Jessie Thomas October 26, 2001 Communication 300 Dr. Woods QUALITATIVE/CRITICAL/INTERPRETI VE RESEARCH ABSTRACT Article: Tebben, S. L. (1995). Community and caring in a college classroom. Journal for a Just and Caring Education, 1, 335-344. 1. Purpose: This exploratory case study was intended to investigate relationships in those student characteristics, student attitudes, teacher qualities, classroom experiences, and learning activities that influence student satisfaction in a college anatomy and physiology class. p. 339 2. Participants/Artifacts: who/what was observed? An anatomy and physiology class consisting of 119 enrolled at a small, private, midwestern college. pp. 339-340 3. Methodology: how were observations done and recorded? Data was gathered from detailed observation of 75 hours of class which included all lecture sessions and one section of laboratory activities. Data was also gathered from interviews with small groups of students and the teacher conducted twice during the semester. This data was coded and analyzed to find common themes. Then it was compared to the results from quantitative studies. p. 340 4. Conclusions of the study: Students reported that they had greater satisfaction in their learning and that learned better when they felt a part of the group in class. Students describe being a part of the group as being accepted by other students in the class and having opportunities to help each other learn. Students reported an increased satisfaction in their learning when they knew the teacher was interested in them as students. Students who valued classroom community (feeling a part of the group) and caring (teacher interest) were more likely to each better grades and persist in the class for both semesters. Students whose interest in caring community was high initially but declined over the duration of the semester appeared to become more autonomous learners by the end of the semester and less in need of the support provided by this teacher in his class. Two features in the classroom increased student’s feelings of satisfaction in their learning: o The teachers conscious creation of classroom community by arranging for opportunities for students to help each other and expecting that they would care for each other o His demonstration of personal interest in or caring for his students. p. 336 and pp. 340-341 5. Evaluation: what do you think about the study? The mixture of qualitative and quantitative studies appeared to be thorough and well planned. The article was well organized and used clear language. The article could be improved by suggesting further research. The study needs to be conducted on a larger scale to validate the results of the study.
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