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					Introduction to Native
Plants of Central Texas
       Mistletoe
Phoradendron tomentosum
     Ball Moss
Tillandsia recurvata
 Ashe juniper
Juniperus ashei
  Pencil Cactus
Opuntia leptocaulis
Prickly Pear
Opuntia spp.
 Giant Reed
Arundo donax
     Little Bluestem
Schizachyrium scoparium
Twisted Leaf Yucca
  Yucca rupicola
 Devil’s Shoestring
Nolina lindheimeriana
Common Woody Plants




      Agarito
 Berberis trifoliolata
Fragrant Sumac
Rhus aromatica
Evergreen Sumac
  Rhus virens
  Honey Mesquite
Prosopis glandulosa
   Japanese Privet
Ligustrum japonicum
Yaupon holly
Ilex vomitoria
Texas Persimmon
Diospyros texana
    Live oak
Quercus fusiformis
     Redbud
Cercis canadensis
     Texas Hackberry
Celtis laevigata var. texana
   Cedar Elm
Ulmus crassifolia
       Image Archive of Central Texas Plants
http://www.sbs.utexas.edu/mbierner/bio406d/PlantPics_archive.htm
  Greenbrier
Smilax bona-nox
  Poison Ivy
Rhus toxicarium
Texas Mountain Laurel
Sophora secundiflora
      Pecan
Carya illinoinensis
      Sweetgum
Liquidambar styraciflua
Texas Oak, Spanish Oak
   Quercus buckleyi
 Bald Cypress
Taxodium distichum
 The Edwards Plateau and other Texas Ecoregions

                              Rolling Plains
                                               Cross Timbers and Prairies
                                                   Blackland Prairies
        High Plains                                Post Oak Savannah



                                                       Pineywoods

Trans-Pecos



       Edwards Plateau
                                         Gulf Prairies and Marshes


                 South Texas Plains
                    Geology, Soils, Climate

• The Edward’s Plateau is formed from hard limestone.
• Erosion of the limestone has formed thousands of caves of all sizes
in the region, including the Edwards Aquifer

• Soils tend to be clays as well as very shallow with have little
organic matter.

• Austin receives > 30 in. precipitation/year. It gets drier as you
move west.
• May to October is HOT. It cools in November, and this is when most
germination occurs.
                  Historical Vegetation Patterns


Mixed woodland - containing oaks (Quercus buckleyi) and juniper
(Juniperus ashei)

Savannas - grasses with clusters of trees and shrubs, such as live oak
(Quercus fusiformis).

Along rocky cliffs - pure stands of juniper (Juniperus ashei)

Along rivers - cypress, pecan, hackberry and sycamores
      Modern Vegetation Patterns




        Grazing by domestic stock

       White-tailed deer population

           Suppression of fire



Result: Invasion by juniper and other woody
      species into open grassy areas

				
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