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Geographic Information System A geographic information system (GIS) is a computer-based software and hardware system for obtaining, managing and analysing spatial data. • GIS offer powerful tools for adding spatial perspectives to: – Planning – Research – Technology transfer – Impact assessment Geographic Information System • But they have major drawbacks for developing countries : - High costs of software - High costs of hardware - Needs for specialized training These constraints to effective use of GIS lead CIRAD to develop a tool for the spatial analysis and representation of PROMISE crop modeling results. This tool will allow the user to display on a map the input data for the model as well as the outputs from the model. Geographic Information System With this tool we can manage spatial data : - Display (pan, zoom in, zoom out) - Thematic analysis (classification, …) - Queries and graphic selections (data extraction) - Data exportation - Layout and Printing - NO scale limits Actual GIS-Crop model link Crop GIS database model Interface Interface User The link between the GIS tool and the crop model is not yet fully implemented. The GIS tool can display map of the input data and output data from the crop model, but the two softwares are independent. What’s next ? GIS layers (Soils, GIS + Landuse, Crop model …) Interface Promise grid User Thiseach cell of the grid, the GIS tool will extract for tool (a single executable program that uses a The user will be able manage the results of Climate standard Microsofta(climate, crop, interface)for the the input variables Windows user soil, …)towill the simulations in GIS like environment database crop model from the corresponding data layers, create thematic maps. allow ‘inexperienced’ users to access the data, run the model and update the database with the run the model and view the results. results of the simulation.
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