Cooperative Federalism (1930�s-1960�s) by 3kQWm23H


									Cooperative Federalism

    Daniel Marymee
    Ben McClean
    Clifton Rapier
    Steven Schulz
Time Period

    1930’s-1960’s
        Starting in the Great Depression
        Continued through WWII
        Ending in the 60’s around the time that the
         Civil Rights movement really began to pick up
Cause of the Shift

   Why Dual Federalism ended?
       Great Depression occurred and faith in the federal
        government declined.

   The New Deal Programs marked the beginning of
    Cooperative Federalism.
       These programs made every level of government work
        cooperatively with each other.
       Much federal government action to try to find solutions to
        the Great Depression, that affected the states.
       Increase in power of the federal government.
Difference from Previous Era

   The previous era relied on dual federalism
    which keeps the state and federal powers
    separate while cooperative federalism relies
    on the state, federal, and local powers being
   Federalism went from asking the question
    “How much power should the national
    government have?” to “How much say in the
    policies of the states can the national
    government buy?”
State and National Government
   In cooperative federalism the state, local and,
    federal government work together (cooperatively,
    including cities) in making and changing policies to
    solve problems.
       Federal government however did expand their power.

   Examples
       1942 – During WWII the federal government had a greater
        involvement by the creation of new programs. Federal
        money helped states with public work programs.
       1950-60’s – Grant in aid programs were created by the
        federal government.
       In both of these examples the government created
        programs and the states were involved, because the
        federal government gave them financial incentives.
Important People

   Franklin D. Roosevelt
       Led the New Deal programs using the full power
        of the office of the president as will as his highly
        effective communication skills

   Lyndon B. Johnson
       Launched “Great Society” program, which
        included what he called a “War on Poverty” in an
        attempt to combat poverty and discrimination.
        (Used grants to get state cooperation)
Important Events/Acts
   Great Depression
       Catalyst for Cooperative Federalism.

   National Labor Relegations Act of 1935
       Authorized collective bargaining between unions and
   Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938
       Prohibited the interstate shipment of goods made by
        employees earning less than the federally mandated
        minimum wage
   Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938
       Provided subsidies to farmers
   WWII
       Even more federal programs were introduced.
Important Programs of the New Deal
   Reason for Programs
     Increase confidence in the federal government.

   National Recovery Administration (NRA)
     Production restraints in agriculture and industry.

   Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
     Federal work relief program

   Federal Housing Administration (FHA)
     Federal money to help pay for new home construction.

   Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)
     Federal grant-in-aid program that gave money to low income families
       with children.

   Effect of Agencies
     Increase in scope of the national government.
          Challenge of the New Deal Programs’ constitutionality by courts.
Federal Government gave funds to States

   Started with Morrill Land Grant of 1862
       Gave states land to start colleges.

   Most programs that used funds from the
    federal government were categorical grants
    (Congress could allocate funds).
       National government pays and state government
Supreme Court Rulings

   NLRB v. Jones and Laughlin Steel Co. (1937)
       Declared that the National Labor Relations
        Act of 1935 (Wagner Act) was constitutional. It
        effectively ended the Court's striking down of New
        Deal economic legislation, and greatly
        increased Congress's power under the Commerce
       With the Commerce Clause it was concluded that
        Congress had the authority to legislate in any area
        so long as what was regulated affected commerce
        in any way.
Relation to the Tenth Amendment

   Weakens the 10th Amendment
       Cooperative federalism challenges the Elastic
Cake analogy
   The State and Federal Powers overlap like a
    marble cake where the two flavors of cake
    represent the two different levels of
    government, because they are swirled
    together and overlap.

   The Textbook

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