Hazard Identification And Risk Assessment

Document Sample
Hazard Identification And Risk Assessment Powered By Docstoc
					Disaster management in
     steel industry



        Dr Omesh Khurana
           Director I/C ,
    Medical and health services,
   Durgapur Steel Plant, Durgapur
Paradigm shift in Disaster Management




                        Disaster Management Act,2005
             What is Hazard ?
• A hazard is a situation that poses a level of
  threat to life, health, property ,or environment

• A hazardous situation that has come to pass is
  called an incident

• Hazard and vulnerability interact together to
  create risk
              What is risk?
Exposure to the possibility of loss, injury, or
other adverse or unwelcome circumstance.
       What is Vulnerability ?

The degree of fragility of a person, a group, a
community or an area towards defined
hazards

 – Physical
 – Social
 – Economic loss
      Risk : hazard
      relationship



Exposure            Vulnerability



            Risk


           Hazard
                        Hazards identification
Operation
                    •   eg.“classical “ SHE-hazards
hazards




Network hazards     •   eg. failure of supplies, transportation.



Environmental       •   eg. natural hazards
hazards



Environmental
                    •   eg. densely populated areas/buildings
vulnerability



Terrorist threats   •   eg. plant vulnerability, neighbourhood
         Prevention and control of risks

Assess
                        •   Minimise hazards ( “Inherent Safety”)
procedures




Define
safety measures     •       Engineering / Security




Assess
safety measures



                  “Prevention is the best remedy”
           Risk Communication


Internal         •   eg. training, drills




External     •       Towards customers, authorities
      Bhopal Gas Disaster


• December 3, 1984
• Toxic gases leaked from the MIC containing
  tank, forcing the emergency release of
  pressure.
• About nine thousand people died
  immediately
Disaster Management experiences in
           Steel Industry
Oxygen for mass casualties !
• Provision of gas masks for the staff to render
  effective service
              Properly Equipped
                Prepare for CO gas leakage




CO Detector
                                             CO Detector




                   CO Breath Analyzer
                                                          What may go wrong?
What would be the                    Start
impacts?
                                                                                         How it may go
                              Hazard identification                                      wrong?
        Quantitative hazard                              Probabilistic hazard
                                                                                         How likely its
        assessment                                              assessment               occurrence?
        Accident scenario
          development           Fault tree for the        Fault tree                       What maintenance
                                envisaged scenario       development
                                                                                           schedule would
                                                                                           reduce its likelihood
         Consequences                                                                      of occurrence?
                                                       Fault tree analysis
           analysis


                                                                                Apply maintenance
                                 Risk estimation                                 measures and re-
                                                                                  evaluate risk


                                                      No Suggest maintenance
                                  Whether risk
                              is in acceptance?           measures to control
                                                                 risk

                                       Yes

                                     End
Incident Command System
          Safety
                            Incident
                          Commander
            Medical


              Plant
             Garage

 Operation Planning/    Organize various emergency functions
    Plant Control       in a standardized manner while
                        responding to any disaster
              Public
             Relation
                Golden rules
•   Communication of messages
•   Preparations
•   Training of personnel
•   Defined roles and responsibilities
•   SOP(standard operating procedures)
•   Regular mock drills
         Training of First and Key responders to build an effective alert system


     Disaster                                                 Flow of communication

                                                              Transportation , logistic support

                                                                   Plant
                                First responder
                                                                  Control
Safety
& Fire

         Logistic
                      OHS
                    Emergency                     Main Hospital

                                                                                    Trauma
                                                                                     Team
                                                           Activate                Blood
                                      OT Staffs             Teams                  Bank

                                                                               Nursing
                                         ITU               Radiology            Supt.
Regular training on handling
large number of patients
Triage Tags
     Minor
    Injuries


    Non-Life threatening
       Delayed care


       Life threatening
       Immediate care


          Deceased
           No care
       Medical Preparedness and
       Mass Casualty Management
• 3 T’s- Triage, Treat, and Transfer

• Triage- carried out by acquainted personnel
• Treat-right treatment is made available for the
  right patient at the right time
• Transfer- organizing and prioritizing the
  transport of patients to the hospital
        Evacuation Route

          PMU
PMU

                           PMU
  PMU




                 PMU
Thank you

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:286
posted:8/7/2012
language:English
pages:24