Document Sample
                                                          Agenda Item: 4

MAG Project on NTMs Workshop Evaluation Report
                        Purpose: Information
                    Submitted by: APEC Secretariat

                                   16th Market Group Access Meeting
                                                      Santiago, Chile
                                                 26-27 February 2004
                                       APEC PROJECT FORMAT

(Tick  one)     X Evaluation Report
(Tick  one where applicable)[ ] Operational Account            [ ] TILF Special Account

 Project number: CTI 04/2003T                    Date received by Secretariat: : 2 July 2002

 Name of Committee/Working Group: CTI/Market Access Group

 Title of Project: Capacity-Building Workshop in Quantitative Methods for Assessing NTMs and Trade

 Proposing APEC Economy: United States and Australia
 Project Overseer: Name, Title and Organization         (M/F)
 Michael Ferrantino, Industry Economist, Office of Economics, U.S. International Trade Commission (M)
 Barbara Norton, Director for Information – Industry/Chemicals, U.S. Trade Representative (F)
 Philippa Dee, Assistant Commissioner, Productivity Commission, Australia (F)
 Chris Brettingham-Moore, Executive Officer, APEC and Regional Trade Policy Branch, Market
 Development Division, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia (M)

 Postal address:                                                        Tel:USITC: 1-202-205-3241
 U.S. International Trade Commission: 500 E St. SW, Washington,         USTR: 1-202-395-6160
 DC 20436 United States of America                                      Productivity Commission: 61-2-
 U.S. Trade Representative: 600 17 St. NW, Washington DC 20508,         6240-3253
 United States of America                                               DFAT: 61-2-6261-2052
 Productivity Commission: PO Box 80, Belconnen ACT 2616,                Fax: USITC: 1-202-205-2340
 Australia                                                              USTR: 1-202-395-9674
 Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade: R.G. Casey Building, John     Productivity Commission: 61-2-
 McEwen Crescent, Barton ACT 0221, Australia                            6240-3322
                                                                        DFAT: 61-2-6261-3009
                                                                        Email: USITC:
                                                                        Productivity Commission:
                                                                        DFAT: chris.brettingham-
 Financial     Total cost of proposal (US$):            Amount being sought from APEC Central Fund
 Information   221,900                                  (US$):167,900

 Type of Project:  seminar/symposium  short-term training course          survey or analysis and
                   database/website   others (Please specify)

Project start date: : September 2002                     Project end date: February 2004

Brief description of Project : its purpose and the principal activities (including when and where) :
The proposed workshop (held at the Banyan Tree Hotel in Bangkok on 8-10 October 2003) is designed
to build on the momentum achieved by research organisations in the Asia-Pacific region in improving
techniques for the quantitative assessment of trade policies other than tariffs. The workshop will serve as
a catalyst to advance the state of the art in these techniques, will facilitate dissemination of techniques
already available more widely in the Asia-Pacific region, and will promote people-to-people contact
among trade policy analysts in government and non-governmental research organisations.

Signature of Project Overseer: See covering email.

(Separate written confirmation acceptable for email submission)        Date: 24 October 2003

                                    APEC Project Evaluation Form


1. Did you achieve your objectives and expected results? Did the project meet the needs of the
   targeted beneficiaries, identify direct and indirect beneficiaries? What was the quality of the
   product/service you provided?

The workshop was held in Bangkok on 8-10 October. It exceeded the expectations of the organisers in
every way.

The papers covered every conceivable category of non-tariff measure. Some papers gave
comprehensive coverage, others focused on particular measures — services regulations, including
restrictions on the movement of natural persons, trade facilitation measures, import quotas, technical
standards, rules of origin, and antidumping measures.

The papers covered every available quantitative technique. Some papers outlined efforts to compile
databases on the incidence of non-tariff measures. Others outlined techniques of assessment — survey
techniques, frequency measures, price comparisons, gravity estimation (assessing impacts on trade
volumes), other econometric techniques (assessing impacts on prices and other measures of
performance), and CGE analysis (assessing economy-wide impacts).

Many of the papers were based on existing (but recent) research. All of these were state of the art. The
series of papers presented by USITC staff represented a comprehensive new initiative in quantifying
NTMs and their impacts. Thus the project achieved its short-term objectives of disseminating currently
available technical methods for assessing NTMs and trade facilitation, and advancing the state of the art
by the presentation of new work.
23 presenters (9 of whom were self-funded) presented this material to 33 participants from 14 developing
APEC economies. Thus the project achieved its short-term objective of widespread participation.
The standard APEC questionnaire was administered to speakers and participants at the workshop to
assess its effectiveness in disseminating the quantitative techniques. The results of the questionnaire are
attached as Annex 1 to this evaluation report.

       Of the 27 participants who completed the participant/trainee section of the questionnaire, 24 (or
        89%) stated that they had gained a greater understanding of techniques used to assess NTMs.
        25 of these respondents were category 1 participants, while 2 were category 2 presenters who
        nevertheless felt they had learned enough to also complete the trainee section of the
        questionnaire. Comments by other category 2 presenters at the end of the workshop confirmed
        that many of them had found it capacity-building.

       Of the 27 participants who completed the participant/trainee section of the questionnaire, 5 (or
        19%) stated that an additional benefit was the opportunity to share experiences with colleagues
        from other APEC economies.

       In addition, there will be considerable ongoing contact between the category 1 and category 2
        participants as the former begin to apply the quantitative techniques in their home economies
        (see below). This contact was explicitly encouraged during the workshop, and much of the
        networking that took place at the workshop established a basis for such future assistance. More
        generally, the workshop seems to have built a community of persons interested in quantitative
        evaluation of NTMs, many of whom were not previously in touch with each other, and is likely to
        lead to a number of networking and informal spinoff activities.

       Of the 27 participants who completed the participant/trainee section of the questionnaire, 19 (or
        70%) said that they would use the techniques they had learned in their own research on their
        home economies, and 2 (or 7%) also said they would teach the techniques to their students. 2
        participants (or 7%) said they would commission others to do such research.

       Considerable effort was taken by the organisers to maximise the amount of technology transfer
        between category 1 and category 2 participants. On the one hand, the workshop included open-
        house sessions with either a hands-on component or a step-by-step teaching approach, and at
        more conventional sessions, as much time was devoted to questions and discussion as to
        presentation. On the other hand, given the inevitably technical nature of much of the material,
        care was taken to ensure that the category 1 participants had sufficient formal qualifications
        and/or experience in quantitative economic policy analysis to grasp the techniques without getting
        lost. This included vetting of nominees by an Advisory Board set up by the workshop overseers.
        The success of these strategies is indicated by the high proportion of category 1 participants who
        now feel confident to apply the techniques themselves.

       The success of these strategies is also evident in the overall ratings by participants. Among the
        27 participants who completed the participant/trainee section of the questionnaire, the average
        overall rating of the workshop was 4.7 (compared to a maximum possible rating of 5). Of those
        participants, 22 (or 82%) judged the content of the workshop to be ‘just right’. 3 (or 11%) judged
        the content to be ‘not detailed enough’, with their comments indicating that additional detail would
        have helped them to evaluate and/or apply the techniques. Only 2 participants (or 7%) judged the
        contact to be ‘too detailed’, with their comments indicating that they were perhaps not qualified or
        experienced enough to understand or apply the techniques themselves.

       Despite the high proportion of participants who judged the content to be ‘just right’, many of the
        participants expressed an interest in having additional material presented or further research
        done, either at the workshop itself, or in follow-up fora. In commenting on the workshop, 6
        participants (or 22%) would have appreciated more hands-on experience and/or more detail, 2 (or
        7%) would have appreciated more evaluation of the pros and cons of various techniques, and 5
        (or 19%) would have appreciated some kind of link to trade negotiations (eg strategies for
        negotiating or eliminating NTMs). In commenting on what needs to be done next, 4 participants
        (or 15%) thought that the workshop should be rerun on a regular (eg annual) basis, 8 (or 30%)
        suggested either a consortium approach or an APEC-wide initiative to undertake quantitative
        research on NTMs across a range of economies, and 9 (or 33%) thought more economy-specific
        or NTM-specific studies were needed. These responses were not necessarily mutually exclusive.

       7 presenters completed the presenter section of the questionnaire. Their comments generally
        mirrored those of the category 1 participants. All 7 (or 100%) judged that the workshop had met
        its objectives, 5 (or 71%) thought that the attendees were the appropriate target group, 2 (or 29%)
        thought that more hands-on experience or more detail would have been useful, and 1 (or 14%)
        thought that the workshop should be repeated.
Longer term objectives of the project were to improve the quality of trade policy analysis in the APEC
member economies in terms of quantitative content and rigor and increased person-to-person contacts
among specialists in trade policy analysis in the Asia-Pacific region, both inside and outside government.
The above evidence on the extent to which the participants intend to apply the techniques they have
learned, and the likely extent of future networking, suggest that the longer term goals will be met to a high

While the participants, both category 1 and category 2, have benefited directly from the workshop, the
governments of the APEC Member economies will benefit indirectly from the increased quantitative
content and rigor of the analysis available to them, with follow-on benefits to all citizens of their

2. Show your actual results relative to quantitative measures you proposed in paragraph 1 (and
   25) or the project design proposal and evaluate those results relative to your benchmarks and
   the ranges you indicated would be acceptable in the project design form.

See the response to question 1.

3. Are there any lessons learned?

As noted in the response to question 1, the careful matching of the material presented and the
backgrounds of the participants contributed greatly to the success of the workshop.

4. For Ecotech Projects Only – What impact has the project had in terms of advancing the
   Ecotech priorities contained in the Manila Framework for Strengthening Economic
   Cooperation and Development?

Not applicable.

5. Did the project achieve any of the priorities of the Framework for the Integration of Women in
    Questions that may be relevant are: Were women consulted on the project? Did the
       project take into account the potentially different needs of women and men? Was the
       training inclusive and relevant to women’s experiences? Was child care available?

The project was not gender specific. However, 2 of the 4 project overseers were women, who were
actively involved in the project development and planning. The sponsors also encouraged the
participation of women in the workshop.

A list of participants with a breakdown by economy and gender is provided as Annex 2 of this evaluation
report. It shows that 8 (or 24%) of the category 1 participants were female, and 7 (or 30%) of the category
2 presenters were female.

6. Provide a brief description of the outputs of the project to show the effects on women.
    Questions that may be relevant are: Was the training for a sector/occupation of the labour
      market where there is a large proportion of women workers (eg, nursing)? Did the project
      provide services that assisted many women (eg, health or education)? Did the workshop
      raise women’s confidence or encourage women to seek further training or employment?

Of the 19 participants who indicated in their questionnaire responses that they would be apply the
techniques they had learned to their home economies, 4 were female. At 21%, this ratio is roughly the
same as the ratio of female participation in total.

In addition, women in the Member economies will benefit as much as men from the higher quality of
economic policy advice provided.


7. Describe how your project involved business/private sector participation (e.g. co-sponsorship
   of an event, joint work on a project etc.) and which types of business/private sector
   institutions participated (e.g. non-governmental organizations, schools, labor organizations,
   womens’ groups, corporations, small businesses etc.)

Both sponsoring agencies were government-affiliated agencies.

Annex 2 of this evaluation report also shows the institutional affiliations of the participants. The
breakdown of category 1 participants was as follows:

       7 (21%) from academia (2 female)
       11 (33%) from independent research institutes (1 female)
       1 (3%) from an APEC member branch office of an international organization (0 female)
       14 (42%) from government departments or government affiliated agencies (5 female).

The breakdown of category 2 participation was as follows:

       8 (35%) from academia (2 female)
       3 (13%) from an independent research institute (1 female)
       4 (17%) from international organizations (1 female)
       8 (35%) from government departments or government affiliated agencies (3 female).

As noted in the response to question 1, the workshop succeeded in building a community of persons
interested in quantitative evaluation of NTMs, many of whom were not previously in touch with each
other. This included forging new contacts across the different categories of participating institution.

8. Which other APEC fora (if any) participated in your project? How did you coordinate your
   work with the work of other APEC fora? How did the project complement or overlap with the
   work of others?

The timing and location of the workshop were chosen to just precede the 2003 APEC meetings in
Bangkok, so that results could be reported to the SOM.

Methodology and Budget

9. Was the project completed on schedule? Yes
   Was the project completed on budget? Yes

10. Describe any problems which arose and how they were resolved, including changes in
    schedule or revised dates, budget changes, changes in participation, or additions or deletions
    of activities.
The absence of per diem support for category 1 participants was a noticeable constraint on their
participation. There were 4 such participants who withdrew for financial reasons, after having indicated
interest and being vetted by the Advisory Board. These were from Malaysia, the Philippines, Russia and
Papua New Guinea. In addition, there were an unknown number of potentially suitable participants who
did not indicate their interest because of the lack of per diem support.

In addition, 3 category 1 participants withdrew for personal reasons and 2 withdrew because of the
pressure of work in their home institutions.

While the total number of category 1 participants fell accordingly, the representation across developing
APEC economies remained relatively wide.

The designated keynote speaker, Bijit Bora from the WTO, was unable to attend in person because of
work pressures following the collapse of trade talks in Cancun. He nevertheless send his powerpoint
presentation and this was delivered by Robert Scollay from the University of Auckland, who added value
in the process. The organisers are particularly grateful to Robert Scollay for standing in at short notice.

One designated presenter withdrew their paper, citing incompletion. While this meant that the workshop
lacked a paper concentrating on sanitary and phytosanitary measures, the topic was nevertheless
covered in other papers that dealt comprehensively with NTMs (eg the papers from USITC).

One designated USITC presenter was unable to attend for health reasons. Their presentation was
covered by another USITC representative. Three other authors withdrew because of the pressure of
work, but their presentations were covered by coauthors.

The final program comprised 25 separate sessions over 3 days. The final program is attached as Annex 3
of this progress report. All workshop sessions were well-attended by both category 1 and category 2
participants. There were 59 people in the first session on the first day, and 52 in the last session on the
last day, despite all the attractions of Bangkok.
The logistical support by the staff at the Banyan Tree Bangkok hotel was superb, as was the support
(both moral, practical and otherwise) from the APEC Secretariat.

11. What kind of sex-disaggregated data was collected at the beginning, end and during the
    project, and what did it show? See examples on last page of this Form.

See the response to questions 5, 6 and 7.

12. If sex-disaggregated data was not used, indicate why (eg, lack of availability or relevance).
    Was there any sex-disaggregated data that would have been useful but was not available?

Not applicable.

13. Provide sex-disaggregated data on the beneficiaries of the project.

See the response to questions 5, 6 and 7.

14. Provide details of the project’s budget that was allocated to activities that address the specific
    needs of women, where appropriate.

Not applicable.

15. Provide details of how the project could have further increased women’s involvement or
    ensured that men and women benefited more equitably?

See the response to questions 5, 6 and 7.

Dissemination of Project Output

16. Describe your deliverables and how they have been disseminated.         How have you
    communicated the results of this project (presentations, newsletters, seminars, journal
    articles, Web page, video, etc)?

Most workshop papers and some of the powerpoint presentations were made available to participants in
advance on the workshop website. Some of the papers were also distributed at the workshop on CD-
Rom. This process was supplemented by distribution of hard copies at the workshop, particularly of those
papers that were not already available through other means.

There is interest from participants in having ongoing access to both the papers and powerpoint
presentations through the workshop website. One participant also suggested in the questionnaire that the
website become an exchange forum for further research on the topic of NTMs around the region. Some of
the powerpoint presentations were themselves state of the art, and there was interest in using them as
models of presentation. The organisers will undertake to examine how the website can be kept live from
now on.

17. What additional actions should be taken to disseminate project results and maximize project
    impact over the longer term? If relevant, is there any action that the project beneficiary/ies
    should take to continue improving performance relative to the quantitative measures in
    paragraph 3 (and 22) of the project design form?

The remaining task is to edit and publish the workshop proceedings, comprising the papers (including
descriptions of the hands-on sessions) and an overview chapter based on the summary assessment
delivered by the rapporteur, Robert Scollay, at the last session of the workshop.

It is likely that the workshop volume will be widely read because to our knowledge there is not anything
else that covers the topic area of the workshop in this way.
In addition, the conference organisers were approached by a category 1 participant, Ms Jiang Yang of the
Shanghai WTO Affairs consultation Centre, who is interested in making the workshop volume available in
Chinese once it is ready.


18. Forum small group:

19. Lead Shepherds/Chairs

20. Secretariat



CTI 04/2003T Capacity Building Workshop on Quantitative Methods for Assessing NTMS and
Trade Facilitation

Questionnaire Responses from Participant/trainee Section of Questionnaire

Name                      (a) How benefited?

George Manzano            Greater capacity to understand/appreciate NTMs
Yose Rizal Damuri         Better understanding on quantitative approach can be used in
                          international economics and policy analysis
Fuming Wang               Learned different models that could be helpful in our situation
Mohd Hakashah Samad       Experience sharing and building knowledge
Rahul Sen                 Benefitted from the hands on experience provided, as well as from
                          the technical discussions
Gouranga Das              The workshop is quite useful for me – gained valuable information,
                          knowledge on NTMs for my academic research and policy
Se-Hwan Oh                Obtained the current methodology of assessing NTMs
Somkiat Tangkitvanich     Yes, a lot. We have understood the technique to provide our
                          government with better analysis
Kao-Huang Chen            We learned multi models of quantification of NTMs and databases
                          and lots of useful information
Chang-Keng Chen           To know much detailed methods on quantification
Chen-Sheng Ho             I have been able to learn about different methods
Mabel Cabezas             Increase the background we have in the research in the topics
                          covered by the conference and share the results and ideas with
                          other professionals in the trade department
Meng-Chun Liu             I will apply the knowledge from the workshop for some projects from
                          the government
Chutamas Bumrungsuk       This project provides useful techniques for my future research
Suwaree Ketsayom          We have gained the knowledge from other economy members
Luis Mesias               We want to make an inventory of NTMS and analyse the effects of
                          them in Peruvian exports
Arturo Meza               Develop awareness on NTMs importance and access to state of the
                          art tools to work on NTM analysis
Luis Rosales              By learning about quantitative methods on NTMs for future analysis
                          at the Economics Department at MINCETUR
Ismael Ortiz              Meet foreign colleagues and exchange points of view
Vladimir Drebentsov       Yes
Tran Hoang Nhi            Better understanding of the complexity if NTMs and various impacts
                          that NTMs has on trade, and the approaches and methodology for
                          assessing those impacts
Ogis Sanida               Yes
Bona Eko                  Yes, benefited extremely
Natalia Tourdyeva         Yes
To Can                    Not yet
Suchada Langley (Cat 2)   Learned a lot. The workshop can add transparency to research in
Ron Babula (Cat 2)        Yes

Name                      (b) New skills gained?

George Manzano            New techniques, new database knowledge, new theories, NTM
Yose Rizal Damuri         Various modelling and quantitative skills
Fuming Wang               Different tools for analysis and assessing NTMs
Mohd Hakashah Samad       Awareness of the difficulties of quantifying NTMs
Rahul Sen                 Learned new skills in economic modelling and techniques for
                          application in my research
Gouranga Das              Learnt modelling techniques, methodologies for NTMs in trade
                          models, ideas on quantification of complex (but debatable) issues
Se-Hwan Oh                Various research papers and data sources like WITS
Somkiat Tangkitvanich     Modelling techniques
Kao-Huang Chen            CGE, gravity model, ERA – most valuable
Chang-Keng Chen           The gravity model on quantifying the trade flow
Chen-Sheng Ho             Research methods
Mabel Cabezas             I know more of the research that is conducted in APEC’s economies
                          and I improved my knowledge in data bases used and applications
Meng-Chun Liu             Measurement skills, and ideas
Chutamas Bumrungsuk       All papers help to extend my knowledge and help to understand
                          deeply to implying trade facilitation
Suwaree Ketsayom          -
Luis Mesias               How to measure NTM effects by different kinds of methodologies
Arturo Meza               Improved my knowledge on NTM analysis and trade facilitation
Luis Rosales              New data bases, information, literature and software on NTMs
Ismael Ortiz              In the evaluation of NTMs
Vladimir Drebentsov       I’ve become acquainted with modern methods of trade issues
Tran Hoang Nhi            Better understanding of the complexity of NTMs and various
                          impacts that NTMs has on trade, and the approaches and
                          methodology for assessing those impacts
Ogis Sanida               I have gained knowledge in terms of analysing and understanding
                          the economic effect of NTMs and trade facilitation
Bona Eko                  Have gained invaluable knowledge and experience from the
Natalia Tourdyeva         A better understanding of the nature of NTMs and the quantitative
                          techniques available
To Can                    More experience in trade facilitation
Suchada Langley (Cat 2)   I learn a lot, and get to know other researchers in the field, which is
                          very important for my future research in this area
Ron Babula (Cat 2)        Various approaches to modelling nontariff barriers

Name                      (c) Changes pursued at home as a result?

George Manzano            Teach this in my course, apply in my research on trade
Yose Rizal Damuri         Having more rigorous study on the subject
Fuming Wang               To develop some models to be used in China if possible
Mohd Hakashah Samad       Consultation with business sector and lead government agency
Rahul Sen                 I do plan to apply some of these tools to my future projectes on
Gouranga Das              Intend to carry on analytical modelling exercise to gauge the impact
                          of NTMs especially in services, movement of natural persons
Se-Hwan Oh                Developing the proper standard for measuring NTMs
Somkiat Tangkitvanich     Provide more evidence-based analysis to the Thai government on
                          the impact of PTAs
Kao-Huang Chen            Trade facilitation
Chang-Keng Chen           Ask for professional analyst to conduct surevy of TF using some of
                          the methods that have been delivered in this workshop
Chen-Sheng Ho             Learn more about research methods
Mabel Cabezas             I will try to cover some of the NTM presentations in the trade
                          analysis we do in my department
Meng-Chun Liu             I will help the government to know the welfare loss from NTMs
Chutamas Bumrungsuk       -
Suwaree Ketsayom          -
Luis Mesias               Talk to people related to promote and facilitation in order to identify
                          NTMs and to estimate impacts of them
Arturo Meza               Importance of NTM identification and measurement. Pursue an
                          NTM list and quantification for Peruvian exports
Luis Rosales              I’m thinking of proposing a survey
Ismael Ortiz              -
Vladimir Drebentsov       Apply the above methods for the analysis of the required trade
                          facilitation improvement
Tran Hoang Nhi            Start doing some research on NTMs in my country, and make my
                          students more aware of them and their impacts
Ogis Sanida               Conduct research and analysis into NTMs and trade facilitation
                          regarding PNG
Bona Eko                  Attempt to undertake research in hom eeconomy in quantifying TBs
                          and NTBs; no such study has been undertaken
Natalia Tourdyeva         -
To Can                    In depth research
Suchada Langley (Cat 2)   I can do a better job on NTM research!
Ron Babula (Cat 2)        I want to learn gravity modelling

Name                      (d) What needs to be done next?

George Manzano            Idea on how to replicate these studies in my economy, needs
Yose Rizal Damuri         Dealing more on technical aspects of the subjects
Fuming Wang               Some projects could be conducted in China in specific areas
Mohd Hakashah Samad       No
Rahul Sen                 Some examples from practical world would be useful
Gouranga Das              Continuation of yearly basis workshop and availability of ‘data’ (esp
                          for developing countries researchers) and a broader platform for
                          knowledge transfer
Se-Hwan Oh                Explaining in more detail how to use and access databases
Somkiat Tangkitvanich     CGE maybe one area
Kao-Huang Chen            Given that the purpose of the quantification of NTMs is to reduce
                          the distortion of trade activities, the proper model of measuring
                          NTMs should be established. So I suppose that how to reach a
                          consensus on the models would be the most important. That would
                          also avoid possible conflict in the future.
Chang-Keng Chen           Select the one best model for all APEC economies
Chen-Sheng Ho             The need to find ways to reach APEC’s 5% reduction of trade
                          facilitation costs
Mabel Cabezas             The possibility of having a project in this area depends on the
                          number of anti-dumping cases we have to investigate
Meng-Chun Liu             If possible, I hope to learn how to use some software packages to
                          make simulations
Chutamas Bumrungsuk       -
Suwaree Ketsayom          -
Luis Mesias               More training programs in methodologies to negotiate or eliminate
Arturo Meza               Possibilities and mechanisms to identify and negotiate NTMs in the
                          WTO and APEC
Luis Rosales              Rules of origin papers, discussion
Ismael Ortiz              Make a balance between academic and government/private sector,
                          both participants and speakers
Vladimir Drebentsov       -
Tran Hoang Nhi            It would be good if APEC can have some projects to give even
                          more hands on training for participants (for example, studies on
                          specific aspects of NTMs, on trade facilitation in some economies
                          or in the region). Participants from developing economies, or
                          participants who have less experience in trade analysis (like myself)
                          will benefit from working under the guidance of a more experienced
Ogis Sanida               Have more practical exercises
Bona Eko                  Should be follow-on, similar workshops
Natalia Tourdyeva         It should be regular: a survey/conference on quantifying NTMs
To Can                    Circulate different papers to the participants for reference
Suchada Langley (Cat 2)   Get a consortium to create NTM database that researchers can
                          use, just like AMAD efforts
Ron Babula (Cat 2)

Name                      (e) Plan to link outcomes to subsequent collective actions?

George Manzano            Only when policy makers request
Yose Rizal Damuri         Yes, I’m going to conduct studies based on materials I got
Fuming Wang               For individual, the outcomes will be helpful in researches that might
                          be promotions for policymaking
Mohd Hakashah Samad       Upon consultation with lead govt agency, will only possible actions
                          be identified
Rahul Sen                 I am working on FTAs in East Asia, and my institute may be
                          interested in using the outcome of this project to launch detailed
                          studies on the issue
Gouranga Das              Plan to carry out in-depth research, in the area of trade facilitation
                          and NTMs vis-à-vis tariffs, its quantification for practical policy
                          implications, esp for FTAs. This will facilitate understanding of
                          various issues involving APEC and capacity building.
Se-Hwan Oh                Our association doesn’t have much experience and research on
                          this subject. So, as a participant at this workshop, I’ll do my best to
                          relay the methodology and research to my colleagues and the
Somkiat Tangkitvanich     Yes, we are setting up a research group in modelling in our institute
Kao-Huang Chen            Not yet
Chang-Keng Chen           Use the same model and conduct individual survey in each
                          economy, make a comparison of the results, esp on transaction
                          costs related to import/export, and then try to harmonise or adjust
                          the outcome of the survey to meet the end to reduce by 5%
                          transaction costs in 2006.
Chen-Sheng Ho             Not at the moment
Mabel Cabezas
Meng-Chun Liu             In addition, I hope to have joint research with other economists from
                          overseas to learn the skills deeply. Then I will apply the knowledge
                          from the workshop in looking at FTAs, WTO and services trade
                          issues in Chinese Taipei
Chutamas Bumrungsuk       -
Suwaree Ketsayom          -
Luis Mesias               Close to Economic Studies Office and private sector, we want to
                          begin this kind of analysis for Peruvian exports and analyse the
                          negotiation on order to eliminate NTMs with our main commercial
Arturo Meza               Not in the short run
Luis Rosales              It is necessary to make a list of NTMs (for goods) and try to validate
                          it, at least among the members
Ismael Ortiz              -
Vladimir Drebentsov       Yes
Tran Hoang Nhi            -
Ogis Sanida               Help with PNG’s trade policy issues
Bona Eko                  Yes, I feel that if quantitative studies are undertaken in our local
                          economy, in terms of the impact and subsequent effects of trade
                          barriers to the functioning of our economy, we will be able to
                          actually see where we quantitatively stand in terms of trade and the
                          impacts and effects with our trading partners
Natalia Tourdyeva         Yes
To Can                    Not yet
Suchada Langley (Cat 2)
Ron Babula (Cat 2)

Name                      (g) Overall effectiveness?

George Manzano            Good, should have more of this, needs academic participation like
Yose Rizal Damuri
Fuming Wang
Mohd Hakashah Samad       Good although some parts are highly technical
Rahul Sen                 The project was quite effective in terms of providing detailed
                          information and knowledge on NTMs and their measurement
Gouranga Das              Very much useful and effective for gaining insights and details on
Se-Hwan Oh                It was a good opportunity to get the current research in assessing
Somkiat Tangkitvanich     Very effective
Kao-Huang Chen            Just fine
Chang-Keng Chen           Very effective in showing research methods
Chen-Sheng Ho
Mabel Cabezas             I believe it is a useful project
Meng-Chun Liu             The side effect is to share knowledge with others from different
Chutamas Bumrungsuk       It is very useful and effective project
Suwaree Ketsayom          Good, useful, but actually too much detail
Luis Mesias               I think it was effective for us because of the knowledge of new tools
Arturo Meza               I believe it has been very effective assessing analytical tools
Luis Rosales              It has provided a great set of studies to analyse NTMs
Ismael Ortiz              Good
Vladimir Drebentsov       Quite effective
Tran Hoang Nhi
Ogis Sanida               Very effective, I certainly learned a lot
Bona Eko
Natalia Tourdyeva         Very high
To Can                    Good
Suchada Langley (Cat 2)   Very effective
Ron Babula (Cat 2)        Excellently effective

Name                      (f) Overall rating          (h) Content?

George Manzano                            4                     Just right
Yose Rizal Damuri                         5                     Just right
Fuming Wang                               4                Not detailed enough
Mohd Hakashah Samad                       4                     Just right
Rahul Sen                                 5                     Just right
Gouranga Das                              5                     Just right
Se-Hwan Oh                                5                     Just right
Somkiat Tangkitvanich                     5                     Just right
Kao-Huang Chen                         various                  Just right
Chang-Keng Chen                           3                     Just right
Chen-Sheng Ho                             5                     Just right
Mabel Cabezas                             5                     Just right
Meng-Chun Liu                             5                     Just right
Chutamas Bumrungsuk                       5                     Just right
Suwaree Ketsayom                          4                    Too detailed
Luis Mesias                               4                     Just right
Arturo Meza                               5                     Just right
Luis Rosales                              5                     Just right
Ismael Ortiz                              4                    Too detailed
Vladimir Drebentsov                       5                Not detailed enough
Tran Hoang Nhi                            5                Not detailed enough
Ogis Sanida                               5                     Just right
Bona Eko                                  5                     Just right
Natalia Tourdyeva                         5                     Just right
To Can                                    5                     Just right
Suchada Langley (Cat 2)                   5                     Just right
Ron Babula (Cat 2)                        5                     Just right

Name                    (i) Other comments

George Manzano          Provide powerpoint, tables for writing.
Yose Rizal Damuri       Give more time conducting hands-on presentation
Fuming Wang             (1) Might be more effective if implication to policy making is shown
                        with advantages and disadvantages
                        (2) An application of models could be directed through case study
                        that could be helpful for participants to make a choice
                        (3) It is quite good to cover a variety of topics, but it would be better
                        to go into details in application and analysis of cases, which could
                        be leading to improvement in implementation of WTO rules with a
                        consideration of specific situation in developing countries
                        (4) Researches could be focused on some industries to analyse
                        disadvantages and advantages in implementation of WTO as well
                        as for developing countries
Mohd Hakashah Samad     Good mixture of government agencies and academics. Good use of
                        other international for a such as WB and university from Portugal
                        (outside APEC).
Rahul Sen               Use of some examples from the practical world to elaborate on
                        some of the issues, and some more hands-on experience on
                        modelling issues, would be useful and could benefit the
                        participants, esp from smaller APEC economies who do not
                        possess such capabilities
Gouranga Das            Some more demonstration and hands-on exercise, if possible so as
                        to facilitate the understanding (at basic conceptual level) of the
                        nitty-gritty of the technical papers (at least some of them). Making
                        available the data for researchers (esp academic purpose) at a
                        concessional rate so that data constraints do not hinder fruitful
                        application of the knowledge gained from the workshop
Se-Hwan Oh              If possible, annualise this workshop and give more opportunities to
                        developing countries for sharing the international trends and
Somkiat Tangkitvanich   Presentation from the same person/group should be in the same
                        session to avoid repetition
Kao-Huang Chen          (1)To avoid the abuse and overuse of trade remedy measures (eg
                        antidumping), I hope this workshop might suggest to APEC to
                        further suggest to the WTO that anti-dumping and subsidy
                        agreement be further improved.
                        (2) Investment in trade facilitation is worthy and rewarding. I
                        suggest this workshop recommends to APEC or WTO to further
                        identify the real effective indicators of trade facilitation, so common
                        needs and priorities can be identified. I suggest that Mr Otsuki
                        examines the interaction between trade facilitation and investment
                        (3) I am afraid that if the NTMs can be quantified, how to find out a
                        workable negotiation model.
Chang-Keng Chen         Just for the next step, there might be a ‘sample’ model for each
                        economy to do quantification of its own TF, under the same set of
                        parameters and so on, then the result might be easier to compare
                        among APEC economies.
Chen-Sheng Ho           I think there should have been a session devoted to APEC’s 5%
                        reduction in transaction costs. In addition, we need to have more
                        time on the pros and cons of different methods. It would also be
                        helpful of the workshop ties the work on NTMs to APEC’s work

                          program and goals
Mabel Cabezas             The additional material provided is interesting. It is necessary to
                          relate more the results of the papers with the application of trade
                          measures and negotiations (cost-benefit analysis).
Meng-Chun Liu             We benefited from having the important information and materials
                          on CD-Rom. We also have the more relevant information provided
                          by the website. I hope we can further exchange knowledge
                          concerning NTMs through the website. This will be good for us to
                          keep pursuing the knowledge and experience after the workshop.
Chutamas Bumrungsuk
Suwaree Ketsayom          -
Luis Mesias               Some papers are not necessarily related to NTMs (strictly). Give us
                          some methodologies for eliminating NTMs.
Arturo Meza               Although it is a very theoretical workshop, focused on developing
                          new analysis skills, I believe the agenda and participants could be
                          more balanced towards a practice and theory approach
Luis Rosales              -
Ismael Ortiz              Make a balance between academic and government/private sector,
                          both participants and speakers
Vladimir Drebentsov       -
Tran Hoang Nhi            This workshop is very good, but it would be more beneficial to
                          category 1 participants of there was more time to explain the
                          techniques (for quantification of NTMs) in more detail
Ogis Sanida
Bona Eko                  Have learned/picked up new ideas and methodologies from the
                          presenters and I will be attempting to put this invaluable experience
                          into practice.
                          Thank you
                                APEC for funding the workshop
                                Michael and Philippa for your intriguing and timely
                                    organisation of this workshop
Natalia Tourdyeva         (1)Release a book/survey on the results of the publication
                          (2) Facilitate joint projects of the participants, working on similar
                          (3) Initiate further research on the topics that are most interesting
                          on the basis of the conference opinion
                          (4) The research should be coordinated in different APEC
                          economies, in order to be able to compare results etc
To Can                    Organise more seminars in different economies and invite these
Suchada Langley (Cat 2)   More on the consortium idea. Because data on NTMs are complex
                          and difficult for researchers to get their hands on, organisers can
                          (should) attempt to create a consortium that economists of various
                          international organisations and home countries (OECD, USITC,
                          ERS-USDA, and others) to facilitate the creation of NTM database,
                          The idea has serviced well for AMAD, it can be used here as well.
Ron Babula (Cat 2)

ANNEX 1 (cont)
CTI 04/2003T Capacity Building Workshop on Quantitative Methods for Assessing NTMS and
Trade Facilitation

Questionnaire Responses from Presenter/speaker Section of Questionnaire

Name                       (a) Roles during activity?

Ronald Fischer             Gave a talk, attended talks
Suchada Langley            Coauthor
Jungho Yoo                 Speaker
Soamiely Andriamananjara   Speaker
Johannes Moenius           Presenter
Soumodip Sarkar            Speaker in one session, participant in all others
Ron Babula                 Delivery of paper and seminar

Name                       (b) Did the project achieve objectives? What results?

Ronald Fischer             Yes: provided information on state of the art in measurement of
Suchada Langley            Yes. Very good discussion on NTMs and research
Jungho Yoo                 Participants have heard/seen many interesting empirical studies in
                           international trade and trade policy matters
Soamiely Andriamananjara   Yes – dialogue regarding quantification of NTMs
Johannes Moenius           Yes, definitely. Excellent overview of state of the art research in the
                           field with practical applications
Soumodip Sarkar            Discussion of quantitative methods for measuring NTMs – yes.
Ron Babula                 Yes. A lot waslearned by all of how to model/analyse nontariff

Name                       (c) Were the attendees the appropriate target group?

Ronald Fischer             Yes: trade bureaucrats who needed this information to prepare for
                           the trade negotiation process
Suchada Langley            Yes
Jungho Yoo                 Yes, with the qualification that I don’t know them all
Soamiely Andriamananjara   Yes
Johannes Moenius           Cannot judge that
Soumodip Sarkar            Yes
Ron Babula

Name                       (d) Overall effectiveness?

Ronald Fischer             Excellent: there were lots of things I learned
Suchada Langley            This is very good workshop. Good discussion, good participation
Jungho Yoo                 It was good in that the participants are exposed to many interesting
                           studies. But not enough time to have in-depth discussion of any
                           study presented
Soamiely Andriamananjara   Very successful
Johannes Moenius           Excellent, very helpful
Soumodip Sarkar            Very effective, should continue
Ron Babula                 Very effective

Name                       (e) Room for improvement?

Ronald Fischer             I find it difficult. The conference had the people who work in the
                           area, telling about the latest advances to the people who need to
                           know them
Suchada Langley            Do more of this type of workshop
Jungho Yoo                 More in-depth discussion would benefit participants
Soamiely Andriamananjara   -
Johannes Moenius           I was not clear that the focus was more on the methodology than on
                           the results – but this may be my own fault
Soumodip Sarkar            Actual simulation sessions on the computer
Ron Babula                 I have no suggestions for improvement

Name                       (f) Other suggestions?

Ronald Fischer
Suchada Langley
Jungho Yoo
Soamiely Andriamananjara
Johannes Moenius           For networking, have an opening get-together at the evening before
                           it starts and at the end (after all presentations)
Soumodip Sarkar
Ron Babula

CTI 04/2003T Capacity Building Workshop on Quantitative Methods for Assessing NTMS and
Trade Facilitation

Category I Participants Registered and Attending

Brunei Darussalam
Mohd Hakashah H          A                                Male     International   Ministry    of
Samad (self-funded)                                                Trade
Pablo Serra                 Male     Department      of Industrial
                                                                   Engineering,    University of
Mabel Cabezas               Female   Head   of    Trade   Policy
                                                                   Department, Central Bank of
WANG Fuming                   Male     Professor of International
                                                                   Trade     and    Business,
                                                                   University of International
                                                                   Business and Economics
Jiang YANG                   yangjiang@mail.sccwto.n      Female   Associate Chief Officer of
                             et                                    Research Division, Shanghai
                                                                   WTO Affairs Consultation
Yose Rizal Damuri          Male     Research Staff, Centre for
                                                                   Strategic and International
Gouranga DAS                Male     College of Economics and
                                                                   Business,           Hanyang
                                                                   University, Ansan Campus
Se-Hwan OH                       Male     Researcher, Trade Research
                                                                   Institute, Korea International
                                                                   Trade Association
Ismael Ortiz Fernandez       Male     Deputy       Director    for
                                                                   International Organisations,
                                                                   Ministry of Economy
Arturo Meza                Male     APEC Office Advisor, Vice-
                                                                   Ministry of Foreign Trade,
Luis   Alberto      Mesias      Male     Advisor, Vice-Ministry of
Changa                                                             Foreign Trade, MINCETUR

Luis Francisco Rosales   Male     Analyst, Office of Economic
                             pe                                    Affairs, MINCETUR
George Manzano               Male     School     of   Economics,
                                                                   University of Asia and the
Papua New Guinea
Ogis Sanida                    Male     Research Fellow, National
                                                                   Research Institute
Bona EKO                       Male     Research Officer, National
                                                                   Research Institute
Vladimir Drebentsov          Vdrebentsov@worldbank.       Male     Senior Economist, World
                             org                                   Bank Russia Country Office
Natalia Tourdyeva            Female   Center for Economic and
                                                                   Financial Research
Rahul Sen                     Male     Fellow, Institute of Southeast
                                                                   Asian Studies
Chinese Taipei
Chen-Sheng HO                  Male     Chinese Taipei APEC Study
                                                                   Centre, Taiwan Institute of
                                                                   Economic Research
Meng-Chun LIU             Male     Research Fellow, Chung-
                                                                   Hua Institution for Economic
Ken Chang-Keng CHEN       Male     Department of      Customs
                             w                                     Administration, Ministry of
Kao-Huang CHEN (self-          Male     Bureau of Foreign Trade,
funded)                                                            Ministry of Economic Affairs
Thailand (all self-funded)
Nipon Poapongsakorn             Male     Assistant       Professor,
                                                                   Thammasat University
Santi Chaisrisawatsuk      Male     Department of Economics,
                                                                   National    Institute    of
                                                                   Development Administration
Suwaree Ketsayom              Female   Thai Industrial Standards
                                                                   Institute, Ministry of Industry
Chutamas Bumrungsuk        Female   Trade Preference Division,
                             m                                     Department of Foreign Trade
Parnavinee Suriyasat        Female   Trade Officer, Department of
                                                                   Trade Negotiations, Ministry
                                                                   of Commerce

Chirath Isarangkun      Na     chirathi@mocnet.moc.go.       Male     Trade Officer, Department of
Ayuthaya                       th                                     Trade Negotiations, Ministry
                                                                      of Commerce
Somkiat Tangkitvanich            Male     Research Director, Thailand
                                                                      Development       Research
Wisarn Pubphavesa            Male     Director CIEDS, National
                                                                      Institute of Developmnet
Tran Hoang Nhi              Female   Lecturer, Ho Chi Minh City
                               m                                      Open      University, and
                                                                      Flinders University
To Can                          Male     National    Committee for
                                                                      International    Economic
                                                                      Cooperation, Ministry of
                                                                      Trade of Vietnam
Pham Anh Tuyet                 atpham70@CARDVN.NE            Female   Hanoi National Economics
                               T                                      University

Category 2 Participants Attending

Mitsuyo Ando                 Female   Faculty of Economics, Keio
                               m                                      University
Soamiely Andriamananjara       sandriamanajara@usitc.g       Male     US   International    Trade
(self-funded)                  ov                                     Commission
Ronald     Babula     (self-             Male     US   International    Trade
funded)                                                               Commission
Scott Bradford                     Male     Economics      Department,
                                                                      Brigham Young University
Tianshu Chu                 Female   East-West Center
Judith Dean (self-funded)               Female   US   International    Trade
Alan Deardorff                   Male     Department of Economics,
                                                                      University of Michigan
Philippa Dee (self-funded)       Female   Productivity Commission
Michael Ferrantino (self-         Male     US   International    Trade
funded)                                                               Commission
Ronald Fischer               Male     Department     of Industrial
                                                                      Engineering,   University of
Robert    Koopman     (self-            Male     US    International   Trade

funded)                                                            Commission
Suchada    Langley    (self-      Female   US        Department    of
funded)                                                            Agriculture,      Economic
                                                                   Research Service
Vlad Manole                Male     World Bank
Johannes Moenius               j-                         Male     Kellogg Graduate School of
                               moenius@kellogg.nwu.ed              Management, Northwestern
                               u                                   University
Duc Nguyen-Hong (self-         dnguyen-                   Male     Productivity Commission
Tsunehiro Otsuki           Male     World Bank
Soumodip Sarkar                Male     University of Evora, Portugal
Robert Scollay (self-funded    RScolla@comc.auckland.     Male     University  of    Auckland
                                                    Business School and PECC
Dean Spinanger                 dspinanger@ifw.uni-        Male     Kiel Institute    of    World
Kati Suominen                  Katis@consultant.iadb.or   Female   Consultant, Inter-American
                               g                                   Development Bank
Peter Walkenhorst              peter.walkenhorst@oecd.    Male     Trade Directorate, OECD
Terrie Walmsley              Female   Centre for Global Trade
                                                                   Analysis, Purdue University
Jungho YOO                        Male     Senior Fellow, Korea
                                                                   Development Institute

Other attendees

Yann Duvall (self-funded)             Male     Economic Affairs    Officer,
Barbara     Fliess    (self-   Female   Trade Directorate, OECD
Harish Iyer (self-funded)               Male     Economic Affairs    Officer,
Ron Sandrey (self-funded)      Ron.Sandrey@mfat.govt.    Male     Economic          Research
                               nz                                 Coordinator, New Zealand
                                                                  Ministry of Foreign Affairs
                                                                  and Trade

CTI 04/2003T Capacity Building Workshop on Quantitative Methods for Assessing NTMS and
Trade Facilitation

Final program

   APEC Capacity-Building Workshop on Quantitative Methods for Assessing NTMs and Trade
                                    October 8-10, 2003
                                    Bangkok, Thailand
                               Banyan Tree Bangkok Hotel

   Time                                      Wednesday 8 October
 8:30 AM                                          Registration
   Chair        MICHAEL FERRANTINO, US International Trade Commission
 9:00 AM        BIJIT BORA, World Trade Organization (delivered by Robert Scollay)
                Keynote Address — The Quantification and Impact of Non-Tariff Measures
                                   Obtaining Data on the Incidence of NTMs
 9.30 AM        WILLIAM DONNELLY and DIANE MANIFOLD,                    US   International   Trade
                Commission (delivered by Michael Ferrantino)
                A Multisource Inventory of NTMs for Analytical Purposes
                RONALD FISCHER, Universidad de Chile
                Effects of Protectionism on Chilean Exporters: An Exploratory Survey
 10.50 AM       Break
                                    The Effects of Services-Type Measures
 11.10 AM       PHILIPPA DEE, Australian Productivity Commission
                Measuring and Modelling the Barriers to Services Trade: Australia’s Experience
                SOUMODIP SARKAR, Universidade de Evora
                NTMs in Services: Restriction on Movement of Skilled Personnel
 12.30 AM       Lunch
                                                Trade Facilitation
 2.00 PM        JOHN WILSON, World Bank, CATHERINE MANN, Institute for International
                Economics, and TSUNEHIRO OTSUKI, World Bank
                Trade Facilitation and Capacity Building: A Global Perspective Summary
                Benefits of Trade Facilitation: A Quantitative Assessment
 3.20 PM        Break
                                  Open-House Sessions (Capacity Building)
 3.40 PM        VLAD MANOLE, World Bank
                WITS (World Integrated Trade Solution) Software Demonstration
 5.30 PM        Adjourn

 Time                                    Thursday 9 October
 Chair     PHILIPPA DEE, Australian Productivity Commission
                             Open-House Sessions (Capacity Building)
9:00 AM    ALAN DEARDORFF and ROBERT STERN, University of Michigan
           Empirical Analysis of Barriers to International Services Transactions and the
           Consequences for Liberalization
           DUC NGUYEN-HONG, Australian Productivity Commission
           Techniques for Estimating Services Barriers
10.40 AM   Break
11.00 AM   ROBERT KOOPMAN, US International Trade Commission
           Empirical Work in a Trade Policy Environment
           TSUNEHIRO OTSUKI, World Bank
           Techniques for Estimating Trade Facilitation Effects
12.30 PM   Lunch
                     The Effects of Quota-Type and Standards-Type Measures
2.00 PM    RONALD BABULA, US International Trade Commission, SUCHADA LANGLEY,
           US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service, AGAPI SOMWARU,
           US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service, and SHIVA MAKKI,
           Ohio State University and US Department of Agriculture Economic Research
           Using Directed Acyclic Graphs and VAR Econometrics to Simulate the Upstream
           and Downstream Effects of Imposition of an Import Quota: An Application to U.S.
           Wheat-Based Markets
           DEAN SPINANGER, Kiel Institute for World Economics, and JOE FRANCOIS,
           The Erasmus University
           NTBs in Textiles and Clothing Trade
           JOHANNES MOENIUS, Northwestern University
           The Effect of Technical Standards on Trade Flows: (Why) Is Japan Different?
4.30 PM    Adjourn

 Time                                     Friday 10 October
 Chair     PHILIPPA DEE, Australian Productivity Commission
                     Estimating Tariff Equivalents of NTMs, without simulation
9.00 AM    MITSUYO ANDO, Keio University, and TAKAMUNE FUJII, Aichi University
           Hidden Trade Protection: Estimating Tariff Equivalents of Core and Non-Core
           Non-Tariff Measures in the APEC Member Economies
           International Trade Commission
           Estimates of the Price Effects of NTMs Using Retail Data at the City Level
           JUNGHO YOO, Korea Development Institute
           Estimation of Nominal and Effective Rates of Protection
10.40 AM   Break
                                    The Effects of Other Policies
11.00 AM   ANTONI ESTEVADEORDAL, Inter-American Development Bank, and KATI
           SUOMINEN, University of California – San Diego
           A Conceptual and Empirical Assessment of the Rules Determining Origin in
           Preferential Trade Agreements
           TIANSHU CHU, East-West Center, and THOMAS PRUSA, Rutgers University
           The Reasons For And The Impact Of Antidumping Protection: The Case of the
           People’s Republic of China
12.20 PM   Lunch
 Chair     MICHAEL FERRANTINO, US International Trade Commission
                          Using Estimates of NTM Impacts in Simulations
2.00 PM    SCOTT BRADFORD, Brigham Young University
           Developed Country Non-Tariff Measure Protection and its Impact on Developed
           and Developing Countries
           THOMAS HERTEL, TERRIE WALMSLEY and KEN ITAKURA, Purdue University
           Dynamic Effects of the ‘New Age” Free Trade Agreement Between Japan and
           TSIGAS, US International Trade Commission
           New Estimates of the Effects of NTMs in the Global Economy
3.40 PM    Break
                         Concluding Remarks and Rapporteur’s Summary
4.00 PM    ROBERT SCOLLAY, University of Auckland Business School; Pacific Economic
           Cooperation Council
4.30 PM    Discussion
5.00 PM    Adjourn


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