Bicycle Taxis Thrive on Streets of New York by 9ao9860

VIEWS: 24 PAGES: 42

									                        THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE NEWS
                                     Thursday, 9 March 2006


          UNEP and the Executive Director in the News


         „Natur ist das Kapital der Armen“ (Der Tagesspiegel)

         From its Headquarters to its furthest field work, UN marks Women’s Day
          (noticias.info)

         Enough of Half-Hearted Measures (The Nation)

         Growing Population Makes Sustainable Development a Bigger Challenge
          (Voice of America)

         Une pandémie aura lieu tôt ou tard, affirme David Nabarro (UN News Service)

         Comercializar los productos forestales puede ayudar a que la pobreza quede en
          la historia (Portal Medioambiente)

         Copperbelt Province Youth Forum: Advancing Economic Empowerment (The
          Times of Zambia)




              Other Environment News

       We Can Do It: When it comes to the environment, women lead the way (San Francisco
        Chronicle)
       Q&A: EU Common Energy Policy (BBC)
       Bicycle Taxis Thrive on Streets of New York; City Considers Crackdown (Associated
        Press)
       Dalai Lama Offers Lifeline to Indian Tiger (Reuters)


              Environmental News from the UNEP Regions

       ROAP
       ROWA

              Other UN News

       UN Daily News of 8 March 2006
       S.G.’s Spokesman Daily Press Briefing of 8 March 2006

                  Communications and Public Information, P.O. Box 30552, Nairobi, Kenya
    Tel: (254-2) 623292/93, Fax: [254-2] 62 3927/623692, Email:cpiinfo@unep.org, http://www.unep.org
Der Tagesspiegel: „Natur ist das Kapital der Armen“
9.3.2006

Klaus Töpfer, scheidender Chef des UN-Umweltprogramms, erklärt, warum Klimawandel kein
Luxusproblem ist – und wieso er Berlins CDU einen Korb gab
Herr Töpfer, Ende des Monats läuft Ihre Amtszeit als Direktor des UN-Umweltprogramms
Unep in Nairobi nach acht Jahren aus. Wie viel Zeit haben Sie in dieser Zeit im Flugzeug
verbracht?

Ich habe es nicht ausgerechnet. Aber ich habe viele Nächte im Flugzeug verbracht. Das war eine
der härtesten Belastungen, die dieser Beruf mit sich gebracht hat. Wenn man den Hauptsitz in
der Mitte Afrikas hat, aber eine globale Organisation leitet, lässt sich das viele Reisen nicht
vermeiden. Ich habe wirklich dafür zu danken, dass ich offenbar die körperlichen
Voraussetzungen habe, um im Flugzeug ohne Medikamente gleich einzuschlafen.

Was werden Sie vermissen, wenn Sie den Posten als Chef des Unep in Kenia demnächst
verlassen?

Ich werde Freunde in allen Schichten dieser Gesellschaft zurücklassen müssen. Ich war erst am
Sonntag in einem der Slums von Nairobi in Korogocho direkt neben der riesigen Mülldeponie,
die da vor sich hinschwelt, und bin dort in einem Gottesdienst gewesen. Das sind Erlebnisse
und Eindrücke, die man nirgendwo anders haben kann und die einen auch wachrütteln. Ich lebe
hier in einer Stadt, die so groß ist wie Berlin, und in der mehr als 60 Prozent der Menschen in
Slums leben. Es ist großartig zu sehen, mit wie viel Heiterkeit und Zusammenhalt Menschen auf
solch unwürdige Verhältnisse reagieren. Das werde ich vermissen. Niemand geht leichten
Herzens aus Afrika weg. Ich werde die Offenheit dieses herrlichen Kontinents vermissen. Das
sind aber auch die großen Chancen, die dieser Kontinent hat, und die die Welt braucht.

Was waren Ihre wichtigsten Entscheidungen beim Umweltprogramm der Vereinten
Nationen?

Zunächst einmal die Entscheidung, hierher zu kommen. Das Hauptquartier der UN in Nairobi
bewegte sich vor acht Jahren auf den Bankrott zu. Es war wirklich gefährdet. Es war für die
Vereinten Nationen eine große Herausforderung, zu beweisen, dass wir in diesem Land ein
Hauptquartier effizient organisieren können, nicht nur in New York, Genf oder Wien. Das war
wichtig. Strategisch wichtig war die Entscheidung, die Arbeit von Unep darauf zu
konzentrieren, den Zusammenhang zwischen Umwelt und Entwicklung herzustellen. Umwelt
ist nicht das Luxusgut, das sich nur die Reichen leisten können. Wir müssen die Umwelt gerade
als Existenzgrundlage für die Armen sichern. Außerdem haben wir uns entschieden, unsere
Arbeit nicht mehr nur international auszurichten. Wir haben Konventionen erarbeitet, und tun
das auch weiter. Aber in der Umsetzung vor Ort waren wir nicht mehr verfügbar. Nun haben
wir es erreicht, dass wir für die Ausbildung vor Ort eine Mitverantwortung übernommen haben
und auch für den Transfer von Technologien zuständig sein können. Das ist eine zentrale
Erweiterung des Selbstverständnisses von Unep.

Damit haben Sie Unep vermutlich vor der völligen Bedeutungslosigkeit bewahrt …

Wir stehen vor einer völligen Neubewertung der Umweltpolitik. Das gilt vor allem für die
Länder, die sehr schnell wachsen wie China oder Indien. Die sehen immer deutlicher, dass es
für dieses Wachstum Naturkapital so nötig braucht wie Finanzkapital und menschliches Kapital.



                                                                                              2
Der Klimawandel ist nicht eine Marginalie, die die Artenvielfalt gefährdet, sondern bei den
Auswirkungen geht es um das nackte Überleben. Können wir das wirklich verantworten, unsere
Umweltlasten auf andere abzuwälzen? Diese Debatte wird inzwischen nicht mehr künstlich
geführt, sondern sie ist im Zentrum der Auseinandersetzungen und der Suche nach Lösungen.
Ich glaube, wir sind hier ein Stück vorangekommen.

Unep ist ein UN-Programm und muss sich seinen Etat jedes Jahr bei den Mitgliedstaaten
zusammenbetteln. Sie waren dabei recht erfolgreich. Trotzdem: Haben Sie noch Hoffnung,
dass im Zuge der Reform der Vereinten Nationen eine UN-Umweltorganisation geschaffen
wird, die an die Stelle des Unep treten könnte?

Ich bin der Überzeugung, dass die UN-Reform intensiv vorangetrieben wird. Gerade erst hat
UN-Generalsekretär Kofi Annan der Generalversammlung eine Managementreform
vorschlagen, die große Veränderungen mit sich bringen wird. Es soll künftig nicht mehr nur
einen UN-Sicherheitsrat geben, sondern auch einen Menschenrechtsrat, …

… den die USA gerade verhindern wollen…

Ich gehe trotzdem davon aus, dass er zu Stande kommen wird. Auch wenn sich die meisten
Staaten mit Ausnahme der USA eben bisher nur auf eine zweitbeste Lösung geeinigt haben.
Aber zurück zu Unep. Ich glaube, die UN-Vollversammlung hat eine sinnvolle Entscheidung
getroffen, als sie festgestellt hat, dass wir bei der Bewältigung der verschiedenen
Umweltprobleme zu fragmentiert sind. Es gibt eine Vielzahl von rechtlich unabhängigen
Konventionen – Klima, Artenvielfalt, wandernde Tierarten, Wüsten und so weiter. Das müssen
wir besser zusammenzubringen, um die Politik auch besser beraten zu können. Ich denke, die
Form folgt der Funktion, und die ergibt sich aus dieser Aufgabe. Natürlich hätte eine UN-
Organisation einige Vorzüge. Aber um das Budget müssen Sie dann auch kämpfen.

Stichwort Klimawandel: Da hat auch Afrika unter Folgewirkungen zu leiden, die es nicht zu
verantworten hat.

Es hat immer wieder Dürren in Afrika gegeben und daraus resultierend Hungersnöte. Aber der
Klimawandel führt dazu, dass wir solche Situationen immer öfter, immer extremer und mit
immer katastrophaleren Folgen haben. Nehmen Sie Kenia: Das Land ist seit der Unabhängigkeit
1961 von sieben Millionen Einwohnern auf etwa 34 Millionen Einwohner gewachsen. Es gibt
viel mehr Druck in Naturbereiche hinein, die nur schwer mehr ertragen können – vor allem,
wenn die traditionellen Wirtschaftsformen fortgeführt werden. Deshalb muss man jetzt
unbedingt helfen, um Menschen vor dem Verhungern zu retten. In der gesamten Region sind elf
Millionen Menschen gefährdet. Jetzt muss geholfen werden. Aber längerfristig ergeben sich
ganz neue politische Aufgaben aus der Krise. Kenia ist ein Land mit einem Waldanteil von
gerade mal noch zwei Prozent. Die Landnutzung ändert sich unter anderem, weil der
Weltkaffeepreis so massiv gefallen ist, dass die Kaffeeterrassen inzwischen nicht mehr
bewirtschaftet werden. Die Folge ist eine massive Erosion. Es gibt in Kenia einen großen
Staudamm, der in den achtziger Jahren gebaut wurde. Er hat bis heute 30 Prozent seiner
Kapazität verloren, weil Sedimente eingespült werden. In anderen Regionen findet ein
Übergrasen der Böden statt, mit derselben Folge: Erosion und Verlust der Böden. All das trägt
dazu bei, Dürrephasen in ihren Auswirkungen weiter zu verschlimmern. Deshalb sage ich auch:
Das beste Hauptquartier, das wir haben können, ist in Nairobi, in der Mitte Afrikas. Denn hier
können wir genau sehen, warum wir eine internationale Umweltpolitik brauchen. Natur ist das
Kapital der Armen. Und wenn wir durch von den Industrieländern ausgelöste Klimaänderungen




                                                                                             3
dieses Kapital aufzehren, ist das eine ökologische Aggression. Das hört niemand gern, ist aber
so. Wir wälzen unsere Wohlstandskosten auf andere ab und wundern uns, wenn die
zurückkommen und uns sagen: Hier ist eine Hungersnot. Oder tausende Afrikaner versuchen,
über das Mittelmeer irgendwie nach Europa zu gelangen. Das ist auch eine ethische Frage.

Viele Menschen in Deutschland freuen sich auf das Ende Ihrer Amtszeit und haben Ihnen
eine Vielzahl von Angeboten gemacht, was Sie künftig mir Ihrer Freizeit anfangen könnten.

Die Entscheidung, in Berlin nicht als Kandidat der CDU für das Bürgermeisteramt zur
Verfügung zu stehen, ist mir nicht leicht gefallen. Sie ist schmerzlich für mich, weil ich damit
viele enttäuscht habe. Ich habe das aus zahlreichen Gründen nicht gemacht. Ich bin vor acht
Jahren bewusst aus der Politik herausgegangen zu den Vereinten Nationen. Nach acht Jahren
mit ganz anderen Erfahrungen bin ich nicht mehr der, der ich war, als ich nach Nairobi ging.
Sicherlich hat sich auch die CDU in Berlin weiterentwickelt. Aber das ist natürlich keine
Absage an Aktivität. Vielleicht schreibe ich ein Buch. Jedenfalls habe ich keine Angst, in ein
großes schwarzes Loch zu fallen. Aber ich wäre auch dankbar, wenn ich – ich bin vor kurzem
Großvater geworden – Zeit für meine Enkelin hätte und auch all die sozialen Kontakte wieder
pflegen könnte, die ich acht Jahre lang sehr vernachlässigt habe. Das war ein hoher Preis. Leider
muss ich Ihnen sagen, dass diese acht Jahre für meine skatspielerischen Qualitäten ein
Tiefschlag waren. Skat ist ein so typisch deutsches Spiel. Außerhalb Deutschlands finden sich
kaum Spielpartner. Ich hoffe, dass meine Freunde in Deutschland mich wieder auf den Stand
bringen, damit ich da wieder aufholen kann.

Das Gespräch führte Dagmar Dehmer.
_____________________________________________________________________________

noticias.info: From its Headquarters to its furthest field work, UN marks Women’s Day
8.03. 2006
From its towering Headquarters in New York to the seared fields of Nigeria, from Secretary-
General Kofi Annan to case workers fighting rape in Nepal to special goodwill ambassador
Nicole Kidman, the United Nations today marked International Women’s Day with calls to
boost the role of women in decision-making.

“The international community is finally beginning to understand a fundamental principle:
women are every bit as affected as any man by the challenges facing humanity in the 21st
century - in economic and social development, as well as in peace and security,” Mr. Annan
said in a message.

“The world is also starting to grasp that there is no policy more effective in promoting
development, health and education than the empowerment of women and girls. And I would
venture that no policy is more important in preventing conflict, or in achieving reconciliation
after a conflict has ended,” he added.

He noted that there are now 11 women Heads of State or Government and three countries -
Chile, Spain and Sweden - now have gender parity in Government. “But we have far, far more
to do,” he warned. “The rate of progress overall is slow.”

The UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) said women needed to take power into their
own hands. “Today, we call for a Global Coalition of Women Economic Decision-makers



                                                                                                  4
committed to making change happen in the lives of ordinary women and men on the ground,”
UNIFEM Executive Director Noeleen Heyzer declared. “It is important to act now.”

UNIFEM Goodwill Ambassador, Oscar-winning actress Nicole Kidman, who starred in The
Interpreter, a film about political intrigue inside the UN, shone a spotlight on the need to end
violence against women, particularly violence against the hundreds of thousands of women and
girls caught in the crossfire of conflict.

“We must protect women and children caught up in conflict situations, and we must care for
women affected by sexual and gender-based violence,” she said in a video statement.

The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) highlighted its role in Nepal in bringing
legal and other assistance to victims of gender-based violence in refugee camps in Nepal and its
efforts to curb the scourge. “UNHCR has focused its preventive activities towards bringing
about a change in the attitudes of the refugee population towards women,” agency country
representative Abraham Abraham said.

UNHCR, where women hold three top posts - Deputy High Commissioner Wendy Chamberlin,
Assistant High Commissioner for Operations Judy Cheng-Hopkins and Assistant High
Commissioner for Protection Erika Feller – noted much progress had been made in fighting
gender discrimination. But there is still a long way to go, the three said.

Striking a positive note, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) highlighted the
power of Nigeria’s enterprising women and their key role in agriculture and rural development
towards eliminating hunger and contributing to economic, political and social advancement.

In the northwest State of Katsina, under a beating sun, so close to the desert that much of the
terrain is dry and hardened, wives, mothers and children gather in the women’s compound of a
small farming community that is part of the National Special Programme for Food Security.
They have taken a small loan to buy simple spaghetti-making machines to allow them to
supplement their mainly subsistence incomes.

In a country where two-thirds of the population live on less than $1 a day, and credit is not
readily available for those without existing capital, the challenge for Nigerian women is
formidable. “Yet in this sometimes difficult environment, some women have found a niche and
are making enormous strides that could, one day soon, change the face of the country,” FAO
said, citing other examples of female enterprise.

The UN International Labour Organization (ILO) noted that with 33 million women joining the
labour market between 1990 and 2004, women now represented 40 per cent of the economically
active population in urban areas of Latin America.

For its part, the UN Environment Programme unveiled a pilot Who’s Who of leading female
environmentalists, including British primatologist Jane Goodall, Inuit leader Sheila Watt-
Cloutier, Julia Carabias-Lillo of Mexico, Princess Basma Bint Ali of Jordan, Mei Ng of China,
and Nobel Peace Prize winner Wangari Maathai of Kenya.

“International Women’s Day has become a very special day in our calendar and we are marking
it with the launch of this project, aimed at raising awareness and the profile of these very special
women,” UNEP Executive Director Klaus Toepfer said.




                                                                                                   5
Other agency heads and officials, too, marked the occasion. “We will not achieve our collective
goals for development, peace and security and human rights if we do not take concrete action to
enhance women’s participation in decision-making in Governments, parliaments, international
organizations, academic life and the private sector,” General Assembly President Jan Eliasson
said.

UNICEF Executive Director Ann M. Veneman underlined the widespread violence and
discrimination to which women are still subjected. “A society cannot possibly marginalize half
its population and expect positive outcomes,” she said.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Louise Arbour noted that there are still countries
where women are denied the right to vote and the Executive Director of the UN Population
Fund (UNFPA) Thoraya Obaid called for greater action to involve women in decision-making.

And UN Development Programme (UNDP) Administrator Kemal Dervis warned that, despite
recent successes such as the election of Liberia’s Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf as Africa’s first woman
President and Angela Merkel as Germany’s first woman Chancellor, “progress towards the goal
of gender equality and women’s empowerment still trails conspicuously behind.”
____________________________________________________________________________

The Nation (Nairobi): Enough of Half-Hearted Measures

8.3.2006

Year in, year out, we are subjected to heart-rending pictures of women and children dying of
hunger. Is there really no lasting solution? asks BERNADETTE MURGOR

I watch sickened, day after day, as images of hunger flash across my TV screen. They are the
listless faces of women with babies trying to get something - anything - out of breasts that long
shrunk into mere folds of flesh. There's nothing there, and their desperate efforts are simply
sucking in air. They are women with skin stretched tautly against protruding bones holding
equally malnourished children against their laps. The final straw was watching a child reduced
to a huge head and a bag of bones breathe his last, right there on screen.

And along the dusty roads overlooking the dry expanse of land so devastated by the searing sun,
other desperate women and children stop motorists in a bid to beg for water. Others walk slowly
under the hot sun for miles carrying jerricans, as other children lag behind in search of this
precious liquid. And all around them the grim images and stench of death - rotting carcasses and
drying bones littering the landscape.

These are the faces of the famine that has ravaged the East African region, with Kenya being the
hardest hit. Over 3.5 million Kenyans have been left without food and water due to the failure
of the October to December 2005 short rains in northern Kenya and the erratic rains in the east.
About 40 people have died and thousands of animals, including cattle, sheep, goats and even
camels - usually the most drought-resistant animals - have also died.

So bad has the drought been that after President Mwai Kibaki declared it a national disaster,
Kenyans from all walks of life have come forward with their contributions of food and money
to relieve the suffering of the worst hit.



                                                                                                    6
We've even had a sympathetic woman from New Zealand offer tons of dog food for starving
children on Rusinga Island! She said she often ate it herself, but it was always going to be a
hard sell and she eventually sent money instead. But why, after 43 years of independence,
should we be dying of hunger in a country relatively at peace and well endowed with rich
agricultural lands, a learned population and a hard working people? Why, when farmers in the
North Rift were crying for lack of market for their bumper maize harvest, were others dying at
the other end of the country?

Drought is not a new phenomenon, yet year in, year out, we see a parade of suffering women
and their families on our television screens. And, as always, the begging bowl is stretched out.
This is unacceptable.

The Government appears to prefer to spend unconscionable sums of money on flashy vehicles,
allowances and security for Cabinet ministers and assistant ministers - most of the latter being
idlers with no specific duties - rather than put its money where its mouth is: The people who
brought it to power. And, always, it is the women in northern and eastern Kenya who bear the
brunt of neglect.

Men may have their share of problems but, in the face of famine and disaster, women and
children always get the short end of the stick. Women have to ensure that their children and men
have something to eat and drink - and many a time at their own expense because they
traditionally must wait until everyone has eaten before they can take their share. They are the
ones who must bear the pitiful and questioning eyes of children dying from hunger and thirst.

The book, Women and the Environment, argues that men in pastoral societies move to new
pastures or shift to different areas "where they pursue other activities" when their cattle die.
"Women and children may also leave but generally as a group to hunt famine foods as well as
pods and other tree products to sell in distant markets," says the book published in association
with the Women's Environment and Development Organisation.

When men lose their livestock, they may also turn to idling, gambling and drinking cheap brew
- leaving the burden of sole breadwinner to women.

When there is a shortage of water, women suffer some more because of their unique sanitary
needs. And as drought worsens, women and girls may turn to prostitution to feed their families.
During the ongoing famine, there have been reports of more of them being sighted along the
Mombasa Highway, which can only mean two things - the risk of infection with HIV and more
unplanned pregnancies.

All these scenarios can change with a committed and sustained intervention. Kenya's successive
governments have relegated the north-eastern part of Kenya to the back burner, showing up
only during elections to harass local people with political messages about things far removed
from their difficult life. Yet these people are as much Kenyan as anyone else and deserve equal
opportunities.

No more of these half-hearted measures, please. Over-reliance on food aid will never solve the
problems in the north and the east. We must find solutions for a sustainable means of survival.
We can dig more wells and build dams, and thus save women the physical hardships and time
spent searching for it. They would have more time for their children, who would also be able to




                                                                                                   7
go to school.

If we invested in irrigation, they would be saved the suffering of looking for food and eating
roots with their children and animals. Meanwhile, their role as farmers and their exclusive
knowledge of their environment should be recognised and harnessed towards improving their
livelihoods. It is called putting your money where your mouth is - rather than throwing it down
the drain via the flashy lifestyles of the high and mighty in Government, who don't even need it
in the first place.

They should also be given equal access to land and control of natural resources. They are, after
all, the ones who must work the land and eke out a living through it. Yet it is never theirs, and
they can't use it as security for capital to improve it.

The people may have to be weaned from their cultural over-reliance on livestock as the
principal source of livelihood. This would also free men from their role as herders and
encourage them to help their women in providing for their families and also to spend time with
their children. As Unep Executive Director Klaus Toepfer said during last year's International
Women's Day: "It is high time national and international policies reflected gender differences
and gave far greater weight to the empowerment of women."

Makes sense, but only if you are thinking long-term and we have never been particularly good
at that. For now, as a stopgap measure, more food rations and donations need to reach the
people. The meteorological department forecasts that the long rains will be less than adequate
and the people of North-Eastern Kenya will still be vulnerable to starvation. Again.
____________________________________________________________________________


Voice of America: Growing Population Makes Sustainable Development a Bigger
Challenge
7.3.2006
As the 21st Century begins, environmentalists warn rapidly growing populations, combined
with rising living standards in parts of the developing world, are placing unsustainable pressures
on natural resources. All agree on the need to eradicate poverty, but the challenge is how to do
so without destroying the environment.
Rush hour and traffic in Bangkok is at a standstill. The vehicles idling on the streets waste
millions of dollars worth of fuel and spew tons of pollution into the air each day.
Their exhaust fumes add to the discharge from massive air conditioners cooling the skyscrapers
along the streets and the fuel-burning power plants outside the city.
Environmentalists say this is one of the negatives as people in developing nations begin to
emerge from poverty and join the consumer culture. There are other problems too: rising health
threats, degradation of waterways, farmland, forests, coastal areas, and, in the longer term,
climate change and loss of biodiversity.
The United Nations Environmental Program released its Global Environment Outlook last
month (Feb. 7) stating that nearly two-thirds of the world's ecosystems are in decline. The UN
report says climate change caused by burning fossil fuels is spawning drought, more hurricanes
and floods, which last year cost the insurance industry an estimated $200 billion.



                                                                                                    8
U.N. Spokesman Nick Nuttall says this has become the price of development on a crowded
planet.
"The economic and environmental issues have come really together over the past 12 months.
The message is now crystal clear that the environment is the actual basis of [for] overcoming
poverty, the basis of economic growth and stability in this world of six billion people," he said.
Nowhere is the effect of population on the environment more evident than in Asia -home to
nearly two-thirds of the world's people and some of the most vibrant economies.
Chulalongkorn University population expert, Professor Vipan Prachuabmoh, says Asia also has
some of the world's fastest growing cities. But the rush to greater economic opportunity in urban
centers has big drawbacks.
"Rapid urban growth and unplanned, or poorly managed urbanization, may lead to urban
poverty, unemployment, inadequate housing and infrastructure, as well as environmental
deterioration and health hazards," she added.
Vipan says rising standards of living in Asia are also creating a voracious appetite for consumer
goods, which means more oil, coal and water are used by industry to provide the goods at
market.
But U.N. spokesman Nuttall says emerging economic powers like China, India and Brazil
cannot be blamed for pursuing the same prosperity seen in the industrialized world. And he says
they deserve credit for understanding the link between growth and pressures on the
environment.
"There are very encouraging signs that the developing countries of Asia are taking
environmental sustainability very seriously, and taking it more seriously and at an earlier stage
than we did in the West," said Nuttall.
He notes Chinese plans to lessen dependence on fossil fuels like coal while hoping to get 20
percent of its energy from renewable resources, such as hydroelectric dams, by 2015. India is
working to clean up a half million rivers and lakes - noting a healthy environment is crucial to
better development.
But that only goes so far when the number of people living on less than $2 a day has grown to
three billion or half the world's population.
The poor present their own pressures on the environment. Those living at subsistence levels
often are forced to resort to desperate measures. This can include cutting down or burning
forestland indiscriminately - either to sell the lumber or cultivate the soil for food.
So while development can cause pressure on the environment, so can lack of development.
Population expert Vipan says governmental action is key.
"Especially in the developing country, the government needs to invest in people, education and
skills," noted Professor Vipan. "The government should stress investment in human resources
and care more about harmony with nature than about unnecessary consumption."
The U.N. Environmental Program's Nick Nuttall suggests a step further: that rich countries pay
poor countries for maintaining their natural reserves - like vital forestland.




                                                                                                     9
"It is estimated that the tropical forests of the world are soaking up $60 billion worth of carbon.
But the people in those countries, like the Congo, get paid nothing for their standing trees.
Maybe there should be some kind of recompense for that," he continued.
Nuttall notes that many of the forests, wetlands and coral reefs in developing nations are also
being explored to develop new crops, vital medicines and industrial products.
"We are moving from the old industries of the past into a biological century. And they [least
developed nations] are the havens in many cases of these new genetic products," he said. "The
question is how do [can] we come up with some kind of global regime that will recompense
these people for the wealth they have."
Throughout the world, Nuttall says, there is a growing awareness not only of the value of
preserving the environment, but that the environment is also a huge source of monetary value if
developed correctly. He calls it a new horizon for global environmental health.
But for people in the exhaust-choked streets of cities like Bangkok, that horizon at times may be
difficult to see.
____________________________________________________________________________

UN News Service: Une pandémie aura lieu tôt ou tard, affirme David Nabarro
8.3.2006
Le Coordonnateur des Nations Unies pour la grippe aviaire a prévenu aujourd'hui à New York
qu'une pandémie de grippe était inévitable et que les préparatifs actuels devaient se poursuivre
dans cette optique, notamment en Afrique de l'Ouest où la diffusion de l'épizootie demeure
inquiétante.
« Les défis auxquels nous faisons face à présent sont considérables », a déclaré aujourd'hui
David Nabarro, Coordonnateur principal du système des Nations Unies pour les grippes aviaire
et humaines, lors d'une conférence de presse à New York.
- Retransmission de la conférence de presse[30mins]
« Mes collègues de l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO)
sont assez perplexes quant à la réaction à adopter face à l'expansion du virus de l'Europe de l'Est
vers l'Europe de l'Ouest vers le Moyen-Orient, l'Afrique, et l'Inde », a-t-il affirmé.
« Ils s'attendent à ce que cette expansion se poursuive, au moins sur ces continents, et peut-être
même sur les autres continents », a-t-il ajouté.
Comme le dit l'OMS, « tôt ou tard, il y aura une pandémie. Elle sera peut-être due au virus
H5N1, peut-être à un autre virus de la grippe. Mais nous avons un virus que nous ne
comprenons pas parfaitement, mais qui est capable de se reproduire chez les humains et auquel
les humains sont vulnérables », a souligné le Coordonnateur des Nations Unies.
« Une fois que la pandémie commencera, c'est-à-dire lorsqu'il y aura transmission de l'homme à
l'homme, nous n'aurons plus le luxe de se préparer ».
« Il nous faut donc nous préparer comme si la pandémie était certaine, a souligné David
Nabarro.
Sur le transfert du virus H5N1 par les oiseaux sauvages, on le constate notamment en Europe
mais il y encore des choses que l'on ne comprend pas. « Pourquoi les cygnes meurent-ils ? Peut-



                                                                                                   10
être sont-ils plus vulnérables au virus alors que les canards le transmettent mais n'en meurent
pas », s'est-il interrogé.
Le fait que les oiseaux porteurs ne montrent pas de signes de la maladie est problématique
évidemment pour la prévention, a-t-il indiqué, soulignant que la FAO, l'OMS et l'Organisation
mondiale de la santé animale (OIE) travaillaient avec le Programme des Nations Unies pour
l'environnement (PNUE) sur la question.
En juin 2006, il y aura une grande conférence internationale sur le sujet, a-t-il annoncé. David
Nabarro a aussi rappelé la grande réunion sur les moyens de contenir la pandémie organisée par
l'OMS, indiquant qu'un rapport sur la question serait publié demain.
« Ces mesures nous sauveront une fois que la pandémie se déclarera », a-t-il affirmé.
Le Coordonnateur des Nations Unies a aussi mentionné l'initiative de constituer, sous l'égide la
FAO, une équipe de vétérinaires prêts à être dépêchés sur place « comme une opération de
maintien de la paix ».
Par ailleurs 22 pays ont présenté des projets afin de bénéficier des prêts à taux réduits offerts par
la Banque mondiale pour un montant de 500 millions de dollars. Enfin, le Fonds spécial décidé
lors de la conférence de Beijing est mis en place. En avril, il y aura donc bien plus de fonds
disponibles, a-t-il expliqué.
Présentant par ailleurs un bilan de la situation dans le monde, David Nabarro a signalé que « la
situation générale en Europe montre que s'il existe de nombreux signalements d'oiseaux
sauvages porteurs, il y a très peu de transmission vers les oiseaux domestiques, et
occasionnellement vers les chats ».
Mais pour l'instant nous avons une crise en Afrique, notamment au Niger et au Nigeria, et on
s'attend à sa diffusion (dépêche du 22.02.06). Compte-tenu de l'importance du marché des
volailles au Nigeria, la transmission est accentuée par le commerce. Mais en Afrique de l'Ouest,
plus de 50% de la population vit en dessous du seuil de pauvreté dÆ? dollar par jour, et la
plupart sont trop pauvres pour maintenir l'hygiène nécessaire à la lutte contre la maladie.
Le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l'enfance (UNICEF) est particulièrement inquiet pour les
enfants, qui s'occupent traditionnellement des volailles alors que les parents sont aux champs, a-
t-il ajouté.
« Au Moyen-Orient, en Egypte, en Iraq et en Iran, on suit de près la situation. Enfin, s'agissant
de l'Asie, des cas de transmission à l'homme sont encore à déplorer en Indonésie et en Chine »,
a rappelé David Nabarro, estimant qu'une panzootie, - c'est-à-dire une pandémie animale - était
en train d'émerger en Asie.
_____________________________________________________________________________

Portal Medioambiente: Comercializar los productos forestales puede ayudar a que la
pobreza quede en la historia

8.3.2006

La mitad de los 1.2 mil millones de personas pobres que existen en el mundo depende de la
cosecha de recursos naturales salvajes para su sustento. Estos recursos incluyen lo que se
conoce como productos forestales que no son de madera (NTFPs) como es el caso del cacao, el




                                                                                                   11
hule, el incienso y otros derivados de plantas. El valor de estos productos en el mercado
mundial es actualmente de aproximadamente US 4.7 mil millones por año. ¿Pero cómo le
pueden hacer las comunidades pobres para recibir dinero de estos productos a fin de poder salir
de la pobreza sin destruir los recursos naturales de los cuales dependen?
Como resultado de su alto valor económico y del hecho de que el cosechar es frecuentemente
menos dañino al ambiente que la tala de madera, la comercialización de “NTFPs” ha atraído
mucho interés de parte de organizaciones que se dedican al desarrollo y a la conservación. A lo
largo de los últimos 15 años, se han hecho muchos intentos para desarrollar estos productos
comercialmente de manera que contribuyan a la conservación ambiental, así como al
crecimiento económico; pero mientras que algunos intentos han sido exitosos, muchos otros no
han tenido los beneficios esperados.

El nuevo informe del PNUMA y el CMMC, titulado Comercialización de productos forestales
que no son de madera: Factores de influencia para el éxito, describe los resultados de un
proyecto de investigación multi-disciplinario (CEPFOR), el cual revisó las razones por las
cuales algunas iniciativas de comercialización tuvieron éxito mientras que otras no. La
investigación revisó 19 estudios diferentes de “NTFP’s” en México y Bolivia, incluyendo
productos que incluían desde hongos silvestres y fibras de palma hasta incienso y el Mezcal,
bebida tradicional hecha en base al agave. En muchas áreas, estos productos ofrecen la única
fuente de ingresos y las comunidades dependen de ellos para su supervivencia.

El informe examinó aspectos de la comercialización como “comercio justo” y “etiquetado
ecológico”, el papel de los empresarios y los efectos en la sostenibilidad ambiental. Entre los
descubrimientos clave, se encuentran:

• El etiquetado ecológico puede ser una barrera para las comunidades rurales. Se encontró que el
etiquetado ecológico, mientras que ofrece un incentivo financiero para la sostenibilidad
ambiental, es caro y burocrático y fuera del alcance para las comunidades rurales.

• Los empresarios pueden jugar un papel crítico al determinar si el comercio es “justo”. Los
empresarios frecuentemente proporcionan un contacto entre los productores y el mercado. Su
comportamiento puede tener una influencia importante al determinar si el comercio es justo o
no para los productores. En el informe CEPFOR, se encontró que los empresarios jugaron una
serie de papeles positivos, incluyendo el de identificar mercados, proporcionar contactos de
negocios, adelantar el capital y darle entrenamiento a los productores. Sin embargo, la
distribución inequitativa del poder a lo largo de la cadena del mercado fue considerada por gran
parte de los productores como un factor importante que limita el éxito de la comercialización.
Esto refleja el número relativamente pequeño de empresarios activos en la comercialización de
muchos productos forestales, lo que resulta en una falta de competencia. Muchas comunidades
dependen totalmente de uno o unos pocos empresarios para llevar sus productos al mercado, lo
que puede tener como resultado la explotación y el comercio “injusto”.

• Frecuentemente, el precio del producto no varía de acuerdo con el cambio en los costos. La
globalización está teniendo un impacto grave sobre muchos productores en los países en vía de
desarrollo, los cuales tienen que enfrentar la creciente competencia contra bienes importados
más baratos. Como resultado, el precio obtenido por algunos de los productos (como la palma
de soya) se ha mantenido estático a lo largo de muchos años.

• La identidad de marca frecuentemente está muy poco desarrollada. Una identidad de marca
fuerte es de importancia crítica para obtener un precio justo. Los productores necesitan ayuda




                                                                                                  12
para desarrollar una identidad de marca de parte de gente capacitada en negocios y en
mercadotecnia.

• Los métodos de cosecha frecuentemente son pobres. Uno de los riesgos más grandes de la
comercialización de recursos silvestres es que pueden ser sobrecosechados, lo cual conduce a la
degradación de los recursos naturales. Los resultados de la investigación indican que la práctica
de tal sobrecosecha está muy extendida. Sin embargo, esto se puede atender de manera exitosa a
través de entrenamiento y educación.

Una recomendación clave de la investigación es que la ayuda debería dirigirse al desarrollo de
habilidades de negocio de las comunidades rurales para ayudarles a evitar ser explotados por
otros. Muchas comunidades rurales no tienen una tradición o experiencia en hacer negocios.
“¿Por qué no darle oportunidades de aprendizaje a gente del ámbito rural en países en vía de
desarrollo, de la misma manera en que el programa de TV “El Aprendiz”, de Sir Alan Sugar,
educa a gente joven de aquí a hacer negocios? Me gustaría ver que el Reino Unido exporte,
como parte de la ayuda internacional que ofrece, su sagacidad para los negocios a fin de ayudar
a estas comunidades rurales a desarrollarse económicamente”, comenta Adrian Newton de la
Universidad Bournemouth, quien es uno de los investigadores del proyecto CEPFOR.

Otra recomendación es que se les debería dar apoyo a los empresarios con mentalidad social.
“Tales empresarios merecen apoyo debido a los riesgos que toman y el papel crítico que juegan
en el éxito del comercio” declara la Dra. Kathrin Schreckenberg (ODI), miembro del equipo de
investigadores. “Otro descubrimiento clave fue la importancia de las organizaciones de
productores, las cuales pueden ofrecer la oportunidad de reunirse y compartir información y
contactos. Esto puede reforzar bastante su capacidad para negociar favorablemente tratos de
negocios y pedir un precio más alto para sus productos”.

“Muchos produ ctores en los países en vía de desarrollo son extremadamente pobres y tienen
poco acceso al cuidado de la salud o a la educación”, agrega Elaine Marshall (PNUMA-
CMMC), coordinadora del proyecto. “Su aislamiento geográfico y falta de acceso a
infraestructura de transporte también limita su capacidad de comercializar sus productos. Dadas
estas dificultades, las comunidades deberían quizás especializarse en producir productos o
bienes de alta calidad. Sin embargo, no hay duda de que si se les da el apoyo adecuado, el
comercializar productos forestales puede en verdad proporcionar una ruta para salir de la
pobreza”.

____________________________________________________________________________

The Times of Zambia: Copperbelt Province Youth Forum: Advancing Economic
Empowerment

8.3.2006

LIKE any other province in Zambia, the challenges of youths on the Copperbelt are immense.

The problems of poverty, HIV/AIDS, unemployment and illiteracy have become something of a
huge concern in recent years.

Thus redemptive measures are needed to stir up a glimmer of hope among young people in the
Copper-rich region.




                                                                                               13
Several youths, especially those living in rural areas survive on the mercy of missionaries who
have built up schools and hospitals to supplement government's efforts in improving the welfare
of rural dwellers among the youths.

"Lots needs to be done to improve the welfare of young people on the Copperbelt," says 22-old
Patricia Mukwala of Ndola.

Mukwala believes the plight of youths in the region needs a collective approach to tackle.

A collective approach is needed and this is why the Copperbelt Province Youth Forum (CPYF)
came into existence some 11 years ago.

It is a networking organisation for youth organisations and faith-based organisation in the
province.

A brief history into the forum suggests that the whole idea was born out of conviction of the
need for youth empowerment.

The whole programme was formed in accordance with the National Youth Policy of August
1994.

This policy brought in a document called the National Programme of Action for Youth. It
stipulated that these would be a National Youth Forum.

The Programme of Action was progressively developed through 1996 and 1997 and was based
on the Youth Policy issued by the ministry of Sport, Youth and Child Development in 1994.

The first draft was prepared by the ministry's senior planners and was considered by a
conference of youth organisations and other interested parties in early March of 1996.

However, it was not until 2005 that the forum was registered with the Registrar of Society as a
non-governmental organisation (NGO).

As for the Copperbelt, the plight of young people in the province is mainly lack of financial and
material resources, illiteracy and lack of employment opportunities.

"There is need to mobilise resources that will easily be accessed by young people," says CPYF
general secretary Akapelwa Mwangelwa.

Mwangelwa believes the greatest resource any nation has are its children and young people.

If they are well nurtured, he says, the nation would be assured of a good reservoir of manpower
that will contribute effectively to socio-economic development of Zambia.

On short term plans, the forum intends to develop a strategic Action Plan for 2007-2013. The
action will be launched at a forth coming workshop this year (2006).

"We intend to bring together 10 youth leaders from all Copperbelt districts," he says.




                                                                                                14
So far the forum has sent a proposal to cooperating partners for funding.

For now the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa in Addis Ababa has offered to
provide staff for technical assistance. The staff will work hand-in-hand with the provincial
youth leadership to develop the Strategic Action Plan.

Further, as part of its 2006 calendar, the ministry of Sport, Youth and Child Development has
also initiated a project to have a working camp (boot camp).

This will involve the building of 25 houses and other infrastructure at Lukanga North Youth
settlement project in Mpongwe.

Lots of youths will be empowered through agriculture activities.

For this project the provincial youth office has identified Teens Mission International Zambia,
Copperbelt Province Youth Forum and Zambia Red Cross as partners.

Roads have already been done and the department of water affairs is working on the boreholes.

The houses will accommodate 25 young people from the street who have been rehabilitated and
trained at the ZNS camp in agriculture.

Besides, the above ambitious project, the Forum has participated in the formulation of the
National Youth Policy and the child Policy.

In April 2005, the Forum participated in the Asian African Youth Summit in Singapore.

In the same month the forum participated in the United Nations Environment programme in
Bangalore India.

Last year, the forum hosted an international workshop in Ndola. The workshop was hosted in
partnership with the National Council of Swedish Youth organisations and the United Nations
Youth programme of New York.

The programme involved seven countries namely Zambia, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Ghana,
Uganda and Sweden.

Further, the forum has over the years been participating in organizing the Dag Hammarskjoeld
Memorial peace initiative.

On the K40 billion the Government has been put aside for youth empowerment projects, the
forum is pleased that the fund would help improve the welfare of youths in Zambia.

Ultimately the Copperbelt Province Youth Forum means well for young people in the province.

It only needs the support of cooperating partners to be effective in its advocacy for youth
empowerment.
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________




                                                                                                  15
                                    Other Environment News

San Francisco Chronicle: We Can Do It: When it comes to the environment, women lead
the way
Gregory Dicum
8.3.2006

From Rachel Carson , the founder of modern environmentalism, whose 1962 book "Silent
Spring" first raised popular awareness of industrial chemicals in the environment, to Wangari
Maathai , the 2004 Nobel Peace Laureate who mobilized women in East Africa to plant more
than 20 million trees, the story of environmentalism is the story of women going up against
long odds to do what they know is right.

Because today is International Women's Day , it's a perfect time to celebrate a few of the many
women -- from radical rabble-rousers to corporate officers -- who give the environmental
movement much of its strength and energy. In the past year, just under half of the more than 50
people I've interviewed for this column have been women.

Melinda Kramer, co-founder of the Berkeley-based Women's Global Green Action Network ,
says that's to be expected. "Women are inextricably linked to issues of environmental
sustainability," she explains, "as mothers, as caretakers, as food producers, as consumers and as
nurturers." Kramer, who had been working with women leaders in Africa, China and Siberia,
founded the organization to provide training and resources to female grassroots environmental
advocates around the world.

"In order to ensure their own health, and that of their family and communities, women really
need to manage and influence environmental policies," she says. "For a lot of women,
environmentalism is too narrow a term for their work -- social justice and human rights have a
lot to do with women's everyday responsibilities."

Sharon Fuller knows this firsthand. "I was born and raised here in Richmond," she says. "And
you can't help but realize that there's this bombardment of contaminants concentrated in certain
communities -- predominantly communities of color and low-income communities."

Eleven years ago, Fuller founded Ma'at Youth Academy for Environmental Leadership , an
organization that integrates environmental justice with high school science. Each year, six to
seven hundred students at urban schools in Alameda and Contra Costa counties go through the
program, learning the science behind environmental issues in the East Bay, planting trees and
performing outreach to help reduce community members' exposure to pollutants.

Fuller says that the program is a great way to bring girls into science. "Girls love it -- it's an
opportunity for them to be in leadership roles, and it's an opportunity for them to have a say
about what happens with their bodies," she says. "We're looking at what sort of chronic
environmental hazards women are being exposed to. The students are actually going out and
conducting the research and talking to women."

That kind of engagement is crucial to developing the environmental leaders of the future. Many
women environmental leaders came to their work via science, and it was through studying the




                                                                                                     16
natural world that it became clear that there were certain human-made issues we might want to
work on.

"I started my career thinking that I wanted to be a field ecologist so I could be outside in nature
all the time," says Ilyse Hogue. "But after a short period of time, I realized that we were
spending millions and millions of dollars and tons of time to prove beyond a shadow of a doubt
what we already know: that the actions of increasingly large and unaccountable corporations
are destroying the life-support systems of the Earth."

So Hogue became an activist. Today, she heads Rainforest Action Network's ambitious Global
Finance Campaign , working to encourage some of the biggest financial institutions in the
world to avoid environmentally damaging investments. Hogue's work is the very epitome of
hard-core activism: From her San Francisco office she coordinates nationwide boycotts. She
raises hell at shareholder meetings. Sometimes she even rappels down the sides of buildings
unfurling provocative banners -- confrontational modes of expression Hogue acknowledges
aren't seen as traditionally feminine.

Hogue says that she was scared the first time she had to address the CEO of a major bank. She
found that she had internalized cultural stereotypes about what's appropriate for women to say
to men in power. "Women have to go the extra step," she says, "and recognize that we have
every right to speak up and make our voices heard. Part of going that extra step is finding inner
strength and clarity of vision, so that when we do speak, it is resonant with truth."

"I think women are naturally inclined to think further out," Hogue adds. "Evolutionary biology
has made certain that we instinctively nurture a safe, clean home, because we are responsible
for caretaking new life on a day-to-day basis in a different way than men. It might not sound
super feminist, but thinking that way is a vision of a new world. The environmental movement
is inherently transformative. It is a more feminine paradigm that is based on recognizing the
connection that we all share as human beings."

Hogue adds that this does not mean that only women can express this vision, but she does see
women getting it more readily. As financial institutions become more interested in the impact
of their investments, Hogue notes that a lot of the people who are stepping up inside corporate
America toward this work are women. "They are women who have fought hard to achieve
positions of power inside a very, very male-dominated hierarchy," she says, "And I have so
much respect for them because they've fought hard and now they're using that power to shift
things."

Lynn Garske works in that world. At Kaiser Permanente, where she is the environmental
stewardship manager, Garske leads the organization's award-winning efforts to reduce its
environmental impact. "It does seem that the environmental field has a certain openness to
women working in it," she agrees, "and women certainly are on the front lines."

In the 10 years that Garske has been at Kaiser, including the past year and a half as head of the
environmental program, she has helped transform the organization. Her achievements have
been startling: Since 2002, her work has helped keep 1.1 billion pounds of garbage out of
municipal landfills. She has made Kaiser's operations virtually mercury-free, and is working to
eliminate other chemicals, like vinyl and certain flame-retardants. Plus, more than 20 new
Kaiser buildings are being built using green building principles, and the organization is
beginning to favor sustainably and locally produced food in its facilities.




                                                                                                 17
Garske says that even though environmental work is grounded in science, getting the message
across in a way that makes it stick requires different skills. "It comes down to the ability to
understand and deal with people," she says. "Environmental work is 100 percent change
management: We're introducing change in the face of resistance. It's important that it not be
seen as doing with less but rather as doing better without wasting."

One theme that kept coming up with all the women I spoke with: Environmental work is a
place where scientifically minded women are needed and where they can thrive. Indeed, both
Rachel Carson and Wangari Maathai earned Ph.Ds in scientific fields.

"When I was in graduate school in the early '80s, on my way to get a Ph.D. in physiological
plant ecology, I was the only woman in my lab," says Debbie Raphael, program manager for
San Francisco's Toxics Reduction and Green Building programs. "I never experienced what I
would consider a discriminatory comment or assignment, yet I was acutely aware of the lack of
women role models for me."

But now, in the environmental field, she says she has tons of female peers and role models. "In
fact, at many of the large nonprofits that can afford to have senior scientists on their staff --
Pesticide Action Network of North America, Natural Resources Defense Council,
Environmental Defense Fund, Environmental Working Group -- almost always the scientists
are women."

Raphael has spearheaded some of San Francisco's most successful environmental programs,
including its award-winning Integrated Pest Management program that reduces the amounts of
pesticides in the city, its Environmentally Preferable Purchasing program that helps the city
avoid the purchase of toxic and wasteful items, and its Green Building program. She has also
been instrumental in formulating and implementing the San Francisco's groundbreaking
Precautionary Principle Ordinance -- its adoption in 2003 marked the first time an American
city committed to acting on evidence of environmental harm even when cause and effect is
unclear.

"I just have this feeling," continues Raphael, "that for a lot of women scientists, there must be
something that speaks to them about environmental work. We love the rigor of science, but we
don't love the academic laboratory setting. I don't know if this will sound sexist or not, but as a
mother, it's important to have a profession that allows flexibility in schedules. I find that in the
nonprofit and environmental worlds there is an understanding of multiple priorities."

Is this eco-postfeminism? It's hard to pin a label like that on women's environmental
involvement, precisely because it's so pervasive. "For a long time, feminism was defined as
women achieving in a male system," says Hogue. "If you could go toe-to-toe with the guys and
sit with your brandy and your cigar and at the end of the day have raked in more bucks or
leveraged more power, then you were an accomplished woman."

Hogue says younger women have even farther-reaching goals. "We're after a world in which
we actually become the archetype. That doesn't mean being good at what men have already
done. It means it's time to draw up new plans and implement them. It's our turn."

_____________________________________________________________________________




                                                                                                  18
BBC: Q&A: EU Common Energy Policy
8.3.2006

The European Commission has published a Green Paper on a Secure, Competitive and
Sustainable Energy Policy for Europe.
The BBC News website explains what it is all about. Why do EU countries want to co-operate
more on energy?
They think they can get a better deal from energy suppliers if they negotiate together.
They also want to work together to increase the security of Europe's energy supplies - a problem
underlined by the gas shortages when Russia cut off supplies to Ukraine in January.
European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso said: "We are in a new energy century.
Demand is rising. Europe's reserves are declining. There is under-investment and our climate is
changing. We must have an approach to match this new reality - the EU can no longer afford 25
different and uncoordinated energy policies."
He added: "We must respond better to sharp emergency oil and gas shocks".

What is in the green paper?
The paper calls for:
      a new long-term pact with Russia on energy supplies
      new infrastructure, such as terminals for liquefied natural gas and new pipelines from
       the Caspian region and North Africa
      new legislation on oil and gas stocks to ensure Europe has an emergency gas stockpile
      a mechanism to ensure a rapid and co-ordinated response to supply emergencies
      an integrated European electricity grid
      an action plan to help the EU save 20% of the energy it would otherwise use by 2020
      efforts to make Europe a world leader in low carbon technologies
      a new energy regulator to help complete the EU's internal energy market
      an EU strategic energy review, to be presented regularly to governments and the
       European parliament
The Commission also wants the EU to speak with one voice on energy. This could mean that
one person conducts negotiations on energy matters with other countries on behalf of the whole
EU, just as Peter Mandelson does for trade.
Are these goals achievable?
Some are more achievable than others.
The EU has spent more than 10 years liberalising gas and electricity markets in an attempt to
create a single European energy market, but with only limited success.
The problems have been underlined in the last few weeks by rows over proposed mergers in the
energy sector, with governments taking steps to prevent unwelcome foreign takeovers.
What about climate change?




                                                                                                19
Mr Barroso said the EU should aim to get half of its energy supply from "secure low-carbon
sources" within 20 years.
"Europe needs to set a framework for different low carbon energies to develop. For some that
means wind power, some solar power, for others clean coal and it's true that some member
states are considering the further development of nuclear power," Mr Barroso said.
"We do not intend to interfere with the right of each member state to decide on its energy mix,"
he said.
However, Greens have criticised the green paper for not putting greater emphasis on the
problems of the transport sector.
"Oil represents 95% of the energy consumption of EU transport and a change of resources will
not be brought about as quickly as occurred for electricity production or domestic use after the
1973 oil crisis," Green MEP Claude Turmes said in Vienna on Tuesday.
The EU already has a goal of producing at least 21% of electricity from renewable sources by
2010.
What is the next step?
The paper will be debated by energy ministers on 14 March, and by heads of government at the
EU's spring summit on 23 and 24 March.
The Commission may then bring forward another paper with more specific proposals for action,
possibly by the end of the year.
Before becoming law, these proposals would have to be approved by member states and the
European Parliament. So the Green Paper is the start of a long process.
What do voters think?
EU public opinion seems to be broadly in favour of more action at EU level.
The Commission's polling arm, Eurobarometer, asked citizens what was the most appropriate
level to take decisions on energy. The results, published in January, found 47% said European
level, 37% said national, 8% local while 7% did not know.
_____________________________________________________________________________

Associated Press: Bicycle Taxis Thrive on Streets of New York; City Considers
Crackdown

 By Sara Kugler
8.3.2006
NEW YORK — Bicycle taxis are weaving through the clogged streets of midtown Manhattan
in a movement growing so rapidly that the city is proposing regulations before it spins out of
control.

Known as pedicabs, these vehicles look like giant tricycles with a passenger carriage in the
back. Some tourists and New Yorkers see them as an affordable, pollution-free way to see the
city and sail through gridlock.

The City Council is examining whether this burgeoning fad, grown from a centuries-old form of
transportation, needs safety and insurance standards and rate regulations.

Reminiscent of Asia's hand-pulled rickshaws, pedicabs have rolled into many U.S. cities,
including Denver, Boston, Houston and San Diego, often swarming stadium parking lots during
major concerts and sporting events.

A number of cities are considering regulations or have already adopted them. Las Vegas banned
pedicabs from the Strip as a danger to both riders and pedestrians.



                                                                                                 20
On Friday in Manhattan, two British tourists said they felt totally safe on their ride through
Central Park. "I was a bit skeptical," said Emma Carter, 23, after they hopped out. "But it was
great. A fun experience."

Pedicabs began arriving in New York a decade ago, when a group of entrepreneurs tried to
market the novelty to tourists sightseeing in lower Manhattan, near the World Trade Center and
Battery Park.

Pedicab drivers soon discovered that midtown -- from the Empire State Building on 34th Street
up to Central Park, with Times Square in the middle -- is paradise. They pluck passengers from
the throngs of tourists and pick up commuters who want to get across town at rush hour or after
a Broadway show.

"I always ask my passengers whether they have taken a pedicab before, and quite often their
reply is `All the time -- it's faster than a car,'" said Craig Molino, a Manhattan pedicab driver for
five years.

Officials estimate there are now 300 pedicabs on the streets of New York, mostly in midtown.
Main Street Pedicabs, a major supplier based in Colorado, has been sending the vehicles here by
the truckload, owner Stephen Meyer said.

Meyer's model features a fiberglass cab and is fashioned like a mountain bike, with a steel alloy
frame and 21 speeds. The base price is $3,400.

In New York, a number of companies lease the cabs to drivers, while other drivers work on
their own. Most charge their passengers a starting rate of $1 per block, but fares are negotiated
according to such variables as the number of passengers, their weight and the weather.

Unlike horse-drawn carriages and yellow cabs, pedicabs are not regulated. There are no
restrictions on fares, and officials estimate that half the pedicabs are not insured.

No fatal pedicab accidents have been reported in New York, but some passengers have been
injured in collisions with cars and buses. A 2001 pedicab crash in which a passenger hurt his
shoulder resulted in a settlement of nearly $2 million. In San Diego a few weeks ago, a rider
suffered a serious head injury when he fell out of a pedicab and was hit by a car.

"It is disconcerting that New Yorkers and tourists are riding in these devices without oversight
in place -- non-inspected devices that may not have proper safety equipment or insurance," said
Iris Weinshall, New York's transportation commissioner. "We simply cannot wait for a tragic
accident involving a pedicab to occur."

The City Council is considering rules on licensing, training and insurance for drivers. A council
committee is also looking at whether the fare-calculation process should be posted in the cabs.

Drivers and pedicab companies say they welcome regulations to help weed out the freewheeling
operators who may be cutting corners.

"There are renegade drivers out there," Molino said. "God forbid, something happens, it's a bad
reflection on the whole industry."




                                                                                                   21
____________________________________________________________________________

Reuters: Dalai Lama Offers Lifeline to Indian Tiger

 By Simon Denyer
8.3.2006
NEW DELHI — The Dalai Lama, Tibet's spiritual leader, has thrown a lifeline to India's
dwindling tiger population after an emotional appeal to outlaw the trade in animal skins
provoked an extraordinary reaction in his homeland.

All over Tibet, there have been reports of people burning wild animal furs since the Dalai Lama,
the Himalayan region's exiled god-king, made his appeal at a Buddhist prayer meeting in
southern India in January.

Thousands of Tibetans attended the festival and many carried the Dalai Lama's words back to
their Himalayan homeland.

Conservationists say there has been a sharp rise in the poaching of tigers and leopards in India
in recent years to feed an explosion of demand from Tibet. They say the tiger faced being wiped
out in India as a result.

Now they have some renewed hope.

"The reaction of the Tibetan people, now they have been made aware of the results of their
actions -- it gives a little bit of light at the end of the tunnel for the Indian tiger," said Belinda
Wright of the Wildlife Protection Society of India.

An ancient tradition of wearing animal furs seemed to have been revived in Tibet in recent
years, partly perhaps as a result of greater disposable income. Since December, 1999, 18 of 19
major seizures of wildlife parts or skins in India either involved Tibetans or were strongly
linked to Tibet, said Wright.

In January, the Dalai Lama said he was "ashamed" to see images of Tibetans decorating
themselves with skins and furs.

"When you go back to your respective places, remember what I had said earlier and never use,
sell, or buy wild animals, their products or derivatives," he asked pilgrims at the Kalachakra, an
initiation ceremony for Buddhists in south India.

INDIA "DOING NOTHING"

Chinese authorities initially reacted with suspicion to the burning of skins, apparently seeing it
as an expression of support for the Dalai Lama, who fled his Himalayan homeland to India after
an abortive uprising against Chinese rule in 1959.

Eight Tibetans have been detained since late February in Sichuan province for carrying out the
burning "under foreign influences", according to Radio Free Asia, a U.S.-government funded
station.

A Tibetan delegate to China's parliament denied reports of fur burning. "There is no such



                                                                                                         22
problem," said De Ji, a delegate from Shannan prefecture, south of the Tibetan capital, Lhasa.

But Wright said the Chinese had taken some steps to outlaw the multi-million dollar trade in the
past few days, which had until now been carried on openly on the streets and in the markets of
Tibet.

"Frankly, the only country that hasn't reacted is India," she said. "It has done nothing to clamp
down on the illegal wildlife trade."

India has ordered a nationwide census of tigers after reports emerged last March the entire
population of up to 18 tigers in a sanctuary in western India had been killed by poachers. A
census in 2002 counted 3,642 tigers.

Wright said she saw 83 fresh Tiger skins and thousands of fresh leopard skins on a trip to Tibet
last year. In one street alone, in Linxia in Gansu province, she counted 163 leopard skins, most
or all from India, on open display.

"I was numb," she said. "I thought that was the end. The wild population here cannot sustain
that. It showed clearly that India's enforcement effort had totally failed."
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________




                                                                                                    23
                              ROAP Media Update 9 March 2006
                                 UN or UNEP in the news


FOCUS / UN FRESHWATER REPORT
Water: A crisis of governance
The latest UN water development report highlights management problems as the biggest hurdle
to providing freshwater for all
Bangkok Post, 9 March 2006 - Mexico _ Although unevenly distributed, the world has plenty of
freshwater. However, mismanagement, limited resources and environmental changes mean that
almost one-fifth of the planet's population still lacks access to safe drinking water and 40 per
cent lack access to basic sanitation, says the United Nations World Water Development Report
No. 2. The triennial report is the most comprehensive assessment to date of freshwater
resources. It was presented to the media in Mexico City today on the eve of the Fourth World
Water Forum (Mexico City, March 16-22). Entitled ''Water, a Shared Responsibility'', this
edition focuses on the importance of governance in managing the world's water resources and
tackling poverty.
…The UN World Water Development Report is the joint effort of 24 UN agencies and entities
involved in water resources management. It is produced on their behalf by the UN World Water
Assessment Programme whose secretariat is based at Unesco, which considers freshwater
resources a top priority. Its 15 chapters, each prepared by the various participating agencies,
present a detailed analysis of the situation in all of the world's regions, backed up by the latest
available data, maps and graphs, along with 17 case studies and numerous examples of good
and bad practice in water governance.
http://www.bangkokpost.com/News/09Mar2006_news20.php



WOMEN'S DAY / GENDER CONCERNS IN EMERGENCIES, CHILD CARE
Call to give women bigger role in disaster responses - Getting victims back on road to
recovery
Bangkok Post, 9 March 2006 -ANJIRA ASSAVANONDA - Marking International Women's
Day yesterday, the Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre (ADPC) called on the global community
to support the integration of gender concerns into emergency response and disaster
management. ''There are advantages and disadvantages in being the gentle sex, but overall,
women are playing significant roles in emergency situations,''said Suvit Yodmani, ADPC
executive director.
He said that when disasters occur, women tend to be more responsible in looking after their
families and taking care of the children.
Under the theme ''Emergencies and the Strength of Women,'' ADPC and the United Nations
Development Fund for Women (Unifem) honoured Senator Prateep Ungsongtham Hata from
the Duang Prateep Foundation and World Vision Foundation of Thailand for contributing to
disaster management in the region, particularly with regards to gender concerns in disasters.
http://www.bangkokpost.com/News/09Mar2006_news12.php

                                  General Environment News
DAM PROJECTS 'COULD FORCE OUT KARENNI' - Egat to meet Burma about likely
impact
Bangkok Post, 9 March 2006 -Story by PIYAPORN WONGRUANG - The scene of a Karen



                                                                                                 24
woman giving birth on a forest floor one dark night is one of several that brought viewers close
to tears as they viewed a documentary film on recent relocations of ethnic Karenni and Karen
people in Burma. The documentary was screened last week at a seminar on dam projects on the
Salween river that flows through Burma and runs along part of the Thai-Burmese border in
Chiang Rai province. The seminar was organised by major organisations and certain Senate
panels.
… The Thai and Burmese governments in May 2005 signed a memorandum of understanding to
develop the projects. Seven months later, the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand
(Egat) signed an agreement with Burma's Hydroelectric Power Department to kick off the first
dam project of Hutgyi with an estimated capacity of up to 1,000 megawatts.
Five dam sites were plotted by means of satellite surveys _ two on a stretch of the Salween
along the Thai-Burmese border and the other three in Burmese areas occupied by minority
groups.
http://www.bangkokpost.com/News/09Mar2006_news15.php

                                          Health news
Girl becomes China's 10th bird-flu fatality
ALARMING NEWS: The death of the nine-year-old girl came on the same day that Austria
announced a cat had tested positive for H5N1, sparking fears of a mutation
AGENCIES , BEIJING AND GENEVA
Taipei Times, Taiwan - Thursday, Mar 09, 2006,Page 5 - A nine-year-old girl has become
China's 10th human fatality from the virulent H5N1 strain of bird flu, the government said
yesterday.
The girl died on Monday in Zhejiang, the Health Ministry said.
Elsewhere, reports that a cat contracted bird flu and has not fallen ill could mean the virus is
adapting to mammals and poses a potentially higher risk to humans, a World Health
Organization (WHO) official said on Tuesday.
Michael Perdue, a scientist with the WHO's global influenza program, said more studies were
needed on infections in cats, including how they shed the virus.
But Perdue said there was no current evidence that cats were hidden carriers of a virus which
can wipe out poultry flocks in the space of 48 hours and occasionally infects people.
The death of the girl in China occurred despite a massive effort to inoculate vast poultry flocks
against the virus and warnings to the public not to handle dead wild birds that might be infected.
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/world/archives/2006/03/09/2003296475

Bird flu contained but threat remains: India
Expressindia.com, India - Posted online: Wednesday, March 08, 2006 - Mumbai, The health
officials said on Wednesday they have contained an outbreak of bird flu in poultry, but the virus
was still present in bird waste two weeks after the first cases were reported.
India has culled about 500,000 birds, destroyed 1.3 million eggs and launched a mass clean-up
campaign in and around Navapur, where the country's first and only H5N1 cases in chickens
were reported last month.
After the poultry outbreak, almost 100 human blood samples were tested for the flu virus. All
tested negative.
"The virus now remains only in the environment, in some bird droppings and feathers," T P
Doke, Health Director of Maharashtra, where Navapur is located, said. The virus was also
present in chicken feed around the infected area, he added
http://www.expressindia.com/fullstory.php?newsid=64082
_____________________________________________________________________________




                                                                                                25
                              ROWA Media Update 9 March 2006
ٍBahrain
Skin rashes resurface
Gas emissions hit Mameer again

The skin rash cases among Maameer residents have resurfaced as the gas emissions from the
nearby industrial area have started to spread across the village. The problem had ended in June
but had resurfaced since the beginning of this week.
According to the Head of the Parliamentary Investigation Committee on Maameer emissions,
Deputy Ahmed Hussain, the old refinery was more prone to the gas leakage and was the main
cause of the problem.
Since the past few days, most families in the area have been suffering from skin rash, other
allergies, loose motions, asthma and redness in the eyes. Hussain said that although Bapco was
not the only unit responsible for the pollution, it was the main cause.
http://www.bahraintribune.com/ArticleDetail.asp

UAE
                           Initiative aims to give women a better deal
In a move coinciding with International Women's Day, the First National Gender
Mainstreaming Effort in the Arab Region was launched in Abu Dhabi.
Held under the patronage of Her Highness Shaikha Fatima Bint Mubarak, Chairperson of the
UAE General Women's Union, the initiative was organised by the United Nations Development
Programme (UNDP) in cooperation with the British Embassy.
The effort aims to launch gender-mainstreaming initiatives through existing institutions that
handle women's development, by enhancing these organisations' capabilities and promoting
cooperation with public and private institutions. This will be achieved through an extensive
capacity building strategy that encompasses training in organisational skills, sector-specific
gender development, and gender sensitising programmes targeting government and non-
governmental agencies.
"It is not just about hiring women," said Ruba Al Hassan, Gender Focal Point for the UNDP.
"It's about considering their issues and their concerns and what would affect them when you're
making a policy."
In a previous move to mainstream women, the UNDP launched the Arab Women Parliamentary
Project in May 2005, which specifically addressed increasing women's role in political
participation.
However with this first national effort, a more comprehensive UNDP gender-mainstreaming
initiative aims to target eight different sectors: education, economy, media, social affairs,
legislation, environment, health and political participation.
http://archive.gulfnews.com/articles/06/03/09/10024232.html
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________




                                                                                                 26
                           UNITED NATIONS NEWS SERVICE
                                   DAILY NEWS


8 March, 2006
===================================================================

IAEA CHIEF CALLS FOR ‘COOL-HEADED’ APPROACH AS IRAN REPORT GOES TO
SECURITY COUNCIL

Citing outstanding questions surrounding Iran’s nuclear programme, the
Director-General of the United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency
(IAEA) today is sending its report on the issue to the Security Council,
marking a new phase in the diplomatic efforts to determine whether Tehran
is trying to develop atomic weapons.

Speaking to reporters at the Vienna-based Agency, whose Board of Governors
is meeting on Iran, Mohamed ElBaradei said the report would be sent “either
today or tomorrow.”

The report to the Council, requested by the Board of Governors last month,
points to outstanding questions about Tehran’s activities. “Although the
Agency has not seen any diversion of nuclear material to nuclear weapons or
other nuclear explosive devices, the Agency is not at this point in time in
a position to conclude that there are no undeclared nuclear materials or
activities in Iran,” it states.

The report notes that under normal circumstances, drawing any conclusion
about a country’s nuclear activities would take time, and the duration
would be even longer in the case of Iran because of a number of factors,
including the “undeclared nature” of Iran’s past programme. In 2003, it was
discovered that Iran had carried out secret nuclear activities for 18 years
in breach of its obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
(NPT).

The report also cited the “inadequacy of information available on its
centrifuge enrichment programme, the existence of a generic document
related to the fabrication of nuclear weapon components, and the lack of
clarification about the role of the military in Iran’s nuclear programme,
including… about recent information available to the Agency concerning
alleged weapon studies that could involve nuclear material.”

The report voices concern that “uncertainties related to the scope and
nature of Iran’s nuclear programme have not been clarified after three
years of intensive Agency verification.”

Verification, the report stresses, will require Iran’s active cooperation,
including “providing the IAEA access to, and cooperation by, relevant
individuals; access to documentation related to procurement and dual use




                                                                              27
equipment; and access to certain military owned workshops and R&D (research
and development) locations that the Agency may need to visit in the future
as part of its investigation.”

Mr. ElBaradei repeated this point in his comments to reporters, calling on
Tehran to “continue to be transparent” and saying there is “complete
agreement that Iran needs to go the extra mile and work with us.”

All concerned want to resolve the issue, he emphasized. “Nobody will be
happier than I when we are able to conclude that all the outstanding issues
in Iran’s nuclear programme are clarified,” he said. “Everyone is looking
for a political settlement.”

As the report goes to the Security Council, Mr. ElBaradei said, “What we
need at this stage is cool-headed approaches. We need people to lower the
rhetoric. We need to continue to see how we can move forward.”

He noted that the issue has entered a “new phase of diplomacy” and said the
15-member Council would back the Agency. “The Security Council will lend
its weight to the IAEA’s efforts so as to make sure Iran will work as
closely as possible with us,” he said.

“The IAEA will continue to do inspections in Iran and continue to ask Iran
to be as transparent as possible,” he said. “We will continue to do the
verification, while the Security Council deliberates on the global
picture.”

A settlement must assure Iran its peaceful right to nuclear energy while
assuring the international community that Iran’s programme is exclusively
for peaceful purposes, the IAEA chief stressed.

“I am still optimistic,” Mr. ElBaradei said. “I think sooner or later the
parties will decide there are no other options but negotiations.”

Meanwhile in New York, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan and
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov today discussed the situation in
Iran and a range of other global hotspots, including the Middle East and
the Balkans, according to a read-out of the meeting provided by a UN
spokesman.

Speaking to reporters, Mr. Lavrov said that on Iran’s nuclear programme,
“we agreed that we had to await the outcome of the discussions in Vienna
where the Governing Board of the IAEA is meeting and that we should all
strive for a solution which would not endanger the ability of the IAEA to
continue its work in Iran while of course making sure that there is no
danger for the non-proliferation regime.”


***




                                                                              28
FROM ITS HEADQUARTERS TO ITS FURTHEST FIELD WORK, UN MARKS
WOMEN’S DAY

From its towering Headquarters in New York to the seared fields of Nigeria,
from Secretary-General Kofi Annan to case workers fighting rape in Nepal to
special goodwill ambassador Nicole Kidman, the United Nations today marked
International Women’s Day with calls to boost the role of women in
decision-making.

“The international community is finally beginning to understand a
fundamental principle: women are every bit as affected as any man by the
challenges facing humanity in the 21st century – in economic and social
development, as well as in peace and security,” Mr. Annan said in a
message.

“The world is also starting to grasp that there is no policy more effective
in promoting development, health and education than the empowerment of
women and girls. And I would venture that no policy is more important in
preventing conflict, or in achieving reconciliation after a conflict has
ended,” he added.

He noted that there are now 11 women Heads of State or Government and three
countries – Chile, Spain and Sweden – now have gender parity in Government.
“But we have far, far more to do,” he warned. “The rate of progress overall
is slow.”

The UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) said women needed to take power
into their own hands. “Today, we call for a Global Coalition of Women
Economic Decision-makers committed to making change happen in the lives of
ordinary women and men on the ground,” UNIFEM Executive Director Noeleen
Heyzer declared. “It is important to act now.”

UNIFEM Goodwill Ambassador, Oscar-winning actress Nicole Kidman, who
starred in The Interpreter, a film about political intrigue inside the UN,
shone a spotlight on the need to end violence against women, particularly
violence against the hundreds of thousands of women and girls caught in the
crossfire of conflict.

“We must protect women and children caught up in conflict situations, and
we must care for women affected by sexual and gender-based violence,” she
said in a video statement.

The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) highlighted its role in Nepal
in bringing legal and other assistance to victims of gender-based violence
in refugee camps in Nepal and its efforts to curb the scourge. “UNHCR has
focused its preventive activities towards bringing about a change in the
attitudes of the refugee population towards women,” agency country
representative Abraham Abraham said.

UNHCR, where women hold three top posts – Deputy High Commissioner Wendy




                                                                              29
Chamberlin, Assistant High Commissioner for Operations Judy Cheng-Hopkins
and Assistant High Commissioner for Protection Erika Feller – noted much
progress had been made in fighting gender discrimination. But there is
still a long way to go, the three said.

Striking a positive note, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
highlighted the power of Nigeria’s enterprising women and their key role in
agriculture and rural development towards eliminating hunger and
contributing to economic, political and social advancement.

In the northwest State of Katsina, under a beating sun, so close to the
desert that much of the terrain is dry and hardened, wives, mothers and
children gather in the women’s compound of a small farming community that
is part of the National Special Programme for Food Security. They have
taken a small loan to buy simple spaghetti-making machines to allow them to
supplement their mainly subsistence incomes.

In a country where two-thirds of the population live on less than $1 a day,
and credit is not readily available for those without existing capital, the
challenge for Nigerian women is formidable. “Yet in this sometimes
difficult environment, some women have found a niche and are making
enormous strides that could, one day soon, change the face of the country,”
FAO said, citing other examples of female enterprise.

The UN International Labour Organization (ILO) noted that with 33 million
women joining the labour market between 1990 and 2004, women now
represented 40 per cent of the economically active population in urban
areas of Latin America.

For its part, the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) unveiled a pilot Who’s
Who of leading female environmentalists, including British primatologist
Jane Goodall, Inuit leader Sheila Watt-Cloutier, Julia Carabias-Lillo of
Mexico, Princess Basma Bint Ali of Jordan, Mei Ng of China, and Nobel Peace
Prize winner Wangari Maathai of Kenya.

“International Women’s Day has become a very special day in our calendar
and we are marking it with the launch of this project, aimed at raising
awareness and the profile of these very special women,” UNEP Executive
Director Klaus Toepfer said.

Other agency heads and officials, too, marked the occasion. “We will not
achieve our collective goals for development, peace and security and human
rights if we do not take concrete action to enhance women’s participation
in decision-making in Governments, parliaments, international
organizations, academic life and the private sector,” General Assembly
President Jan Eliasson said.

In a press statement read out by its president for March, Ambassador César
Mayoral of Argentina, the Security Council expressed its commitment to
further address obstacles limiting the empowerment and participation of




                                                                              30
women in all levels of decision making and strongly condemned the continued
acts of gender based violence armed conflicts, stressing the need to end
impunity for such acts.

UNICEF Executive Director Ann M. Veneman underlined the widespread violence
and discrimination to which women are still subjected. “A society cannot
possibly marginalize half its population and expect positive outcomes,” she
said.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Louise Arbour noted that there are
still countries where women are denied the right to vote and the Executive
Director of the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) Thoraya Obaid called for greater
action to involve women in decision-making.

And UN Development Programme (UNDP) Administrator Kemal Dervis warned that,
despite recent successes such as the election of Liberia’s Ellen
Johnson-Sirleaf as Africa’s first woman President and Angela Merkel as
Germany’s first woman Chancellor, “progress towards the goal of gender
equality and women’s empowerment still trails conspicuously behind.”

***

SUDAN’S INTELLIGENCE APPARATUS TARGETS ACTIVISTS – INDEPENDENT UN
RIGHTS EXPERT

Wrapping up a mission to Sudan, a United Nations independent human rights
expert today reported that the country’s intelligence structures continue
targeting activists.

Sima Samar told reporters in Khartoum that while the peace process remains
on track “fundamental freedoms of expression and association continue to be
curtailed by National Intelligence Security Service (NISS) and Military
Intelligence.”

The Special Rapporteur, who serves in an individual personal capacity, said
human rights defenders, students, political opposition parties, internally
displaced people (IDPs) and tribal leaders continue to be targeted for
their activities in violation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the
new Interim National Constitution, which contains a bill of rights.

She cited “credible reports that the security apparatus continue to
arbitrarily arrest and detain” and said that detainees “are subjected to
torture and ill-treatment and denied pre-trial and fair trial guarantees.”

Ms. Samar raised these concerns with officials of the NISS who pledged
reform of the service in accordance with the CPA. They also said steps have
been taken to ensure the NSIS is more representative and that draft
legislation is being prepared to replace the National Security Act.




                                                                              31
***

AS WILD FOWL SPREAD AVIAN FLU OVER CONTINENTS, UN PREPARES FOR
HUMAN PANDEMIC

With wild birds spreading the avian flu virus further into Africa and
Europe, the United Nations system was stepping up assistance to countries
in their efforts to contain the virus in birds and conducting simulation
exercises to prepare strategies for quick action on a human future
pandemic, the official in charge of the effort said today.

“Frankly, there will be a pandemic, sooner or later,” Dr. David Nabarro,
the UN System’s Coordinator for Avian and Human Influenza told
correspondents at UN Headquarters in New York as he updated them on
developments since his mission to China in mid-January.

“It might be due to H5N1 or to some other influenza virus and it could
start any time,” he said. “We have to behave as though this could start any
time, because if we don’t, we will put off getting prepared.”

Since the first reports of H5N1 in Asia at the end of 2003, over170
bird-to-human transmissions have been reported, 92 of them fatal, mostly in
South-East Asia and China and nearly 200 million domestic poultry have died
or been culled in order to contain the spread. UN health officials have
warned that the virus could evolve into a lethal human pandemic if it
mutates into a form which could transmit easily among people.

In that context, he said that he had conducted two emergency simulation
exercises with senior management of the UN system. One scenario assumed
that an established pandemic in Asia was spreading into Eastern Europe and
Africa, but not into North America.

Another scenario addressed the UN’s actions once a pandemic had reached
North America, including New York, and dealt with actions on staff safety
and provisions for essential and political services.

From these exercises, detailed reaction plans for the UN system would be
developed within the next few weeks.

At the same time, a global plan to contain an initial outbreak of the virus
in humans moved closer to final form when 70 public health experts
concluded three days of discussion in Geneva today under the auspices of
the World Health Organization (WHO).

A major topic at that meeting was how to get all containment assets quickly
to a point of outbreak. A report on the issue would be published tomorrow,
Dr. Nabarro said.

Meanwhile, wild birds, which can apparently carry the virus while remaining
asymptomatic, had been spreading the virus along migration routes from Asia




                                                                              32
into Europe and Africa.

This development has made it imperative to increase surveillance of wild
birds, Dr. Nabarro said. For that purpose, WHO, the UN Food and Agriculture
Organization (FAO), the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and wildlife
organizations were working together around the world, and an international
conference on the issue had been planned in June.

He stressed that wild birds were not targeted in prevention and voiced hope
that containment focussed on domestic birds could control the spread to
wild fowl.

In domestic containment, he said the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) was
extremely concerned about the risk to children, as they traditionally took
care of poultry in many countries.

In that light, Dr. Nabarro said was pleased to report the assembling, by a
number of governments, FAO and others, of a team of emergency veterinarians
ready to travel to trouble spots at a moment’s notice – the “Brigade,” as
it was informally called.


***

ANNAN NOMINATES INTERNATIONAL JUDGES FOR CAMBODIA’S KHMER ROUGE
TRIAL

United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan has submitted a list of
international judges and other legal experts to Cambodia’s Prime Minister
to serve in the trial of former leaders of the Khmer Rouge accused of
horrific crimes, including mass killings, during the 1970s, a spokesman for
the world body announced today.

In a letter to Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen yesterday, Mr. Annan
recommends 12 legal experts, including seven nominees for international
judges, to serve in the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
for the Prosecution of Crimes Committed During the Period of Democratic
Kampuchea.

A 2003 agreement between the UN and Cambodia’s Government provides for a
Trial Chamber, composed of three Cambodian judges and two international
judges, and a Supreme Court Chamber, composed of four Cambodian judges and
three international judges. It also called on the Secretary-General to
provide a list of not less than seven nominees.

The agreement provides that these five international judges will be
appointed by the Supreme Council of the Magistracy of Cambodia, and in
yesterday’s letter Mr. Annan now requested Cambodia’s Prime Minister to
transmit his nominations to that Council.




                                                                              33
Under an agreement signed by the UN and Cambodia, the trial court and a
Supreme Court within the Cambodian legal system will investigate those most
responsible for crimes and serious violations of Cambodian and
international law between 17 April 1975 and 6 January 1979.

The three-year budget for the trials is about $56.3 million, of which $43
million is to be paid by the UN and $13.3 million by the Government of
Cambodia.

At last year’s pledging conference to support the UN assistance to the
trials, Mr. Annan said that the crimes committed under the Khmer Rouge rule
“were of a character and scale that it was still almost impossible to
comprehend,” adding that “the victims of those horrific crimes had waited
too long for justice.”


***

DR OF CONGO: UN-BACKED MILITARY OPERATION SUCCEEDS IN DRIVING
REBELS FROM SOUTH KIVU

Troops from the army of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), backed
by hundreds of United Nations peacekeepers with armoured vehicle and
helicopter support, have regained control of parts of the South Kivu region
in the east of the strife-torn country that were occupied by rebels from
neighbouring Rwanda.

The UN Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC)
said that the two-week army-led operation, which ended at the weekend, had
regained control of three areas approximately 60 kilometres from Bukavu,
the main city of the South Kivu region.

MONUC said that while its logistic support to the army had ended, its South
Kivu brigade continues to provide other support to the Congolese forces,
including “intensive patrolling in the zone,” aimed at preventing Rwandan
rebels from resettling and harassing the local population.

Elsewhere, MONUC said that another operation aimed at removing militia
members was ongoing southeast of the town of Bunia, in the Ituri district.
In and around Bunia, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian
Affairs (OCHA) says almost 2,000 internally displaced families have been
registered since the end of last month and the UN World Food Programme
(WFP) is helping with food needs.

These military operations are the latest in recent months in which MONUC
has played a more active role in seeking to bring stability to the eastern
DRC as the vast country prepares to hold elections in June to consolidate
stability following a six-year civil war that cost 4 million lives through
fighting and the attendant humanitarian catastrophe – the most lethal
conflict in the world since World War II.




                                                                              34
The head of the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO),
Under-Secretary-General Jean-Marie Guéhenno, currently on a 10-day working
visit to the country, met with President Joseph Kabila to discuss, among
other things, the current electoral process and security issues.

Mr. Guéhenno reaffirmed the international community’s commitment to support
the electoral process in the DRC and stressed that “the elections must be
carried out in a calm and peaceful environment.”

During his stay, Mr. Guéhenno also plans to visit the east of the country
to see how UN peacekeepers are helping to promote stability, and will have
other meetings with officials, including the DRC’s four vice-presidents.

In a related development, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan has sent a letter
to the President of the Security Council appointing five people to comprise
a Group of Experts monitoring illicit arms imports, as well as travel bans
and asset freezes, on all violators of the weapons ban against the DRC. The
five are specialists in such areas as arms trafficking, border control,
finance and aviation.


***

ANNAN URGES ETHIOPIA AND ERITREA TO SETTLE ‘UNTENABLE’ STALEMATE
OVER BORDER

Calling the protracted stalemate between Ethiopia and Eritrea “increasing
untenable” and dangerous for the region, United Nations Secretary-General
Kofi Annan urged both countries to cooperate during a proposed March
convening of the commission that was created to settle their border
dispute.

“Eritrea and Ethiopia should seize this unique opportunity and extend the
necessary cooperation to the Boundary Commission,” Mr. Annan says in his
latest report on the issue.

He also recommends extending the United Nations mission (UNMEE), deployed
to keep the truce between the two countries, for two or three months, “in
order for the forthcoming meeting of the Boundary Commission to bear
fruit,” he says.

He adds that the options proposed in his previous report – ranging from
redeployment to total withdrawal – will be kept under review.

In that report he said that the mission’s position had worsened because of
Ethiopia’s refusal to accept the Boundary Commission’s binding decision as
required by the 2000 accord that ended the bitter fighting over the border,
as well as Eritrea’s subsequent ban on UNMEE flights and its demand to
remove UNMEE staff of certain nationalities.




                                                                              35
***

AZERBAIJAN GENERALLY RESPECTS RELIGION BUT REPRESSION PERSISTS IN
SOME AREAS ? UN EXPERT

Calling for strengthening impartial, democratic institutions in Azerbaijan,
an independent United Nations human rights expert today said the national
Government generally respects freedom of religion but in some regions
administrative controls “result in real forms of repression.”

Measures include restriction on religious literature and methods of
appointment of clergy or obstacles for non-registered religious
communities, Asma Jahangir, the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion
or belief for the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, said at the
end of a visit to Azerbaijan that started on 26 February.

“To address these concerns as well as other related human rights, the
existence of effective independent and impartial administrative and
judicial mechanisms is of crucial importance,” Ms. Jahangir said.

While she said the country's Constitution contains the main guarantees of
the right to freedom of religion of belief, she found possible shortcomings
in the corresponding legislative framework that she promised to address in
a forthcoming report.

However, in terms of the general atmosphere in the country, Ms. Jahangir
found an “undisputable degree of tolerance” of the population, which she
said is an essential ingredient of the freedom of religion or belief in a
society.

“The most striking feature of Azerbaijan regarding issues relevant to my
mandate is the easygoing and dispassionate attitude shown by the
Azerbaijanis towards religion,” she said.

Unfortunately, she said that the level of tolerance between religious
communities is “sometimes significantly challenged,” partly due to the
actions of authorities and “the negative role played by some media in
stigmatizing certain religious communities.”

In that respect, she stressed the responsibility of the media and drew the
attention on the relevant provisions of international law that prohibit any
form of incitement to religious hatred, such as article 20 of the
International Covenant on civil and political rights.

Special Rapporteurs are independent, unpaid experts with mandates from the
UN Human Rights Commission.

***




                                                                              36
UN SET TO LAUNCH YEAR-LONG RECONSTRUCTION STAGE AFTER PAKISTANI
QUAKE

Five months after Pakistan was devastated by an earthquake which killed
more than 73,000 people, injured nearly 70,000 and left millions homeless,
the emergency aid phase is nearing its end and the United Nations is set to
formally launch a year-long recovery and reconstruction stage, humanitarian
officials said today.

Plans are underway with UN Special Envoy for the South Asian Earthquake
Disaster, former United States President George H. W. Bush, for a high
level launch of ‘The Action Plan from Relief to Recovery’ in New York,
which will also be locally launched at field hubs in Pakistan.

It will cover a one year period starting in April 2006 and has been
prepared in close collaboration with Pakistani military and civil
authorities.

UN Deputy Humanitarian Coordinator Jamie McGoldrick praised the role of the
Pakistani Government and the disciplined efforts of the humanitarian
community, especially civil society, for the success of the relief phase.

“There has been no second wave of deaths, no massive population movement
down the mountains, no severe malnutrition, and no outbreak of epidemics,”
Mr. McGoldrick said.

The major challenges were keeping relief operations going until the end of
this month, improving sanitation especially in the smaller camps and
preparing for the return of Internally Displaced People (IDP) on the basis
of a voluntary and informed consent.

Mr. McGoldrick warned that there will be a continued risk of landslides as
the snow starts to melt in the spring and even more so later in the year
when the monsoon season sets in. “Road accessibility will remain a major
challenge, and it is expected that there will be a continued need for a
minimum of five to six helicopters until at least September,” he said.

Issues such as food assistance beyond March, camp closures, provision of
health care, utilities, education, land ownership, rubble removal,
urban/rural planning, special support to vulnerable groups and consistent
provision of information about the returns process are being discussed with
Pakistani authorities and partner organizations.

***

IN FURTHER TALKS WITH IRAQ’S NEIGHBOURS, TOP UN ENVOY VISITS JORDAN

The top United Nations envoy in Iraq today visited Amman, capital of
neighbouring Jordan, where many of the world body’s operations have been




                                                                              37
based since the attack on the UN’s Baghdad headquarters in August 2003.

Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s Special Representative Ashraf Qazi met with
Jordanian Foreign Minister Abdul Ilah Khatib, who he thanked for
facilitating the work of the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI),
“without which our operations in Iraq will be less effective.”

He briefed the minister on the latest political developments in Iraq,
including the convening of the Iraqi National Assembly, formation of the
government and efforts to promote national harmony following the attack on
a Shiite shrine in Samarra last month and the ensuing rioting, destruction
and deaths.

Mr. Qazi discussed with Mr. Al-Khatib the role of Iraq’s neighbouring
countries, the upcoming Arab Summit in Khartoum and the League of Arab
States initiative for an Iraqi national accord conference, launched in
Cairo last November. He noted the valuable role played by Jordan in these
important initiatives.

***

NAMIBIA: UN SENDS IN AID FOLLOWING FLOODING

The United Nations is helping Namibia recover from flooding when the
sluices of a dam fed by eight rivers had to be opened last month to
alleviate rising waters, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of
Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said today.

The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is to provide an additional 10,000 water
purification tablets to the southern African’s country’s Emergency
Management Unit to address a shortfall and the UN Population Fund (UNFPA)
is sending hygiene kits to affected households.

On 25 February, the western side of the town of Mariental was flooded after
sluices of the Hardap Dam were opened. Five people died. By 28 February,
the situation had improved as floodwaters subsided but some 2,100 people
remained displaced as of 3 March. Since schools are about to resume, the
displaced people will have to be relocated.

Although the sewerage system is being restored, and water tankers are being
placed in strategic areas of the town, only one water reservoir is
functional and water quality remains a problem, OCHA said.

***




                                                                              38
  DAILY PRESS BRIEFING BY THE OFFICE OF THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE
                        SECRETARY-GENERAL
       The following is a near-verbatim transcript of today’s noon briefing by Stéphane
Dujarric, Spokesman for the Secretary-General.
       Good afternoon.
      Today, as you know, is International Women’s Day, and our guest will be Noeleen
Heyzer, the Executive Director of the United Nations Development Fund for Women, otherwise
known as UNIFEM. She will be here to talk about exercising power for change.
       **Secretary-General on International Women’s Day
        Earlier today, the Secretary-General spoke at, what he called, his last International
Women’s Day as Secretary-General. He told the audience that, although much has been
accomplished for women in the past quarter century, we have far more to do, both in the UN
and in the world as a whole.
        He said the world is starting to grasp that there is no policy for progress more effective
than the empowerment of women and girls.
         He said that, when he leaves his job here, he and his wife, Nane, intend to devote quite a
bit of time to the advancement of women and girls’ education.
       [Cell phone rings.]
        And please, throw that cell phone out, whoever has it, thank you… Sir, if I could ask
you to turn off your cell phone thank you. Zero tolerance…
       **Security Council
        The Security Council, as you know, held consultations on Côte d’Ivoire. Dmitry Titov,
Director of the Africa Division in the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, briefed the
Security Council members on the latest developments in that country. He also discussed the
redeployment of UN troops from the peacekeeping Mission in Liberia to the one in Côte
d’Ivoire.
       Following consultations, the Council President, Ambassador César Mayoral of
Argentina, just read out a press statement relating to International Women’s Day.
       **Latest Reports by the Secretary-General
        Out on the racks today is the Secretary-General’s latest report on the UN Mission in
Iraq, and that is a report to the Security Council. In it, he says that, while Iraq has met all the
key benchmarks of its transition timetable, it continues to face formidable political, security and
economic challenges.
       Sectarian violence has emerged as a main threat to the security and stability of Iraq. The
need for sustained intercommunal dialogue and confidence-building measures to promote
national reconciliation is all the more urgent now, he says. And the UN will continue to do
everything possible to support such efforts.




                                                                                                     39
       He also notes that the human rights situation in Iraq remains a cause of great concern.
While the Government has taken initial steps to address the situation, there is a need for further
measures to ensure that both past and present abuses are dealt with, based on the rule of law and
in accordance with international obligations.
       And also relating to Iraq, Ashraf Qazi, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative in
Iraq, met today in Amman with Jordanian Foreign Minister Abdul Ilah Khatib, and thanked the
Jordanian Government for facilitating the UN Mission’s work in Amman.
       **Ethiopia/Eritrea
        And turning now to operations in… I’m sorry, one more report that is out; the Secretary-
General’s latest report on Ethiopia and Eritrea is out as a document on the internet. In it, the
Secretary-General says the proposed convening by the Boundary Commission of a meeting with
the parties in early March, comes at a crucial moment. He urges both countries to seize the
unique opportunity and extend the necessary cooperation to the Commission, so that the
expeditious demarcation of the common border can take place.
       **Update - Democratic Republic of the Congo
         And turning now to military operations involving UN peacekeepers in the eastern
Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the UN Mission in that country says that “Operation
South Sentinel” against armed militias in South Kivu province has been completed successfully,
with militia members pushed out of strongholds in the area of Kahuzi Biega Park and Hombo.
Meanwhile, a separate operation, “Operation Engraver”, reports that there’ve been no new
contacts between the opposing forces in the operation aimed at removing militia members from
the town of Tchei, some 60 kilometres south-east of the town of Bunia, which is located in the
Ituri district.
        And also on the DRC, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
says it has received reports of some 1,900 internally displaced families being registered in and
around Bunia, since the end of last month, and the World Food Programme (WFP) is helping
with food needs.
       And also in the DRC, the head of the Peacekeeping Department, Jean-Marie Guéhenno,
met yesterday with President Joseph Kabila to discuss, among other things, the current electoral
process and security issues. Guéhenno reaffirmed the commitment of the international
community to support the electoral process in the DRC.
       And last but not least -- out on the racks is a letter from the Secretary-General to the
President of the Security Council, on his appointment of five people to the Group of Experts for
the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The appointments follow the Council’s request that the
Secretary-General re-establish the group. And we do have a transcript of Mr. Guéhenno’s press
conference… we will have a transcript of his press conference hopefully later today.
       ** Cambodia
        Turning now to Cambodia, the Secretary-General yesterday sent a letter to Prime
Minister Hun Sen of Cambodia, submitting his nominees for international judges and other
senior officials of the Extraordinary Chambers to prosecute Khmer Rouge crimes in Cambodia.
      The Secretary-General forwarded the list of seven nominees for international judges --
we have that list upstairs -- and they include nominees from New Zealand, Austria, Sri Lanka,




                                                                                                40
the US, Poland, France and Japan. And he also nominated three people -- one from France, the
US and one from Canada -- to be co-investigative judges. We have the press release with the
names available upstairs.
       **Press Conferences/Upcoming Events
        Today at 3:30… this afternoon at 3, rather, the Secretary-General will be meeting with
Mr. E. Neville Isdell, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of The Coca-Cola Company, on
the occasion of the company’s joining the UN Global Compact. This latest development
reflects the growing membership of the Global Compact around the world, with almost 3,000
participating organizations in 90 countries, as of now.
       Guest noon tomorrow will be Jan Egeland, the Under-Secretary-General for
Humanitarian Affairs and the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator, who will be joining us to
launch the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), which we’ve been talking to you about.
        And also, at 11 in the UNCA Club, Walid Jumblatt, the leader of the Progressive
Socialist Party in Lebanon will be briefing you.
       That is it for me. Any questions?
       **Questions and Answers
       Question: I don’t know whether you said it at the top of the briefing, but did you speak
about Mr. Lavrov’s meeting with the Secretary-General, and do you have any readout on that?
        Spokesman: No, I do not have anything. I know Mr. Lavrov gave you an extensive
readout and we will see what we can get you. But I did not have time to do that before the
briefing.
        Question: And I have one more question about the crackdown on the press by the
Kenyan Government. Television stations have been closed down and newspaper trucks have
been attacked and so forth -- which was last Thursday. No formal statement has been issued by
the Secretariat, noting this crackdown at all. Why?
       Spokesman: Well, I think I would take exception to what you’ve said, because when
there was a crackdown, I believe a week ago, against a television station and a newspaper,
Klaus Toepfer, who is the head of the UN Office in Nairobi, and the most senior Secretariat
member in Nairobi, did issue a statement condemning those actions.
       Question: Did the Secretary-General take note of those…
      Spokesman: I think the Secretary-General takes note, and has absolutely no objection
with what Mr. Toepfer said.
       Question: Are there any plans or any announcements that you may have, Kofi Annan
perhaps setting a meeting with the “P-5” or something to discuss what he discussed with
Foreign Minister Lavrov, any developments on the Iran front?
         Spokesman: Not that I know of. The Secretary-General met with the “P-5” late last
week -- on Friday night… Friday afternoon if my memory serves me right -- to discuss exactly
that, Iran, and he was briefed, by the Russians, notably on the discussions that they had had.
 But I don’t see any… I’m not aware of another meeting he will call of the “P-5”, but if that
changes, I’ll let you know.




                                                                                                 41
        Question: And a follow-up question to yesterday’s briefing by Mark Malloch Brown
and Mr. Gupta. There’s this proposal… I mean the math may differ depending on how you put
the numbers together, but it looked like an out front necessity to pay about half a billion dollars,
$500 million dollars, to work out payouts for people leaving and what not. Is there any new
information that you could provide us on how the UN would go about securing that money, to
be able to finance such a…
        Spokesman: Obviously, the report talks about an investment in the UN where we felt
there had been underinvestment, notably in the issue of staff. But that money will have to come
from the Member States.
       Question: Is there some sort of formula worked out?
         Spokesman: But, obviously, the Member States are just now beginning their discussions
of the report, so we’ll see where they go. But a lot of the figures in the report were obviously
estimates and will have to be more detailed out, once the implementation of the report becomes
clearer.
     Question: But how does the actual negotiation go to make the position known to the
Member States…
       Spokesman: I think the strategic vision laid out by the Secretary-General on
management reform was given to the Member States yesterday. And I believe the President of
the General Assembly said clearly that he would now begin consultations on how the report
would be taken up. But this was a report asked for by Member States, and it is now in their
hands and, meanwhile, we will go ahead with extensive consultations with our staff.
        Question: On the issue of delegating the powers of the Secretary-General to the DSG
[Deputy Secretary-General], as the Secretary-General has done in the report, I was talking to
some ambassadors who believe that this matter should be brought to the attention of the UN
General Assembly for approval -- that it can’t be done by the Secretary-General by himself
arbitrarily, because it was the GA which gave the approval for the DSG post.
        Spokesman: Obviously the Member States are going to discuss the report and express
their feelings on it. But, I think if you look at the way the new responsibilities of the Deputy
Secretary-General’s post were laid out in the report, it is a delegation of some authority, but it in
no way changes the Secretary-General’s responsibility, as it is laid out in the Charter, where he
remains the Chief Administrative Officer, and he remains at the head of the Secretariat, and the
ultimate responsibility remains with him. So that is clear, and the report in no way changes
what is in the Charter.
        Question: It does change… he says it very openly; that the reason why he is delegating
the authority is because…
        Spokesman: Of course, he has… I think as anyone who heads a large organization
needs to delegate some authority. But the ultimate responsibility will remain with him, as it is
laid out in the Charter.
       Thank you very much. Oh! I’m so sorry. I’m always so eager to leave. Please stay.
We have Noeleen Heyzer who is our guest today. You know, I just want to run away so
quickly…




                                                                                                   42

								
To top