ASAE_Journal by 053Dhw



 2                                  For additional details please see the ASABE Guide for Authors at


 4                                                           Author(s)
     First Name                 Middle Name        Surname                      Role                           Type (Corresp)

     Name of first author.      (or initial)                                    ASABE membership (if           Is this the
                                                                                any) and professional title    corresponding
                                                                                such as Professor.             author? Y or N

 5                                                           Affiliation
      Organization                                       URL                                           Email

      Professional affiliation and location for first    (optional)
      author. Full address, e-mail, and phone are
      required only for the corresponding author.

 6                                                           Author(s)
      First Name              Middle Name         Surname                       Role                           Type (Corresp)

      Name of second          (or initial)                                      ASABE membership (if           Is this the
      author.                                                                   any) and professional title    corresponding
                                                                                such as Professor.             author? Y or N

 7                                                           Affiliation
      Organization                                       URL                                           Email

      Professional affiliation and location for first    (optional)
      author. Full address, e-mail, and phone are
      required only for the corresponding author.

 8                                                           Author(s)
      First Name                 Middle Name      Surname                    Role                              Type (Corresp)

      Please repeat the          (or initial)                                ASABE membership (if any)         Is this the
      Author and                                                             and professional title such as    corresponding
      Affiliation boxes for                                                  Professor.                        author? Yes or
      each author.                                                                                             No

 9                                                           Affiliation
      Organization                                       URL                                           Email

      Repeat for each author.                            (optional)


12                          LETTERS

13         Authors, as they will appear in the journal: A. B. Jones, D. C. Current, B. L. Smith

14      The authors are First M. Last, ASABE Member, Graduate Student, and First M. Last, ASABE Member Engineer,

15   Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Agricultural Engineering, University, City, State, Country. Corresponding author: Name,

16   full address; phone: 000-000-0000; e-mail:

17      Abstract. Type your abstract after the word “Abstract.” The abstract is often the only part of the paper to be

18   read, so include your major findings in a useful and concise manner. Include a problem statement, objectives, brief

19   methods, results, and the significance of your findings.

20      Keywords. Type keywords and key phrases alphabetically, separated by commas, after the word “Keywords.”

21   List both specific and general terms that will aid in searches. The ASABE Guide for Authors includes a suggested

22   keyword list (ht but you are not limited to the

23   words in that list.

25      Type any combination of Heading 1, Heading 2, Heading 3, text and equations in the Normal Style, figures,

26   tables, captions, and lists. Your ordinary text and equations use the Normal Style. Start a new paragraph by pressing

27   the Enter key, without a tab. It will indent automatically.

28      You can use italics, bold, underlines, superscripts and subscripts. Use the Times New Roman font. For Greek letters and

29   special symbols, use the Symbol font. Avoid unusual symbols. Use plain text or an equation editor for equations. Put

30   the equation reference number outside the equation editor box. Tabs are set up to center the equation and to place the

31   equation number at the right margin.

32      Here is an equation:                                    e  mc2                                                     (1)

33      Place your figures and tables following the paragraphs where they are first mentioned. ASABE staff will adjust

34   the layout for printing.

36      Type your headings using capitals and lower-case letters, then select them and pick out the Heading 1 style from

37   the pull-down Styles menu. It will change to the proper font when you apply the Heading 1 style.

39     For second-level headings, type in your words, select them, and pick out the Heading 2 style from the pull-down

40   Styles menu. If necessary, use Heading 3, etc., for lower-level headings.

41   Safety Emphasis (This is in the Heading 3 Style)
42     You are urged to discuss the effects of your research, concept, design, technique, material, etc., on personal

43   safety, if applicable. In what ways did you consider safety in your project? How will your work improve safety?

44   What precautions do you plan or recommend for eliminating the adverse effects?

46     Insert your figures into the Word document after the paragraph where they are first mentioned. In addition, please

47   provide native files, such as .tif, .jpg, etc., for photographs in case we need to enhance the images. For digital

48   camera images, use the medium or large file setting, not the small file (low quality) setting. For scans, use 600 dpi

49   for black and white line art, or 300 dpi for color or grayscale. Higher resolution will not increase the quality of the

50   published image.

51      Color figures will display in color in the web version but will be printed in grayscale. Please test your color

52   figures to be sure they are also legible in grayscale.

53      Use a sans serif font, such as Arial, for all lettering in figures. The final type size within the figure should be 6 to

54   8 points.

55      Make your figures the size you prefer, generally the width of a column (20 picas, ~8.5 cm) or page (41 picas,

56   ~17.4 cm for Applied and Transactions; for the Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health and Biological

57   Engineering the page width is 30 picas, ~12.7 cm), or ASABE staff will size them for you. Be aware that large

58   figures will increase the number of pages and thus increase the page charges.

59      Please refer to for a full discussion of figures.


61                        Figure 1. Use the Figure Caption Style for a caption below each figure, outside of the graphics box.

62                                                      The graphic itself is in the Figure Style.

63   About Tables

64       Table 1. Use the Table Caption style above each table. Material in the table uses the Table Contents style. Use standard Word table

65                                 commands or make a table in your usual way and ASABE staff will process it.

                                      Material in the table uses the Table Contents style.                               Use only solid lines, with no
     Make tables to fit in 20 picas (~8.5 cm; 1 column published) or 41 picas (~17.4 cm, page width published; for the    diagonals or broken lines.
      Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health and Biological Engineering the page width is 30 picas, ~12.7 cm).

66   About Lists
67     You may use the List Bullet, List Number, or List Custom styles for your lists, or just make the list your usual

68   way and ASABE staff will process it. Type the material, pressing Enter between items. Then select all the listed

69   items and apply the List Bullet (or List Number or List Custom) style from the Style menu. If Word forces text into

70   the list against your wishes, press Backspace or select the text and make it Normal style.

71      The paragraph that precedes a list should be in the List Start style. This is typically a phrase that introduces the

72   list, such as “The following conclusions were....”

73            Use bullets for lists unless numbering is necessary.

74            This is another item in the list.

75      Use a numbered list only when the list represents a sequence, such as the steps in a procedure:

76      1.     This is the first item.

77      2.     This is the second item.

 78      Word will not automatically add numbers or bullets to a custom list. As always, precede the list with the List

 79   Start style.

 80       Q4. This is an item in a custom list.

 81       Q9. This is another item in the custom list.

 83      The Conclusion or Summary section restates the major findings and suggests further research. It is the last main

 84   heading before the references. Type any combination of text, subheadings, equations, figures, tables, captions, and

 85   lists.

 87     Put any acknowledgments, such as thanks to contributing individuals or organizations, here.

 89   Compose your reference entries following the examples below or by referring to recent issues of ASABE journals.

 90      Additional examples are at

 91   NEW—We encourage you to use the reference management system in Word 2007/10. Choose Chicago style.

 92      We will adjust if needed. It’s also OK to use Endnotes or other helpful systems. The examples below do

 93      not reflect this change.

 94   The references should be in alphabetical order. The Ref Listing Style will create the indents. Press Enter for the next

 95      entry. Be sure to delete these examples!

 96   Journal Article

 97   Anderson, G. T., C. V. Renard, L. M. Strein, E. C. Cayo, and M. M. Mervin. 1998. A new technique for rapid

 98      deployment of rollover protective structures. Applied Eng. Agric. 23(2): 34-42.

 99   Waladi, W., B. Partek, and J. Manoosh. 1999. Regulating ammonia concentration in swine housing: Part II.

100      Application examples. Trans. ASAE 43(4): 540-547.

101   Book

102   Allen, J. S. 1988. Agricultural Engineering Applications. New York, N.Y.: John Wiley and Sons.

103   Coombs, T. R., and F. C. Watson. 1997. Computational Fluid Dynamics. 3rd ed. Wageningen, The Netherlands:

104      Elsevier Science.

105   Part of a Book

106   Identify a part of a book by chapter or section title and by page range. List the book editor if different from the

107      author. Note that ASAE Standards receive unique treatment.

108   ASAE Standards, 36th ed. 1989. S352.1: Moisture measurement — Grain and seeds. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE.

109   Stratmeyer, H. A. 1965. Chapter 3: The goal of effective systems design. In Systems Design: Principles and

110      Practices, 87-109.W. H. Pierre, ed. Chicago, Ill.: Graphics Publishing.

111   Bulletin or Report

112   Bulletins, reports, and other small, self-contained documents often do not have named authors. For the purpose of

113      citing the document in your manuscript, use the name of the publishing organization as the author, abbreviated if

114      necessary. Do not use “Anonymous.”

115   CDC. 2000. Infection vectors for E. coli and intervention strategies. CDC Reference No. 9923. Atlanta, Ga.: Centers

116      for Disease Control and Prevention.

117   Jesperson, D. 1995. United States fruit and vegetable harvest projections: 1996. USDA-1007. Washington, D.C.:

118      GPO.

119   Published Paper from a Meeting

120   Anthony, W. S. 1998. Performance characteristics of cotton ginning machinery. ASAE Paper No. 981010. St.

121      Joseph, Mich.: ASAE.

122   Miller, F. R., and R. A. Creelman. 1980. Sorghum: A new fuel. In Proc. 12th International Alternative Fuels

123      Research Conf., 219-232. H. D. Londen and W. Wilkinson, eds. Wageningen, The Netherlands: Elsevier Science.

124   Dissertation or Thesis

125   Campbell, M. D. 1991. The lower limit of soil water potential for potato growth. Unpublished PhD diss. Pullman,

126      Wash.: Washington State University, Department of Agricultural Engineering.

127   Lawrence, D. J. 1992. Effect of tillage and crop rotation on soil nitrate and moisture. MS thesis. Ames, Iowa: Iowa

128      State University, Department of Soil Science.

129   Software

130   An author’s name is rarely available for software products, so the reference is usually alphabetized (and cited in the

131      text) with a shortened version of the company name or product name.

132   SAS. 1990. SAS User’s Guide: Statistics. Ver. 6a. Cary, N.C.: SAS Institute, Inc.

133   SPSS. 2000. SigmaPlot for Windows. Ver. 3.2. Chicago, Ill.: SPSS, Inc.

134   Online Source—It is now OK to use live hyperlinks.

135   USDA. 1999. Wheat Production in the Upper Plains: 1998-1999. National Agricultural Statistics Database.

136      Washington, D.C.: USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. Available at: Accessed

137      23 April 2000.

138   NSC. 2001. Injury Facts Online. Itasca, Ill.: National Safety Council. Available at: Accessed 17

139      December 2001.

140   Patent

141   Moulton, R. K. 1992. Method for on-site cleaning of contaminant filters in livestock housing facilities. U.S. Patent

142      No. 32455986.

144      This optional section can include lists of nomenclature or abbreviations, data, or tables that are too long to

145   include in the body of the article.


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