allowing both the range of sensing capability on the stand-off platform and the apertures and receivers on the stand-in sensors. RF Sensing is developing the radar for Gotcha, an initiation in the Automatic Target Recognition / Performance Driven Sensing CTC. Passive sensing and Electronic Protection (EP) work is joint with the RF EW CTC. Collaboration extends beyond the Sensors Directorate. Some highlights of work with other AFRL directorates include MIST, in collaboration with Air Vehicles, and Ionosphere Mitigation for Space-Based Foliage Penetrating Radar, with Space Vehicles. Collaboration extends beyond AFRL organizations. Passive sensing work to identify and locate weak RF emitters supports multiple external customers. AFRL is supporting Electronic Systems Center in development of the 3DELRR, which will develop a new Air Force mobile ground-based radar. Essential to supporting this customer is radar systems expertise, device and components expertise, and the ability to obtain expertise from other directorates, as needed. In summary, the RF Sensing CTC partners with other researchers and users to create the RF sensors for Layered Sensing, and these sensors must function in an increasingly difficult sensing environment. FY09 CTC 1 Anticipated Requirements Enhanced SSA Concept Study The objective of this effort is to identify, develop, and evaluate concepts to improve space situational awareness. Improvements are needed in the timeliness and accuracy of space object identification (SOI), including improved characterization of orbital parameters and maneuvers, space object shape, attitude, positional and/or rotational stability, and broad space surveillance capability. Areas of very high interest for exploration under this effort include space emissions mapping (from both a terrestrial and on-orbit capability), employment of multi-static sensors, collection and leverage of telemetry information, analyzing the feasibility of passive sensing distributed to capitalize on existing illuminators networked to provide enhanced sensitivity and tracking capability, modification of existing sensors (increased bandwidth, employment of advanced signal and data processing algorithms and techniques, etc.) and possible exploitation of other radar sensors used for very different purposes (such as the Air Traffic Control Radars or Weather Radars). Program POC: Richard Davis, AFRL/RYRR, 937-255-6427 Anticipated Funding: $4,500,000 Spectrum Dominance for Distributed, Layered Sensing Every RF sensor is designed to function within a specific frequency band based upon its mission requirements. Unfortunately, only a finite amount of usable spectrum is available, and commercial, private and military interests all compete for high-value pieces of it. Though all of the usable spectrum may be assigned, most of this spectrum is unused at any given moment in time, with typical occupancies in spectral bands being less than 6% (0.06). Next-generation radar systems will need the ability to adapt to the presence of other users in their frequency band of interest. The objective of this program is to investigate methods to dynamically access unused “holes” in the RF spectrum so that we may transmit energy in these spectral holes without causing harmful interference to other users. One of the key goals of this effort would be the development of a core set of sensor spectrum usage behaviors which would require approval by (and be approvable by) the U.S. and international regulatory communities. The ability to clearly and unambiguously demonstrate to regulators that our spectrum usage behaviors would do no harm to other in-band users is critical to gaining approval to operate. Only those behaviors requiring regulatory approval should be in the core set. Program POC: Steve Kiss, AFRL/RY, 937-904-9821 Anticipated Funding: $6,000,000 Navigation Warfare Technology Research MSW&A (NWTRM) The Sensors Directorate has a long and successful history in developing and transitioning Global Positioning System (GPS) technologies. The Advanced Concepts Exploration (ACE) Laboratory is a key Directorate asset for modeling, simulation, wargaming and analyses (MSW&A) of GPS research. ACE delivers a unique, in-house developed hardware-in-the-loop simulator with a virtual flight test capability to assess modernization alternatives for GPS and conduct GPS anti-jam research. The interface of the Antenna WaveFront Simulator (AWFS) Next Generation (ANG) testbed with the Vertical-Sensing Effectiveness and CONOPS Tool for Operational Requirements (VECTOR) provides a realistic flight test simulation environment (e.g. terrain effects and propagation losses), platform dynamics, and resultant measures of effectiveness (MOEs). This simulation capability attracts a variety of customers as a cost-effective, repeatable means of effectively predicting and validating flight test results in a controlled laboratory environment, without the problematic need to conduct open air jamming. The objective of this research and development effort is to invent Navigation Warfare (Navwar) MSW&A simulation technologies to assess the weapon system effectiveness of various solutions in layered sensing scenarios. The program pursues enabling technologies required to achieve universal situational awareness for delivery of precision effects for air and space-based applications. A major aspect of this effort is to perform Navwar technology research in collaboration with industry and DoD agencies. To maintain preeminence as a major player in the Navwar MSW&A community, existing simulation assets will be significantly enhanced to address known system limitations and performance. This program will encompass Navwar prevention projects, with emphasis on electronic attack and electronic support. Program POC: Joung C. Ha, AFRL/RYRN, 937-255-5579 ext. 4183 Anticipated Funding: $25,000,000 CTC-2 Electro-Optical Sensors The Electro-Optical (EO) Sensors CTC is focused on the innovation, development, and maturation of electro-optical and infrared sensor technology for surveillance, reconnaissance and targeting missions. A diverse research portfolio has been established to address hard problems such as defeating camouflage, concealment, and deception (CC&D); decreasing target search timelines; increasing identification confidence to support restrictive rules of engagement; improving Air Force capabilities during urban conflict; achieving persistent surveillance in asymmetric warfare and counter-terrorism situations; providing unique capabilities for defense against catastrophic chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive (CBRNE) threat; enhancing the wideband network capabilities through laser communications; and developing sensors with enhanced fidelity to effectively detect and identify fleeting, non-traditional targets. The EO Sensors CTC is organized in four primary sub-CTC areas. These are: 2.1 Multi-Sensor Target Detection and Identification 2.2 Continuous Area Surveillance 2.3 Close-In Sensing 2.4 Transformational Communications The Multi-Sensor Target Detection and Identification sub-CTC is focused on establishing capabilities to accelerate the kill chain for both traditional and non-traditional targets, as well as to significantly enhance the identification confidence in both ISR and targeting situations. This is the largest application area within CTC-2, with a technology portfolio including research in hyperspectral imaging, polarimetric imaging, direct detection laser radar, and coherent laser radar, as well as integrated experiments to demonstrate and quantify the capability improvements in a multi-sensor, Layered Sensing context. Hyperspectral imaging provides a capability for automated, material-based detection, classification, and characterization of military objects of interest ranging from CC&D to CBRNE targets. Research in this area has culminated in the development of a low-cost, production system for the Civil Air Patrol, as well as a successful Advanced Technology Demonstration (ATD) system for long range reconnaissance aircraft. In addition to continuing the maturation and transition of these capabilities, advanced research continues in expanding the utility to non-traditional employment such as target tracking in dynamic environments and change detection in highly cluttered urban areas. Polarimetric sensing provides enhanced target contrast and shape based features that are being pursued for their potential to provide improved target discrimination in an automated setting. Research in laser radar is primarily focused on extracting robust features for high confidence target identification such a 3-D shape and vibration. Building on the recent successes in maturing direct detection approaches for operational employment, this research area is increasing emphasis on coherent, synthetic aperture and other sparse aperture sensing approaches to achieve ground-breaking capabilities for sub- diffraction-limited resolution at extended ranges. The Continuous Area Surveillance sub-CTC is focused on the day/night surveillance of city-sized areas with adequate spatial and temporal resolution to support the necessary situational awareness for defeating asymmetric and terrorist threats in urban areas. This forms the primary component of the Night Stare product and includes research in EO surveillance for daytime operation, IR surveillance for night capabilities, and spectral- temporal sensing for rapid detection, identification, and location of energetic battlefield threats such as mortar and artillery attacks, gun fire, and explosions. The EO surveillance research builds off the successful deployment of the Angel Fire system to Iraq. It is developing advanced sensors to dramatically increase area coverage, improve the spatial resolution to support object identification and determination of intent, and miniaturize the sensor system for operation from unmanned platforms. The IR surveillance research is focused on making large advances in IR focal plane array sizes, as well as, resolution enhancement and rapid field-of-view steering techniques to establish commensurate nighttime capabilities. The Close-In Sensing sub-CTC aims to develop low-cost, compact EO/IR payloads that are suitable for employment on small, unmanned platforms to form the lower level of the Layered Sensing vision for situations such as heavy foliage and dense urban areas where standoff sensor systems are inadequate. A moderate level of current research is on-going, primarily in the form of Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) projects to develop compact hyperspectral, infrared imaging, and laser radar payloads suitable for small Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) operation. These innovative concepts will be matured into air-worthy prototypes and perform small UAV experiments to quantify performance. The Transformational Communications sub-CTC is oriented primarily to the establishment of the extremely high data rate (> 10 Gbps), air-to-air and air-to-space communication channels. This application area is composed of both enabling technology, such as adaptive apertures capable of rapid beamsteering by non-mechanical means, and laser communication systems development and demonstration. While categorized as part of the Transformational Communications area, the aperture technology is also supportive of the future needs for integrating laser radar and other directed energy systems on high performance aircraft. An important part of the laser communications system technology research is the development of hybrid RF/EO systems whose bandwidth is adaptive to line-of-sight cloud conditions. In summary, the Electro-Optical (EO) Sensors CTC is focused on the innovation, development, and maturation of electro-optical and infrared sensor technology for surveillance, reconnaissance and targeting missions. FY09 CTC 2 Anticipated Requirements Infrared Target Discrimination The goal of this program is to better meld EO/IR sensor hardware and software to improve images and the visual information that can be derived from them for operationally relevant systems and situations. Sensor technology, the accompanying image processing, and target phenomenology are often examined independently of each other. In addition, software is sometimes required to overcome image flaws due to the sensor hardware or to the sensor modality, something it may not be capable of accomplishing within operational constraints. AFRL gained considerable experience in hyperspectral imaging (HSI) through the SPIRITT ATD and in polarimetric imaging. These efforts showed that hardware, software, and fundamental phenomenology must be well integrated to yield significant capably enhancements. Currently, warfighters rely on a number of infrared imaging systems to acquire information about their battlespace. Technology is needed to improve their ability to pick targets out of clutter, increasing their operational capabilities. This effort will yield novel, efficient algorithm implementations to enable the warfighter to distil more actionable visual information out of currently available and future imaging sensory modalities, greatly aiding US forces engaged in the Global War on Terrorism. Major metrics include reduction of image processing time of 50% and the reduction of false alarm rate of 25% over similar fielded software. In this effort, we will apply a systems engineering approach, including the application of appropriate fundamental phenomenology, to optimize the hardware and software (signal and image processing) of a number of EO/IR sensory modalities including but not limited to HSI, polarimetric imaging, spectral-temporal imaging, and modalities employed to achieve infrared persistent surveillance. The limitations of the available sensor, processor, and data link technology will also be considered. Emphasis will be placed on operational performance and constraints to facilitate technology transition to the warfighter. Program POC: Peter Marasco, AFRL/RYJT, 937-904-9825 Anticipated Funding: $2,050,000 Small Size, Weight and Power Sensor The objective of this effort is to investigate innovative approaches to develop low cost active/passive EO sensors, with reduced size, weight, and power requirements suitable for use on smaller UAV platforms that still retain high performance target sensing capabilities. Sensors developed under this program will be tower-tested at WPAFB and then flight-tested under the companion Miniature UAV Flight Experiments Program. For sensors and architectures that yield capabilities similar to those currently available to the UAS community, measured metrics include the standard SWAP parameters. For sensors and architectures that offer advanced capabilities, not currently available, measured metrics will focus on quantifying the additional operational capability along with traditional SWAP parameters. Several recent and on-going programs have developed a wide range of sensor technology that could be applied to DOD airborne missions. The purpose of this effort is to further develop that technology to directly address those missions from smaller airborne platforms. Conventional sensor technology and techniques usually require unacceptably high powers and volumes, or performance has to be degraded to reduce the size. The thrust of this effort will be to investigate hardware and signal processing concepts that would lead to the development of inexpensive, reduced range sensor packages for active/passive multifunction close-in sensing. The program will pursue novel concepts focused on Predator to Mini/Micro class sensing that have shorter range requirements, but can still accurately and persistently queue/sense multi-mode signatures. Modes to consider include but not limited to Passive IR, Multi- Spectral Imaging, active 2-D, 3-D imaging, polarization and vibration sensing. In this effort, we will examine the systems engineering trade space to determine which active and passive EO sensing technologies can be adapted to operate within the restrictions imposed by small and micro UAS airframes and still yield valuable capabilities for the warfighter. Once the analysis of alternatives is completed, sensing modes based on the capabilities of the UAS airframe will be specified. Program POC: Richard Richmond, AFRL/RYJM, 937-255-9614 ext. 250 Anticipated Funding: $7,250,000 CTC-3 RF Electronic Warfare (EW) The current and future RF threat, both individual RF sensors/radars and as a whole in the form of an Integrated Air Defense System (IADS), is real and increasing in capability and complexity. The fundamental problem this CTC addresses is that these threats deny battlespace access to many military missions. Threat systems (both airborne and ground based) are difficult to detect/find, highly mobile, and very lethal. An advanced IADS also provides for increased capabilities by affording target information fusion, advanced sensors, and innovative architectures. Additionally, recent conflicts have shown non- traditional threats (defined as “disruptive” and “irregular”) are increasing and have proven to be formidable. Therefore, advanced RF EW capabilities are needed to directly combat the ever-increasing and diversifying threat and offer the combatant commanders and DoD weapon system operators advanced non-kinetic capabilities to access and survive their mission in the future battlespace. The objective of this CTC is to conduct the research, discovery, development, demonstration, and transition of next-generational RF EW concepts, techniques (algorithms), and technologies within the context of both a stand-alone capability and as part of a network-centric, system of systems environment. The RF EW CTC is organized in four sub CTCs: 3.1 Layered Effects 3.2 Cognitive Electronic Warfare (EW) 3.3 EW/Information Operations (IO) Synergy 3.4 RF EW System Experimentation Laboratory (SEL) Using the USAF Airborne Electronic Attack (AEA) architecture as the foundational construct, the Layered Effects sub-CTC focus area looks to increase the capabilities through advanced concepts, techniques, algorithms and technology. The objective is to spiral in advanced capabilities (technology and techniques) into this context. Additionally, this focus area is the central development area for the “effects” component to the Layered Sensing vision. Included in this area are advanced stand-off, escort, and stand-in (close-in) EW system concepts. Ownship (self) protection and mutual support Electronic Attack (EA) (A/C survivability) is of primary interest. Layered Effects address all aspects of the threat kill chain, from long range detection through threat weapon system engagement. Both EW techniques and advanced technology development will be required. Anticipated major project areas for this sub CTC include AEA technology development (arrays, beamformers, amplifiers, exciters, etc), distributed Electronic Support (ES)/EA (i.e., multi-nodal, network-enabled EW) and advanced EA techniques development (with a focus on advanced & future threats). Both traditional EW and non-traditional (irregular warfare) mission areas are of interest. The Cognitive EW sub-CTC focuses on network-enabled, coordinated ES, EA, and Electronic Protection (EP) strategies, architectures and waveform research for next- generational RF EW. The objective of this sub CTC focus area is to harness advance technology and develop advanced techniques to allow for cognitive (i.e. intelligent or learning) ES, EA, and EP functions for the USAF warfighter. The goal of this sub CTC is to provide for a “closed loop” EW function. That is, allowing for real-time EW feedback and intelligence information on the dynamic threat environment to be used in order to develop and/or optimize EW effects. An ability to better sense, learn, and react/adjust to applicable feedback from enemy RF sensors/net is of primary interest. It is anticipated that systems concepts in this focus area will require the use of current and future Position, Navigation and Timing (PNT) and data link capabilities. Pro-active EP approaches, those which employ active means of defending the RF spectrum, are also included in this sub CTC. Both EW techniques and advanced technology development will be required. Anticipated major project areas for this sub CTC include Next Gen ES, EW Battle Management, adaptive EW techniques, and Pro-active EP. Both traditional EW and non-traditional (irregular warfare) mission areas are of interest. The Electronic Warfare/Information Operations (EW/IO) Synergy sub CTC will lead the investigation, discovery, and demonstration of approaches, benefits, and payoffs to the use of synergistic (integrated) EW and Information Operations (IO) techniques. The goal is to provide the techniques, algorithms, and associated technologies for “combined effects” that can be integrated into a network-enabled operation. The objective is to influence and deceive the sensors and enemy decision makers to allow for improved battlespace access. A multi-disciplined approach beyond the conventional EW discipline is required in order to leverage and capture a new capability. Example areas include (but are not limited to) human factors and computer networking/data processing. The role (and use) of the cyber domain may also be included. Anticipated major project areas for this sub CTC include EW/IO synergistic effects development and EW/IO technique and technology development. Both traditional EW and non-traditional (irregular warfare) mission areas are of interest. The central foundation to RF EW and CTC 3 is in the RF EW System Experiments Laboratory (SEL) sub-CTC. The virtual RY RF EW SEL “laboratory” conducts the necessary experiments and assessments that support all three of the above sub-CTC areas. The RF EW SEL is not anticipated to be a single, physical laboratory, but rather comprised of current facilities, the development of improved capabilities, and the linking of multiple facilities or laboratories for effective systems-level experimentation and demonstrations. In order to accomplish the above, the anticipated major focus areas are increasing the fidelity of modeling, simulation, and assessment via research and development, and the capability to conduct multi-lab experiments. The RF EW SEL also has a potential capability to support multi-organizational and Layered Sensing experiments and demonstrations. In order to accomplish the above, efforts are required to rapidly develop, demonstrate, and transition advanced RF EW technologies and techniques for our warfighting customers. Additionally, efforts are required to perform the detailed investigation and discovery of new/innovative RF EW concepts, techniques, and technologies for future capabilities. All efforts will directly provide future non-lethal effects options for combatant commanders (and would be expected to support or contribute to lethal effects options). Additionally, efforts in this area will increase the depth and breadth of a Layered Sensing capability. This will all be accomplished via the following categories or types of effort/activities: Scientific investigations and engineering analysis Modeling and simulation efforts in a laboratory or virtual environment Laboratory, field, and/or flight experiments & demonstrations Technology maturation, development, and experiments/demonstrations Technique maturation, development, and experiments/demonstrations Hardware/software “breadboarding”, “brassboarding”, or prototype development Systems engineering tasks and technology transition risk management/abatement FY09 CTC 3 Anticipated Requirements Proactive Electronic Protection (PREP) Assured global access is a major tenet of current and future USAF operational capabilities. Adversaries employ a wide variety of techniques and technology to deny USAF aircraft the ability to successfully carry out their mission. One aspect of these engagements is the adversary’s use of advanced air-to-air electronic attack (EA) systems. Their goal is to deny our ability to detect, track, identify, and successfully fire air-to-air missiles by disrupting our use of the radio frequency (RF) spectrum. Therefore, to assure global access we must also obtain and maintain spectral dominance and control such that required mission information is obtain via trusted sensors. Without spectral dominance our sensors may not have the ability to operate unabated resulting in denied access to mission objectives. The objective of this effort is to develop proactive electronic protection (EP) techniques and concepts for the advanced air-to-air electronic attack (EA) threat. In this context, “proactive” refers to measures taken to actively disrupt an adversary’s capability to effectively employ EA. These measures may be employed through operational EW (ALQ-xx), radar (APG-xx), or developmental systems. This effort will explore the breadth of proactive EP concepts and techniques and determine the most appropriate trade-space parametrics for further development. This effort will develop proactive electronic protection techniques and concepts to regain/maintain spectral dominance in air-to-air engagements. These techniques and concepts will be focused on operational EW systems for near-term transitions, but also address developmental EW systems for long-term applicability. Program POC: Marvin Potts, AFRL/RYRE, 937-904-9079 Anticipated Funding: $1,500,000 Adaptable Electronic Attack Techniques The USAF has conducted all airborne combat missions with the support of electronic attack (EA) since Operation Desert Storm. The utility of EA has been repeatedly proven during this timeframe. However, most missions are conducted with EA capability based on the latest, and potentially flawed, intelligence and electronic order of battle (EOB) information. Additionally, lacking EA effectiveness information the aircrews are required to implicitly trust their EA systems are operating as designed and programmed. The objective of this effort is to develop EA techniques that incorporate feedback to optimize their performance and to provide additional situational awareness to aircrew and mission planners. Adaptable techniques utilize various observable mechanisms to further train the EA technique to fully optimize their performance. Such optimized EA techniques assure global access by increasing platform survivability. This effort will develop closed-loop, adaptable EA techniques that optimize platform survivability. The challenge lies in detecting and processing robust, quantifiable target system observables. These observables may include mode/waveform changes, operator communications, data transfers, and unintentional modulations. Adaptable EA techniques capitalize on these observables to optimize effectiveness. This effort will leverage recent advances in ultra- sensitive receivers, close-in sensing, and adaptive signal processing. The Adaptable EA Techniques project will select a specific set of targeted systems to determine detectable, quantifiable observables. Baseline EA techniques will be utilized to develop a process (stochastic, genetic, game theory, etc.) for optimizing performance based on the appropriate observable. Program POC: Mike Murray, AFRL/RYRE, 937-904-9181 Anticipated Funding: $1,060,000 CTC-4 Electro-Optical Battlespace Access The Electro-Optical (EO) Battlespace Access core technical competency (CTC) is responsible for the development of countermeasures against EO threat sensors that are used to seek, acquire and track USAF, joint and allied air and space platforms. Most of the activity in this area addresses the protection of aircraft due to the predominance of the threat capability. Recent events, however, may focus some attention in the future on the protection of space assets. Threat systems such as EO and infrared (IR) guided missiles are the predominate threats that drive requirements in this area. IR guided missiles have been operational since the mid-1950s and have been the predominate aircraft killers since Vietnam. Advances in seeker guidance, detectors and scanning systems have increased the capability of these threats significantly through the years. Other threats include forward looking IR (FLIR), IR search and track (IRST), and imaging IR (IIR) sensors that are associated with weapon systems. Innovative adversaries routinely use EO and IR sensors to provide a passive tracking capability for anti-aircraft weapon systems including radio frequency (RF) guided SAMS. Much of the Electro-Optical (EO) Battlespace Access CTC activity of this area has been dedicated to understanding the capability of the threats and their potential susceptibilities to countermeasures. The Electro-Optical (EO) Battlespace Access CTC also encompasses EO and IR threat warning technologies that include missile launch and approach warning and laser threat warning. The CTC is broken into 4 sub-areas: 4.1 Missile Warning 4.2 Laser Threat Warning 4.3 Reactive Countermeasures 4.4 Proactive IR Countermeasures (IRCM). The Missile Warning sub-CTC focuses on passive detection, tracking, and declaration of tactical missiles fired at DoD and commercial airborne assets by exploiting known EO/IR plume signatures. This area has relatively low funding so it has pursued adapting mature device and component technologies to address needs for affordable missile warning and countermeasures cueing. This sub-CTC has recently devised a new two-channel sensor system that leverages past work in visible band missile detection. Several tests have shown high signal to clutter performance in live missile testing. The Missile Warning sub-CTC is planning to build a wide field of view prototype that potentially could fly with a laser jamming system to demonstrate the capability. The group has also supported the transfer of threat detection technology to several other military applications. Research has begun using the two-channel sensor to detect small arms fire. Initial testing indicates gun discharge detections at distances that could support persistent surveillance systems such as AngelFire, cuing the operator to the location of hostile fire. Threat detection technology has proven very useful in satisfying unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) Sense and Avoid requirements under two major ATD programs managed out of the Sensors and Air Vehicles directorates. Several flight tests have been accomplished. These efforts continue with potential integration of visible band sensors, RADAR, and LADAR to allow UAS such a Global Hawk, Predator, Reaper and smaller UAS such as Shadow to fly in the National airspace. In addition, Missile Warning sub-CTC is collaborating with the Human Effectiveness Directorate to transfer temporal-spatial detection technology to RYJ to find new Air Force applications of this technology in support of the BRAC. Missile Warning sub-CTC has been considered for down scoping but recent success in missile warning testing has prompted efforts to re-emphasize this area. The Missile Warning sub-CTC operates a missile warning test facility that has the capability to test and characterize EO and IR missile warning system performance. The Laser Threat Warning sub-CTC addresses Laser Threat Warning. Laser Threat Warning is concerned with the detection of lasers associated with weapons systems and threats to eyes and sensors. Specifically, these systems are designed to detect, identify and characterize rangefinder, designator, beam rider, optical augmentation, terminal fusing, optical jammer and eye/sensor blinder threats. Detailed threat parameter hand- offs are provided for Counter-Measures (CM) cueing and hazard assessment. Recent laser imaging sensor developments under the Night Agile Laser Protection (NALEP) ATD augment protection countermeasures to provide “see-through” capability against laser jammed night vision goggles (NVGs). LASINT technologies such as the Battlespace Laser Detection System (BLADES) and the Battlespace Laser Telemetry (BLAST) sensor support Battlespace laser hazard assessments for fixed wing and UAV platforms. The Reactive Countermeasures sub-CTC is Reactive Electro-Optical and Infrared Countermeasures. This area is uniquely threat driven in the development of countermeasure concept and techniques. The heart of the Reactive Countermeasures sub- CTC is found in the Dynamic Infrared Missile Evaluation (DIME) facility where threat seekers and sensors are exploited to determine their susceptibility to countermeasures techniques. The DIME is also the center for modeling and simulation capability including hardware in the loop, digital and hybrid digital injection simulations. The DIME is tied to NASIC as an exploitation agent for air-to-air missile and sensor threats. The Proactive IR Countermeasures (IRCM) sub-CTC is focused on the revolutionary concept of Proactive IRCM (PIRCM) laser-based threat detection and engagement. In this concept, laser energy is scanned around the aircraft to detect staring and scanning EO/IR threat sensors/seekers during the early acquisition and tracking phase. PIRCM, when tied with passive missile warning and reactive laser countermeasures, provides a layered defensive/offensive capability to negate both passive tracking systems as well as guidance optics in missiles that have not yet been launched. The track function will locate the optics accurately relative to the aircraft during the threat/aircraft encounter for a successful application of the countermeasure. The identify function will determine the characteristics of the observer with sufficient detail so that the appropriate countermeasure can be successfully implemented and allow targeting of the threat. CTC-5 Automatic Target Recognition /Performance Driven Sensing The Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) / Performance Driven Sensing (PDS) Core Technical Competency (CTC) is responsible for development and maturation of technologies for automated and semi-automated exploitation of sensor data. Functions supported include detection, tracking, geolocation, and identification of air, ground, and, more recently, space objects, as well as sensor management, registration, and other enabling technologies required for single and multi-sensor systems in these functional areas. Automated exploitation is supported for a wide variety of mature and emerging sensors and modes, including passive and active electro-optic sensors and a variety of low and high frequency radar modes. While traditional “targets” were military vehicles, objects of interest now include civilian vehicles and dismounts. The ATR/PDS CTC has a long history of developing Layered Sensing solutions to challenging problems. As an example, in the CSAF-directed Targets Under Trees (TUT) program, low frequency radar change detection, which provided very low false alarm cues with accurate geolocation, was paired with literal EO imagery to provide a robust target detection and identification capability. Growing analytic support to development of layered sensing solutions is now being developed as well. Performance Driven Sensing is the employment and development of sensing technology to meet specific functional goals. While this is the intent of the entire Sensors Directorate, special responsibility falls on this CTC to provide empirical data, and in the future analytical data, to support sensing employment and investment decisions by providing a link between parametric representations of sensor hardware and quantified functional performance. The ATR/PDS CTC is broken into sub-CTC areas: 5.1 ATR Integration & Demonstration 5.2 Algorithm Innovations & Prototyping 5.3 Signature Based Exploitation and Processing 5.4 Assessment, Data, Models, Communications & Testbeds The ATR Integration & Demonstration sub-CTC conducts application efforts providing solutions to Air Force challenges from both platform and capability perspectives. The Algorithm Innovations & Prototyping sub-CTC investigates new approaches for emerging – and highly challenging – AF problems such as tracking and identifying objects in urban environments, and also performs basic research in algorithm approaches, where it is home to an AFOSR “Star Team.” The Signature Based Exploitation and Processing sub-CTC is responsible for phenomenology driven advancements such as target and phenomenology modeling, signature database technology, MASINT tool development, and the PDS-inspired staring radar sensing and processing concept known as “Gotcha.” The Assessment, Data, Models, Communications & Testbeds sub-CTC performs algorithm and system evaluation, collects, archives, and distributes sensor data required to develop and characterize algorithms, and has grown to include Corporate efforts in modeling and simulation of integrated sensing systems and testbeds for sensor system experimentation. The ATR Center is a new effort, spanning Sub-CTCs, that focuses research on ATR theory as a tool for development and employment of ATR. It provides this focus through sponsored research, capture of progress through the “ATRpedia” and through challenge problems. Outstanding facilities allow this CTC to participate in ATR development and maturation and capture program products, thus enabling the next generation of research. The Advanced Recognition Capability (ARC) Laboratory provides a dynamic environment for single and multisensor exploitation experiments. It employs live feed, stored, and synthetic data, multiple levels of simulation, and human participation in the exploitation system. The Comprehensive Performance Assessment of Sensor Exploitation (COMPASE) Center provides independent assessment of exploitation components and systems as well as developing challenge problems and metrics for community use. The COMPASE Center public web page is at https://www.compase.vdl.afrl.af.mil/. The Sensor Data Management System (SDMS) is a 50+ terabyte archive of well-characterized sensor data from research and operational collections. The SDMS distributes holdings to programs and other users on both physical media and via internet. The link to its public web page is https://www.sdms.afrl.af.mil/main.php. The Virtual Distributed Laboratory (VDL) provides controlled access to file sharing and a variety of program and collaboration tools. The link to the VDL public web page is https://www.vdl.afrl.af.mil/. The Layered Sensing Algorithm Innovation & Prototyping Laboratory supports algorithm development and houses innovative display and interaction tools. The Signature and Signal Processing Laboratory houses the target model and signature validation activities and supports signature production for ATR capabilities as well as advanced radar processing activities. New facilities designed to support Layered Sensing include the Small Unmanned Systems Laboratory, the Rooftop Facility supporting communications, and a hangar supporting agile measurement and experimentation. Most ATR/PDS CTC programs draw from contracted research, use of on-site facilities, and in-house research. Use of such hybrid approaches achieve program goals, leverage resources, and add to the facilities and human knowledge that make up the ATR/PDS CTC. FY09 CTC 5 Anticipated Requirements Characterization, Archival, and Distribution of Data for Image Exploitation Systems (CADDIES) The goal of modern warfighting is to target and kill time sensitive or time critical targets in difficult deployment conditions. Targets must be rapidly and consistently identified in order to destroy enemy assets in a manner that is timely, survivable, and cost effective. On-going research into the viability of intelligent targeting algorithms using various types of sensed data has proved the extreme difficulty of the problem space. To truly test the robustness of innovative algorithms requires comprehensive sets of data and a true understanding of the phenomenology of the sensor. These, coupled with suitable development environment architecture, provide the researcher with the proper tools to develop and/or test algorithms. This effort shall provide a comprehensive set of data and development architecture in which to develop, evaluate, and/or demonstrate innovative targeting algorithms to enhance the appropriate components of the Warfighters’ kill chain. This effort shall further advance all aspects of the current AFRL/RYAA Sensor Data Management System (SDMS). This effort shall support automatic target recognition, tracking, and sensor fusion researchers in data collection planning, execution, data manipulation, processing, archiving and distribution. This effort shall also advance the current database techniques, develop and acquire new and innovative data manipulation tools, provide web site enhancements, support distributed web-based data dissemination, provide parallel data image processing, and integrate SDMS with other applicable systems enabling ATR and SF technology advancements. Program POC: Mary Jarratt, AFRL/RYAA, 937-904-9123 Anticipated Funding: $24,354,000 Physics Exploitation, Processing and Prediction for Performance Based Sensing The objective of this program is to enable performance based sensing by developing innovative physics-based signature exploitation and modeling methods and innovative signal processing for feature based recognition and fusion. This program will develop an integrated radar sensor signature exploitation and signal processing analysis capability for present and future recognition applications, e.g., staring radar, combat identification, space situational awareness (SSA), and ISR applications. It will develop innovative and efficient methods for collecting and processing radar sensor data for recognition. Innovative methods for salient feature analysis will be developed and used with the prediction, analysis and processing capability as a function of sensor design parameters for performance driven sensing. This effort will also develop a loosely coupled capability for multi-sensor measurement, processing, modeling and analysis methods to support present and future recognition database development efforts and ISR applications. Program POC: Eric Branch, AFRL/RYAS, 937-656-7466 Anticipated Funding: $24,665,000 CTC-6 Enabling Sensor Devices/Components The primary goal of the Enabling Sensor Devices/Components CTC is to enable future AF sensors and sensor networks through the advancement and maturation of hardware enabling technologies. Innovative scientific and engineering solutions to emerging sensing challenges and the assessment and projection of evolutionary and disruptive hardware developments are accomplished through our highly skilled workforce and excellent in-house capabilities. These are coupled with large leveraged national programs. The CTC-6 vision is “to enable the acquisition, manipulation, delivery and protection of information and signals using the most degrees of freedom (temporal, spatial, frequency, polarization, etc) through the development and integration of component hardware.” Electronics is broadly defined to include optoelectronics. The formal establishment of tech base is critical. The Enabling Sensor Devices/Components CTC research areas include innovative materials for electronics, solid state devices and circuits, highly integrated microsystems, subsystems for RF and EO imaging, sensing, communications, miniature signal processors, smart subsystems and electronic warfare. This CTC develops and matures these core technologies for emerging defense critical electronics hardware to support larger programs within the Sensors Directorate, AFRL and the Air Force. This CTC’s large and skilled government workforce has a national reputation for their technical expertise and achievements. Exceptional research facilities – including modern design, fabrication and assessment facilities – are the crucial infrastructural elements for maintaining this high level of technical excellence. This workforce and its facilities are located across the three Sensors Directorate research sites (Hanscom AFB, Rome Research Site and Wright-Patterson AFB). The Enabling Sensor Devices/Components CTC portfolio to support systems of systems architectures is consistent with Layered Sensing, including the establishment of new programs to address emerging hardware demands as the result of networking sensors and information layering. These leveraged programs are in addition to the established portfolio to reduce the cost, size, weight and power consumption of RF and EO sensors and countermeasures. These programs address issues such as connectivity versus processing, reconfigurability, accelerated insertion of new technology, and trust. The overall resource approach is to maximize impact (and funding) through the use of strategic partnerships with national organizations such as DARPA, other services, academia and industry. Due to long insertion and maturation times, these technologies need to be worked today. Historically, the Enabling Sensor Devices/Components CTC portfolio consisted primarily of technology push, but the CTC has established an in-house effort called Transformational Element Level Array (TELA) Test Bed to provide subsystem engineering analysis and subsystem integration demonstrations providing enabling hardware inputs into the larger performance driven sensing (systems of systems engineering) efforts. TELA will be used to define the technology improvement impact and flow down the hardware requirements from current and future efforts. CTC-6 has strong ties to RY’s Space Office that has responsibility for providing the technology pull required for developing responsive space payloads. The Enabling Sensor Devices/Components CTC Technology Area Interests: Efforts in fundamental and exploratory research and development; novel materials for electronic and opto-electronic applications (including metamaterials); electronic and opto-electronic device concepts; high power devices; amplifiers; sources; low noise and signal control components; photonic components; high-temperature electronics; signal control and distribution; signal processing; multi-function monolithic and heterogeneously integrated circuits; high-speed analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog mixed mode integrated circuits; reconfigurable electronics; power distribution and conditioning; multi-chip modules; and high density packaging and interconnect technologies. Activities include design, development, fabrication, integration, evaluation and demonstration of these electronic/opto-electronic component technologies. The goal is to demonstrate significantly improved military sensors of smaller size, lower weight, lower cost, lower power dissipation, higher reliability, advanced thermal management techniques, and improved performance. The device and component technology developments are military unique; they are based on Air Force and other Department of Defense weapon systems requirements in the areas of imaging, sensing, communications, electronic warfare, navigation, and smart weapons. FY09 CTC 6 Anticipated Requirements Novel IR Beamsteering and Beam Control Devices The objective of this program is to perform exploratory research for the development of highly functional beamsteering and beam control architectures. Current methods toward high power, non-mechanical beamsteering suffer from any number of drawbacks, such as high insertion loss (and hence low power handling capability), small steering angles, cost prohibitive integration and packaging requirements, slow steering speeds, among others. Further, efforts will be made to consider multi-platform and multi-aperture integration (such as combined RF and EO apertures) for dramatic enhancements to sensor management on small, unmanned aircraft. Research in this area will attempt to blend a mix of revolutionary and evolutionary (major improvements to MEMS based beam steering devices, e.g.) research. Emphasis will be placed upon the ability to integrate such concepts in nontraditional apertures (e.g. aperture conformal to an airframe). Program POCs: Sarah Maley, AFRL/RYDP, 937-255-1874 ext. 3518 Attila Szep, AFRL/RYDP, 937-904-9964 Anticipated Funding: $187,000 Enabling Detector Concepts Systems for use in wide field of view surveillance applications could be greatly enhanced in their mission capability if added functionality of spectral filtering and polarimetry could be included at the pixel level. Currently developed systems utilize optical components in front of, or registered to the focal plane arrays (FPAs) in question, proving expensive in terms of integration costs. In addition, these functions are generally limited to entire scenes in a fixed way. For instance, gratings in front of an FPA allow spectral filtering across the grating, but in a linear fashion, so that tailoring the response of individual or groups of pixels in distinct areas of the FPA is not permissible. The overall objective of this program is to develop focal plane arrays in the various bands of interest (shot-wave, mid-wave, or long-wave IR) that can integrate these functions in a cost effective manner. Novel material systems and fabrication techniques will be considered for selection provided they meet performance requirements for the application. Incremental upgrades to existing systems are discouraged. Program POC: John Scheihing, AFRL/RYDP, 937-255-1874 ext. 3366 Anticipated Funding: $230,000 Sub-Component Development for Chip-Scale Agile Waveform Generation (AWG) and LADAR Current EO active sensing platforms, such as laser radar (LADAR) and Agile Waveform Generation schemes (AWG) require high-performance photonic components and subsystems to generate tailored output emission to aid in discrimination of objects from the background. These systems could see a dramatic reduction in cost, size, weight and power requirements if much of this functionality could be integrated at the device or chip-scale level. This program seeks to utilize novel photonic integrated circuits, including two- as well multi-section passively mode-locked diode lasers, optically- injected diode lasers, and gain-lever-gain “building blocks” to demonstrate a viable solution for such next generation coherent emitters. Program POC: Nicholas Usechak, AFRL/RYDP, 937-255-1874 ext. 3307 Anticipated Funding: $140,000 Metamaterials for Revolutionary Sensor Application – Phase I Metamaterials are man-made materials whose properties have been engineered to achieve new capabilities not found in naturally occurring material systems. Electromagnetic metamaterials are a subset of metamaterials in which researchers manipulate the electromagnetic permeability and permittivity to alter the naturally occurring properties of materials and circuits to achieve dramatic electromagnetic effects. The open literature touts a number of potential applications at RF and optical frequencies, including: magnetic ground planes for wideband, low profile, lightweight antenna technology such as foliage penetrating radar; negative-index-metamaterials (NIM) for wideband radomes; NIMs achieved by plasmon behavior for infrared optical beam steering; and near-zero- index-metamaterials which some researchers claim offer RF signature controllability and cloaking, and RF/EO sensors, components and devices. The objective of this effort will be to (1) rapidly assessing the feasibility of metamaterials with applications of high value to the Air Force, (2) initiating six to ten seedling programs in areas believed to have high potential for near-term prototype technology demonstrations, (3) enhance in-house expertise and capability and (4) define the development plan for Phase II. Program POCs: John Albrecht, AFRL/RYDX, 937-904-9265 John Derov, AFRL/RYHA, 781-377-2638 Anticipated Funding: $5,625,000 CTC-7 Trusted Collaborative Sensing with Spatial-Temporal Awareness The vision of the Trusted Collaborative Sensing CTC is to perform exploratory and advanced development in trustworthy sensing system architectures to enable multi- layered and cyber sensing. This program consists of three sub-CTCs: 7.1 Collaborative & Distributed Sensing Architectures 7.2 Autonomic Secure Sensing 7.3 Sensor Web Backbone These efforts are in direct support of the Layered Sensing vision and Universal Situational Awareness Vector thrust. The objective of the Collaborative & Distributed Sensing Architectures (C&DSA) sub- CTC is to develop trusted architectures, methodologies, and strategies for distributed, heterogeneous sensing systems and to assess trustworthiness in existing architectures. This research addresses the challenges of developing and deploying sensing systems and system of systems that rely on untrusted commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) components integrated with government-off-the-shelf (GOTS) components, which form an unstable and vulnerable infrastructure upon which to conduct emerging and future net-centric, collaborative operations. To address this challenge, C&DSA research includes the definition of representative measures of system trustworthiness and trust for current sensing architectures, development of modeling and simulation tools to measure and assess trustworthiness of sensing architectures, strategies to develop proof-of-concept architectures, methods to instill “trust at a distance” in distributed heterogeneous sensing systems, and the creation of a global “trust picture” for decision makers. The sub-CTC will provide an “honest broker” function to evaluate and guide architecture development for other CTCs. The objective of the Autonomic Secure Sensing sub-CTC is to develop new technologies to measurably and significantly protect end-node systems from exploitation, reverse engineering, and intellectual property theft. The ultimate goal is to establish a level of trust in the end-node system. An end node can be anything from a laptop, to an F-22 to an air operations center. To accomplish this objective research is performed in protection technologies, protection assessments, and autonomic protections. Protection technologies research and develop layered systems of anti-tamper and software based defenses to protect, detect and react to physical and cyber attacks on war-fighter systems. AFRL/RYT serves as the DoD Office of Primary Responsibility (OPR) to conduct basic research, exploratory, and advanced development programs to meet DoD anti-tamper and software protection technology needs for military systems covering land, sea, air and space environments. Protection assessments provide quantitative evaluations of system vulnerabilities and protections. The research in this area focuses on simulating nation- state class and rogue group threats and developing assessments of COTS and GOTS security protections as well as assessments of system vulnerabilities. Autonomic protections provide research and development of autonomic, cognitive detection and reaction systems and how to apply those technologies to sensing and sensor network protection. The objective of the Sensor Web Backbone sub-CTC is to apply communications technology to support distributed collaborative sensing systems and sensor grids; develop sensor bus topologies to assure reliable, trusted sensor interactions, and conduct sensor net experimentation /demonstrations to support ISR sensing exploration and development. Although the research will emphasize commercial sector technologies that are becoming the major part of the global grid, COTS will co-exist with GOTS in the heterogeneous sensor grid of Layered Sensing and cyberspace. The overall goal of Sensor Web Backbone is to leverage commercial systems and products to reduce the cycle time (and subsequent cost) of delivering capability to the war-fighter. Communications are becoming a critical aspect in the success (or failure) of military operations. The DoD has increased its reliance on commercial wired and wireless systems however, can we trust these systems to provide a robust backbone to conduct operations? The answer is yes, given we can trust, or add trustworthiness to these commercial products. A major theme of this work is Commercial Adaptation for Military Application (CAMA). That is, via the adaptation of commercial products and systems, trust can be injected into these systems which can then be used for military operations. 2. Deliverable Items: Potential deliverables include, but are not limited to: a. Data Items: The following CDRLs will generally apply. Addition, elimination, or modification of CDRLS may be suggested by the offeror in their proposal. Each call for proposals will identify specific deliverables for that program. DATA DATA ACQ. No. of ITEM DOC. No. TITLE FREQUENCY COPIES A001 DI-MISC-80711A/T SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL REPORTS IDIQ: At Conclusion of 6 FINAL REPORT each T.O. CPFF/CR: At contract completion A002 DI-MISC-80711A/T SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL REPORTS MONTHLY 4 CONTRACTOR'S BILLING VOUCHER A003 DI-FNCL-80331A/T FUNDS AND MAN-HOUR EXPENDITURE MONTHLY 4 REPORT A004 DI-MGMT-81468/T CONTRACT FUNDS STATUS REPORT QUARTERLY 4 (CFSR) A005 DI-MGMT-80368A/T STATUS REPORT QUARTERLY 1 A006 DI-NDTI-80566A/T TEST PLAN ASREQ 2 A007 DI-SESS-81002D/T DEVELOPMENTAL DESIGN DRAWINGS ASREQ 3 AND ASSOCIATED LIST A008 DI-SESS-81001C/T CONCEPTUAL DESIGN DRAWINGS AND ASREQ 3 ASSOCIATED LIST A009 DI-ADMN-81373/T PRESENTATION MATERIAL ASREQ 3 b. Software: Software deliveries may be required. All deliverables should be clearly identified in offeror’s proposal. Unlimited rights are desired for deliverable software. Software media format will be specified in each call for proposals. c. Hardware: Hardware deliveries may be required. All deliverables should be clearly identified in offeror’s proposal. 3. Schedule: a. Technical Effort: The period of performance for the technical effort for each program will vary. Each call for proposals will specify the required time period for completion of the technical effort. b. Data Items: Data shall be delivered in accordance with the schedule specified in the CDRLs identified in Sec. I, 2. of this BAA or as specified in each call. c. Software: Software deliveries may be required. If applicable, software shall be delivered at completion of technical effort or as specified in each call. d. Hardware: Hardware deliveries may be required. If applicable, hardware shall be delivered within thirty (30) days after completion of technical effort or as specified in each call. 4. Other Requirements a) Classified facility and storage clearance: If classified material is involved, it will be stated in the call for proposals for each solicitation topic and a DD254 will be issued with the call. If a DD254 is applicable, offerors must verify their Cognizant Security Office information is current with Defense Security Service (DSS) at www.dss.mil. b) TEMPEST: If calls for proposals under this BAA require generation of classified material, such generation is authorized only on equipment approved for classified processing by Air Force TEMPEST authorities. c) Export Control: Information involved in this research effort may be subject to Export Control (International Traffic in Arms Regulation (ITAR) 22 CFR 120- 131 or Export Administration Regulations (EAR) 15 CFR 710-774). If the effort is subject to export control then a Certified DD Form 2345, Militarily Critical Technical Data Agreement, will be required to be submitted with the proposal. d) Type of Research: If the performance of research resulting from future calls for proposals is not expected to be fundamental, DFARS 252.204-7008 applies. If the performance of research resulting from future calls for proposals is expected to be fundamental (and export-controlled items are not expected to be involved), DFARS 252.2004-7009 applies. 5. Other Information a. Government Furnished Property (GFP) availability: GFP may be involved. If applicable, it will be identified in the call for proposals for each solicitation topic. b. Base Support: Base support may be involved. If applicable, it will be identified in the call for proposals for each solicitation topic. c. Network Access: Network access to DoD computer networks and systems may be involved. If applicable, access requirements will be identified in the call for proposals for each solicitation topic. d. Hazardous Material: Specific programs may involve the use of hazardous materials. If applicable, offerors will be required to identify hazardous materials in their proposal. e. Associate Contractor Provision: Specific programs may be subject to inclusion of an associate contractor provision. If applicable, it will be stated in the call for proposals for each solicitation topic. f. Organizational Conflict of Interest: Specific programs may be subject to organizational conflict of interest provisions. If applicable, it will be so stated in the call for proposals for each solicitation topic. II. Award Information 1. Anticipated Award Date: Award dates will be specified under each call for proposals. Awards are probable based on amendments issued during the 5-year (FY09-FY14) solicitation period. 2. Anticipated funding for the program: a. Estimated Value: The estimated value of the subsequent requirements that are to be advertised under this BAA over the next 5 years is $500M. Note: The estimated value is not a promise of assured funding in that amount. Funding is uncertain and is subject to change. Changes in availability may occur as a result of Government discretion. b. The specific funding profile for individual programs will be stated in the call for proposals for each solicitation topic. 3. Type of Contract/Instrument: It is anticipated that a mix of contract types will be used throughout the life of this BAA. The specific type of contract will be issued in each call for proposals. The Air Force reserves the right to award a contract or assistance instrument. a. Cost Type contracts including Cost, Cost Sharing, Cost Plus Fixed Fee (Completion), and Cost Plus Incentive/Award Fee b. Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity (ID/IQ) with Cost Plus Fixed Fee (Completion) Task Orders. During the course of an ID/IQ contract, and depending upon the level of activity under the contract, there is the possibility of either an increase of the dollar ceiling up to 100% of the initial ceiling, or an extension of the ordering period up to 100% of the initial ordering period. c. Assistance Instruments (i.e., Grants, Cooperative Agreements or Other Transactions). 4. Number of awards anticipated: The total number of awards under this solicitation is unknown at this time. Future awards are probable based on calls or amendments issued during the 5-year (FY09-FY14) solicitation period. 5. Multiple awards: Multiple awards are anticipated under subsequent calls, but the government reserves the right to award to one source. Fair opportunity may apply for specific programs. III. Eligibility Information 1. Eligible Offerors: Solicitations issued under this BAA will be unrestricted. Small businesses are encouraged to propose to these solicitations. 2. Cost Sharing or Matching: Cost Sharing may be required on efforts solicited under this BAA. If applicable the cost share ratio will be specified under each call for proposals. 3. Federally Funded Research and Development Centers: The following guidance is provided for Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs) contemplating submitting a proposal, as either a prime or subcontractor, against this BAA. FAR 35.017-1(c)(4) prohibits an FFRDC from competing with any non-FFRDC concern in response to a Federal agency request for proposal for other than the operation of an FFRDC (with exceptions stated in DFARS 235.017-1(c)(4)). There is no regulation prohibiting an FFRDC from responding to a solicitation. However, the FFRDC’s sponsoring agency must first make a determination that the effort being proposed falls within the purpose, mission, general scope of effort, or special competency of the FFRDC, and that determination must be included in the FFRDC’s proposal. In addition, the non-sponsoring agency (in this case AFRL) must make a determination that the work proposed would not place the FFRDC in direct competition with domestic private industry. Only after these determinations are made would a determination be made concerning the FFRDC’s eligibility to receive an award. 4. Other: a. Notice to Foreign-Owned Firms: Such firms are asked to immediately notify the Contracting POC cited in each call for proposals issued under this BAA before deciding to respond to a all for proposals. Foreign contractors should be aware that restrictions might apply which could preclude their participation a program. If restrictions apply, it will be stated in the call. b. Offerors may be required to access militarily critical data in support of a program. If applicable, it will be stated in the call for proposals for each solicitation topic. Only contractors who are registered and certified with the Defense Logistics Services Center (DLSC) and have a legitimate business purpose may participate in this solicitation. Contact the Defense Logistics Services Center, 74 Washington Avenue N., Battle Creek, Michigan 40917-3084 (1-800-352-3572) for further information on the certification process. You must submit a copy of your approved DD Form 2345, Militarily Critical Technical Data Agreement, with your proposal. c. There are no limits to the number of proposals an offeror may submit. d. You may be ineligible for award if all requirements of this solicitation are not met on the proposal due date as identified in each call for proposals. IV. Proposal and Submission Information The following proposal preparation instructions may apply in total, or in part, to subsequent individual calls for proposals. Each amendment to this BAA calling for proposals will detail which proposal preparation instructions apply. 1. Overview: Proposals submitted shall be in accordance with this announcement and any instructions in the individual call for proposals. Offerors should be alert for any BAA amendments that may permit extensions to the proposal submission date. Please Note: If you intend to submit a grant or assistance instrument, go on to Section 2 below which discusses how to find the grant opportunity, prepare the cover page, and complete the certification. This section also provides the process for electronic submission of proposals for grants and cooperative agreements. If, however, you intend to propose a contract, proceed directly to Section 3 below— “Content and Form for Proposal Submission.” 2. Proposals for Grants and Cooperative Agreements a. Grant Opportunity: Go to http://Grants.Gov to find the grant opportunity. The initial screen will provide the synopsis for that specific grant opportunity. To view the entire opportunity open the “Full Announcement” box in the upper center of the synopsis page and select from the documents available under “Announcement Group.” NOTE: http://Grants.Gov has tools and guiding documents in the left margin under “Applicant Resources” to help you find and apply for grant opportunities. Grants.gov requires Adobe Reader version 8.13 to open, download, save, and submit an application electronically. Adobe Reader version 8.13 is available for free from Grants.gov under “Applicant Resources,” “Download Software.” b. Proposal Cover Page – SF 424 (R&R) Form: All proposals for grants or assistance, whether submitted electronically or in hard copy must include an SF 424 (R&R) as the cover page. The SF 424 (R&R) should be downloaded from the “Application” box in the upper right hand corner of the synopsis page. Click on “download” under the column “Instructions and Application.” Select “Download Application Package” and complete the SF 424 (R & R). c. Certifications: To access the requisite Certifications, select the “Application” box in upper right hand corner of the synopsis page. Click on “Instructions and Application” and select “Download Application Instructions” to view the Certifications. To complete the Certifications you must check Block 18 of the SF 424 (R&R), and by signing it (either by pressing the “submit” button for Grants.gov or by hand if submitting it in hard copy), you are certifying that you have read and agree to abide by the terms in the Certifications. You do not need to submit any additional documentation unless you have lobbying activities to disclose on an SF –LLL. d. Proposals for Grants or Assistance Instruments: Proposals for grants or assistance instruments may be submitted either (1) directly with a hard copy to the AFRL/Det 1 contracting POC listed in this announcement or (2) electronically through the Grants.gov government-wide electronic portal. You must notify your contracting POC before the stated proposal due date and time of this notice if you decide to submit your proposal electronically or it will not be considered. e. For Hard Copy Submission: The original proposal and the number of copies specified in this announcement must be delivered directly to the contracting POC in AFRL Det 1 at the time and date specified in this announcement. f. For Electronic Submission: i. Advance Preparation – Electronic proposals must be submitted through Grants.gov. There are several one-time actions your organization must have completed. Long before the proposal submission deadline, you should verify that the persons authorized to submit proposals for your organization have completed these actions. If not, it may take them up to 21 days to complete the actions before they will be able to submit proposals. ii. Electronic Submission Process: The process your organization must complete includes obtaining a Dun and Bradstreet Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number, registering with the Central Contract Registry (CCR), registering with the credential provider, and registering with Grants.gov. Designating an E-Business Point of Contact (EBiz POC) and obtaining a special password called MPIN are important steps in the registration process. Go to www.Grants.gov/GetStarted. iii. Your organization’s E-Business POC, identified during CCR Registration, must authorize someone to become an Authorized Organization Representative (AOR). This safeguards your organization from individuals who may attempt to submit proposals without permission. Note: In some organizations, a person may serve as both an E-Business POC and an AOR. iv. The Grants.gov Organization Registration Checklist is located at http://www.Grants.gov/section3/OrganizationRegCheck.pdf to guide you through the process. v. If a proposal is submitted through Grants.gov, Adobe Reader version 8.13 or later will need to be downloaded. This small, free program will allow you to access, complete, and submit applications electronically and securely. Reference IV. 2.a. above for instructions on how to obtain a free version of the software. vi. Should you have questions relating to the registration process, system requirements, how an application form works or the submittal process, call Grants.gov at 1-800-518-4726 or support@Grants.gov. g. Submitting the Electronic Proposal i. Application forms and instructions are available at Grants.gov. To access these materials, go to http://grants.gov Select “Apply for Grant”, and then select “Download Application Package”. Enter the CFDA number (typically 12.800). You should also enter the BAA number, and then follow the prompts to download the application package. ii. The applicant will receive a confirmation page upon completing the submission to Grants.gov. This confirmation page is a record of the time and date stamp that is used to determine whether the proposal was submitted by the deadline. A proposal received after the deadline is “late” and will not be considered for an award. h. Future Broad Agency Announcements for basic research that may result in grants or assistance instruments issued by this office will invite electronic proposal submission through the grants.gov government-wide portal. i. Section 3 below “Content and Form of Proposal Submission” applies to grants and cooperative agreement (in hard copy or electronic) and contract proposals. 3. Content and Form of Proposal Submission: The paragraphs below identify proposal format and content. Proposals should be addressed to the Contracting Point of Contact (POC) stated in each call for proposals. a. General Instructions: Offerors should apply the restrictive notice prescribed in the provision of FAR 52.215-1(e) Instructions to Offerors—Competitive Acquisition. Offerors should consider proposal instructions contained in the Broad Agency Announcement (BAA) Guide for Industry, which can be accessed on line at http://www.wpafb.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=9218. This guide is specifically designed to assist the offeror in understanding the BAA proposal process. Technical/management and cost volumes should be submitted in separate volumes, and must be valid for 180 days. Proposals must reference the announcement number assigned to each call for proposals issued hereunder. Offerors must submit one-original and 5 hard copies of their proposals via mail to the Contracting POC, identified in each call for proposals. In addition to the paper copies, offerors are required to submit a CD ROM containing the technical/management volume in MS-Word and the cost/business volume in MS-Word, with a cost proposal spreadsheet in MS-Excel. Offerors are advised that only contracting officers are legally authorized to contractually bind or otherwise commit the government. The cost of preparing proposals in response to any call for proposals under this BAA is not considered an allowable direct charge to any resulting or any other contract; however, it may be an allowable expense to the normal bid and proposal indirect cost as specified in FAR 31.205-18. b. Technical/Management Proposal: i. Proposal Structure: The technical/management volume structure is dependent upon the type of contract/instrument: (a) Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity (ID/IQ) type contract – A two-part technical/management proposal is required. Part I of the technical/management proposal shall describe the offeror’s proposed approach for the entire program and include a Statement of Objectives. Part II of the technical/management proposal shall include a separate description of the technical approach for each proposed delivery order. Additionally, a stand-alone Statement of Work for each proposed task order must be included. (b) Cost type contracts or Assistance Instrument -- All technical/management information shall be presented as a single document. ii. Page Limitations: The following describes the page limitations on the proposal submittal: (a) Prepared and submitted in MS Office Word format, the number of pages for each volume (technical/management/cost) for any type contract or Assistance Instrument, will be specified in each call for proposals. (b) Font shall be standard 10-point business font Arial. (c) Character spacing must be “normal,” not condensed in any manner. (d) Pages shall be double-spaced, single-sided, 8.5 by 11 inches, with at least one-inch margins on both sides, top and bottom. Lines between text lines must also be 10-point. (e) All text, including text in tables and charts, must adhere to all font size and line spacing requirements listed herein. Font and line spacing requirements do not have to be followed for illustrations, flowcharts, drawings, and diagrams. These exceptions shall not be used to circumvent formatting requirements and page count limitations by including lengthy narratives in such items. (f) Pages shall be numbered starting with the cover page being Page 1, and the last page being Page (to be determined in each call for proposals). The page limitation covers all information including indices, photographs, foldouts (counted as 1 page for each 8.5 by 11 portion) tables, charts, appendices, attachments, resumes, etc. (g) The proposal page limit does not include the offeror’s proposed Statement of Work (SOW); however, the same formatting rules apply to the SOW. The page limit of the SOW will be specified in each call for proposals. (h) A CD with the WORD version of your Technical/Management Proposal and the SOW must be submitted with the hard copies of the proposal, and must match the hard copy. (i) Due to continuing attempts by numerous offerors to obtain an unfair advantage by failing to conform to the formatting rules above, the Government will check the proposal and SOW for conformance to the stated requirements. Any pages in excess of the stated page limitation after the format check will not be considered. In addition if the proposal or SOW does not conform to the above requirements, a notification will be sent to the offeror’s company management to advise of the nonconformance. (iii) The proposal shall include a discussion of the nature and scope of the research and the technical approach. Additional information on prior work in this area, descriptions of available equipment, data and facilities and resumes of personnel who will be participating in this effort should also be included as attachments to the technical proposal. This volume shall include a SOW detailing the technical tasks proposed to be accomplished under the proposed effort and suitable for contract incorporation. Do not include any proprietary information in the SOW. Refer to the BAA Guide for Industry referenced above to assist in SOW preparation. (iv) Any questions concerning the technical proposal or SOW preparation shall be referred to the Technical POC cited in the Overview Information. c. Cost/Business Proposal: i. Separate the proposal into a business section and cost section. Adequate price competition is anticipated. The business section should contain all business aspects to the proposed contractual or instrument arrangements, such as type of contract/instrument, any exceptions to terms and conditions of the announcement model contract, any information not technically related, etc. Provide rationale for exceptions. Cost proposals have no limitations; however, offerors are requested to keep cost proposals to 20 pages as a goal. The proposal shall be furnished with supporting schedules and shall contain a person hour breakdown per task. Refer to the AFRL PRDA/BAA Guide for Industry for detailed proposal instructions. a. In the event the proposal is for an ID/IQ type contract, the cost section shall contain a separately identifiable and severable cost proposal for each individual task order proposed in the technical/management volume. The twenty (20) page cost proposal goal applies to the cost proposal for each individual task order proposed. No cost proposal is required for the basic contract. b. If proposing a cost type contract or an Assistance Instrument, the cost section shall reflect all costs for the effort proposed in the technical/management volume. ii. Subcontracting plans, for efforts anticipated to exceed $550,000, shall be submitted along with the technical and cost proposals. Reference FAR 19.704, DFARS 219.704, and AFFARS 5319.704(a)(1) for subcontracting plan requirements. Small business concerns are exempt from this requirement. d. Proposal Content Summary: You may be ineligible for award if all requirements of this solicitation are not met on the proposal due date. Reference Section VIII for a checklist of the requirements. 3. Proposal Due Date and Time: Specified in each call for proposals to this solicitation. NOTE: Proposal receipt after the due date and time shall be governed by the provisions of FAR 52.215-1(c)(3). NOTE: Intent to Propose: Offerors that anticipate submitting a proposal are requested to submit an e-mail to the contract POC specified in each call for proposals. The intent to submit a proposal should include the name of the contractor and the contractor’s POC. 4. Two-step solicitation process: The Air Force reserves the right to use a two-step solicitation process. If applicable, the call will specify and describe the two-step process, which will normally follow these general guidelines: FIRST STEP solicits a request for an abstract/white paper and a rough order of magnitude (ROM) cost. These will be evaluated by a government team that will determine which of the abstracts/white papers have the most promise of meeting Air Force needs. Offerors will be notified of the disposition of their abstract/white paper. Those offerors submitting abstracts/white papers assessed as meeting Air Force needs will be asked to submit a technical and cost proposal. Those offerors not requested to submit a technical and cost proposal may, however, still elect to submit a technical and cost proposal. The SECOND STEP consists of offerors submitting a technical and cost proposal within xx days of the proposal request (to be specified with each individual call for proposals). After receipt, proposals will be evaluated in accordance with the award criteria in Section V below and/or as otherwise adjusted in each call for proposals. Proposals will be categorized and subsequently selected for negotiation. The two-step process will only be used if the call so specifies. 5. Intergovernmental Review: If applicable, to be specified in each call for proposals. 6. Funding Restrictions: If applicable, to be specified in each call for proposals. 7. Other Submission Requirements: Specified in each call for proposals, but generally: If by postal mail or hand delivery: AFRL/PKSR, Bldg 167, 2310 8th St., Wright- Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7801 If by electronic submission: URL or e-mail address, whether a password is required and a point of contact that will be available to resolve technical difficulties will be specified in subsequent calls. V. PROPOSAL REVIEW INFORMATION The following basis for award requirements may apply in total, or in part, to subsequent individual calls for proposals. Each amendment to this BAA calling for proposals will detail which basis for award requirements apply and any tailored criteria. 1. Evaluation Criteria: The selection of one or more sources for award will be based on an evaluation of each offeror’s proposal (both technical and cost/price aspects) to determine the overall merit of the proposal in response to the announcement, as well as on Agency need and funding availability. a. Technical: The technical aspect, which ranks as the first order of priority shall be evaluated using the criteria shown below. The order of importance of the criteria (either descending or equal) will be specified in each call. The evaluation criteria to be used will be dependent upon the type of contract/instrument proposed as follows: (i). Cost type contracts including Cost, Cost Sharing, Cost Plus Fixed Fee (Completion), and Cost Plus Incentive/Award Fee and Assistance Instruments: (1) The proposal must reflect a new and creative solution that clearly demonstrates technical or scientific merit and be highly relevant to Air Force needs (2) Successful development of the proposed effort must have a significant impact on advancing technology for air and/or space power applications (3) The proposal, including the proposed Statement of Work (SOW), must reflect a sound technical approach (4) The proposal must indicate that competent experienced engineering, scientific and technical personal are available to support the program and that necessary research/ test/ laboratory facilities are available (5) The proposal must indicate that the offeror has quality experience with the technology to be developed (ii). BASIC ID/IQ Contract (1) The proposal must reflect an understanding of the overall technical scope of the technology area (2) The proposal must reflect a sound technical approach (3) The proposed concept/idea must have technical merit and be relevant to Air Force needs (4) The proposal must identify the management and organization of technical personnel and indicate that procedures are available to monitor and control the budget and schedule (iii) Individual Task Orders (1) The proposal must reflect a new and creative solution that clearly demonstrates technical or scientific merit and be highly relevant to Air Force needs (2) The proposal must reflect a sound technical approach (3) The proposal must indicate that competent experienced engineering, scientific and technical personal are available to support the program and that necessary research/ test/ laboratory facilities are available (4) The proposed Statement of Work (SOW) must be clear, well organized and reflect that the offeror understands the scope of the technical effort (5) The proposal must indicate that the offeror has quality experience with the technology to be developed. b. Cost/Price: Cost/Price includes the reasonableness and realism of the proposed cost and fee and consideration of proposed budgets and funding profiles. Cost/Price is a substantial factor, but ranked as the second order of priority. c. Proposal Risk Assessment: Proposal risk for technical, cost and schedule will be assessed as part of the evaluation of the of the above criteria. Proposal risk relates to the identification and assessment of the risks associated with an offeror's proposed approach as it relates to accomplishing the proposed effort. Tradeoffs of the assessed risk will be weighed against the potential payoff. 2. Review and Selection Process a. Categories: The technical and cost proposals will be evaluated at the same time and categorized as follows: i. Category I: Proposal is well conceived, scientifically and technically sound, pertinent to the program goals and objectives, and offered by a responsible contractor with the competent scientific and technical staff and supporting resources needed to ensure satisfactory program results. Proposals in Category I are determined to be acceptable, but will be recommended for award based on availability of funds. They are normally displaced only by other Category I proposals. ii. Category II: Scientifically or technically sound proposals requiring further development and are recommended for acceptance, but are at a lower priority than Category I. iii. Category III: Proposals not technically sound or do not meet agency needs. b. In general, no other evaluation criteria will be used. If other evaluation criteria apply, it will be specified in each call for proposals. The technical and cost proposals will be evaluated at the same time. The Air Force reserves the right to select for award of a contract or assistance instrument any, all, part or none of the proposal received. Award of a grant to universities or nonprofit institutions, or assistance instrument in lieu of a contract will be subject to the mutual agreement of the parties. VI. Award Administration Information 1. Award Notices: Offerors will be notified whether their proposal is recommended for award, by letter or e-mail, on or about the date specified in each call. The notification is not to be construed to mean the award of a contract, grant or assistance instrument is assured, as availability of funds and successful negotiations are prerequisites to any award. 2. Administrative Requirements: See Section I. 3. Reporting: See Section I. VII. Agency Contact(s) 1. Address technical questions the AFRL CTC Leads: CTC 1: Alan Kerrick, AFRL/RYR, Bldg. 620, 2241 Avionics Circle, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone: 937-904-9330, Email: Alan.Kerrick@wpafb.af.mil CTC 2: Michael Eismann, AFRL/RYJ, Bldg. 620, 2241 Avionics Circle, Wright- Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone: 937-904-9921, Email: email@example.com CTC 3: David A. Wilkes, AFRL/RYZW, Bldg. 620, 2241 Avionics Circle, Wright- Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone: 937 904-9915, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org CTC 4: Bill Taylor, AFRL/RYJW, Bldg 620, 2241 Avionics Circle, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone : 937-255-4174 ext. 4004, Email: email@example.com CTC 5: Lori Westerkamp, AFRL/RYA, Bldg 620, 2241 Avionics Circle, Wright- Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone: 937-904-9815, Email: Lori.Westerkamp@wpafb.af.mil CTC 6: Chris Bozada, AFRL/RYDD, Bldg 620, 2241 Avionics Circle, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone: 937-904-9633, Email: Christopher.Bozada@wpafb.af.mil CTC 7: John Erickson, AFRL/RYT, Bldg 620, 2241 Avionics Circle, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone : 937-320-9068 x 105, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Note: The technical POC(s) for all requirements advertised under this open-ended BAA will be specified with each individual call for proposal. 2. Address contracting questions to: John Stovall, AFRL/PKSR, Bldg. 167, 2310 8th Street, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone: 937-255-5306, Email: John.Stovall@wpafb.af.mil; or Sarah Chaffe, AFRL/PKSR, Bldg. 167, 2310 8th Street, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7304, Phone: 937- 255-4279, Email: Sarah.Chaffe@wpafb.af.mil; Note: The contracting POC(s) for all requirements advertised under this open- ended BAA will be specified with each individual call for proposal. VIII. Other Information 1. Acquisition of Commercial Items: Based upon market research, the Government is not using the policies contained in Part 12, Acquisition of Commercial Items, in its solicitation for the described supplies or services. However, interested persons may identify to the contracting officer their interest and capability to satisfy the Government’s requirement with a commercial item within 15 days of this notice. 2. Support Contractors: Offerors are advised that employees of commercial firms under contract to the Government may be used to administratively process proposals, monitor contract performance, or perform other administrative duties requiring access to other contractors’ proprietary information. These support contracts include nondisclosure agreements prohibiting their contractor employees from disclosing any information submitted by other contractors or using such information for any purpose other than that for which it was furnished. 3. Wide Area Work Flow: NOTICE: Any contract award resulting from this solicitation will contain the clause at DFARS 252.232-7003, Electronic Submission of Payment Requests, which requires electronic submission of all payment requests. The clause cites three possible electronic formats through which to submit electronic payment requests. Pursuant to that clause, the Department of Defense is adopting Wide Area Work Flow-Receipt and Acceptance (WAWF-RA). Any contract resulting from this solicitation will establish a requirement to use WAWF-RA for invoicing and receipt/acceptance, and provide coding instructions applicable to this contract. Contractors are encouraged to take advantage of available training (both web-based and through your local DCMA office), and to register in the WAWF-RA system. Information regarding WAWF-RA, including the web-based training and registration, can be found at https://wawf.eb.mil. Note: This WAWF-RA requirement does not apply to Universities that are audited by an agency other than DCAA. 4. Item Identification and Valuation. Any contract award resulting from this solicitation may contain the clause at DFARS 252.211-7003, Item Identification and Valuation, (JUN 2005) which requires unique item identification and valuation of any deliverable item for which the Government’s unit acquisition cost is $5,000 or more; subassemblies, components, and parts embedded within an item valued at $5,000 or more; or items for which the Government’s unit acquisition cost is less than $5,000 when determined necessary by the requiring activity for serially managed, mission essential, or controlled inventory. Also included are any DoD serially managed subassembly, component, or part embedded within a delivered item and the parent item that contains the embedded subassembly, component, or part. Per DFARS 211.274-3 Policy for Valuation, it is DoD policy that contractors shall be required to identify the Government’s unit acquisition cost for all items delivered, even if none of the criteria for placing a unique item identification mark applies. Therefore, your proposal must clearly break out the unit acquisition cost for any deliverable items. Per DFARS 211.274-3 Policy for Valuation, “The Government’s unit acquisition cost is the Contractor’s estimated fully burdened unit cost at time of delivery to the Government for cost type or undefinitized line, subline, or exhibit line items” (Per DoD, “fully burdened unit costs” to the Government would include all direct, indirect, G&A costs, and an appropriate portion of fee). If you have questions regarding the Unique Item Identification requirements, please contact the Contracting Point of Contact listed above. For more information, see the following website: http://www.acq.osd.mil/dpap/pdi/uid/index.html. 5. Excessive Pass-Through Charges. As prescribed in DFARS 215.408(3), provision 252.215-7003, “Excessive Pass-Through Charges – Identification of Subcontract Effort, is contained in this solicitation (as shown below). Any contract valued greater than $650,000, resulting from this solicitation, shall contain the Clause at DFARS 252.215-7004, Excessive Pass-Through Charges (APR 2007). This clause requires the contractor to notify the Contracting Officer in writing if: (1) The Contractor changes the amount of subcontract effort after award such that it exceeds 70 percent of the total cost of work to be performed under the contract, task order, or delivery order. The notification shall identify the revised cost of the subcontract effort and shall include verification that the Contractor will provide added value; or (2) Any subcontractor changes the amount of lower-tier subcontractor effort after award such that it exceeds 70 percent of the total cost of the work to be performed under its subcontract. The notification shall identify the revised cost of the subcontract effort and shall include verification that the subcontractor will provide added value as related to the work to be performed by the lower-tier subcontractor(s). 252.215-7003 Excessive Pass-Through Charges – Identification of Subcontract Effort. EXCESSIVE PASS-THROUGH CHARGES— IDENTIFICATION OF SUBCONTRACT EFFORT (MAY 2008) (a) Definitions. Added value, excessive pass-through charge, subcontract, and subcontractor, as used in this provision, are defined in the clause of this solicitation entitled ‘‘Excessive Pass-Through Charges’’ (DFARS 252.215–7004). (b) General. The offeror’s proposal shall exclude excessive pass-through charges. (c) Performance of work by the Contractor or a subcontractor. (1) The offeror shall identify in its proposal the total cost of the work to be performed by the offeror, and the total cost of the work to be performed by each subcontractor, under the contract, task order, or delivery order. (2) If the offeror intends to subcontract more than 70 percent of the total cost of work to be performed under the contract, task order, or delivery order, the offeror shall identify in its proposal— (i) The amount of the offeror’s indirect costs and profit applicable to the work to be performed by the subcontractor(s); and (ii) A description of the added value provided by the offeror as related to the work to be performed by the subcontractor(s). (3) If any subcontractor proposed under the contract, task order, or delivery order intends to subcontract to a lower-tier subcontractor more than 70 percent of the total cost of work to be performed under its subcontract, the offeror shall identify in its proposal— (i) The amount of the subcontractor’s indirect costs and profit applicable to the work to be performed by the lower-tier subcontractor(s); and (ii) A description of the added value provided by the subcontractor as related to the work to be performed by the lower-tier subcontractor(s). (End of provision) 6. Ombudsman: The Ombudsman clause, AFFARS 5352.201-9101 Ombudsman (Aug 2005) will be contained in any contracts or agreements resulting from this Solicitation. The AFRL Ombudsman is Ms Sue Hunter, Director of Contracting, AFRL/PK, (937) 255-0432, email: Sue.Hunter@wpafb.af.mil. 7. Post-Award Small Business Program Rerepresentation: As prescribed in FAR 19.308, FAR Clause 52.219-28, “Post-Award Small Business Program Rerepresentation (JUN 2007),” is incorporated by reference in this solicitation. This clause will be contained in any contracts resulting from this solicitation. This clause requires a contractor to rerepresent its size status when certain conditions apply. The clause provides detail on when the rerepresentation must be complete and what the contractor must do when a rerepresentation is required. 8. Proposal Content Checklist: You may be ineligible for award if all requirements of this solicitation are not met on the proposal due date. a. Proposals are due to the Contracting POC specified in each call for proposals. b. Proposals are due no later than the due date and time specified in each call for proposals. c. Proposal page limits are strictly enforced. See Section IV.2.b. & c. and the requirements of each call for proposals under the BAA for page limitations. d. Completed Certifications and Representations (Section K) are due with the proposal. Certifications and Representations (Section K) can be found at http://www.wpafb.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=6790 under the Sample Contract Documents title of the Business Resources Header. In the interests of transformation and streamlining and in order to be in position to award within days of completion of the technical evaluation, it is imperative that you review the model contract appropriate for your business type and provide with your proposal any exceptions to terms and conditions. e. The Cost/Business Proposal must contain all information described in the Content and Form of Proposal Section. f. For any subcontracts proposed, the Cost/Business Proposal must contain a subcontractor analysis IAW FAR 15.404-3(b). g. The Cost/Business Proposal must contain any exceptions to the sample Model Contract Terms and Conditions. (See http://www.wpafb.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=6790 for sample model contracts.) However, be advised that the document awarded may include contract line items (CLINs)/clauses/articles in addition to those in the models, and/or some of the CLIN/clauses/articles in the models may be deleted, depending on the specific circumstances of the individual program. Any additions or deletions will be discussed with the offeror prior to award of the document. h. Offerors other than small businesses are to include a subcontracting plan in Microsoft Word Readable Format on a CD ROM as well as a hard copy. i. Proposals must be submitted in the format specified in Section IV. j. Offerors who have Forward Pricing Rate Agreements (FPRA’s) and Forward Pricing Rate Recommendations (FPRR’s) should submit them with their proposal. k. If a DD254 is applicable, offerors must verify their Cognizant Security Office information is current with Defense Security Service (DSS) at www.dss.mil. l. If effort is subject to export control, offerors must submit a Certified DD Form 2345, Militarily Critical Technical Data Agreement, with proposal.
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