THE IMPACT OF MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT AND TRAINING IN EFFICIENT by MCVOlAa

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									THE IMPACT OF MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT AND TRAINING IN

       EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT OF PARASTATALS

(A CASE STUDY OF NATIONAL ELECTRIC POWER AUTHORITY

                   ENUGU STATE)



                        BY


                IHEANETU OBINNA I.

                   BAM/H2003/159


    DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION AND

                  MANAGEMENT,

     INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY

                   (I.M.T) ENUGU



                   AUGUST 2005.
                    TITLE PAGE

THE IMPACT OF MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT AND TRAINING IN

       EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT OF PARASTATALS

(A CASE STUDY OF NATIONAL ELECTRIC POWER AUTHORITY

                   ENUGU STATE)

                         BY


                 IHEANETU OBINNA I.

                    BAM/H2003/159



 A PROJECT PRESENTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS

         ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT

  INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY (I.M.T)

                       ENUGU

 IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE

 AWARD OF HIGHER NATIONAL DIPLOMA (HND) IN BUSINESS

         ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT

                    AUGUST 2005.
                        APPROVAL PAGE

DEPARTMENT         OF    BUSINESS       ADMINISTRATION         AND

MANAGEMENT SCHOOL OF BUSINESS STUDIES, INSTITUE OF

MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY ENUGU



This research project titled “The impact of manpower development and

training in efficiency management of parastatals was conducted by

IHEANETU OBINNA under my supervision and it is thereby recommended

for approval.

…………………………                      …………………………

MRS. NWANDU E.C.                MR. AGBO, O. G.

(PROJECT SUPERVISOR)                  (HEAD OF DEPARTMENT)



……………………………                           …………………………

EXTERNAL EXAMINAR                     MR. ADIRIKA .E

                                      DIRECTOR, SCHOOL OF

                                      BUSINESS STUDIES.
                               DEDICATION

I dedicate this project work to my parents Mr. & Mrs S.D. Iheanetu who made

this work through their financial and moral support and to God Almighty who

in His own way of doing things kept me alive through this period..
                          ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The task of conducting a research has never been an easy one at whatever level

and whatever subject. In conducting this study I had in mind the axiom that

two good needs are better than one. This work in therefore melting point of

ideas and profound thoughts, generated from dularse source too numerous to

mention here. The contributions of the following facts are however considered

two great to be generalized.



I therefore wish to express my heartily appreciation and gratitude to my

supervisor Mrs. E. C. Nwandu for her immensely support towards the success

of this work. As well as the motherly role she played. Thanks for the vast

knowledge you impacted on me and your assistance to the project work.

Perhaps this work could not be possible if not the approval and assistance of

my H.O.D. Mr Ojemba Agbo. Thanks and God bless.



I equally appreciate immeasurable effort of my brothers Emeka and Amobi in

one way or the other contributed towards the success of this work and all the
authors whose work contributed to success of this study may the ALMIGHTY

GOD bless you all Amen.



Iheanetu Obinna I.

BAM/H203/159
                                 ABSTRACT

The growth and innovation in the field of science and technology and the

complex nature of modern business activities and the need for the expert

handling of modern equipment and budget I call for the urgent training and

development of organization manpower resources in order to meet these

challenges.

Today, we know that our problem is not how to avoid change but how to

analyze the victim that all development spells opportunity and get ourselves

equipped to handle the increasing complexity in manpower and managerial

activities.

The research work undertake a survey of the manpower development policies

and programmes of the National Electric Power Authority and found that though

there exists an established policy and programmes for employee development

there polices and programmes are deficient in content and complementation.



Based on the followings, we suggested an immediate review of the training and

development policy and programme in order to make it more functional and

adaptable to the present and future needs of corporations intended objectives.
In carrying out the research, oral interview and research questionnaire were

used.     The analysis of the questionnaire was done based on percentages.

Allowing the greater or less than factor to influence the judgment either by

mollified the oral interview responses gotten. The work is divided into five

chapters. The first chapter contains the statements of problem and purposes of

the study. Three assumptions were made as forming basis for the study.



In chapter two, relevant literature on manpower development and man power

development problems, methods and strategies were reviewed. In chapter

three, the research methodology and source of data are presented. Chapter four

contains the presentation and analysis of data and test of hypothesis. The

chapter     five   contains   summary   of   the   findings,   conclusion   and

recommendation.
                    TABLE OF CONTENTS
COVER PAGE

TITLE PAGE

APPROVAL PAGE

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

ABSTRACT

TABLE OF CONTENT

LIST OF TABLE



CHAPTER ONE

1.0   INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

1.2   STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

1.3   OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

1.4   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1.5   SCOPE OF THE STUDY

1.6   LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
1.7   RESEARCH QUESTION

1.8   HYPOTHESIS

1.9   DEFINITION OF TERMS



CHAPTER TWO

2.0   LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1   DEFINING MANPOWER TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT

2.2   AREAS AND OBJECTIVES OF MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT

2.3   AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT

2.4   METHODS AND TYPES OF MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT

2.5   DETERMINATION OF DEVELOPMENT NEEDS

2.6   STEPS   IN   DESIGNING   A   MANPOWER   DEVELOPMENT

      PROGRAMMES

2.7   MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT PROBLEMS

2.8   MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

      REFERENCES
CHAPTER THREE

3.0   RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY

3.1   INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY

3.2   AREA OF STUDY

3.3   POPULATION OF THE STUDY

3.4   SAMPLE SIZE DETERMINATION

3.5   INSTRUMENT FOR DATA COLLECTION

3.6   VALIDATION OF THE INSTRUMENT

3.7   RELIABILITY OF THE INSTRUMENT

3.8   METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION

3.9   METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS



CHAPTER FOUR

4.0   PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

4.1   TESTING OF HYPOTHESIS
CHAPTER FIVE

5.0   SUMMARY        OF   FIDNINGS,   CONCLUSION   AND

      RECOMMENDATION

5.1   SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

5.2   CONCLUSION

5.3   RECOMMENDATION

5.4   BIBLIOGRAPHY

5.5   RESEARCH QUESTIONNAIRE
                                CHAPTER ONE

                                INTRODUCTION

Contemporary thoughts on national development and growth emphasizes the

need for the training and retaining of the human resources and economic

independence of the nations.       The objectivity of this assertion becomes

apparent when viewed against the background of the study. Damages wrecked

on the socio-political and economic structure and integrity of most independent

developing nations by foreign interest acting under pretension of assisting them

in their development efforts.

The realization of complete independence is therefore a function of an effective

development strategies and efficient utilization of a country’s potentials studies

shows that most countries are blessed with abundant natural resources. They

lock the basic technology for transforming and maximizing the benefits of

these natural endowment resulting from the under development of the human

portentous.

Since Nigeria gained her independence in 1960, we have been faced with the

challenge of providing adequate and effective manpower need for the

management of our economic resources.
Our inability to provide for the necessary manpower need results in the

inefficient and under utilization of the abundant economic resources. Most

organization in Nigeria is so much concerned with the profits maximization,

they ignore the need for training their workers, and instead, they consider the

money they will spend on their training programme as waste rather than as an

investment. The fail to foresee the desirability of continuous retaining and

development of their workers in order to promote the efficiency and

effectiveness of their organisation. Consequently instead of growing, the

business rather fails and much capital wasted.



Commenting on the general poor development of the Nigerian workers, W.R.

Haires observed that the Nigerian workers are under used, under employed,

frustrated and preventive from bringing their talents to bear on the well-being

of their employers, organisation and the nation at large.

Manpower development is a dynamic process, in other words, it is a response

to change in the beliefs, attitudes and behaviour of individuals so that they can

better adopt new techniques and challenges.
In recognition of the need for the training and development of the human

potentials and resources of employees as a means of achieving organizational

objectives and goal with efficiency and effectiveness, the National Electric Power

Authority established a training policy for her employee. In pursuance of this

noble objective of manpower development and training by the organization, a

lot of difficulties arises which affected the success of the programme. This

research work is therefore directed towards an evaluation of the manpower

development and training programme of the corporation with a view to

identifying problem areas (where any) and making suggestions on ways of

achieving greater successes in their manpower development efforts.



1.2   STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

After an employee has been recruited and inducted, his skills must be updated

and developed to better fit into the job and the organisation. The need for

training and developing the employee not only arises from the fact that he

might not fit in the job posses the necessary skill needed in the job but have the

effect of the dynamic nature of the society influenced by changes in the field of

science and technology necessitated the continuous improvement of worker’s
skill and the sill he expected to have in order better fit into the new job

demands is bridged by manpower training.

Many organizations have over the years established good manpower training

and development programmes in order incite better employee performance at

work and increased productivity. Good development programmes have not

always been easy to attain in organization because of the forces that impede

against the achievement of their objectives. Some of the impeding forces

include selections or recruitment problems, training procedure and inadequate

facilities, government policy, the economy and labour legislation. The crucial

problems this research will address includes:

   1.    The problem of inadequate manpower resources in the National

         Electric Power Authority.

   2.    The lack of functional manpower development programmes.

   3.    The under utilization of available manpower resources.



A critical analysis of these problems will be done with a view to determining

their causes and consequences on the corporation. The researcher will also

make contribution on ways of redressing the problems.
1.3     OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The decision to research on this field of human development results from my

interest in the areas of manpower planning and development as it occupies a

strategic position in the effective and efficient realization of organization’s

goal.

Apart from giving the reader a general idea of what manpower training and

development entails, this study is designed to examine and clarify the

following issues:-

          1)    To   identify the manpower       training   and   development

                programme of the National Electric Power Authority.

          2)    To determine the impact of this programme on workers

                performance.

          3)    To identify the problem which negatively affect the successful

                implementation of the programme and achievement of the

                desires result.

          4)    Make recommendation on ways of ensuring greater successes

                in future.
1.4   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STYDY

We have noted earlier in this research the important role of manpower training

and development in achieving organizational goal. We also noted the problem

of lack of well-developed, specialized and dynamic management that will be

capable of harnessing the development.

The significance of the study therefore in it’s potentiality in serving as a

reference took for both individual organization and government policy makers

who desire to eliminate all and avert obstacles associated with manpower

planning.

It will also be of immense benefit particularly in the organizers and executors

of manpower development and training programmes in National Electric

Power Authority. This is because the clearly identified problem areas in the

design and implementation of manpower development programmes.             This

research will also discuss various manpower development and training related

issues and suggests ways that can be adopted to solve manpower training and

development problems.
1.5   SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This research is concerned with the impact of the manpower development

programme of the National Electric Power Authority, Enugu state.

The NEPA. as we know is federal parastatals, it has three divisions viz, the

eastern, northern and southern division with headquarter at Lagos.

The focus in the eastern division of the corporation is not suggestive of a …..

policy in the management policy of the organisaiton rather it is supposed to

provide a guide to the understanding of the entire organisation division given

the persuading circumstances.

Equally it is believed and hoped that much is not lost by limiting the study to

the eastern division because given the centralization policy of the organisation,

every part is supposed to bear the same major characteristics element with the

rest of the other divisions.



1.6   LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

In carrying out this research, some basic problems were encountered which to

an extent influenced the debtnesses of the research primary among this

problems include:-
Lack of statistical data, contain information sought for are either totally

unavailable or cannot be released to the pubic, despite all these short comings,

much effort was indeed made to ensure that these problems does not outweigh

the desire ability or need to carryout a sound research.



1.7   RESEARCH QUESTION

The following research questions would be necessary to make this research a

success.

1.    Is there any programme of manpower training and development in

      National Electric Power Authority, Enugu?

2.    Do National Electric Power Authority Enugu attach importance to

      manpower development and training?

3.    Has manpower development and training helped National Electric Power

      Authority in meeting the problems or challenges of the complex nature

      of modern business activities or get equipped to handle the increasing

      complexity in their managerial activities?

4.    Is there any significant impact of manpower development and training in

      efficient management of National Electric Power Authority, Enugu?
1.8   RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

The following research hypothesis are used for this study.

Where H0: Stands for null hypothesis

      Hi:   Stands for alternative hypothesis

1.    H0:   There is no significant impact of manpower development in

      efficient management of parastatals.

2.    H0:   There is a significant impact of manpower development in

      efficient management of parastatals.

3.    H0:   There is no improvement of manpower development in efficient

      management of parastatals.

4.    Hi:   There is an improvement of manpower development in efficient

      management of parastatals.




1.9   DEFINITION OF TERMS

To allow for better understanding of this research, it is considered necessary

that some of the key terms used be defined or described.
1.    Manpower: Manpower, which is developed through human capital

      formation, means much more than population or labour force.

      Manpower in the economic sense is the managerial, scientific

      engineering technical, craftsman and other skills which are employed on

      creating, designing, developing, organizational managing and operating

      productivity services enterprises and economic institutions.

2.    Development:       After the employee has recruited selected and

      inducted, he or she must be developed to better fit into the job and the

      organization.

Again, that development would include both training to increase skill in

performing a specific job and education to increase general knowledge and

understanding of our total work environment.

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