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					The Sun
             Energy source
             Plants use
              energy from the
              Sun to make
              food
Air
         Matter
         Plants use
          carbon dioxide
          from air to
          make sugar
         Animals and
          plants use
          oxygen from air
          to release
          energy from
          food
         Soil bacteria
          take nitrogen
          out of the air
          and put it into
          the soil
Water
           Matter
           All living things
            contain water
           Plants use water to
            make food
Creosote Bush
                   Plant
                   Food- makes its
                    own sugar with
                    energy from the
                    sun, carbon
                    dioxide from the
                    air, and water
                    from the soil
                   Other
                    relationships-
                       Pollinated by
                        bees and
                        butterflies.
                        Provides nectar
                        for pollination
                       Shelter for
                        grasshoppers
Soil
          Matter and
           Dead remains
           of living things
          Source of
           nitrogen,
           phosphorous,
           and minerals
           for plants
          Holds water
           that is used by
           plants
Soil bacteria
   Decomposer
   Food- All types
    of dead remains
    of living things
   Other
    relationships
       Take nitrogen
        from the air and
        make it useable
        for plants
       Recycles matter
        from living
        things back to
        the environment
Coyote
   Mammal
   Food- jackrabbit,
    roadrunner, ground
    squirrel, kangaroo
    rat, pocket mouse,
    fan palm fruit.
   Other relationships-
       Spreads seeds of fan
        palm in its scat
Jackrabbit
   Mammal
   Food- Cholla cactus,
    grasses
Indigo Bush
   Plant
   Food- makes its own
    sugar with energy
    from the sun, carbon
    dioxide from the air,
    and water from the
    soil
   Other relationships-
       Pollinated by
        hummingbirds and bees
Anna’s Hummingbird
            Bird
            Food- black flies,
             canterbury bells,
             indigo bush
            Pollinates canterbury
             bells, indigo bush
Cholla Cactus
               Plant
               Food- makes its own
                sugar with energy from
                the sun, carbon dioxide
                from the air, and water
                from the soil
               Other relationships-
                   Provides shelter for
                    cactus wren
                   Pollinated by bees,
                    butterflies, wasps,
                    gives nectar for
                    pollination
                   Reproduces by
                    budding when joints
                    stick to mammals
Cactus Wren
   Bird
   Food- ants, blister
    beetles, wasps, flies,
    grasshoppers, yucca
    moth, butterflies, and
    bees
   Other relationships-
       Builds nests in cholla
        cactus
Solitary Bee
                  Insect
                  Food- Nectar and
                   pollen from
                   creosote bush, cat’s
                   claw, brittlebush,
                   popcorn flower
Canterbury Bells
   Plant
   Food- makes its own
    sugar with energy
    from the sun, carbon
    dioxide from the air,
    and water from the
    soil
   Other relationships
       Pollinated by
        hummingbirds
       Seeds spread by ants
        and by sticking to
        mammals fur
Whiptail lizard


   Reptile
   Food- Grasshoppers, butterflies, yucca moth,
    parasitic wasp, solitary bee
Phainlopepla
   Bird
   Food- grasshoppers,
    butterflies, yucca
    moth, parasitic wasp,
    black flies, mistletoe
    berries
   Other relationships-
       Spreads mistletoe seeds
        in its droppings
Mistletoe
   Parasitic plant
   Food- Steals sugar
    from Cat’s claw and
    creosote
   Other relationships-
       The phainopepla eats
        its berries and deposits
        the seeds on other
        plants in its droppings.
        The mistletoe’s roots
        grow into another plant.
       Gets water from host
        plants
Cat’s Claw
   Plant
   Food- makes its own
    sugar with energy
    from the sun, carbon
    dioxide from the air,
    and water from the
    soil
   Other relationships
       Pollinated by bees,
        butterflies, and wasps.
        Offers nectar to insects
        for pollination
Brittlebush
                 Plant
                 Food- makes its own
                  sugar with energy
                  from the sun, carbon
                  dioxide from the air,
                  and water from the
                  soil
                 Other relationships-
                     Pollinated by bees,
                      butterflies, and wasps.
                      Gives nectar for
                      pollination
Mojave Yucca
            Plant
            Food- makes its own
             sugar with energy
             from the sun, carbon
             dioxide from the air,
             and water from the
             soil
            Other relationships-
                Only pollinated by the
                 yucca moth, gives
                 nectar to moths for
                 pollination
Roadrunner
   Bird
   Food- Blister beetles,
    lizards, snakes,
    kangaroo rat, pocket
    mouse, grasshoppers
Ants
   Insects/
    Scavengers
   Food- dead things
   Other
    relationships-
       Spread seeds
Grasses
             Plant
             Food- makes its own
              sugar with energy
              from the sun, carbon
              dioxide from the air,
              and water from the
              soil
             Other relationships-
                 Seeds carried by
                  mammals on their
                  fur, and by ants.
                 Used by birds to
                  make nests
Horned lizard
   Reptile
   Food- Ants
Yucca moth
            Insect
            Food- Mojave Yucca
             nectar
            Other relationships-
                The yucca moth is the
                 only animal that can
                 pollinate a yucca
Butterfly
   Insect
   Food- Nectar from
    creosote, brittle
    bush, evening
    primrose, cat’s
    claw
   Other
    relationships-
       Pollinator for
        creosote, brittle
        bush, evening
        primrose, cat’s claw
Mountain lion
             Mammal
             Food- Mule deer
Mule deer
   Mammals
   Food- grass
Pocket Mouse
   Mammal
   Food- seeds of
    creosote, canterbury
    bells, brittlebush,
    yucca, indigobush,
    blister beetles,
    grasshoppers, fan
    palm fruit
   Other relationships-
       Helps spread seeds
Kangaroo rat
              Mammal
              Food- seeds of
               creosote,
               canterbury bells,
               brittlebush, yucca,
               indigobush
              Other
               relationships-
                  Helps spread seeds
Ground Squirrel
   Mammal
   Food- seeds of
    creosote, canterbury
    bells, brittlebush,
    yucca, indigobush,
    blister beetles,
    grasshoppers, fan
    palm fruit
   Other relationships-
       Helps spread seeds
Evening primrose
   Plant
   Food- makes its own
    sugar with energy
    from the sun,
    carbon dioxide from
    the air, and water
    from the soil
   Other relationships-
       Pollinated by bees,
        butterflies, and
        wasps
       Gives nectar for
        pollination
Red Tailed Hawk
   Bird
   Food- Snakes,
    pocket mouse,
    ground
    squirrel,
    jackrabbit,
    kangaroo rat
Rattlesnake
   Reptile
   Food- pocket
    mouse, ground
    squirrel, kangaroo
    rat, lizards,
    jackrabbit
Grasshopper
   Insect
   Food- grasses,
    indigobush, brittle
    bush, canterbury
    bells, evening
    primrose
King Snake
   Reptile
   Food-
    rattlesnake,
    pocket mouse,
    ground squirrel,
    kangaroo rat,
    lizards
Blister beetle
                    Insect
                    Food- Canterbury
                     bells, evening
                     primrose, indigo
                     bush, grasses
                    Other
                     relationships- the
                     larvae are
                     parasites of
                     solitary bees
Black Fly
   Insect Scavenger
   Food- dead animals,
    animal droppings
Parasitic wasp
                Insect
                Food- nectar
                 from brittle bush,
                 mojave yucca,
                 creosote bush,
                 cholla, evening
                 primrose
                Other
                 relationships- the
                 larvae are
                 parasites of
                 spiders
Wolf Spider
   Spider
   Food- grasshoppers
Fan Palm
   Plant
   Food- makes its own
    sugar with energy
    from the sun, carbon
    dioxide from the air,
    and water from the
    soil
   Other relationships-
       Its seeds are spread by
        coyotes

				
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posted:8/7/2012
language:English
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