Modern Timeline of the Arab-Israeli Conflict
1916 The Sykes-Picot Agreement, which defined European spheres of influence in Southwest Asia,
suggested establishing a Jewish homeland in Palestine
1917 British issued the Balfour Declaration
What was the Balfour Declaration?
Why was it issued?
How did Jews respond?
1948 Palestine was partitioned
How did this come about?
Why didn’t the British take action?
What were the results of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War?
1956 Suez Canal Crisis led France, Britain, and Israel to make war on Egypt
1967 Israel won the Six Day War
Why did the Arab nations accuse Israel of expansionism, and were their accusations justified?
1973 Yom Kippur War (4th Arab-Israeli War)
What did U.S. actions reveal about U.S. goals in the Middle East, and what was the result of this
1977 Anwar Sadat of Egypt journeyed to Israel to try to secure a peace treaty
What were the results of Sadat’s visit for Egypt?
1978 Camp David Accords were signed
What were the major accomplishments of the Camp David Accords?
How did the actions of Menachem Begin betray the Camp David Accords? Why might he do so?
1982 Israel invaded Lebanon
1987 Palestinians began the Intifada
Why were the Palestinians protesting?
1993 The Declaration of Principles on Palestinian Self-rule (Oslo Accords) took place and a Joint
Israeli-Palestinian Economic Cooperation Committee was established
1994 Israeli military government withdrawn from the West Bank
2000 Israel completed its withdrawal from Lebanon
2002 In response to a series of Palestinian suicide bombings, the Israeli army reoccupies much of
the West Bank and Gaza Strip
2002 Israel began construction of a highly controversial wall dividing Israeli- and Palestinian-held
territory, cutting through areas previously occupied by Palestinians
2004 Israel defied the International Court of Justice ruling and the United Nations that called for
them to halt construction of the wall in the West Bank, and continued construction
2005 Israel evacuated its settlements in the Gaza Strip and four smaller settlements in the West
2006 Hamas won Palestinian parliamentary elections while refusing to recognize Israel’s right to
exist and rejecting the Oslo Accords
2006 Israel, the U.S., and the EU halt money flowing into Palestine in order to force the Hamas-led
government to recognize Israel and renounce violence
2006 A Hamas attack on Israeli soldiers sparked a five-month-long Israeli offensive into Gaza
2006 An attack by Lebanese extremist group Hezbollah resulted in an Israeli military campaign in