Grammatical meanings

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					                T. “Ibrahim Al-Rida” Waleed Al-Tirhi               Tel: 079/5686304    078/5518040
                                   Second Semester / Revision for Action Pack 12
      Correct the following verbs in brackets.

1. I went out to buy some food after I had met one of my old close friends.(meet)
2. When I arrived at school yesterday, the teachers had been preparing for the celebration for three days (prepare).
3. Because I had not been invited, I did not go to the party. ( not, go )
4. I had done all that I could before I sat for the exam. ( do )
5. By the end of last year, the private sector in Jordan had built many new schools allover the country. ( build )
6. I had been feeling ill during the night before I went to the doctor’s this morning. (feel)
7. My father had been working for the same company all his life before he retired last year. (retire)
8. After he looked for work, he was offered two jobs yesterday. (look for)
9. They had been studying for two hours before they decided to stop.(be, study)
10. They had been planning to start a new firm for three months.(be, plan)
11. My friend had been trying to fix his car for three hours.(try)
12. Omar came back from the Mall two hours ago, he had been shopping for his family for two hours.(shop)
13. The house was so clean yesterday night, they had been cleaning it for the whole after noon..(clean)
14. When I met Omar on my way to school yesterday, he had been fixing his old bike all morning. (fix)
15. Before Ali came to school, he had passed by his friend's house. (come)
16. Omar passed all his exams because he had been trying well for over a month. (be/prepare)
17. Mustafa Salameh Mahmoud was so exhausted when he reached the top of the mountain, because he had
    been trying strong wind and low oxygen levels for a long time. (fight)
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18. Being so tired, Omar decided not to go anywhere. (be)
19. At the end of the road there is a path, leading to our new school. (lead)
20. Before coming to school, Ali had passed by his friend's house. (come)
21. While watching TV, I saw someone breaking into my friends house. (watch)
22. He managed to get plenty of rest, sleeping for eight hours every night. (sleep)
23. He scored many goals in the final match ,beating all his rivals.(beat)
24. Having done all the work, the new employee left the office earlier. (do)
____________________________________________________________________________________________


25. "Can I borrow your pen please?"
Omar asked me if he could borrow my pen. (Can)
26. "Where do you live?"
 My colleague asked me where I lived. (Live)
27. "Did you have lunch?"
My father asked me if I had had lunch. (Have)
28. "Was it easy to make Umrah?"
 My teacher asked me if it had been easy to make Umrah. (Be)
__________________________________________________________________________________________



                                                             1
              T. “Ibrahim Al-Rida” Waleed Al-Tirhi          Tel: 079/5686304     078/5518040
                                Second Semester / Revision for Action Pack 12


29. The final exam was easier than we all thought. (easy)
30. You have to drive as carefully as possible. (careful)
31. You have to be as careful as everyone else in the class. (careful)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
32. Did you service your car yourself? No, I had it serviced at the garage around the corner. (have)
33. My computer had a virus that is why; I had to have it formatted. (format)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
34. New crops are grown by farmers to meet the increasing demands for food.(grow)




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                T. “Ibrahim Al-Rida” Waleed Al-Tirhi               Tel: 079/5686304   078/5518040
                                   Second Semester / Revision for Action Pack 12
 Choose the most appropriate alternative.

 1. I had the report printed yesterday.
 2. I printed the report yesterday.
 Which of the two sentences indicates that he asked someone to print the report for him? ( 1       )


    1. I am going to have a tooth removed.
    2. I am going to remove a tooth.
     Which of the two sentences is said by a dentist? ( 2 )


    1. He is having his flat redecorated.
    2. He is going to redecorate his flat himself.
 Which of the two sentences is causative? ( 1 )


    1. He is having his flat redecorated.
    2. He is going to redecorate his flat himself.
 Which of the two sentences is active? ( 2 )


    1. I believe that traffic condition in Jordan is getting worse day after day.
    2. I think we should implement new laws regarding traffic in Jordan.
 Which of the two sentences indicates suggestion? ( 2             )


    1. Let's order some food from the nearby restaurant.
    2. I recommend that a new airport should be built in the center of the city.
 Which of the two sentences indicates recommendation? ( 2 )


    1. I believe that eating junk food is not healthy
    2. Sure, I totally agree with what you say but I love it.
 Which of the two sentences indicates agreement? ( 2 )


    1. I believe that eating junk food is healthy
    2. No way, that is not right; it is bad for your health.
 Which of the two sentences indicates disagreement? ( 2 )


    1. I believe that eating junk food is healthy
    2. No way, that is not right; it is bad for your health.
 Which of the two sentences indicates opinion? ( 1 )


    1. For me the golden rule is to eat healthy food
    2. Junk Food is bad for your health.
 Which of the two sentences indicates advice? ( 1 )


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              T. “Ibrahim Al-Rida” Waleed Al-Tirhi            Tel: 079/5686304   078/5518040
                                Second Semester / Revision for Action Pack 12
  1. The weather is getting hotter theses days.
  2. I'd buy that blue car over there because it is bigger.
 Which of the two sentences indicates expressing choice? ( 2 )


  1. I believe that eating junk food is healthy
  2. My teacher is an incredibly gifted teacher.
 Which of the two sentences indicates expressing praise? ( 2 )


  1. We are going to Petra next week.
  2. Would it be a good idea to go to Petra in such a hot weather?
 Which of the two sentences indicates presenting argument? ( 2 )




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                  T. “Ibrahim Al-Rida” Waleed Al-Tirhi        Tel: 079/5686304   078/5518040
                                    Second Semester / Revision for Action Pack 12
  Rewrite the following sentences into reported

 1. "Did Ahmad see the doctor?" he asked
 He wanted to know if Ahmad had seen the doctor.
 2. "What are you doing, girls?"
 The headmistress asked what the girls were doing.
 3. "Children go to the parks with their parents." he said.
 He said that Children went to the parks with their parents.
 4. "The trainees made satisfactory progress within the time allotted".
 The owner of the factory emphasized that the trainees had made satisfactory progress within the time
      allotted.
 5. "Can the newly appointed doctor deal with such an urgent case"?
 The patient’s wife asked if the newly appointed doctor could deal with an urgent case
 6.    “I have done all the exercises," she said.
 She said she had done all the exercises.
 7.    “Where is Ali going?"
 She wanted to know where Ali was going
 8.    “Are you listening?”
 My friend asked me if I was listening.
 9.    “The English language examination has four parts.”
 The teacher explained that the English language examination had four parts.
 10. “I didn’t take your wallet.”
 Saleem denied that he had taken my wallet.
 11. “Do you know the correct answer?”
 The teacher asked Sami if I knew the correct answer.
 12. “I am the richest woman in town.”
 The woman said that she was the richest women in town.
 13. “I will collect you from the airport.”
 Kareem promised his mother that he would collect her from the airport.
 14. “Do you have an anti-virus program on your computer?”
 He asked me if I had an anti-virus program on my computer.
 15. Ali asked his brother, “Do you have the answers to the questions?”
 Ali wanted to know if his brother (he) the answers to the questions.
 16. “Where do you live?” The man asked.
 The man asked where I lived
 17. “Does the secretary make the necessary arrangements for the visit?”
 The principal wanted to know if the secretary made the necessary arrangements for the visit
 18. Omar must visit the desert Castles with us.
 My cousins said Omar must(had to) visit the desert Castles with them
 19. “Are you going to buy the printer?” the salesman asked the customer.( he/she)
 The salesman asked the customer if (he/she) was going to buy the printer.


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               T. “Ibrahim Al-Rida” Waleed Al-Tirhi            Tel: 079/5686304   078/5518040
                                Second Semester / Revision for Action Pack 12


 20. "Did you see the accident on TV last night, Bilal?"
 Saleem asked Bilal if he had seen the accident on TV the night before.
 21. "Where did the accident take place?"
 The man over there asked about where the accident had taken place.
 22. "Where does that boy live?"
 Ali wanted to know where that boy lived.
 23. "Was Ali at his office yesterday?"
 He asked if Ali had been at his office the day before.
 24. "Where are you traveling to this summer?"
 She wanted to Know where they were traveling to that summer / I was traveling to that summer
 25. "I am sorry I was late."
 Ali apologized that he had been sorry
 26. "Sami will visit us on his way home."
 Omar said that Sami would visit them on his way home
 27. "Have you studied hard for the exam?"
 The teacher asked him if he had studied hard for the exam
 28. Ali: What are you doing at the weekend?
 Ali asked Samer what he was doing at the weekend
 29. Samer said I’m going out with my parents.
 Samer said / replied (that) he was going out with his parents
 30. Samer: We’re going to visit our cousins in the next town.
 Samer told Bader Zaid they were going to visit their cousins in the next town
 31. Zaid: Can you take me to the bus station tomorrow?
 Zaid asked Saeed if he could take him to the bus station tomorrow.


 Rewrite the following sentences into passive:

      1. The local council is going to build a new park next year.
A new park is going to be built next year.
      2. Football players are not allowed to take drugs.
Drugs are not allowed to be taken.
      3. My neighbors have redecorated their living room.
The neighbors' living room has been redecorated.
      4. Some engineers are going to review the whole tunnel project.
The whole tunnel project is going to be reviewed
      5. Many elderly people prefer waking up early every day.
Waking up early is preferred every day
      6. The new government might introduce a new tax law.
A new tax law might be introduced.
      7. One should not take any type of medicine without seeing the doctor first.
No type of medicine should be taken without seeing the doctor first
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               T. “Ibrahim Al-Rida” Waleed Al-Tirhi            Tel: 079/5686304   078/5518040
                                 Second Semester / Revision for Action Pack 12


     8. No one would accept Salem as the new superintendent.
Salem would not be accepted as the new superintendent.
     9. The newly-appointed teacher will meet the demands of the job.
The demands of the job will be met
     10. The psychologists mustn’t leave the matter unexplained.
The matter mustn't be left unexplained
     11. The workers might have painted the neighbors' main door by mistake.
The neighbors' main door might have been painted
     12. I saw the guests leaving from the back door
The guests were seen leaving from the back door


 Rewrite the following sentences by comparing sentences:

 1- Football is more exciting than basketball.
 Basketball is less interesting than Football
 2- I believe that reading books is more exciting than watching TV.
 I believe that watching TV isn’t as exciting as reading books
 3- Driving cars is not as difficult as driving heavy vehicles.
 Driving cars is less difficult than driving heavy vehicles.
 4- The digital network is more complicated than the analogue network.
 The analogue network is less complicated than the digital network
 5- Football is more exciting than basketball.
 Basketball is not as exciting as Football.
 6- My recent job is more difficult than my previous job.
 My previous job is less difficult than my recent job
 7- Traveling by car is less exciting than traveling by air.
 Traveling by air is more exciting than traveling by car.
 8- Our new math teacher is more understanding than the old math teacher.
 The old math teacher is less understanding than our new math teacher.
 9- Swimming is not as interesting as playing Golf.
 Playing Golf is more interesting than swimming.
 Swimming is less interesting than playing golf.




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                T. “Ibrahim Al-Rida” Waleed Al-Tirhi              Tel: 079/5686304      078/5518040
                                   Second Semester / Revision for Action Pack 12
 Write sentences to follow these beginnings using the in the causative or in the active
    1. Did you paint the walls of your house yourself?
No, I had the walls of my house painted.
    2. Did Omar fix his old bike himself?
No, he had his old bike fixed.
    3. Are you going to print the book yourself?
No, I am going to have the book printed.
    4. Will you check your teeth yourself?
No, I will have my teeth checked.
____________________________________________________________________________________________
    5. I didn’t redecorate the house myself.
 I had it (the house) redecorated.
    6. My father tidied the garden himself.
 My father didn't have the garden tidied.
    7. My sister didn’t mend her dress herself.
 My sister had it (the dress) mended.
    8. My friend isn’t going to write his essay.
 My friend is going to have his essay written.
    9. My brothers cut their own hair every month.
 My brothers don't have their hair cut.
    10. My next door neighbor services his own car.
 My next door neighbor doesn't have his own car serviced.
    11. I don’t clean my car myself.
 I have my car cleaned.
    12. They didn’t make the food themselves.
 They had the food made
    13. I couldn’t repair my computer myself.
I had to have it (my computer) repaired by computer experts.
    14. I will ask someone to come and clean the new flat for me.
 I will have the new flat cleaned.


  Rewrite the following sentences joining them as one complex sentence.

    1. I came to school earlier than usual.
    2. I talked to all my friends about the football match.
Because I had come to school earlier than usual, I talked to all my friends about the football match.


    1. Ali prepared the speech for three hours.
    2. He talked in front of all the teachers.
Before Ali talked in front of all the teachers, he had been preparing the speech for three hours.


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                 T. “Ibrahim Al-Rida” Waleed Al-Tirhi             Tel: 079/5686304     078/5518040
                                   Second Semester / Revision for Action Pack 12
    1. Ali told his friends about the school trip
    2. He had seen his friends in the gym.
After Ali had seen his friends in the gym, he told his friends about the school trip


    1. The engineers finally decided on the final date for starting the project.
    2. They designed the drawings for three years now.
Because the engineers had been designing the drawings for three years now, they finally decided on the final date for
starting the project.




  Rewrite the following sentences joining them as one complex sentence.

    1. The meeting was so monotonous.
    2. We had to attend it last night
The meeting which we had to attend last night was so monotonous


    1. Omar was a true gentleman.
    2. He helped us throughout the whole registration time.
Omar who helped us throughout the whole registration time was a true gentleman


    1. Some internet websites provide useful information.
    2. They can be logged on at any time.
Some internet websites which can be logged on at any time provide useful information .


    1. I thanked Omar and his friends.
    2. They showed us how to get to the new bus station.
I thanked Omar and his friends who showed us how to get to the new bus station.


     1. I think I must call Ahmad up.
     2. His father had an accident yesterday.
I think I must call Ahmad up whose father had an accident yesterday.



    1. I met one of my friends Last week.
    2. I haven't seen him for a long time.
I met one of my friends Last week whom I haven't seen for a long time.




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               T. “Ibrahim Al-Rida” Waleed Al-Tirhi           Tel: 079/5686304       078/5518040
                                Second Semester / Revision for Action Pack 12
  Rewrite the following as single sentences using a verb in the ing form ( the
   present participle).

                                         .)which(‫جملة رقم (1) بدو ن فاصلة تسبق الفعل لعدم تجانس الفاعلين في الجملتين و وجود‬
1. I stayed in the room which overlooks the new gym.
I stayed in the room overlooking the new gym.


2. He correctly calculated the square root of a six-digit number. He took 1 minute 3.8 seconds.
He correctly calculated the square root of a six-digit number, taking 1 minute 3.8 seconds.


3. He holds the world record for sending a text message. He typed a text of 160 letters on his mobile phone in
   less than a minute.
He holds the world record for sending a text message, typing a text of 160 letters on his mobile phone in less
    than a minute.


4. A 38-year-old German set a unicycle speed record for 100 m. He travelled this distance in 12.11 seconds.
A 38-year-old German set a unicycle speed record for 100 m, traveling this distance in 12.11 seconds.


5. A young British man broke the record for the most books balanced on the head. He used skills he had
   developed as a builder.
 A young British man broke the record for the most books balanced on the head, using skills he had developed
   as a builder.


                                      :‫جملة رقم (6) بدون فاصلة تسبق الفعل لعدم تجانس الفاعلين في الجملتين وألن اصل الجملة هو‬
He actually succeeded in carrying 62 books which weighed 98.4 kg.


6. He actually succeeded in carrying 62 books. They weighed 98.4 kg.
He actually succeeded in carrying 62 books weighing 98.4 kg.


7. A man broke the world record for motionlessness. He stood still for 20 hours 10 minutes and 6 seconds.
A man broke the world record for motionlessness, standing still for 20 hours 10 minutes and 6 seconds.




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