CODING IN QUALITATIVE RESEARCH Rosarito Tatel-Suatengco Philippine Normal University October 27, 2010 What is coding? Coding is the process of defining what the data are all about (Charmaz, 1995). In thematic analysis and grounded theory, it is the process of identifying themes or concepts that are in the data. Coding links the data to an emergent theory What are the types of coding? Open coding Axial coding Selective coding Processes in Open coding Explore the data. Identify the units of analysis. Code for meanings, feelings, actions. Make metaphors for data. Experiment with codes. Compare and contrast events, actions and feelings. Break codes in subcategories. Integrate codes into more inclusive codes. Identify properties of codes. Processes in Axial coding Explore the codes. Examine the relationship between codes Specify the conditions associated with a code. Review data to confirm associations and new codes. Compare codes with preexisting theory. Processes in Selective coding Identify the core code or central story in the analysis. Examine the relationship between the core code and other codes. Compare coding scheme with preexisting theory.
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