COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE ANATOMY - DOC by 1VU2MW92

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									                                                                             BIOL 440


                        COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE ANATOMY
                                Syllabus Spring 2012


I am a frayed and nibbled survivor
In a fallen world, and I am getting along.
I am aging and eaten and have done my share
Of eating too. I am not washed and beautiful,
In control of a shining world in which everything fits,
But instead am wandering awed about on a splintered wreck
I’ve come to care for, whose gnawed trees breathe
A delicate air, whose bloodied and scarred creatures
Are my dearest companions, and whose beauty beats and shines
Not in its imperfections but overwhelmingly in spite of them.

                                                Annie Dillard




 Instructor: Dr. Jennifer Dearolf                    Office: DW Reynolds 230
             Professor                               E-mail: dearolf@hendrix.edu

 Phone: 450-4530                                     Office Hours: Mondays 10:00-12:00,
                                                                   Thursdays 1:00-3:00,
                                                                   or by appointment

 Class Meetings:       Lecture TR 9:45-11:00
                       Lab     MW 2:10-4:00


 Required textbooks:

        Kardong KV. 2012. Vertebrates. Comparative Anatomy, Function, and
        Evolution. 6th edition. Wm. C. Brown/McGraw Hill Publishers.

        Kardong KV, EJ Zalisko. 2012. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy: A
        laboratory dissection guide. 6th edition. Wm. C. Brown/McGraw Hill Publishers.



 Suggested supplies: Ring binder, sketchbook, and colored pencils

 Class website: http://www2.hendrix.edu/biology/dearolf/biol440.html




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                                                                               BIOL 440


Grades and Grading: Your grade will be based on the results of a) lecture and lab examination
scores, b) comprehensive final, and c) quizzes and assignments as follows:

              3 Lecture exams               300 points
              3 Lab practicals              600 points
              1 Final exam                  150 points
              Assignments                    50 points
              Quizzes                       100 points
              Paper                         100 points

A = 1164 – 1300 pts; B = 1034 - 1163 pts; C = 904 – 1033 pts; D = 774 – 903 pts; F = < 773 pts

Course goals:
      1) to learn and use comparative methods to understand patterns of evolution, function,
         and development of the vertebrates
      2) to gain insight into the vertebrate body plan using comparative dissection techniques
      3) to become an accomplished dissectionist

Attendance Policy: To do well in this course, you must be here, both in body and in mind.
There will be no make-up exams given unless you have a doctor’s excuse for a serious medical
situation or you are carrying out official College business.

Academic Honor Code: As in any other course, any form of academic dishonesty will be taken
very seriously, including cheating, plagiarism, or presenting work as your own when it isn’t.
Please refer to pages 39 - 45 in the Course Catalog for the behavioral standards of the college.

Students with Disabilities or Special Needs: It is the policy of Hendrix College to
accommodate students with disabilities, pursuant to federal and state law. Any student who
needs accommodation in relation to a recognized disability, for example in arrangements for
seating, examinations, note taking, or access to information on the web, should inform the
instructor at the beginning of the course. In order to receive accommodations, students with
disabilities are directed to contact Julie Brown in Academic Support Services at 501-505-2954.

Laboratory Procedure: First and foremost, I would like to emphasize some of the ethical
considerations that must be made when dissecting vertebrates. As many of you are aware, there
are people who object to the use of animals in teaching and research, and these uses even include
the preserved specimens that you will be working on in this course. Please take some time to
think about these issues and how they will impact your work in the lab. Primarily, I hope these
ideas will influence how you approach your dissections. Be professional!

To reiterate this point, you are not on a “Search and Destroy” mission to find anatomical
structures. Most of the dissection work in this course can be accomplished with a blunt probe,
not a scalpel. Finally, your specimens will be used in the lab practicals, so neatness counts.




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                                                             BIOL 440


                              LECTURE SCHEDULE

                                                                Readings
Date                    Major Topics and Concepts              (Kardong)
Jan    Introduction and Concepts and Chordate Origins           (Chap 1 &
19                                                              Chap 2) &
                                                                 handout
Jan    Chordate Origins cont. and Vertebrate Evolution          (Chap 2 &
24                                                               Chap 3)
Jan    Vertebrate Evolution                                    (Chap 3) &
26                                                               handout
Jan    Integument
31     (Due: list of five citations and outline of paper)       (Chap 6)
Feb    Integument Cont.: Fur and Feathers & Quiz #1            (Chap 6) &
 2                                                               handout
Feb    Dentition: Development and Anatomy                   (pgs. 506-516) &
 7                                                                handout
Feb    Skeletal Elements: Bone Development
 9                                                            (pg. 182-190)
Feb    Skeletal Elements: Head
14                                                              (Chap 7)
Feb    LECTURE EXAM #1
16
Feb    Skeletal Elements: Head cont.
21                                                              (Chap 7)
Feb    Skeletal Elements: Vertebral Column and Limbs            (Chap 8 &
23                                                               Chap 9)
Feb    Vertebrate Locomotion: Muscle Development               (Chap 10) &
28     (Due: Rough draft of paper for non-graded review)         handouts
Mar    Vertebrate Locomotion: Muscle Functions                 (Chap 10) &
 1                                                               handouts
Mar    Biomechanics I: Walking and Running & Quiz #2          (pg. 353-358)
 6                                                              handouts
Mar    Biomechanics 2: Powered flight                         (pg. 358-367)
 8                                                              handouts




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                                                               BIOL 440


Mar   Biomechanics 3: Powered Flight Cont.                      (pg. 358-367)
13                                                                handouts
Mar   LECTURE EXAM #2
15
Mar   NO CLASS – SPRING BREAK
20
Mar   NO CLASS – SPRING BREAK
22
Mar   Biomechanics 4: Swimming                                (pg. 349-350; 394-
27                                                             395; 400-401) &
                                                                   handouts
Mar   Biomechanics 5: Swimming Cont. and Stress and Strain    (pg. 349-350; 394-
29                                                             395; 400-401) &
                                                                   handouts
Apr   Circulation 1: Hearts
 3                                                                (Chap 12)
Apr   Circulation 2: Hearts Cont.
 5    (Due: Final draft of paper)                                 (Chap 12)
Apr   Circulation 3: Aortic Arches & Quiz #3
10                                                                (Chap 12)
Apr   Circulation 4: Aortic Arches Cont.
12                                                                (Chap 12)
Apr   Ventilation 1: Gills and Gas Bladders
17                                                                (Chap 11)
Apr   LECTURE EXAM #3
19
Apr   Ventilation 2: Lungs
24                                                                (Chap 11)
Apr   Digestion: Comparative Anatomy and Function & Quiz #4
26                                                                (Chap 13)
May   FINAL EXAM – Wednesday, May 2nd – 8:30 – 11:30 am           Review
 2                                                               Everything




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                                                          BIOL 440


                            LABORATORY SCHEDULE

Date                   Major Topics and Concepts            Readings


Jan    Chordate Diversity                                   Handouts
25
Jan    Protochordates and Agnathans: Lamprey Dissection     Chap 2 &
30                                                           Chap 3
Feb    Integument and Dentition Lab                         Chap 4 &
 1                                                          pgs. 83-87
Feb    Vertebrate Skeleton: Skull
 6                                                          pgs. 66-83
Feb    Vertebrate Skeleton: Axial
 8                                                          pgs. 43-52
Feb    Vertebrate Skeleton: Forelimb
13                                                          pgs. 62-66
Feb    Vertebrate Skeleton: Hindlimb
15                                                          pgs. 53-62
Feb    Human Skeleton: Skull, Axial, and Appendicular
20                                                          Handouts
Feb    PRACTICAL #1
22
Feb    Muscles 1: Forelimb muscles – cat                     Chap 6
27                                                          handouts
Feb    Muscles 2: Forelimb muscles - pigeon
29                                                          Handouts
Mar    Muscles 3: Hindlimb muscles – cat                    Chap 6 &
 5                                                          handouts
Mar    Muscles 4: Hindlimb muscles - frog
 7                                                          Handouts
Mar    Muscles 5: Trunk and axial muscles – cat             Chap 6 &
12                                                          handouts
Mar    Muscles 6: Axial muscles – shark
14                                                           Chap 6




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                                                                   BIOL 440


Mar    Muscles 7: Origins and Insertions
26                                                                    Chap 6
Mar    PRACTICAL #2
28
Apr    Circulation 1: Hearts
 2                                                                    Chap 8
Apr    Circulation 2: Major Vessels – shark and cat
 4                                                                    Chap 8
Apr    Nervous system 1: Brain and spinal nerves
 9                                                                   Chap 10
Apr    Nervous system 2: Forelimb nerves and blood vessels - cat
11                                                                   Handouts
Apr    Nervous system 3: Hindlimb nerves and blood vessels - cat
16                                                                   Handouts
Apr    Urogenital system 1: Male and female cats
18                                                                    Chap 9
Apr    Urogenital system 2: Pregnant shark and cat
23                                                                    Chap 9
Apr    Thoracic and Abdominal Cavities – cat
25                                                                    Chap 7
Apr    PRACTICAL #3
30
May    CLEAN OUT DAYS
1-4
May    CLEAN OUT DAYS
7-11




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