APPENDIX A

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					APPENDIX A
 TECHNOLOGY INFRASTRUCTURE AND RESOURCES

Vision for Technology Infrastructure
The Sabine Parish School district began the initial design phase of a five-year Technology Plan in the spring of
1996. Consolidated school and district improvement plans include components of the Technology Plan. The
formulation of a Sabine School District Technology Plan was first launched to establish a technology
infrastructure in the district and every school and to establish standards for wiring, equipment purchases and
software. Four phases were proposed to meet the goals established by the Technology Planning Committee.
Completion of each phase requires review, re-evaluation, and revision of the five-year plan. Depending on
funding, each phase is designed to move the district toward establishing a viable and effective educational
technology enterprise.
Recent studies and research indicate effective use of new networked technologies improve learning when
facilitated by competent instruction. The Sabine Parish School Board believes equitable designs of school LANs
and a district WAN, coupled with a vigorous teacher training program, will significantly impact student
achievement.
Phase I – Infrastructure Planning.
Sabine Parish conducted a needs assessment, teacher technology survey and technology inventory as a first step
toward establishing a networked infrastructure for the district and schools. Data collected was used to plan and
revise the district Technology Plan. The Technology Plan requires each school to develop a School Technology
Plan as a component of their School Improvement Plan.
The foundation for the district network infrastructure is contingent on a communications distribution center
managed through the Central Office LAN, completed in the summer of 1996. The Central Office server
establishes a medium for assigning staff with email accounts and a district web presence. It also offers client
management support and a platform for incorporating emerging networked instructional technologies.
Needs Assessment
Processes used to assess needs:                                  Business Leaders
                                                                 Community members
   Surveys
   Technology Planning Committee                              Areas included in the needs assessment:
   School meetings                                               Student Achievement
   Review of student achievement data                            Staff development
   Review of school report cards and school                      Technology
         improvement plans                                       Instructional and educational materials
   Review of district improvement plan                           Educational reform projects
   Follow-up of graduates                                        Critical thinking skills
   Linkage with community/employers to                           Illiteracy rate
         assess satisfaction with graduates                      Goals 2000/LEARN
   Sabine Parish Strategic Profile                               School improvement under Title I,
Persons involved in the needs assessment:                                Sections 1116 and 1117
                                                                 Parental involvement
   Teachers
                                                                 Demographic data
   Administrators
                                                                 Special needs children, including disadvantaged,
   Pupil services personnel
                                                                         gifted and talented and LEP
   Other school staff
   Parents




                                                                                                                    A. 1
        Sabine Parish School District Technology -
             Equipment/Software Inventory

                      Classroom Equipment
Equipment              QTY          COST          TOTAL
Computers                 950      $ 1,500.00   $1,425,000.00
Printers                  400      $ 375.00     $ 150,000.00
Scanners                   20      $ 400.00     $    8,000.00
digtal Cameras             14      $ 650.00     $    9,100.00
                                                    SUBTOTAL     $1,592,100.00
                             Networking
Equipment/Software     QTY          COST            TOTAL
Routers                    16      $ 1,380.00   $    22,080.00
Bay Router                  1      $ 8,000.00   $     8,000.00
Hubs                       35      $ 567.00     $    19,845.00
Switches                   11      $ 2,500.00   $    27,500.00
Fiber Uplink Module         6      $ 800.00     $     4,800.00
Servers                    10      $ 3,000.00   $    30,000.00
Web Server                  1      $24,000.00   $    24,000.00
Cisco Firewall              1      $14,000.00   $    14,000.00
Exchange Server             1      $15,000.00   $    15,000.00
Intranet Server             1      $10,000.00   $    10,000.00
Fiber Bridge               17      $ 1,100.00   $    18,700.00
Multi Switch 900            2      $ 2,700.00   $     5,400.00
CSU/DSU                    32      $ 800.00     $    25,600.00
Classroom Hubs            100      $    58.00   $     5,800.00
Back Office                13      $ 2,500.00   $    32,500.00
Client                    600      $     5.00   $     3,000.00
                                                    SUBTOTAL     $ 266,225.00
             Student Information System (PAMS)
 Equipment/Software    QTY          COST            TOTAL
Pams Server                   1    $ 5,000.00   $     5,000.00
School Pams System           13    $ 2,500.00   $    32,500.00
Pams Software                14    $ 5,000.00   $    70,000.00
                                                    SUBTOTAL     $ 107,500.00
                                  Software
 Equipment/Software    QTY          COST            TOTAL
Windows 95                800      $  20.00     $    16,000.00
Office 97                 800      $  48.00     $    38,400.00
V-Check                   800      $  20.00     $    16,000.00
MS Works                  400      $  28.00     $    11,200.00
Appleworks                100      $  35.00     $     3,500.00
Frontpage                  50      $  35.00     $     1,750.00
Adobe                      40      $ 160.00     $     6,400.00
Publisher                 200      $  25.00     $     5,000.00


                                                                                 A. 2
Intech           160   $   300.00   $   48,000.00
Hots              96   $   200.00   $   19,200.00
MS Photdraw      400   $    25.00   $   10,000.00
Misc. Software    25   $   100.00   $    2,500.00
                                        SUBTOTAL    $ 177,950.00
                                          TOTAL     $2,143,775.00




                                                                    A. 3
Phase II – Establish school LANs.
A Local Area Network (LAN) was installed at each of the twelve Sabine Parish schools and connected to the district
WAN in the summer of 1997. The WAN establishes essential communication links for sharing ideas, resources,
information, and project collaborations. It supports teacher to teacher, classroom to classroom, and school to school
connectivity previously unavailable in the Sabine Parish educational environment. It also integrates and expands the
capabilities of the school/district Principals Administrative Management System (PAMS).
This crucial phase establishes a base to support all proposed technology initiatives. Phase II necessitates an intensive
teacher training program and creates classrooms environments for implementing sound technology instructional
models. It promotes student, teacher, and administrator commitments to apply technology through hands-on access,
not available until this juncture.
The fundamental component of Phase II defines hardware, software, and network standards. Sabine agreed upon
uniform standards to provide a cost effective and efficient means for purchasing, supporting, and training technology.
Network, Hardware, and Software Standards
Meeting the demands required to support an extensive and expanding inventory of technology equipment and site
licensed software requires the district established standards for networking components, computer hardware, and
basic software applications. These standards provide a consistent and efficient means for supporting, purchasing,
training, and assuring compatibility. It also correlates with the simultaneous development and implementation of
curriculum standards.
Software Licensing Standards

                  Application                          Software                  Licenses          1998-99
                 Word Processing               MS Office 97 – MS Word               150              300
                                                     MS Works 4.0                   150              150
                   Spreadsheet                   MS Office 97 - Excel               150
                                                     MS Works 4.0                   150
                    Database                    MS Office 97 - Access               150
                                                     MS Works 4.0                   150
                      Email                        MS Exchange 5.0
                                                       Pine Mail
                    Graphics                        CorelDraw 7.0                     1
                                                Adobe Photoshop 4.0                   3
                                                 Adobe Illustrator 7.0                1
                 Web Browser                   MS Internet Explorer 3.2 +         Unlimited        Unlimited
                  Web Editing                      MS FrontPage 97                   20               30
                  Presentation                      MS PowerPoint                    40              100
               Desktop Publishing                    MS Publisher                    40               60
                    NT Client                       MS BackOffice                    50              300
                 Video Editing                    Adobe Premier 4.2                   1
             Educational - Reading              Accellerated Reader 3.0           6 Schools
             Educational – Writing                    Rabbit Tales                   25
               Educational – Math                Geometers Sketchpad                  3
        Educational – Reading and Writing             Little Planet                   6
              Educational – Typing                 Typing Tutor 7.0                  40




                                                                                                                    A. 4
Network Ready Classroom Instructional and Student System
      ITEM           RECOMMENDATIONS         COST         ITEM             RECOMMENDATIONS           COST

Standard Equipment                                  Software Grades K-5
Processor         Intel: Pentium II                 Operating system    MS Windows 95
Processing Speed  350MHz or Faster                  Internet Browser    MS Internet Explorer 3.2 +
RAM               64Mb or more                      Word Processor      MS Works 4.0
Floppy Drive      Standard 3.5” 1.44 HD             Spreadsheet         MS Works 4.0
Hard Drive        Western Digital 2GB +             Database            MS Works 4.0
Display           SVGA 15” +                        E-Mail Software     MS Exchange 4.0
Mouse             Standard or Intellimouse
Keyboard          Standard Windows 95               Software Grades 6-12
Sound             Standard Sound Card               Operating system    MS Windows 95
Video Adapter     PCI w/2Mb VRAM                    Internet Browser    MS Internet Explorer 3.2 +
Bus Controller    PCI; IDE or SCSI                  Word Processor      MS Office 97
CD-ROM            12X Speed +                       Spreadsheet         MS Office 97
Network Card      10/100 Mbit PCI w/RJ-45           Database            MS Office 97
                                                    E-Mail Software     MS Exchange 4.0
Optional Equipment                                  Presentation        MS PowerPoint
Back-up Drive      Iomega Zip Drive
Printer            HP 690c Inkjet Series            Software for Designated Systems
                   HP Networked Laser               Publishing          MS Publisher 4.0
                                                    Web Editing         MS Frontpage 98
                                                    Image Editing       Adobe Photoshop 5.0
                                                    Graphics Software   CorelDraw 7.0

Networked Library/Media Mini-Lab Systems
      ITEM           RECOMMENDATIONS         COST         ITEM             RECOMMENDATIONS           COST

4 Workstations Consisting of:                       Software for Each System
Processor         Intel: Pentium w/MMX +            Operating system    MS Windows 95
Processing Speed  350MHz or Faster                  Internet Browser    MS Internet Explorer 3.2 +
RAM               64Mb or more                      Word Processor      MS Works 4.0; Office 97
Floppy Drive      Standard 3.5” 1.44 HD             Spreadsheet         MS Works 4.0; Office 97
Hard Drive        Western Digital 2GB +             Database            MS Works 4.0; Office 97
Display           SVGA 15” +                        E-Mail Software     MS Exchange 4.0
Mouse             Standard or Intellimouse          Presentation        MS PowerPoint
Keyboard          Standard Windows 95               Publishing          MS Publisher 4.0
Sound             Standard Sound Card               Web Editing         MS Frontpage 97
Video Adapter     PCI w/2Mb VRAM                    Image Editing       Adobe Photoshop 4.0
Bus Controller    PCI; IDE or SCSI                  Graphics Software   CorelDraw 7.0
CD-ROM            12X Speed +
Network Card      10/100 Mbit PCI w/RJ-45           Optional Equipment
                                                    Back-up Drive      Iomega Zip Drive
                                                    Printer            HP 690c Inkjet Series
                                                                       HP Networked Laser

Networked Administrative Systems
      ITEM           RECOMMENDATIONS         COST         ITEM             RECOMMENDATIONS           COST

1 System per School                                 Software and Operating System
Processor         Intel: Pentium                    Operating system    Red-Hat Linux 5.2
Processing Speed  133 - 166MHz                      SIS Software        PAMS
RAM               32Mb                              Database            DataFlex
Floppy Drive      Standard 3.5” 1.44 HD
Hard Drive        Western Digital 2GB +
Display           VGA – SVGA 15”
Keyboard          Standard                          Remote Access Configuration
Video Adapter     PCI SVGA                          Terminal Type        VT100
Bus Controller    PCI; IDE                          Telnet Client        Yes
CD-ROM            12X Speed +                       Terminals per School 1–8
                                                    Access from PC       Restricted to Local WAN
Network Card        PCI 3com Etherlink III          Printers             HP Laserjet 5



                                                                                                            A. 5
Network Operating System Standards
Sabine Parish School Board adopted Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 as the network operating system standard.
Each server configuration is shown below:

Central Office Network Servers and Interconnection Standards
Primary Server - Radar                 Specifications       Secondary Server - Lando               Specifications
Processor(s)                 Dual Intel Pentium             Processor(s)                 Intel Pentium
Processing Speed             166MHz                         Processing Speed             133MHz
Memory                       512 MB EDO RAM                 Memory                       128 MB EDO RAM
Storage Sub-System           14GB RAID Level 5              Storage Sub-System           8 GB
Network Adapter              100Mb DEC PCI                  Network Adapter              10Mb 3Com PCI
Back-up Device               32GB Seagate Auto-Loader       Back-up Device               250MB Colorado Tape
Bus Controller               Mylex DCP960 RAID Controller   Bus Controller               Adaptec 2490 SCSI Adapter
Operating System             MS Windows NT Server 4.0 SP3   Operating System             MS Windows NT Server 4.0 SP3
Network Services and Software:                              Network Services and Software:
Primary Domain Controller (PDC)                             Backup Domain Controller (BDC)
Domain Name Service (DNS)                                   World Wide Web Services (WWW)
Windows Internet Naming System (WINS)                       MS Netshow Server
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
World Wide Web Services (WWW)
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
Remote Access Service (RAS)
MS Exchange Server 5.0
MS Netshow Server
MS SNA Server
MS SQL Server
TCP/IP
SNA


School Servers and District Mail Server
Standard School Server               Specifications         Mail Server                            Specifications
Processor(s)               Intel Pentium Pro                Processor(s)                 Intel Pentium
Processing Speed           180MHz                           Processing Speed             166MHz
Memory                     128 MB EDO RAM                   Memory                       64 MB EDO RAM
Storage Sub-System         3 GB                             Storage Sub-System           2 GB
Network Adapter            100Mb 3-Com PCI                  Network Adapter              DEC 16-bit ISA
Back-up Device             None                             Back-up Device               None
Bus Controller             EIDE                             Bus Controller               EIDE
Operating System           MS Windows NT Server 4.0 SP3     Operating System             Read Hat Linux 4.2
Network Services and Software:                              Network Services and Software:
Backup Domain Controller (BDC)                              Pine Mail
Windows Internet Naming System (WINS)
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)



Sabine involved parents, teachers, students, and community to assist with wiring schools. Each of the twelve district
schools designated a NetDay for wiring their school. The three Zwolle schools (Zwolle Elementary, Intermediate,
and High) was wired with the support of a Bell South grant and employee volunteer program.
Each school is connected to the central office through either a T1 or a 56kbps point to point leased-line. Six schools
(Florien Elementary and High, Negreet, and Zwolle Elementary, Intermediate, and High) have T1 access and 7
(Converse, Ebarb, Many Elementary, Junior High, and High and Pleasant Hill) have 56kbps access. With approval of
E-rate federal subsidies, Sabine anticipates all schools will connect to the Central Office through Point-to-Point T1.
The district Internet provider is LANET, accessed through a router port at Northwestern State University. The E-
rate will provide an affordable means for a direct link to LANET.
Sabine Parish School Board supports fourteen dial-up lines for staff with an assigned network account. The network
account is contingent on individuals meeting required proficiency standards outlined in Appendix B. Network
accounts provide e-mail and Internet access from school or home. .Dial-up also provides network access for remote
locations, such as portable buildings.

                                                                                                                        A. 6
Administrative System
Sabine Parish School Board approved shared school and district funding to install and implement a school
based administrative system in the summer of 1993. The need to comply with State Department conversion
to digital data transmission and a means for maintaining accurate student records warranted the purchase of
the Principal’s Administrative Management System (PAMS). The database system supports site based
management of:
       Student demographic and enrollment records
       Attendance reports and automated letters
       Discipline reports and automated letters
       Grades, report cards, honor roll, transcripts, and automated letters
       Student scheduling
       School funds and bookkeeping
       Employee and substitute demographic and transaction reports
       Data audits and reports
       Portability of data to reporting and presentation applications
       District level consolidation of student data
       Support for file formats required by the State Department
The PAMS system supports uploading and consolidation of all student data through the district WAN.
Daily scheduled consolidations provide the district SIS Coordinator management and control to validate
data generate statistical reports. Periodic reports include grade analysis, a variety of discipline reports,
attendance summaries, and enrollment verification. Reports and statistical data enhance administrative
evaluation and management of student performance and effectiveness of school programs. The
administrative system has enhanced record keeping efficiency and improved accuracy of student data.
Additional PAMS components are being developed to support School Health, Special Education, and Food
Service, eliminating redundant student data. Reduced equipment load and cost through shared use of
networked computers provide efficient use of resources.
Wiring and Electrical Standards
Infrastructure Standards
Sabine Parish has developed a complex enterprise level technology infrastructure. This infrastructure has been made
possible through a collaboration of federal, state, local funds. Through this collaboration Sabine Parish has been able
to establish a Local Area Network (LAN) at each school which connects to a Wide Area Network (WAN) back to the
school board office. The school board office LAN is connected to Northwestern State University for Internet access
via LA-Net.
Communications Equipment Room
A Communications Equipment Room (CER) has been designated at in each school’s primary campus building. The
role of the CER establishes the main point of presence for the LAN and WAN. The CER secures the routers,
bridges, back-plane chassis, hubs, and DSU/CSU. It also serves as the central distribution center for fiber optic based
backbones where applicable. Fiber optic cable originates at the CER and terminates in remote Communications
Closets (CC) where category 5 Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) is extended to the End-User.
A minimum of two strands are required for all fiber optic backbones to assure adequate bandwidth is available for
emerging technologies; i.e. video conferencing, and other advanced networking technologies.



                                                                                                                    A. 7
The CER may also serve as a point of distribution for telephone and cable television equipment and security systems.
Cable systems may range from coaxial, UTP, fiber optic with the accompanying terminations or patch panels. The
CER is the location for the network file server, providing security and make future network expansions accessible.
The CER provides accessibility to equipment for maintenance and administration of network equipment while
establishing environmental temperature and air control, consistent power, and security. The following considerations
were followed:
        The CER should be a clean dust free room with adequate lighting and storage.
        The CER will support consistent heating and cooling. The temperature should not exceed 75 degrees F or
        fall below 65 degrees F.
        Adequate un-interruptable power is required. A minimum of 2 double duplex receptacle will be installed near
        the equipment rack. All receptacles shall be double duplex, isolated ground receptacles. Each receptacle
        must be connected to a dedicated 20-ampere circuit breaker with in the breaker box.
The cost and investment of network requires each school verify adequate and consistent current. Lack of reliable
school electrical systems require verification of grounds and identification of possible electrical problems. Long runs
of network cables have the potential to cause ground faults that may damage networking hardware. A comprehensive
audit of school building electrical systems will be performed by a certified electrician.
All cable originating from the CER and remote communications systems is labeled and documented to provide the
network administrator and support personnel with the origination point and the termination point. A detailed network
schematic and layout plan is stored in the CER.
Circumstance may require unrelated network items be stored in the CER, but must not interfere or restrict access to
network hardware or cabling systems. Items such as janitorial supplies containing chemicals or liquids should never be
stored in the CER.
Communications Closet
The Communications Closet (CC) serves as a central wiring distribution center for the category 5 UTP distributed to
the desktop and also supports all cable types that originate from the CER. In the CC the category 5 terminates at a
category 5 patch panel with a 110-style punch. The wire distributed to the desktop area is terminated with a RJ-45
EIA/TIA 568B category 5 modular jack. Computers are connected to the RJ-45 jack using vendor supplied patch
cables to insure cable integrity.
The CC provides accessibility to equipment for maintenance and administration of network equipment while
establishing environmental temperature and air control, consistent power, and security. The following considerations
should be followed:
        The CC should be a clean dust free room with adequate lighting and storage.
        The CC must have consistent heating and cooling. The temperature should not exceed 75 degrees F or fall
        below 65 degrees F.
        An adequate un-interruptable power source is required. A minimum of 2 double duplex receptacles will be
        installed near the equipment rack. All receptacles shall be double duplex, isolated ground receptacles. Each
        receptacle must be connected to a dedicated 20-ampere circuit breaker with in the breaker box.
All cable originating from the CC and remote communications systems will be labeled and documented to provide the
network administrator and support personnel with the origination point and the termination point. A detailed network
schematic and layout plan will be placed in the CC.
Circumstance may require unrelated network items be stored in the CC, but must not interfere or restrict access to
network hardware or cabling systems. Items such as janitorial supplies containing chemicals or liquids should never be
stored in the CC.



                                                                                                                   A. 8
Backbone Distribution System
Eight schools have a fiber backbone necessitated by either distance of classrooms from CER or because of remote
buildings. Sabine Parish schools with fiber backbones include Florien, Zwolle, Pleasant Hill, Many Jr. High and Many
High. The fiber backbone supports the distribution of a variety of media including computer data, voice, and video
from the CER to the CC.
New school facilities will incorporate all wiring standards. All new construction will incorporate a large fiber
backbone to provide for expansion. It should be noted that cable used for data transmission should NEVER be place
in conduit with electrical. If conduit is used for fiber optic cable, the maximum bend radius of the fiber cable should
be adhered to.
No fiber cable shall have fewer that 2 fiber strands and will be multi-mode 6.25/125 microns.
The fiber cable terminates in the CC and CER, the proper equipment is required (fiber repeater, fiber bridge, or media
converter) to connect thin-net Ethernet segments. Hubs, repeaters, routers and other network items are connected
together by thin-net segments. Although fiber optics is the cable of choice, circumstances require the use of thin-net
and thin-net Ethernet in some schools.
Sabine Parish will continually review cost effective emerging technologies. New transmission systems that are being
considered include wireless networks and Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM).
End User Cable Distribution System
The end user cable originates in the CC or CER and terminates at the End Users Desktop (EUD). This cable is 4 pair
category 5 UTP copper cable that is terminated with a RJ-45 EIA/TIA 568B category 5 modular jack. Category 5
grade is designed to handle data speeds of up to 100 Mbps.
Category 5 grade cable is terminated in the CC and CER with category 5 patch panels. The EUD cable is housed in
wall or surface mounted box. All four pairs are used for one jack. No splitting of pairs will be permitted for use in
future standards of faster speeds of Ethernet.
Terminating the EUD cable requires a continuity test. After verification of reliability, all cables are labeled identifying
the cable destination, patch panel port, hub port, and hub located in the CC or CER.
Electrical
Each school principal is required to identify and certify the electrical needs of their school. Uninterruptable Power
Supplies (UPS) will be required for all new technology equipment.
Technical Support
The sophistication of a network requires expertise and technical support to assure proper installation and
maintenance. The most cost effective approach for supporting the network infrastructure and equipment is to utilize
school district salaried personnel. Sabine Parish School Board hired a District Technology Coordinator in 1993 and a
Systems Administrator in 1995. The workload has also required an additional network technician and a part time PC
maintenance technician. The networking expertise and skills of the technicians have allowed Sabine s to establish and
support a network infrastructure with minimum funding resources.

Security
Security is a key issue as schools establish connections to Wide Area Network (WAN) and to the Internet. Sabine
Parish security policy is designed to secure information that is stored on the network and to prevent unauthorized
entry to the Sabine Parish network. Each new network account requires the user to read and sign the adopted
Acceptable Use Policy (AUP) (See page          ). The AUP defines user responsibilities and restrictions. The account
authorizes access to the Internet, which includes the World Wide Web (WWW), Usenet newsgroups, and E-mail. The
account assigns the user access privileges to specified information and data files.
Sharing a user password may result in improper use of the account. The user account will be responsible for all
consequences. Attempting to breach a user account will result in denial of Sabine network privileges.

                                                                                                                       A. 9
Software and network hardware provides monitoring of possible inappropriate use without infringing on individual
user confidentiality. Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) provides management capabilities of the
network. Per-port hub security will be used to identify problems with network security by notifying System
Administrators.
Another security option relates to the Network Operating System’s (NOS) ability to audit events. Events that can be
audited include:
     Log on/off attempts
     Connecting and disconnecting from network resources
     Connection terminations
     Disabling of accounts
     Opening and closing files
     Changes to files
     Directory creation or deletion
     Directory modifications
     Server events and modifications
     Password changes
     Logon parameter changes
The audit records may be reviewed by the Network Administrator.


District and School Networking Models
Designing and implementing a school district network requires detailed planning and engineering to assure the
cost-effective use of funds, functionality, expandability, and upgradeability.




                                                                                                                A.10
District Networking Device Standards




                                       A.11
A.12
School Network (LAN) Diagram




                               A.13
Phase III – Facilitating, Application, and Implementation of Technology.
Phase I and Phase II, secured commitments, established guidelines and standards for implementing
school LANs and software standards; Phase III brings all components together as the district utilizes and
promotes technology to enhance student achievement. Phase III establishes strategies to:
   Merge all of the district’s segregated technology components into a transparent communication-information
    system.
   Implement technology standards to provide a manageable and efficient technology initiative.
   Establish an effective training program to promote competent and proficient users of technology.
   Integrate technology into instruction through the facilitation of all available technology resources.
   Identify model classrooms where teachers are demonstrating effective instruction through the application of
    technology.

The first teacher-training program was initiated in conjunction with the second phase. Sabine Parish chose to
appoint School Technology Coordinators (Trainer of Trainers) to provide an effective method for training
teachers. The program is on-going and expanded through the implementation of a Technology Learning Center
(TLC). The TLC became operational in the summer of 1997. The TLC is an integral part of a comprehensive
technology training program, providing a technology rich environment for community, staff, and students to
participate in an ongoing training, utilization, and implementation of technology tools and applications. The
center serves as a model for training and utilization of state-of-the-art instructional tools.
Training models outlined in ISTE and recommended by the State Technology Plan have been implemented. The
district will incorporate a variety of instructional methods, school coordinators, peer support groups, and students
to mentor teachers, to support the training program. All teachers are encouraged to enroll in college level
technology courses. School Technology Coordinators, teachers, and administrative staff will be expected to meet
adopted technology competency standards prior to receiving technology equipment. Teachers meeting the district
proficiency standards will form a cadre of technology users and provide instructional classroom models for their
peers.
Support of District and School Web Sites
http://www.sabine.k12.la.us
Sabine school district recognizes the importance of supporting a web site to provide parents, students, and
teachers with educational Internet links. The district has utilized the site to provide announcements of events and
to report district related information for the community. The web site includes an Administrative Intranet and is
expanding school and district informational resources. Educational links are regularly updated. Teachers wishing
to enroll for TLC technology classes may register online.
Each school will support a web site by November 1997. Each school coordinator has been trained to edit and
manage their school’s web. Students and teachers are encouraged to contribute and participate in designing and
providing content.




                                                                                                                A.14
wwide web




            A.15
A.16
A.17
Phase IV – Classroom models, Emerging technologies, and Evaluation.
The last two phases are continuous and open-ended. Phase IV addresses hardware and software upgrades and
emerging technologies. It requires all stakeholders to continually review the Sabine Parish Technology Plan and
to implement new technologies to improve the district’s instructional goals. Interactive video conferencing and
telecommunications are two examples of technologies that are a priority to implement effective alternative
instructional programs necessary in a rural school district.
The demanding cost of technology requires schools and the school district to continually seek funding sources.
Phase IV of the Sabine Parish Technology Plan is at the juncture where the technology initiative again confirm
stakeholder commitments. In this phase, all participants must address current needs and seek dedicated funding to
assure technology investments will continue to enhance student achievement. It should be noted that having
viable and effective instruction through the implementation of technology tools will make it easier to request local
funding support for technology. It is for this reason that Sabine choose to seek dedicated funds in Phase IV.
Phase IV requires an on-going effort be made to up-grade existing equipment and to expand the infrastructure so
that by the year 2000 all Sabine Parish classrooms are equitably provided with technology tools and instructors
can effectively promote life-long learning through the utilization of technology tools. As teachers claim
ownership of a rich technology environment, cogent and practical instructional models will emerge. Unlike past
mediums, the new technologies allow and encourage sharing of effective learning strategies. Emphasis on
curriculum standards, coupled with e-mail and Internet access, will encourage repositories for lesson plans,
activities, and classroom participatory projects.
Phase IV encourages the development of effective instruments for evaluating technology supported instruction.
New evaluation procedures will provide valid data to help determine strengths and weaknesses.
Plans for Expanding Instructional Technology
                       Items                                            Descriptions
Network Juke Box CD-ROM towers                     Incorporate multi-media CD-ROMs into the network to provide
                                                   programs and information that can be accessed by network clients.
Network Laser Printers                             Connected to the school network and located in the school library.
                                                   To be used by students and teachers for preparation of classroom
                                                   related material.
Mini Computer Labs in School Libraries             Install 2 to 8 PCs to be used for Internet access and ILS software
                                                   packages.
WAN T-1 Upgrades                                   Up-grading some of our schools WAN links from 56kb to T-1.
Firewall Software and Hardware                     Install a firewall on the school board office network and install
                                                   firewall software on each Linux-based administration system for
                                                   better network security.
Revamp Network Backup Procedures                   Overhaul current network backup operations to a more efficient
                                                   process.
Upgrade Dial-in Modem Lines                        Current modem speed is 33.6kb. Modems will be updated to 56kb
                                                   speed when a 56kb standard is established.
Complete Microsoft Windows NT Migration            Replace the final Novell 3.X server with a new Windows NT 4.0
                                                   server.
Microsoft Netshow Servers for video conferencing   Develop a web site for streaming audio video for delivery of
                                                   educational content and instruction.
Internet Protocol version 6                        To implement and deploy IP V6 for all networking hardware and
                                                   operating systems when standard is ratified.
Provide calculators for classrooms                 Supply calculators and training for grade levels that require them
                                                   for new state testing standards.
Expand Tele-communications                         Provide each school with teleconferencing capabilities




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