AP World History Essay Composition Types by XH6xMh6


									                               AP WORLD HISTORY ESSAY COMPOSITION TYPES

Format for DBQs

1. READ THE PROMPT CAREFULLY! Make sure you know what to look for in each document, e.g. AFRICAN
actions and reactions to European imperialism.
2. Let the groups emerge from the documents. Look at your “tagging” in the margins and find similarities between
documents. Use the similarities to create your “groups”. Do not try to impose an artificial grouping scheme (e.g.
political, economic, social).
3. Write a thesis that tells the reader what your groups are.
4. Write topic sentences that identify which group the paragraph that follows will address.
5. As you use each document treatment, remember that an iguana could pee everywhere. (Attribution, Interpretation,
Citation, Point of View, Explanation of why the POV impacts the doc).
6. Request an additional document at the end of each paragraph that would help your analysis – and explain HOW it
would help your analysis.
7. Don’t forget to USE ALL OF THE DOCUMENTS in your essay.

Overall composition                     Paragraph composition
I. Thesis                               I. Topic Sentence
II. Group 1                             II. Document Treatment 1 (An iguana could…)
III. Group 2                            III. Document Treatment 2
IV. Group 3                             IV. Document Treatment 3
                                        V. Request for additional Document

Format for CCOT essays

I. Thesis. Your thesis should clearly identify changes (perhaps in a single sentence) and continuities (in another
sentence). Then explain the big picture in which the changes occurred (“Global Context”).
II. Evidentiary Paragraphs. Start with your topic sentence arguing a type of continuity or change. Or you can argue a
change in each topic sentence and qualify it with a continuity. Then present EVIDENCE to support your topic sentence.
Finally, explain what LED TO the change and what RESULTED FROM the change (“Process Commentary” = Causes
and effects).

Overall composition                Alternate overall composition            Evidentiary paragraph composition
I. Thesis                          I. Thesis                                Evidentiary paragraph format:
II. Change type 1                  II. Change type 1 qualified by           I. Topic sentence
III. Change type 2                 continuity                               II. Evidence 1
IV. Continuity                     III. Change type 2 qualified by          III. Evidence 2
V. Global context                  continuity                               IV. Evidence 3
                                   IV. Change type 3 qualified by           V. Process commentary (causes-change-
                                   continuity                                        effects)
                                   V. Global Context
Format for Comparative Essays

1. Thesis. Your thesis should clearly identify similarities versus differences, preferably in two separate sentences or
two separate clauses within a sentence divided by a clear “however” or “but”, etc. You should try for three similarities
and three differences, preferably related. The differences ideally qualify the similarities.
2. Evidentiary paragraphs. Each evidentiary paragraph should start by arguing a similarity qualified by a difference.
Follow with evidence. End each evidentiary paragraph with CAUSATION COMMENTARY, where you explain what
led to either a similarity or a difference argued in your topic sentence.

Overall composition                                         Evidentiary Paragraph Composition
I. Thesis                                                   I. Topic sentence arguing sims versus diffs for the aspect
II. Evidentiary paragraph 1 – sims and diffs                you are comparing in the paragraph
III. Evidentiary paragraph 2 – sims and diffs               II. Evidence 1
IV. Evidentiary paragraph 3 – sims and diffs                III. Evidence 2
                                                            IV. Evidence 3
                                                            V. Causation commentary

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