2011 Census Briefing by 9Jb4QZHN



Since 1801, every ten years the nation has set aside one day for the census - a count
of all people and households. It is the most complete source of information about
the population that we have. The latest census was held on Sunday 27 March 2011
with the first phase of results released on July 16 th 2012. This briefing note outlines
the headline figures and key issues from the first release.

It is worth noting that the first release is at local authority and higher geographic
levels only and contains figures for population and household estimates as well as a
breakdown of population by age (5 year age bands) and gender. More detailed
statistics such as ethnic group, religion etc along with lower geographic levels will be
part of the second release phase which will occur between November 2012 and
February 2013. Briefings on these statistics will follow as and when they are

         The population in Rochdale Borough has increased to 211,700
         The number of households in Rochdale has increased to 87,600
         The response rate in Rochdale was 93% 1

 Response rate refers to returned Census questionnaires. All statistics refer to 100% of the population which is
computed by the Office for National Statistics. Details of this process are available from the ONS.
The headline figures for Rochdale Borough are summarised in the figure 1.1:

Figure 1.1 Headline Figures

The different indicators are explored in further detail in the sections below including
comparisons with both regional and national areas as well as other Greater
Manchester authorities.

The total population in Rochdale Borough on Census day 2011 was estimated to be
211,700 this represents a 3.1% increase on the number of people estimated by the
2001 Census. This follows a trend shown both regionally and nationally as can be
seen in figure 1.2. However, the rate of population increase observed in Rochdale
Borough is lower than that of the regional and national rates (Change column)
indicating that population growth has not been as rapid here during the last decade
compared to other parts of the country.

Figure 2.1 Population Figures

The map in figure 2.2 shows percentage change in the population for all of the
authorities in Greater Manchester. Rochdale is one of 9 authorities that saw an
increase in population. Manchester experienced the largest increase in population,
with over 100,000 additional people, an increase of 28.1%. Only Stockport
experienced a decrease in population (of -0.4%).
Figure 2.2 Population Change in Greater Manchester

Rochdale is the second smallest Greater Manchester authority (after Bury) with a
population of just under 212 thousand. Manchester is still by far the largest
authority with just over 500,000 inhabitants.

Figure 2.3 Distribution of Population in Greater Manchester
There are 41,800 people aged 0-14 in Rochdale Borough in 2011, this represents a
decrease of around 2,100 on the number seen in 2001, and a reduction in the
proportion of the overall population from 21.4% to 19.7%. The age group which
experienced the largest increase in size is the 45-64 year old group: from 48,417 to
53,700 people. The 15-29 year olds saw the largest proportionate increase, growing
by 11.5% in size.

Figure 3.1 Broad Age Group 2001-2011 Comparison

Figure 3.2 Broad Age Group 2001-2011 Comparison Graph

Figure 3.3 shows how the broad age structure for Rochdale Borough compares to
that of Greater Manchester and England and Wales. Rochdale has a greater
proportion of 0-14 year olds than either Greater Manchester or England and Wales.
Compared to Greater Manchester, Rochdale has a smaller proportion of 15 to 44
year olds, though a larger proportion of older working age people, aged 45-64.
Rochdale has a similar proportion of people aged 65 and over to Greater

Figure 3.3 Age Structure

Figure 3.4 shows a breakdown of the population by 5 year age bands for both the
2001 and 2011 Census results. Overall, there is less variation between age bands in
2011 compared to 2001. The largest change in size was in the 65-69 year old age

Figure 3.4 Rochdale Quinary Age Groups
There are more females than males in Rochdale with the female population of
108,100 compared to the male population of 103,600. Figure 4.1 shows how the
broad age categories differ by gender. The age groups remain relatively similar until
the over 65 age group when the female population outnumbers the male population
by 17,400 to 13,500.

Figure 4.1 Gender by Broad Age Groups

Figure 4.2 compares population structure by gender for Rochdale Borough. The
structure in 2011 is more balanced than in 2001, with less distinct peaks and

Figure 4.2 Rochdale Population Pyramids

There were 87,600 households in Rochdale Borough in 2011, an increase of over
4,000 households since the 2001 census. The percentage increase in Rochdale is
smaller than that experienced in both regional and national areas.
The response rate in Rochdale Borough remained at 93%, exactly the same as it had
been for the 2001 Census. This follows a trend seen both regionally and nationally
with most authorities in Greater Manchester also witnessing either a small decrease
or little change in their response rates. Nationally the average response rate
remained at 94%, only slightly above the rate observed in Rochdale.

Figure 6.1 Response Rates

The map shown in figure 6.2 shows the 2011 response rates across all of the
authorities in Greater Manchester. Manchester had the lowest response rate and
was the only authority in Greater Manchester to record a response of under 90%.
Stockport and Tameside were the authorities with the highest rate of response.
Figure 6.2 Response Rates Throughout Greater Manchester

This first release phase represents the very tip of the iceberg as far as results from
the 2011 Census are concerned. As mentioned previously the second release phase
from November 2012 to February 2013 contains a lot more detailed statistics on the
demographics of the borough population. In addition to this there are two further
release phases planned during 2013 from March to June and from July to October.

If you would like more information on the 2011 Census beyond the information
supplied here then you can go to our Census page on Stats and Maps or the Office
for National Statistics site:



Martyn Hall
Policy and Research Officer
Performance & Transformation

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