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									                 (CHV201) UNIT ONE: THE GOOD CITIZEN
STUDENTS WILL CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS:
   1) Canadian Citizens Who Have Made a Difference
Students will research a Canadian who has made a significant contribution to Canada and/or the
world. Your research will examine four key areas:

1) The person’s background
2) What the person did to make a difference
3) What, if any, lasting effects their actions had
4) How past restrictions on rights and freedoms might have affected their participation

Each student will choose one of the following Canadian citizens. Ask your teacher about a
Canadian that you would like to focus on that is not listed above. All written material will be
typed, 12 font, with one inch borders, and correct spelling and grammar. Students should include
one visual (drawing, photo, etc...) with the assignment. You could create a pamphlet, newspaper
article, magazine story, etc... and include the four key areas listed above.

    Political (male)      Political (female)       Scientist/            Athlete
                                                   Environmentalist
    *Elijah Harper        *Adrienne Clarkson       *Grey Owl             *Terry Fox
    *Lincoln Alexander    *Maude Barlow            *Roberta Bondar       *Tom Longboat
    *Tom Longboat         *Louise Arbour           *David Suzuki         *Bobbie Rosenfeld
    *Paul Okalik          *Jeanne Sauve            *Norman Bethune       *Rick Hansen
    *Craig Kielburger     *Emily Murphy            *Matthew Coon         *Mike “Pinball”
    *Baltej Singh         *Mary Ellen               Come                  Clemons
     Dhillon              Turpel-Lafond            *Rob Stewart          *Frank Mahovlich
    *Tommy Douglas        *Rosemary Brown                                *Silken Laumann
                          *Kim Campbell
                          *Nellie McClung




OR
                 (CHV201) UNIT ONE: THE GOOD CITIZEN


   2) CIVIC CONFLICT IN CANADA
Students are to find a story from a Canadian newspaper or magazine (ex. Toronto Star, Macleans
Magazine) that examines a civic conflict in Canada (ex. Pickering, Toronto, Ontario)

After choosing and reading one article or story, students are to answer the following questions
(full sentences, typed in 12 font, single-spaced, one inch boarders).
    1. What is the main cause of this conflict? (one paragraph)
    2. A) What are some different viewpoints on the issue? (two paragraphs)
        B) What is your viewpoint? (one paragraph)
    3. How do you think that this conflict might best be resolved? ( 1-2 paragraphs)
    4. Will the conflict lead to positive or negative change in your opinion? (1 paragraph)

Example of a newspaper article.
(Sept 15, 2011 – Tor. Star)


New trial ordered for dad who spanked son, 6
In what could be a precedent-setting case in Canada’s spanking debate, the New Brunswick
Court of Appeal ordered a new trial for a father who was convicted of assault for spanking his 6-
year-old son in 2009.

A summer road trip to visit a museum in Fredericton turned ugly for the family of five when the
boy started misbehaving, according to court documents that do not identify any of the family
members. The 6-year-old was arguing with his brother in the back seat of the car, unbuckling his
seatbelt, throwing things and yelling, according to the father’s version of the incident in the
Court of Appeal’s judgment. When the boy did not stop misbehaving, the family pulled over in a
parking lot where the father spanked the child — only two or three times, he said.

But witnesses called 911 after they said they saw the father hit his son at least 10 times. From her
nearby apartment, Millicent Boldon said she heard the boy yell, “You’re beating me senseless.
Stop. You’re hurting me,” according to the judgment. Her brother, Jim Burns, said he witnessed
a dozen “blows” before Boldon called the police.
The father successfully appealed his conviction because the original trial’s judge failed to assess
why the witnesses were more credible than him, the court of appeal ruled.“In this case the trial
judge’s sole basis for convicting the appellant flowed from the duration of the punishment,”
Justice Richard Bell wrote.

This reopens Canada’s debate over when spanking a child crosses from discipline to assault. The
Supreme Court of Canada ruled in 2004 that parents and teachers have the right to spank children
between the ages of 2 and 12. “Reasonable corrective force” can be used, but blows with an
object or hits to the head are not acceptable, the court determined.

Paul Schabas was the lawyer that fought to have this century-old law repealed. While the court
upheld the law because of concern about criminalizing parents, it suggested that anything beyond
a “trifling and transitory” physical act is not covered by the defence, he said.

The New Brunswick case has the potential to be precedent setting, he added, because the court
will have to assess the evidence to determine if the father’s actions were indeed “trifling and
transitory.” “Is a smack on the hand trifling and transitory? Maybe. Is a few taps on the bum, an
old-fashioned spanking, trifling and transitory? I would’ve thought not,” Schabas said.

But Dave Quist, executive director of the Institute of Marriage and Family Canada, said that
spanking can be appropriate when used as an escalating form of discipline, administered in a
calm manner. “By withdrawing (spanking), we’re limiting the number of tools a parent has in
their tool box.” A limit of two or three strikes is what the court deems acceptable when it comes
to spanking a child, Quist said. “More than that, you’d have to question if you’re achieving
anything different.”

Liberal Senator Céline Hervieux-Payette disagrees with Quist. “If you do the same thing to your
dog, you can be charged and you will be criminally responsible for violence to an animal,” she
said. “So why would we allow violence to our children?” She has tried three times to repeal
Section 43, the law that allows spanking, with a private member’s bill. She plans to try again in
early 2012.

Psychotherapist and parenting expert Alyson Schafer said there are always other options for
disciplining a child. “Spanking is just a tidy way of assaulting a minor,” she said. “For a lot of
parents, it isn’t that they have bad intentions, it’s that they’re bankrupt for other ideas.”
    1) Canadian Citizens Who Have Made a Difference (RUBRIC)


Criteria         Level 1            Level 2            Level 3            Level 4            Total
KU               Assign.            Assign.            Assign.            Assign.
Person’s         demonstrated       demonstrated       demonstrated a     demonstrated
Background       limited amount     some amount        considerable       thorough and        ____/10
                 of background      of background      amount of          insightful
                                                       background         amount of
                                                                          background
TI               Thinking skills    Thinking skills    Thinking skills    Thinking skills
How this         have been used     have been used     have been used     have been used
person made a    to a limited       to a moderate      to a consider-     to a high
difference       degree in          degree in          able degree in     degree in          ____/10
                 evaluating the     evaluating the     evaluating the     evaluating the
                 lasting effects    lasting effects    lasting effects    lasting effects
                 of this person’s   of this person’s   of this person’s   of this person’s
                 actions            actions            actions            actions
C.               Visual and         Visual and         Visual and         Visual and
Visual was       spelling and       spelling and       spelling and       spelling and       ____/15
effective and    grammar were       grammar were       grammar were       grammar were
Spelling/        done in a          done in a          done in an         done in a
Grammar          limited            somewhat           effective and      highly effective
                 effective          effective and      neat manner        manner
                 manner             neat manner
App.             Assign has         Assign has         Assign has         Assign has
Limitations on   demonstrated       demonstrated a     demonstrated a     demonstrated a
or of            limited ability    moderate           considerable       great degree of     ___/5
citizenship      in transferring    degree of          ability in         ability in
(rights and      the concepts of    ability in         transferring       transferring
freedoms)        citizenship to     transferring       the concepts of    the concepts of
                 this new task      the concepts of    citizenship to     citizenship to
                                    citizenship to     this new task      this new task
                                    this new task
Total

Level: 1 2                                                                                   ____/40
        3 4



Comments:
         2) Civic Conflict in Canada (RUBRIC)
Criteria           Level 1           Level 2           Level 3          Level 4            Total
KU                 Assign.           Assign.           Assign.          Assign.
Main Cause of      demonstrated      demonstrated      demonstrated a   demonstrated
Conflict           limited amount    some amount       considerable     thorough and        ____/10
                   of knowledge      of knowledge      amount of        insightful
                   regarding the     regarding the     knowledge        amount of
                   cause of the      cause of the      regarding the    knowledge
                   conflict          conflict          cause of the     regarding the
                                                       conflict         cause of the
                                                                        conflict
TI                 A limited         Some attempt      A considerable   A thorough
How might this     attempt at        at explaining     attempt at       and insightful
conflict best be   explaining how    how this          explaining how   attempt at
resolved?          this conflict     conflict might    this conflict    explaining how     ____/10
                   might be          be resolved       might be         this conflict
                   resolved                            resolved         might be
                                                                        resolved
C.                 Spelling and      Spelling and      Spelling and     Spelling and
                   grammar was       grammar was       grammar was      grammar was
Spelling/          done in a         done in a         done in an       done in a
Grammar            limited           somewhat          effective        highly effective
                   manner            effective         manner           manner
                                     manner                                                ____/15
Different
viewpoints/        Assign.           Assign.           Assign.          Assign.
Your               demonstrated a    demonstrated a    demonstrated     demonstrated a
viewpoint          limited degree    moderate          a considerable   high in
                   explaining the    degree in         degree in        explaining the
                   various           explaining the    explaining the   various
                   viewpoints        various           various          viewpoints
                                     viewpoints        viewpoints
App.               Assign            Assign            Assign           Assign
Will the           demonstrated a    demonstrated      demonstrated a   demonstrated a
conflict lead to   limited attempt   some attempt      considerable     thorough and        ___/5
positive or        in explaining     in explaining     attempt in       insightful
negative           the positive or   the positive or   explaining the   attempt in
change in your     negative          negative          positive or      explaining the
opinion?           changes.          changes           negative         positive or
                                                       changes          negative
                                                                        changes
Total

Level: 1 2                                                                                 ____/40
        3 4

								
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