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					THE MUSIC
    OF
INDONESIA
The predominant
         musical
     ensemble in
     Indonesia is
        gamelan
Javanese gamelan is more sedate and
         majestic sounding
Balinese gamelan is
  more virtuosic,
mercurial, flashy, and
   unpredictable
Gamelan literally means, “musical
           ensemble”
  Gending is a
    piece of
Javanese music
  for gamelan
Gender is a metallophone with
    thin bronze slab keys
  A Saron is a metallophone with
thick bronze slab keys lying over a
         trough resonator
  A Gong is
 suspended
 and struck
with a mallet.
Laras are Javanese tuning systems
  A complete
   Javanese
gamelan is two
 orchestras in
      one
The cultural
and historical
significance
of Javanese
gamelan
music goes
back more
than 250
years
The Mataram is the last great
    native power in Java
  There are
   spiritual
  aspects to
  Javanese
Gamelan music
Wayang Kulit (shadow-plays)
use stories derived from India
The Dhalang is the puppeteer
 The
Music
of Bali
In the fifteenth century, Mataram
 displaced the Hindu kingdom of
             Majapahit
  Balinese gamelan music can
 accompany opera, support the
  royal court, enhance shadow
plays, or represent village pride
The Kecak is a
 type of dance
     drama
 accompanied
by a large male
  chorus that
     chants
 rhythmically,
    usually
 performed for
    tourists
Barong is a dance ritual adopted
           for tourists
New genres are
being accepted
as “traditional”
culture
Popular Music
   in Java
  includes
  Gambus,
  Dangdut,
Kroncong and
 Jaipongan
 The three
  levels of
   musical
 activity in
  gamelan
 music are
coordinated
   by the
 drummer
They are melody, elaboration and
     rhythmic punctuation
Buburan “Udan
Mas,” (Golden
  Rain) Laras
 Pelog, Patet
   Barang.
Textbook CD 2,
    track 3
 Ketawang “Puspawarna,” Laras
Slendro, Patet Manyura. Textbook
           CD 2, track 4
Kebyar “Teruna.” Textbook CD 2,
            track 5
Tabuh Empat Pagawak.Performed
  by Gamelan Gong Gede “Sekar
Sandat” of Bangli. Textbook CD 2,
             track 6
Dangdut Quran Dan Koran
 Textbook CD 2, track 8
 Kroncong “Morisko”
Textbook CD 2, track 9
 "Daun Pulus
Keser Bojong,"
Textbook CD 2,
   track 10
Gamelan is an Indonesian term for
       musical ensemble
Indonesian music is generally
 based on repeated musical
  phrases of varying length
Javanese music uses two scales
  Gamelan
music serves
   ritual,
  spiritual,
government,
 dramatic,
 and social
 functions
  The shadow
 puppet play—
Wayang Kulit—
  is one of the
      major
    theatrical
forms that uses
     gamelan
Balinese gamelan instruments are
tuned slightly differently, creating
 a shimmering or pulsating effect
Many newer popular styles
combine outside influences
What caused the
 divergences of
 Javanese and
Balinese music in
 the fifteenth-
  century, and
   then in the
   twentieth-
    century?
Why can Indonesia be labeled a
      “bronze culture”?
     What other
cultures can we
    list that are
influenced by a
   material like
    bronze is to
     Indonesia?
In what other
  world music
cultures might
    we find
 interlocking?
Where might we find equivalents
to Balinese musical instruments
      that contain spirits?
  How may
shadow play
be compared
 to opera or
   ballet?
 Hollywood
  movies?
What acculturations has Balinese music made in the
twentieth-century?




                                  Has it been beneficial?
What were the forces that created Arabic
  and then Portuguese influences on
      Indonesian popular music?

				
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posted:8/7/2012
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