General Phatology by 3kQWm23H

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									Course No: MGDC3291                       University of Palestine    Instructor Name: Dr.Zuhair
Course Title: General Pathology                                      Alshorafa
Date: 10/04/2010                                                     Student No.: _________________
No. of Questions:                            Midterm Exam            Student Name: _______________
Time:                                      d                         College Name: Dentistry
                                          2 Semester 2009/2010


    1-Number one most common cause of death is
       a) Ischemic heart disease
       b) Cancer generally
       c) Cancer lung only
       d) Autoimmundeficiency disease

    2- Nutmeg liver is a gross descriptive term for liver changes due to.
    (A) petechial hemorrhages
    (B) alcoholic hepatitis
    (C) viral hepatitis
    (D) chronic passive congestion
    (E) active hyperemia

    3- A transudate differs from an exudate in its.
    (1) protein concentration
    (2) cellular content
    (3) specific gravity
    (4) cause

    A = 1,2,3   B = 1,3    C = 2,4    D=4      E = All

    4- A wheal is the expression of.
    (A) edema of both dermis and epidermis
    (B) fibroblastic proliferation
    (C) spongiosis
    (D) intracellular edema
    (E) edema of the dermis

    5- Acute pulmonary edema of heart failure results from.
    (A) increased plasma colloid osmotic pressure
    (B) decreased plasma colloid osmotic pressure
    (C) increased vascular permeability
    (D) increased intravascular hydrostatic pressure

    6- All of the following assist in the formation of ascites EXCEPT.
    (A) increase in intravascular pressure
    (B) decrease in plasma osmotic pressure
    (C) increase in vascular permeability
    (D) increase in concentration of sodium in the extravascular space
    (E) decrease in concentration of intravascular sodium
Course No: MGDC3291                      University of Palestine       Instructor Name: Dr.Zuhair
Course Title: General Pathology                                        Alshorafa
Date: 10/04/2010                                                       Student No.: _________________
No. of Questions:                           Midterm Exam               Student Name: _______________
Time:                                     d                            College Name: Dentistry
                                         2 Semester 2009/2010


    7- All of the following phenomena may produce edema EXCEPT.
    (A) depletion of sodium
    (B) increased vascular permeability
    (C) decrease in plasma protein
    (D) increased capillary blood pressure
    (E) lymphatic obstruction

    8- Anasarca refers to.
    (A) a tumor of lymphatic vessels
    (B) lymphedema
    (C) generalized edema
    (D) vasoconstriction in the hands
    (E) leg pain

    9- Causes of edema due to lymphatic obstruction include.
    (1) cancer surgery
    (2) filariasis
    (3) congenital malformation of lymphatics
    (4) heart failure

    A = 1,2,3   B = 1,3    C = 2,4      D=4    E = All

    10- Chronic passive congestion of liver most often results from.
    (A) right heart failure
    (B) liver cirrhosis
    (C) hepato-renal failure
    (D) left heart failure
    (E) portal hypertension

    11- Edema associated with decreased plasma osmotic pressure may be caused by.
    (A) histamine release
    (B) renal disease
    (C) both
    (D) neither

    12- Edema is most accurately defined as.
    (A) a transudate
    (B) an increase in interstitial fluid
    (C) an exudate
    (D) fluid in a serous cavity
    (E) an abnormal increase in water content of a tissue or cavity
Course No: MGDC3291                       University of Palestine    Instructor Name: Dr.Zuhair
Course Title: General Pathology                                      Alshorafa
Date: 10/04/2010                                                     Student No.: _________________
No. of Questions:                            Midterm Exam            Student Name: _______________
Time:                                      d                         College Name: Dentistry
                                          2 Semester 2009/2010


    13- Edema of heart failure is related to.
    (A) increased venous pressure
    (B) retention of salt
    (C) both
    (D) neither

    14- The first anatomic change in inflammation is.
    (A) arteriolar dilation
    (B) capillary dilation
    (C) slowing of blood flow
    (D) pavementing of leukocytes
    (E) transudation of fluid

    15- The increased temperature of a tissue with acute inflammation is due principally to.
    (A) exudation
    (B) increased blood flow
    (C) thrombosis
    (D) increased body temperature
    (E) proteolytic enzymes

    16- A myocardial infarct is a good example of.
    (A) caseous necrosis
    (B) enzymatic fat necrosis
    (C) liquefaction necrosis
    (D) coagulation necrosis

    17- A small boy cuts his hand on a piece of glass. Two days later there is an open sore
    surrounded by swelling. His entire forearm is red and hot. Axillary lymph nodes are enlarged.
    The BEST designation for his condition is.
    (A) ulcer
    (B) purulent exudate
    (C) cellulitis
    (D) abscess

    18- An increase in the number of cells normally present in an organ or tissue is BEST termed.
    (A) inflammation
    (B) hypertrophy
    (C) metaplasia
    (D) hyperplasia
    (E) dysplasia
Course No: MGDC3291                       University of Palestine   Instructor Name: Dr.Zuhair
Course Title: General Pathology                                     Alshorafa
Date: 10/04/2010                                                    Student No.: _________________
No. of Questions:                            Midterm Exam           Student Name: _______________
Time:                                      d                        College Name: Dentistry
                                          2 Semester 2009/2010


    19- Clinically, a wheal is commonly known as a.
    (A) blister
    (B) hive
    (C) papule
    (D) plaque
    (E) vesicle

    20- Coagulative necrosis usually results from.
    (A) abscess formation
    (B) ischemia
    (C) trauma
    (D) tuberculosis
    (E) syphilis

    21- Common sites of hyperplasia include.
    (A) myocardium
    (B) myometrium
    (C) both
    (D) neither

    22- Each of the following cellular changes occurs following ischemia, EXCEPT.
    (A) efflux of calcium
    (B) influx of sodium
    (C) influx of water
    (D) swelling of organelles

    23- Each of the following changes is associated with reversible cell injury EXCEPT.
    (A) fatty change
    (B) cellular swelling
    (C) pyknosis
    (D) glycogen storage
    (E) hyaline droplets

    24- Early granulation tissue by definition consists of.
    (1) collagen
    (2) fibroblasts
    (3) epithelioid cells
    (4) capillary buds

    A = 1,2,3    B = 1,3    C = 2,4   D=4       E = All
Course No: MGDC3291                       University of Palestine    Instructor Name: Dr.Zuhair
Course Title: General Pathology                                      Alshorafa
Date: 10/04/2010                                                     Student No.: _________________
No. of Questions:                            Midterm Exam            Student Name: _______________
Time:                                      d                         College Name: Dentistry
                                          2 Semester 2009/2010


    25- Enzymatic fat necrosis is associated with each of the following, EXCEPT.
    (A) trauma to subcutaneous adipose tissue
    (B) acute pancreatic necrosis
    (C) breakdown of triglyceride esters
    (D) deposits of calcium
    (E) inflammatory reaction

    26- Enzymes responsible for suppuration are derived chiefly from.
    (A) tissue
    (B) serum
    (C) neutrophils
    (D) lymphocytes
    (E) plasma cells

    27- Epithelioid cells are associated with.
    (A) granulation tissue
    (B) granuloma
    (C) both
    (D) neither

    28-Fatty change of the liver is associated with each of the following EXCEPT.
    (A) alcoholism
    (B) biliary cirrhosis
    (C) carbon tetrachloride poisoning
    (D) diabetes mellitus
    (E) obesity

    29- A collection of modified macrophages (epitheloid cells) constitutes a(n).
    (A) furuncle
    (B) carbuncle
    (C) granuloma
    (D) phlegmon
    (E) abscess

    30- A large purulent lesion with multiple draining tracts which frequently occurs on the back of
    the neck is called a.
    (A) boil
    (B) pustule
    (C) furuncle
    (D) bulla
    (E) carbuncle
Course No: MGDC3291                     University of Palestine    Instructor Name: Dr.Zuhair
Course Title: General Pathology                                    Alshorafa
Date: 10/04/2010                                                   Student No.: _________________
No. of Questions:                          Midterm Exam            Student Name: _______________
Time:                                    d                         College Name: Dentistry
                                        2 Semester 2009/2010


    31- Examples of necrotic lesions which would heal by fibrous scarring include.
    (1) caseous nodules in a lymph node
    (2) tubular necrosis in the kidney
    (3) abscess of the lung
    (4) infarct of the brain

    A = 1,2,3   B = 1,3   C = 2,4      D=4   E = All

    32- Granulomas are a feature of.
    (A) viral hepatitis
    (B) alcoholic hepatitis
    (C) both
    (D) neither

								
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