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					Smithtown Central School District

  Guidelines to Research
     Teacher Edition
        What is this?
It’s a new district document developed for all
areas of the curriculum that has been approved
by Secondary Principals and Central Office
It provides an information literacy model of the
various steps in the research process.

It addresses plagiarism and highlights the
importance of avoiding it.

It offers a consistent form of research
                  Where can I find it?
• The Intranet
      Secondary Curriculum
      Library Media Services
      Guidelines to Research

• Internet on the District page
      Curriculum Info for parents
      Guidelines to Research

• School Library Website
          Why do we need this?

• Information overload
  “Today, a daily New York Times has more
  printed information in it than a person would
  come across in an entire lifetime in the 17th

  Davis Lewis “Introduction to Dying for Information.”
                   Why do we need this?
• Information quality
 “More than 2/3 of teens said within the last year that they use the
 Internet as their major resource when doing a big project for school… .”
      Lester, Will. “High School Students Love Net for Research,” Syracuse Post Standard, 8/21/01 (from AP)

  “In a study of 500 sites used by Colorado high school students to do
   research, only 27% of the sites were judged to be reliable for
   academic research!”

      Ebersol, Samuel. “Uses and Gratifications of the Web among Students,” Journal of
      Computer-Mediated Communication, 6(1): September 2000.
             Why do we need this?
 • Student lack of information &
     technology skills
“In an information age, information and
technology skills are basic education.”
       - Robert E. Berkowitz, Big6 co-architect.

"Information skills that are
comprehensive and transferable skills
empower students to be successful
beyond the four walls of the library, the
classroom, and the school."
        -- Robert E. Berkowitz, Big6 co-architect.
       Why do we need this?
• Empower students to be self-learners

      “The   new education must teach the individual how to
      classify and reclassify information, how to evaluate
      its veracity, how to change categories when
      necessary, how to move from the concrete to the
      abstract and back, how to look at problems from a
      new direction – how to teach himself. Tomorrow’s
      illiterate will not be the man who can’t read; he will
      be the man who has not learned how to learn.”

                                        --Herbert Gerjuoy
 How can we meet this challenge?
Help students to:
• be discriminating users of information

• use essential information & technology skills in

• use a consistent approach to citing sources

• use the Big6 to understand that
  process is as important as product
              What is the Big6 Research
                   Process Model?

“Information literacy, the ability to
locate, process and use
information effectively, equips
individuals to take advantage of
the opportunities inherent in the
global society.”
Assoc. for Supervision and Curriculum Dev., 1991

     When do we use the Big6?
In the classroom/library:
• Assignments and projects
• For developing problem solving strategies and skills that
  are transferable

Everyday life:
•   Determining where to live
•   Purchasing high expense items
•   Planning vacations
•   Selecting employment opportunities
•   Selecting candidates in local/federal elections
•   Presenting research to support your work ideas
    and to avoid plagiarism
        What is plagiarism?

Using words and/or
ideas from others
and presenting them
as your own.
         What are some examples
              of plagiarism?
When you do any of the following without
proper citation:
• Copying word for word from any source

• Paraphrasing ideas from any source

• Submitting a paper with all or any portions copied
  from another student or purchased over the Internet

• Allowing others to copy one’s paper or assignment

• Copying and pasting from an Internet website
     What is proper citation?
Giving credit to your sources by
using one or all of the following:

 • Parenthetical references

 • Works cited page

 • Bibliography
          What’s the difference?
•   Parenthetical References:
    Indicates a quotation, summary, fact or idea that is
    included within the sentence or paragraph of the paper.

•   Works Cited:
    Lists all the items you have actually used or referred to in your

•   Bibliography:
    Lists all the materials you have consulted in preparing your
    written work whether or not you have actually used citations.
 When do I need to cite my sources?

When creating:
    •   Research papers
    •   PowerPoint presentations
    •   Publisher documents
    •   Web pages
    •   Posters
    •   Models and other projects
    •   Videos
                 HELP !!!!!

• See your Library Media Specialist to collaborate
  on implementing the “Guidelines to Research.”

         This is a work in progress
        your input is important to us!
                      Created by:
Chanin, Elyse. Library Media Specialist. Accompsett Middle School.

DeLuca, Donna. Intern. Smithtown High School East.

Kahn, Libby. Library Media Specialist Nesaquake Middle School.

McCann, Linda. Teacher Assistant, Great Hollow Middle School.

Pasca-Ortgies, Harriet. Library Media Specialist. Great Hollow Middle

Santasier, Loretta. Library Media Specialist. Smithtown High School East.


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