POLITICAL SCIENCE 4020 URBAN POLITICS REVIEW FOR EXAM I 1. Define globalism and explain how it affects modern American cities. 2. Identify “politics of defended space.” 3. List some of the common internal and external challenges to urban governance. 4. Describe the anti-urban bias in American culture. 5. Differentiate between the Census bureau definition of urban and the sociological definition of urban. 6. What are the three characteristics of urbanism as a way of life identified by Louis Wirth? 7. What did Banfield identify as three imperatives of urban growth? 8. When did the Census Bureau first classify a majority of Americans as urban? 9. Differentiate between mercantile cities and industrial cities. 10. How did the agricultural revolution and the industrial revolution affect urban growth in America? 11. How did American cities cope with the rapid population growth of the late 19th and early 20th centuries? 12. Identify Dillon’s Rule. 13. How did legislative malapportionment in the 20th century affect the responsiveness of the states to urban problems? 14. List and describe the characteristics of an urban political machine. 15. Describe the relationship of immigration to the formation of political machines. 16. What are the usual arguments for and against political machines? 17. Did the machines actually provide all of the benefits that people sometimes attribute to them? 18. Were the arguments against political machines valid? 19. List and discuss the causes of the decline of urban political machines. 20. In what way might modern social welfare bureaucracies be compared to urban political machines? 21. Explain how reformers have replaced bosses in modern city politics. 22. Identify The Shame of the Cities and explain its importance. 23. Describe the early efforts of the reformers to get states to intervene in urban affairs. 24. What is the home rule movement and what is its significance? 25. Identify the National Municipal League. 26. Identify a. Australian ballot b. Literacy tests 27. What were the electoral reforms promoted by the reformers? 28. Explain the goal associated with each of these reforms: a. At-large council elections b. Nonpartisan elections c. Scheduling elections in off years d. Civil service reform 29. What negative effects were associated with the electoral reforms promoted by reformers? 30. In what parts of the country were the electoral reforms most likely to be adopted? 31. Did the electoral changes achieve their goals? 32. Describe these three forms of reform government a. Strong mayor b. Commission c. City Manager 33. Identify Richard Childs. 34. Discuss the effects of the following on the reform of urban governance a. Business model b. Scientific Management School 35. Identify the principle of separation of politics and administration. 36. Can the city manager system really separate politics from administration? 37. Where has the city manager form of government been most widely adopted? 38. Discuss the conflict between the reform movement’s electoral reforms and the rise of the civil rights movement. 39. Identify a. The 1982 amendments to the Voting Rights Act b. Thornburg v. Gingles 40. What is the U.S. Supreme Court’s current position on the use of race as a factor in drawing city council districts?
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