TRANSITIONS

Document Sample
TRANSITIONS Powered By Docstoc
					TRANSITIONS: To achieve coherence within and between paragraphs, it is crucial to make good use of
transitions. According to A Writer’s Resource: “A coherent paragraph flows smoothly, with each sentence
clearly related to the next. All of the sentences in a paragraph should be connected in ways that make the
whole paragraph hold together” (Maimon and Peritz 56).

HOW DO YOU ACHIEVE COHERENCE WITHIN PARAGRAPHS?
1. PIE (Point-Information-Explanation): The first thing a paragraph needs in order to be coherent is a clear
topic sentence (or point), details that support or provide information about that point (and nothing that
doesn’t), and adequate interpretation or explanation. Quotations must be contextualized AND explained, and
most paragraphs should be linked back to the thesis sentence of the essay as a whole, to answer the question:
How does this paragraph support the overall message of the essay?

2. PRONOUNS & ANTECEDENTS: Make careful use of pronouns and antecedents (See p. 507 in A
Writer’s Resource. Be sure that each pronoun you use refers clearly to a specific noun. For example:

Most people do not fully realize the value of regular exercise. It reduces stress, enhances endorphin
production, and leads to feelings of increased energy.

3. REPEAT KEY WORDS and SENTENCE STRUCTURES: Structuring consecutive sentences similarly
helps to highlight parallels and relationships between ideas. Repeating key words (knowingly, and not
excessively), helps to carry an idea from sentence to sentence. For example:

Because exercise requires discipline, setting up a regular schedule of when and where you will exercise will
help you to stay on track. Because setting up a regular exercise schedule may seem boring and arduous at first,
getting together with a friend to exercise is not a bad idea.

4. USE TRANSITIONAL WORDS AND PHRASES: Transitional words and phrases indicate logical
relationships and help to guide your reader through your writing, making sure that he or she draws the
intended conclusions. WARNING: Note that transitional words and phrases INDICATE LOGICAL
RELATIONSHIPS; don’t use them mechanically; think about what they mean, about how your sentences
relate to each other, and choose your transitional expressions carefully. See the list of common transitional
expressions on page 58 of A Writer’s Resource or refer to the handout on Organization: Transition. They
include words that show spatial, causal, and temporal relationships, additions, examples, similarities,
contrasts, and summation.

HOW DO YOU ACHIEVE COHERENCE BETWEEN PARAGRAPHS?
Since each body paragraph should have its own focus, it is important to demonstrate logical relationships
between paragraphs. This can be done either at the beginning or end of a paragraph. Either way, the transition
should briefly sum up what precedes it and indicate how that preceding information relates to what will
follow.

Because exercise requires discipline, setting up a regular schedule of when and where you will exercise will
help you to stay on track. Because setting up a regular exercise schedule may seem boring and arduous at first,
getting together with a friend to exercise is not a bad idea.
        Although having a regular schedule and an exercise buddy will help you get started, nothing beats
choosing an exercise that you truly enjoy for ensuring that you will be able to keep fit over the long term. Do
you like to run? Walk? Bicycle? Dance? Do you like to exercise alone? In groups? Inside? Outside? Is it
practical for you to join a gym with expensive equipment or are you better off taking a few turns around your
neighborhood with a friend?
        Whatever form of exercise you choose, remember that if it causes you pain, you’re either doing it
wrong or doing it too much. Listen to your body…

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:16
posted:8/7/2012
language:English
pages:1