PowerPoint Presentation - Central Virginia IIBA Chapter - IIBA by r9maENR


									       Central Virginia Chapter of
                the IIBA

        “The Industry’s View of the
              Business Analyst
David Mantica
President, ASPE Technology
Wednesday, May 23, 2007
Presentation Agenda
Dynamics driving the growth in Business Analysis
Specific conditions making a BA essential
Art verse Science
Critical BA Skills
BA -- PM Engagement
Certification and the IIBA
Future of the Business Analyst Role
  Translation is needed…
How is alignment achieved?
       Specific Conditions Making
             a BA Essential
User demands and requirements are increasing
Business need for data driven decision making
  Speed of business
  Can’t trust your gut (gut will get you fired)
Continued corporate profit taking
  Outsourcing continues to grow (off-shore or on-shore)
Project failures rate continues to grow
  Complexity and sophistication of projects increases
Technology adoption requirements
  Speed of technology
 Look at it this way: AS….

Needs      Speed         Complexity   Budgets
Continue   Continues     Continues    get
To         To            To           smaller
Increase   Increase      Increase

                                      Something has
                                      to be done more
                                      effectively &
                                      efficiently or failure
                                      is guaranteed

                       Scope & Requirements Definition
 The challenge of                    The science
 constant change                     of business
 resides here.                       resides here.

The potential for increased effectiveness & efficiency
resides here. Managing this arena is an art.
Art verse Science
 Art: Creative, inventive, flexible, understanding,
with an underlying process or method
 Science: Specific, exact, precise, focused, with
following the specific steps critical to success

-- Science type IT jobs are being outsourced, it is a specific tangible skill
highly transferable. It is easy to find at a less expensive cost.

-- Art type IT jobs are remaining, it is an intangible skill which includes
flexibility and domain knowledge and when put together is not very
transferable. It is difficult to find at a less expensive cost.
Art verse Science
 Art type positions: Business Analyst, Business Systems Analyst,
Project Manager, Program Manager, System Architect, Business Process

 Science type positions: Programmer, Developer, Systems Engineer,
Tester, Help desk, Systems Administrator

In the end it is not about the position, it is about your skills

    Business                                               IT

      The closer your positional ties are with the business/business
          needs the more valuable the business perceives you
Critical BA Skills
-First, what the industry sees as the BA responsibility area

Project Scope —“Tightening” and defining the scope
based on Project sponsor requests

Requirements Definition — Determining
specifically what is required to ensure user needs are met

Process/Data modeling — How work flows happen
and how data moves in those work flows. Adjustment of
those work flows based on requirements
Review of Critical BA Skills
 Domain knowledge—Close enough to business, knows what
business needs
 IT knowledge—Close enough to IT, knows what IT can do
 “Translation skills”—tech talk to business talk and vice versa
 Questioning—asking the right type of questions
 Listening—knowing what to listen for and how to catch it
 Negotiation—hammering out a match between user needs & IT
 Critical thinking—looking at options, finding the “right” solutions
 Leadership—standing up for what the user needs with the SDLC
 Communication—relates to translation skills
 BA tools & techniques—Specific processes/tools of requirements
definition and process/data modeling
BA – PM Engagement
 Functional overlap comes with Project Scope
    Could lead to major “problems” if scope responsibility not defined
 Small to mid-sized companies
    PM will be responsible for BA skills and conduct BA tasks—big
   responsibility with big risks
        This assumes PM / BA profile the same, is it?
    Or, move to Agile methods and drive Developers & Programmers to
   conduct BA tasks—Again big responsibility with big risks
    Key: THE SKILLS ARE STILL REQUIRED!!!!! Regardless of position

 Large Companies
    Both roles — Where will the BA live (within the Business Unit or IT) and how will
   project scope responsibilities be broken out
    Agile push    — Developers will need BA skills
Certification and the IIBA
Task Definition Critical—Does the BA BOK meet what the industry
needs the BA position to do? Industry will let you know quickly if it doesn’t

Pragmatic Evangelization of BA BOK—Watch out for becoming too
focused on the letter of the law, ensure it is not only memorization but skills.
PM BOK push back happening, “paper PMP” All started with “paper CNE” now
“paper MCSE” when the paper becomes more important than the skills.

Certification push starting with Practioners—Business Analysts
have been around awhile, the ground swell of certification interest is at the
practioner level right now

IIBA must get employers mindshare—Employers must be shone the
value of a BA BOK skilled professional, this will drive the adoption much quicker

Critical: Focus on the skills not just the position, it is proper requirements
engineering, project scope and process modeling not that a company have a BA
Future of BA Role and Skills

Outsourcing will continue to fuel need
Alignment of needs vs. capabilities will continue to fuel
Can’t make the role too much of a science
Can’t make the role too much of an art
   Must stay pragmatic, focused on user and business value
Employers must be shown the value of a IIBA certified
Developers have a great potential of being successful
Business Analysts than they do being Project Managers--
embrace the Developer community, embrace Agile
Biggest Question: Are employers looking for the BA
position or the BA skills within multiple positions?
Thank you for allowing me to
  speak at your Chapter meeting


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