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Lesson Nine
            Matthew 24:3-5




Matthew 24:3-5
3 And as he sat upon the mount of Olives,

the disciples came unto him privately, saying,
Tell us, when shall these things be? and what
shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end
of the world?
4 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Take

heed that no man deceive you.
5 For many shall come in my name, saying, I am

Christ; and shall deceive many.
            Matthew 24:6-9




Matthew 24:6-9
6 And ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars:

see that ye be not troubled: for all these things
must come to pass, but the end is not yet.
7 For nation shall rise against nation, and

kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be
famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in
divers places.
8 All these are the beginning of sorrows.
9 Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted,

and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all
nations for my name’s sake.
            Matthew 24:10-13




Matthew 24:10-13
10 And then shall many be offended, and shall

betray one another, and shall hate one another.
11 And many false prophets shall rise, and shall

deceive many.
12 And because iniquity shall abound, the love of

many shall wax cold.
13 But he that shall endure unto the end, the same

shall be saved.
            Matthew 24:14-15




Matthew 24:14-15
14 And this gospel of the kingdom shall be

preached in all the world for a witness unto all
nations; and then shall the end come.
15 When ye therefore shall see the abomination

of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet,
stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him
understand:)
Focus Verse



                 Matthew 24:3
   And as he sat upon the mount of Olives,
the disciples came unto him privately, saying,
Tell us, when shall these things be? and what
  shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the
               end of the world?
Focus Thought



    After Jesus’ earthly ministry was
 completed, He gave full assurance that
 He would return to take His bride home.
 He gave many signs that would precede
     His coming to alert mankind to
          His imminent return.
        Introduction
    Introduction
One of the most important prophetic chapters in the
Bible is Matthew 24. As the chapter opens, the
disciples were pointing out to Jesus the exquisite
beauty of the Temple, which was for them a
physical reminder of the covenant relationship of
the Jewish people with God. Also significant were
the incredible improvements that the Temple
structure had been undergoing for decades.
Herod the Great (73-4 BC) had begun refurbishing
   Introduction
the Temple some years before Jesus was born. The
renovation was continued by his son, Herod Antipas
(4 BC–AD 39). The project was still ongoing when
the disciples pointed out the buildings to Jesus.
Surprisingly, Jesus responded by pronouncing the
future destruction of this imposing physical
structure: “There shall not be left here one stone
upon another, that shall not be thrown down”
(Matthew 24:2).
Jesus’ disciples probably were distraught and could
    Introduction
not conceive of such a judgment occurring unless
perhaps it was connected with the end of the world.
They asked three questions about what they
understood to be the singular final judgment.
Actually, their questions required three separate
answers from Jesus.
In Matthew 24:3, the disciples asked:
    Introduction
(1) “Tell us, when shall these things be?”
(2) “What shall be the sign of thy coming?”
(3) “What shall be the sign of the end of the
    world?”
Jesus gave answers to each of these questions.
    Introduction
Some of His answers specifically addressed the
time when one stone would not be left upon another
(AD 70). Other answers related to the signs of
Christ’s second coming (throughout the church age
but especially in our time). Still other answers were
directed to offer signs of the end of the world
(events leading to the Battle of Armageddon, which
we can now view on the near horizon).
This lesson will focus in detail on each of the
   Introduction
answers that Jesus gave and demonstrate what these
answers have to do with the church today.
      When Shall These
I. When Shall These Things
          Things Be
      Be (A-C)
  The first question asked by the disciples was related
  to the destruction of the Temple. The disciples could
  not have understood that the Temple would be
  destroyed but would once again be rebuilt. They
  could not know that the siege that would be suffered
  by the Jewish people in AD 70 would be only
  preliminary and a foreshadowing of the ultimate
  fulfillment of the siege, which would occur during
  the Tribulation.
I. When Shall These Things
   Some students of Scripture wonder how a single
   chapter can speak to more than one time period.
           Be (A-C)
   Actually, the idea that a single scriptural passage has
     more than one fulfillment is a standard hermeneutic
     principle in interpreting prophecy.
   In order to conceive These Things
I. When Shall how Jesus could paint a word
   picture that would encompass both the events
            Be (A-C)
   involving AD 70 and also the events at the end of the
    age, it is important to study and glean further
    information from other Gospels as well. While
    Matthew’s Gospel focuses largely on an ultimate
    siege of Jerusalem in the Tribulation, Jesus’ words in
    Luke 21 center more on the destruction of the
    Temple in AD 70.
   A. Destruction of the Temple
I. When Shall These Things
      and City
         Be (A-C)
   Jesus specifically told of a time when Jerusalem
   would be surrounded by armies (Luke 21:20). He
   said that those who would be in Judea at that time
   should flee (Luke 21:21). Jesus also prophesied the
   destruction of Jerusalem (Luke 21:24) and the
   taking captive of Jews in Judea (Luke 21:24). All
   interpreters apparently agree that this passage
   referred to the historical siege by the Roman armies
   less than forty years after Jesus spoke these words.
     B. Siege by Titus in AD 70
I. When Shall These Things
    The destruction of the Temple is recorded in
           Be (A-C)
    significant detail by the Jewish historian Josephus.
      Because of the rebellion by the Jewish people,
      Rome sent legions into Israel to suppress the revolt.
      A disastrous war ensued in which approximately
      one million Jews were killed and a similar number
      taken into captivity.
I. When Shall These Things
    This war ended with the siege of Jerusalem and the
           Be (A-C)
    ultimate destruction of the Temple by the Roman
      general, Titus. Terrible conditions occurred in
      which cannibalism was reported along with Jewish
      infighting until the very time when the Temple was
      burned and Jesus’ prophecy was fulfilled. History
      records that Christians remembered the words of
      Jesus and fled to safety.
     C. Siege at the End of the Age
                        These that occurred
I. When Shall the atrocitiesThings in
    As terrible as were
          Be (A-C)Jesus’ prophecy. Luke’s
    AD 70, this event alone could not have been the
    ultimate fulfillment of
      Gospel prophesied that Jerusalem would be
      “trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of
      the Gentiles be fulfilled” (Luke 21:24), clearly
      speaking of the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70
      and also predicting a future restoration of the city.
I. When Shall These Things He
    Matthew’s focus clearly involved a later event.
           Be words of as was“Forsince shall be
    recorded the (A-C)      Jesus,     then
    great tribulation, such        not      the
      beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever
      shall be” (Matthew 24:21). Despite the cruelty of
      the first Jewish War in Israel from AD 67-70, it
      was hardly the greatest tribulation the Jews have
      seen.
                                     Things
I. When Shall These Jews have suffered
    Both before and after this war,
                 (A-C)
           Bethe Tribulation, the greatest extended
    greater losses and atrocities. Clearly, Matthew 24
    referred to
      judgment the world will ever see. This event, often
      referred to as the “day of the LORD” in the Old
      Testament, also figures as a major focus in the
      writings of the apostle Paul and the apostle John.
I. When Shall These Things
    The focus of Matthew 24 relates primarily to
    eventsBe (A-C)
           prophesied in Daniel 9 (the abomination of
    desolation referred to in Matthew 24:15), to the
      battle for Jerusalem recorded in Zechariah
      (primarily chapter 14), and to the events described
      in the Book of Revelation (primarily chapter 19).
      These prophecies point to the time when Jesus
      Christ will win ultimate victory over the powers of
      Satan and the Antichrist.
                  Be the of
      What Shallthe Sign Sign
II. What Shall Be
                  Coming
          of Thy(A)
     Thy Coming
   A. The Universal Hope
      of Redemption
   God has always wanted the people with whom He is
   in covenant to anticipate the redemption that He will
   bring about.
    When punishment Be the to Adam and
II. What Shallwas meted outSign of Eve
    for their sin in the Garden of Eden, even this
     Thy did not come (A)
    judgmentComingwithout an accompanying
     redemptive promise. God promised that from the
     seed of Eve would come One who would bruise the
     serpent’s head (Genesis 3:15). Thus, from the very
     beginning, there was an expectation of a Redeemer.
II. What atShall Be the Sign of
    There is least some Jewish tradition that Adam
    and Eve believed that redemption would come from
     Thy children that were born.
    their firstComing (A) Sadly, this was
      not the case. Still, God’s people universally
      continued to look for redemption until the time of
      Christ.
    Further, Shall Jesus proclaimed that He
II. Whateven thoughBe the Sign of
    Himself was the fulfillment of the Old Testament
     Thy hope of redemption, He
    scripturalComing (A) also spoke of a
      future redemptive hope. Probably, this was difficult
      for those who heard the words of Jesus to grasp. Yet,
      a recurring theme for Jesus was that He would go
      away but that He would return. Indeed, when Jesus
      ascended into heaven from the Mount of Olives after
      His resurrection, angels standing by the people
      underscored this promise.
      “Which also Be the Sign of
II. What Shall said, Ye men of Galilee,
      why Coming (A)
     Thy stand ye gazing up into heaven?
        this same Jesus, which is taken up
       from you into heaven, shall so come
      in like manner as ye have seen him go
             into heaven” (Acts 1:11).
      B. Signs Pointing toward
II.   What Shall Be the Sign
         Redemption                              of
                                (B)
       Thy Coming talk about ultimate
      Jesus was not reticent to
      redemption during His earthly ministry, particularly
      as Calvary approached. It is enlightening though,
      that when Jesus gave signs of His coming, most of
      the signs could be, at least in part, descriptive of
      many events during the church age.
    Consider these verses from Matthew 24: of
II. What Shall Be the Sign“For many
                             (B)
     Thy Coming ye shall hear of wars and
    shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and
    shall deceive many. And
     rumours of wars: see that ye be not troubled: for all
     these things must come to pass, but the end is not
     yet. For nation shall rise against nation, and
     kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be
     famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers
     places” (Matthew 24:5-7).
II. What Shall Be the Sign of
    Could one not always point to wars, betrayals,
     Thy Coming (B) way? While there
    famines, pestilences, and even to people claiming
    falsely to represent Christ in some
      have been more wars and new records of both
      pestilences and famines in the last one hundred
      years, such statistics would not have been known by
      previous generations.
    While there is a very real the Sign of
II. What Shall Be evidence of increased
     Thy Coming (B)would hardly have
    earthquakes over the period in which they now have
    been measured, such a statistic
      been known earlier. Jesus spoke in such a way as to
      point the church to always be looking for His
      redemption.
    The apostles of Jesus echoed the Sign of
II. What Shall Be the need for the church
                             (B)
     Thy Comingthat not only would he soon
    to anticipate an imminent return of Christ. Facing
    martyrdom, Paul wrote
      receive a crown, but that such a crown was “not to
      me only, but unto all them also that love his
      appearing” (II Timothy 4:8).
II. What Shall Be the Sign ofstated,
    Of the return of Christ, the writer of Hebrews
              Coming (B)
     Thytime without sin unto salvation” (Hebrews
    “Unto them that look for him shall he appear the
    second
     9:28). Further, Paul exhorted Titus to teach believers
     to look “for that blessed hope, and the glorious
     appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus
     Christ” (Titus 2:13).
      C. Imminent Hope of
II.      Redemption the Sign
      What Shall Be Today                       of
       Thy Coming (C)
      The tenor of the words of Jesus in Matthew 24 goes
      well beyond the first-century church. The first
      century experienced only a foretaste of events that
      would occur during the greatest judgment the world
      would ever know.
II. What Shall Be the Sign of
    Thus, while events may have been fulfilled in part,
     Thy will be more clearly fulfilled in intensity
    the signs Coming (C)
      during the period just prior to the return of Jesus
      Christ in judgment. The prophetic landscape is now
      taking shape where we could realize the fulfillment
      of these events in our lifetimes.
                      End
         Signs of theof the
III. Signs of the End
           of the World
      World (A-C)
  A. The Tribulation Period in
     the Book of Revelation
  The last question the disciples asked Jesus was what
  would be the sign of the end of the world. Matthew
  24 is not alone in dealing with this. The Book of
  Revelation lays out a general chronology of how the
  events will take place. One need only to look at the
  order and sequence of the book.
III. Signs of the End of the
   Revelation 2-3 contains an admonition to the
       World Minor, which
   churches of Asia (A-C) represented the
    present church age. Revelation 4-5 represents the
    church in heaven, apparently already raptured, as
    evidenced by the crowns on the heads of the
    believers (stephanos in Greek). This Greek word for
    crown represented a victor’s crown and in the
    Scriptures was used only in reference to the crown
    placed on Jesus Christ at the cross and to the crown
    to be worn by victorious believers.
III. Signs of the End of the
   Revelation 6-19 gives an overview of a time of great
        World (A-C)
   tribulation, the same Tribulation as described by
    Jesus in Matthew 24:21: “For then shall be great
    tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of
    the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.” The
    Book of Revelation describes these plagues in detail,
    judgments that are so terrible that the majority of the
    earth’s population will be killed. The book mentions
    three sets of seven judgments—seven seals, seven
    trumpets, and seven vials.
   B. The Appearance of
III. Signs of the End of
      the Antichrist                    the
     World (A-C)
  One of the most prominent features of the Book of
  Revelation is the appearance of a man
  (metaphorically called a beast) who also is called in
  other parts of the New Testament “the man of sin,”
  “the son of perdition,” or the “antichrist.” (See II
  Thessalonians 2:3; I John 2:18.) This individual
  ultimately will work to control the monetary system
  so that people cannot buy or sell without his
  “mark.”
III. Signs of the End of the
    According to the Book of Daniel, the apostle Paul,
    andWorld (A-C) this man will set
       the Book of Revelation,
     himself up in the Temple and require people to
     worship him. If they do not take his mark, they will
     not be able to buy or sell, a notion that seemed all
     but impossible until recent years.
III. Signs of the End of the
    However, we now find ourselves in a place where
       World (A-C)
    computerized banking would in fact allow such a
    scenario. Moving closer and closer to a society
    where the electronic transfer of money trumps the
    use of cash, it is easy to see how such control could
    take place.
   C. The Abomination
III. Signs of the End of
      of Desolation                      the
      World (A-C)
  The Book of Daniel, Paul’s writing in II
  Thessalonians 2, and Revelation 13 all describe how
  the Antichrist will set himself up in the Temple as a
  deity to be worshiped. When the nation of Israel was
  depoliticized after the Second Jewish War in AD
  135, this was logistically impossible.
III. Signs of the End of the
   That is, if the Antichrist were to set himself up as
   god World (A-C) to actually be a
       in Israel, there would have
    nation of Israel. But in 1948, a modern miracle of
    resurrection restored Israel as a nation.
III. Signs of the End of the
   Further, in order for this prophecy to be fulfilled,
       World to be a temple. The Temple, of
   there would have(A-C)
    course, is not rebuilt as yet, although it is at least
    being planned in some quarters in Israel.
III. Signs of the End of the
   Some people question whether the Arab people
      World the Temple
   would ever allow(A-C) to be rebuilt on the
    Temple Mount, particularly since that is where the
    Mosque of Omar now sits. However, we should
    understand that people asked the same sort of
    questions when denying that Israel would ever again
    become a nation.
III. Signs of the End of the
   There is considerable conjecture by some
       World (A-C)
   individuals that the building of the Temple could
    occur in the near future and could logistically sit on
    its ancient site adjacent to the present mosque.
      The Second Coming
IV. The Second Coming (A-
                C)
   Jesus spoke in detail in Matthew 24 about the
   signs of His coming and the coming judgment,
   reminding us to watch for His appearing. While
   Scripture is replete with prophecies concerning
   this event, the clearest prediction of the
   culmination of this is found in Revelation 19, a
   passage that adds considerable detail to the
   prediction made by Jesus in Matthew.
   A. King of Kings and
IV. The Second Coming
      Lord of Lords                       (A-
                C)
   After the Antichrist works very hard to destroy
   Jewish Christian believers in Jerusalem, a
   succession of battles will occur, which Revelation
   16:16 calls Armageddon. The King James Version
   refers to “the battle” in Revelation 16:14; however,
   the Greek word does not necessarily signify a single
   battle, but actually points to a series of battles—a
   protracted series of events.
IV. The Second Coming (A-
   All of these events will culminate as described in
   Revelation 19C) Christ Himself will lead an
                  when
      army from heaven to conclude the final fate of the
      world. The armies of the Antichrist will not be able
      to stand before Christ’s power and glory.
      B. Destruction of the Antichrist
IV. The Second Coming (A-
                 C)
    Satan has had a foothold in the earth since Eden,
      and the apostle Paul called him “the prince of the
      power of the air” (Ephesians 2:2). The Book of
      Revelation pictures Jesus Christ defeating Satan’s
      representative, the Antichrist, and his “assistant,”
      the false prophet.
IV. The Second Coming (A-
                C)
    Revelation 19:20 declares that both of these men
      will be “cast alive into a lake of fire burning with
      brimstone.” While it is chapter 20 before we see
      Satan himself being bound and cast into the
      bottomless pit, in the final judgment, Satan will
      ultimately join the false prophet and Antichrist in
      this final destination in the lake of fire (Revelation
      20:10).
   C. Possession of Our
IV. The Second Coming
      Inheritance                         (A-
                C)
   While Revelation 20 closes with the final judgment,
   chapter 21 opens with the promise of eternal hope.
   John lets his readers know that there will be no more
   struggle or pain. John heard a great voice offering
   great hope!
        Revelation 21:4

 “And God shall wipe away all tears
from their eyes; and there shall be no
   more death, neither sorrow, nor
  crying, neither shall there be any
 more pain: for the former things are
   passed away” (Revelation 21:4).
IV. The Second Coming (A-
              C)
   What a wonderful time that will be when all our
     sorrows are past!
     The Need to Be Ready
V. The Need to Be Ready
 Jesus spoke in Matthew 24 not merely to be
 informative. He wanted His hearers to do something
 with the information that He was giving them. His
 exhortation was consistent with the theme of the
 entire Bible: those who are in covenant relationship
 with the Lord should anticipate His coming.
 Jesus spent considerable Be Ready
V. The Need totime making application to
  His prediction. He warned of some who will be taken
  up and some who will be left behind—in the field, at
  home, and at work. Jesus emphatically warned all
  who will hear His words to prepare their hearts and
  lives.
 Certainly, Need to a time in which
V. The if ever there wasBe Readythe
  church was standing on the brink of the end of the
  age, it is today. It behooves every one of us to be
  prepared for the soon return of Jesus Christ.
         Reflections
Matthew 24 is an incredibly important chapter in
the Bible, not because of its beauty or poetry, and
not even because of the certainty of its fulfillment.
It is important because it reminds us that Jesus
Christ is faithful and that the plan of God will
succeed.
        Reflections
But even more than this, Matthew 24 challenges us
to be watching, anticipating the redemption that for
millennia the Scripture has promised. Further, along
with the writers of the New Testament, we are to
watch for, anticipate, and love Christ’s appearing.
As the signs of the times declare, He’s coming
soon!

				
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