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									                    Regional workshop WEC-ADEME
      “Evaluation of Energy Efficiency Policies in the MENA Region”
             organised by ANME with the support of UNDP
                        Tunis, 15-16 March 2010

The WEC project on energy efficiency policies evaluation:
               A worldwild panorama
              Results and perspective

      Dr Didier bosseboeuf
      General secretary of the WEC service on energy efficiency

   The WEC study 2008-2010 on energy efficiency

   Main conclusions and recommendations (2007 results)
   The WEC study 2008-2010 on energy efficiency
            WEC ADEME project aims at describing and
    evaluating energy efficiency trends and policies at world level

Project coordinated by ADEME with the technical support of Enerdata under
           the supervision of the “WEC energy efficiency committee”.

      Participation of national corresponding members of WEC
      Committees/ADEME network to a policy survey and production of a

      6 Regional workshops and 2 general meetings (London).

     In depth evaluation of 6 selected policy measures by international
      experts, with more than 30 country case studies.

     Calculation of indicators by country and world region.

     WEC web site ( ) include all indicators, case
      studies and workshop proceedings
       WEC study on energy efficiency policies:
                   main outputs
   A Unique Forum of exchange of information on energy efficiency

   A data base on energy efficiency indicators for WEC member countries
    : indicators disseminated on the WEC website

   A data base on energy efficiency policies and measures implemented in
    WEC economies to be included on the WEC website;

   A report presented in the Montreal conference in 2010

   A Website including all the products mentioned above including
    questionnaires surveys and proceeding of the regional workshops.

   A set of recommendations based on national circumstances
     Regional workshops on energy efficiency:

Venue      Date           Partner      Coverage Duration
Ethiopia   28-29 June     WEC          Africa       2 days
           2009           Ethiopia
Italia                    WEC Italia   Italia       1 day

Brazil     October 2009   WEC          South        2 days
                          Brasilian    America
Cuba       October 2009   OLADE        Latin        3 days
Tunisia    January 2010 ANME           Africa       2 days
                                       /Middle East
India      April 2010     BEE          Asia         2 days
The 2010 WEC survey on energy efficiency

• Objective:
    provide an overview of the types of measures that are
     implemented and of their impact
• Coverage :
    76 countries covered representing 83% of the world
     energy consumption
• Overview of measures frequency:
    Provide a picture by world region of the results :
     Europe, America/Asia (Pacific) OECD, Non OECD
     Asia, South America, Africa, Middle East
       2010 WEC survey on energy efficiency
              policies: 76 countries

                Europe : 32

                                                 Middle-East: 5
America: 9
                    Africa :12

                                                            Asia-Pacific : 17

                       Countries surveyed            (67)
                       Updated from previous survey   (9)
                       Not covered                  (140)
                  WEC survey on energy efficiency
                     frequency of measures







  Refrigerators labelling   Washing machines labelling   Building regulation
  AC labelling              Investment subsidies         Subsidies for audits
  Meps (Refrigerator)       Soft loans                   ESCO's
  Funds                     Mandatory energy managers    Mandatory consumption reporting
  Meps (AC)                 Tax credit                   Tax reduction
  EE managers               EE plan                      Mandatory audits (buildings)
  Mandatory maintenance     Accelerate depreciation
         Objectives of case studies

   To compile national case studies of in-depth ex-post
    evaluation of a P&M ’s known as « a good practice »

   To compare these « good practices » implemented among
    5-7 countries including DC’s

   To provide exchange of information between countries

   To provide some recommendations as regard to their
    characteristics of implementation
              12 existing policies and measures
               evaluated (50 country studies)
Case studies                              Case studies
Building codes                            Packages of P&M ’s

Economic and fiscal incentives            ESCO’s

Labelling and standards of electrical     Incentive measures for cars
Voluntary/sectoral agreements             Incentives solar water heaters

Local energy information centers          Mandatory energy audit

New energy efficiency financing schemes   Obligation of energy savings
                   Energy efficiency 2008-2010 :
                       7 new case studies
Case studies                                             Expert
Policies to support Smart metering
Innovative communication/information        tools   from Motiva (FIN)
   utilities and agencies
Good practices in the public sector                      Lund University (SWE)
Successful financial tools for households                Alcor (TUN)
                                                         A Mourtada (LEB)
Energy efficiency measures for low income households     School of Mines (FRA)
Regulation and compliance                                Rod Jansen (UK
Obligation of energy savings                             E Loins (UK)
   Main conclusions and recommendations (2007 results)
              Energy efficiency: a top priority
   Recent increase in oil price have dramatically worsened the balance of
    payment of oil importing countries, especially in less developed countries.

   On the long term, global warming and the looming depletion of oil and gas
    resources around 2030-2050 will further increase the cost of energy. An
    international agreement in Copenhagen, Dec 2009, would imply
    strengthening energy efficiency policies in all economies.

   In non-OECD countries, shortage of investment limit the possibility to
    expand the energy supply and may constrain economic growth.

   In the least developed countries, reliance on fuel wood increases
    deforestation and the burden on the poorest people.

   Energy efficiency policies are one of the best no-regret strategies against
    economic crisis. Most recovery plans in the world rely for a large part on
    energy efficiency deployment.
Main conclusions on mandatory energy audits
   Quite widespread in industry, as well as for residential and tertiary sector

   More and more countries opting for mandatory approaches in industry since
    2000 , with a more pronounced in emerging and developing countries due to the
    larger weight of industry.

   Mandatory audits in the industrial sector quite frequent in Asian countries (India,
    Taiwan, Thailand with, however notable exceptions such as China or Japan), in
    Australia, in North African countries (Algeria, Tunisia) and EU New member
    countries (Bulgaria, Romania).

   Largely absent in North and South America as well as in EU-15.

   Frequently required in the frame of agreements to conserve energy.

   Mandatory energy audits in transport not common and aim at fleet owners (e.g.
    Tunisia and Algeria).

   In general strong interest for energy audits.
     ESCO’s: an attractive mechanism to capture
    cost-effective energy-efficiency potentials with
              private sector involvement
   Concept of ESCOs widespread in most developed and increasingly
    developing countries

   Typically the public sector is targeted, in developing countries often the
    industrial sector

   EPC concept (“Energy Performance Contracting”) is the “ideal market-
    based approach” to tap cost-effective energy efficiency potential, but
    numerous barriers exist

   Indirect and direct governmental support and exemplary role of public
    sector are crucial to kick-start the ESCO-market

   Securing access to financing is indispensable, especially in developing

   Favorable public procurement regimes are very important
       Conclusions and recommendations :
              Some good practices
   Innovative and high impact measures should be promoted in emerging
    and developing countries, from the experience of the most advanced
    countries, such as:

         Efficiency standards for buildings
       Guarantee funds
       Labelling of cars
       Reduced tax on energy efficient equipment

   Individual measures are useful, but the greater impact will come from the
    implementation of several complementary (ie “package of measures”),
    that need to be tuned to national specificities and maybe well selected (
    no need to multiply the number of measures)
            Additional conclusions from the policy
                evaluations (based on survey)
   Energy efficiency institutions such as agencies are implemented

   Policies rely increasingly on quantitative targets of energy efficiency

   Regulations remain the favourite instrument in the household sector.
    Buildings regulations are spreading and extended to existing building

   Labelling and standards for electrical appliances are spreading to a
    larger set of appliances and countries

   To remain effective, regulations must be regularly revised and updated to
    stimulate technical progress

   Financial incentives rely more and more on tax incentives than on direct
           Conclusions and recommendations:
           Benefits of energy efficiency policies
   Energy efficiency improvement has multiple benefits:
         Limit the macro economic impact of oil price fluctuation for oil
          importing countries and maximise export revenues for exporting
         Lower tensions on domestic energy supply
         Enhance economic development by reducing energy shortages
         Increase competitiveness
         Contribute to poverty eradication
         Reduce local pollution and CO2 emissions
         Reduce deforestation
         Extend the life time of oil resources
     Conclusions and recommendations:
Conditions for successful energy efficiency programmes

 Incentive prices that reflect the real costs
 The establishment of appropriate institutional and regulatory
 The access to the required funding
 A collaboration between the public and private sector (banks,
  installors…) to develop complete energy efficiency services offer.
 A good planning, a regular strengthening and a real enforcement of
 Quality control of promoted equipment and certification.
 An exemplary role of the public sector
 The promotion of Innovative measures are necessary to fully inform
  Conclusions and recommendations                             (cont’d)

 The need to address all end-uses where exist with an energy efficiency
  potential (ie air conditioning, Transport)
 The adaptation of measures to each national specificities
 The integration of energy efficiency concerns in other policies;

 Co-ordination of certain policies and measures at the international level
  would help to overcome the obstacles to the implementation of both
  regulations and price signals.

 Countries around the world can benefit from the exchange of
  information and experiences on the “best measures”. Benchmarking of
  measures implementation should be promoted

 Monitoring the impact of measures through ex-post evaluation, as well
  assessment of energy efficiency trends through indicators should
  continue and be strengthened so as to reveal possible shortfalls.
     Thank you for your attention

   For more information:




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