VIEWS: 24 PAGES: 26 POSTED ON: 8/7/2012
More than action; it’s tiMe! Schedule of a Super Rockstar 7:00 am – Take a bath 8:00 am – Breakfast @ Dad’s w/ Manager 9:00 am – Contract signing w/ BMG @ Podium 11:00 am – Guest appearance @ Boy & Kris 12:00 pm – Courtesy Call @ Malacaňang 1:00 pm – Eat late lunch @ home 1:30 pm – Go to airport for 4pm travel to Davao 5:30 pm – Check-in @ International hotel 6:30 pm – Prepare for concert 7:00 pm – Start Rockin & Rollin!!! 9:30 pm – Have quick dinner 10:00 pm – Fans Socialization Evening/ Autograph Signing 11:30 pm – Get back to Hotel 12:30 am – Settle down, take a bath, and SLEEP!!! 5:00 am – Prepare things & go to airport Wanna be a famous celebrity? Know your schedule!!! What are his activities that happened only in that particular day? What are his activities that more or less happen regularly? Why is there a need to schedule and manage one’s time? So, what are verb tenses? Verb tenses are indicators when and what kind of action happened. In English, there are three simple form of tenses: present, past, and future. Each has a perfect form, indicating completed action; each has a progressive form, indicating ongoing action; and each has a perfect progressive form, indicating ongoing action that will be completed at some definite time. Analyze the following: 1. I brought home a lot of papers to check yesterday. 2. The weather is very unpredictable nowadays. 3. The 2nd year students will have their field trip this November. Present & Present Progressive Tenses Common misconceptions about present tense: 1. Present tense indicate a present action. - Most actions done at a present time SHOULD BE IN PRESENT PROGRESSIVE FORM. 2. Everything done in the present is a present action - Most actions done at a present time SHOULD BE IN PRESENT PROGRESSIVE FORM. A Present Tense will be: 1. Present Actions or Conditions - I hear you. - Here he comes. 2. General Truths - I have two hands, the left and the right. - The sun shines every morning. 3. Non-Actions / Regularly-Occurring or Habitual Actions - I hate liars! - My dad goes to work on weekdays. A Present progressive tense will be: 1. Action in progress/ Continuing Present Action - My mom is cooking our supper. - He is currently working on his project. 2. Continuing condition/ Verbs of perception - He is feeling sad at the moment. - She is looking better everyday Timeline for Present and Present progressive tensesPRESENT FUTURE PAST X Here he comes. I love books. PAST PRESENT FUTURE They are playing basketball. Everybody is listening intently to what he is saying. Past Tense & Present Perfect Tenses Things to remember when there is a past action: 1. A Past action/condition that ended in the past is in past tense. 2. A Past action/condition that has an indefinite end is in present perfect tense. 3. A Past action continued until the present time is in present perfect tense. A Past tense will be: • Completed action/ condition - We went home earlier than the others. - She looked sad yesterday. - Nobody saw what happened. - I felt awkward when I saw her yesterday. - They were extremely wealthy in the past. - I missed the plane bound for Batanes. A Present Perfect Tense will be: 1. Completed Action/Condition in Indefinite time - They have learned a lot of things. - No one has thought of a solution. - He has been upset over something. 2. Completed action/condition continuing to present - My friend has waited for the last two hours. - She has felt weak all day. - He has never experienced any problems since she moved to a new neigborhood. Timeline for Past and Present Perfect Tenses PAST PRESENT FUTURE X I drove our car last week. They had an argument early today. PAST PRESENT FUTURE X x x x x x xx I have been extremely lucky all my life. She has shared a lot of her opinions to the group. Past Perfect & Past Progressive tenses Things to remember: 1. Past actions/conditions use past tense if it definitely happened in the past. 2. Past actions/conditions that happened before another past action is in past perfect tense. 3. Actions in progress cut by another past action is in Past progressive tense. Past perfect tense will be: 1. Action/Condition completed before another past action - My friends had gone home when my parents arrived home. - He had been very busy before he got sick. - I had finished my homeworks before I went to sleep. - He had bought a lot of things when he found out he lost his wallet. A Past Progressive tense will be: 1. An action in progress that happened together with another past progressive action - He was listening intently to the teacher while the rest were playing around during the period. - They were preparing their report while eating their lunch early this afternoon. 2. An action in progress followed by another past action - I was sleeping when I dreamed of going abroad. - The students were having their lunch when the bell sounded. Timeline for Past Perfect and Past Progressive Tenses PAST PRESENT FUTURE X xx x x X They had planned to have a party when half of them suddenly backed down. I had slept for 12 hours before I finally woke up this afternoon. PAST PRESENT FUTURE X She was telling her story when the children fell asleep one after the other. The team were buying their ‘pasalubong’ while they were enjoying the beautiful sites. Future, Future Perfect, & Future Progressive Tenses Things to Remember: 1. Any future action/prediction is in simple future tense. 2. Future actions &/or activities can also take the form of a present progressive tense (if & when close to present time). 3. Future actions stated before another future action is in future perfect tense. 4. Future continuous action to be followed by another future action is in future progressive tense. A Future Tense will be: 1. Future action/condition - I will call you later. - I will be serious tomorrow I promise. 2. Present continuous action directed to the future (is/are/am+ going to + infinitive) - My friends are going to take a vacation right after the first semester. - I am going to go there right away. 3. Future action happening with another future action - We will go to the mall when dad gets home. - You will take a break when the sembreak starts. A Future Perfect Tense will be: 1. Future action/condition that will happen before another action (in present form) - The guests will have received souvenirs when the reception ends. - The teacher will have checked the papers by the time classes resume. 2. State, activity, or a period of time before a second action/situation in the future (2 time markers) - I will have stayed in the library for three hours when it closes. - By next year, my grandfather will have been 74 years old. Future Progressive tense will be: 1. Background activity in progress when another action takes place - I will be sleeping in a plane bound for Davao by the time my parents arrive home. - He will be thinking about what happened when the event is already over. 2. Future action that will be going on for a while - My cousin will be expecting better grades this coming semester. - She will be having her Asian city tour in the summer. Timeline for Future and Future Perfect Tenses PAST PRESENT FUTURE X She will tell us something later. My mom is going to cook ‘chopsuey’ tomorrow. PAST PRESENT FUTURE X X I will have gone to school by the time my dad returns. I will have gone to school by the time my dad returns. Timeline for Future Progressive Tenses PAST PRESENT FUTURE X She will be telling us something later. My uncle will be giving me study tips while he is staying with my family. She will be looking at a different person when they see me next week. Perfect Progressive Tenses 1. Present Perfect Progressive – an ongoing action started in the past and continues indefinitely to the future - I have been working on my journal articles since last month. - Nobody has been making any noise for the last 30 minutes. 2. Past Perfect Progressive – an ongoing action started in the past followed by another past action - I had been practicing with the team for 6 months, but my mom told me to stop. - A lot of things had been bothering me when I sought the help of a guidance counselor. 3. Future Perfect Progressive – an ongoing action/condition that will continue until a definite time in the future. - My tita will have been writing her novel for 2 years by the time December arrives. - The class will have been answering their exams for 1 hour and 30 minutes when the lunch bell rings. - Make your own timeline! Answer the following questions in sentence form using the appropriate verb tense. Draw your own timeline and put your answers on the proper period of time. PAST PRESENT FUTURE Questions: 1. How often do you play Computer games? 2. When was the last time you went to your province/visited your relatives? 3. What possibly could happen after the rain fell? 4. Since when have you been a student of UST? 5. How do you see yourself in the next 4 years? 6. What did you do before going to sleep last night? 7. What did you do last Sunday? 8. Are you a kind person? 9. What are you doing right now? 10. What is your favorite hobby/hobbies?
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