The Roman Empire by ewghwehws

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									THE ROMAN EMPIRE
   “All roads lead to Rome.”
    THE END OF THE REPUBLIC
   Caesar is the man credited with ending the
    republic.
        How did Caesar end the republic?

   Caesar was murdered in 44 B.C. leaving Rome in
    chaos.

   It became ruled by a triumvirate between.
        Mark Antony, Caesar’s closest follower and general.   Above – Mark Antony
             Ruled the east.                                  Below - Marcus Lepidus
        Octavian, Caesar’s grand-nephew and adopted son.
             Ruled the west.
        Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, one of Caesar’s generals.
             Ruled Africa.
        All three shared power in the Italian peninsula.

   This only lasted a short period of time, and civil war
    broke out.
        Octavian won after 13 years of fighting.
OCTAVIAN CAESAR
                In 27 B.C. Octavian told the
                 Senate he had restored the
                 republic and offered to quit his
                 job.

                The Senate liked Octavian
                 though, and he became the
                 first emperor or the Roman
                 Empire.
                  He took the power of emperor,
                   but refused to be crowned
                   emperor.
                  He received the title Augustus, or
                   “revered one.”
AUGUSTUS
   Augustus wanted to bring back
    to “old Roman virtues.”
       Made religion more important.
                                         Octavian Caesar Augustus
       Made the Senate think they had
        power.
       Had every soldier swear
        allegiance to him.
       Strengthen the borders, not
        expand them.

   The government and system
    Augustus set was so successful
    it brought peace and prosperity
    to the Romans for 200 years.
       This was called the Pax Romana
GOVERNING CONQUERED PEOPLES
   Most of the people Rome conquered remained
    free.
     People were allowed to keep their religion.
     Local rulers could still rule.
     People’s lives did not have to change very much.


   Romans put in a governor, which had an army.

   These were divided into Provinces, and created a
    capital city.
     Romans wanted peace, taxes, and for the people to buy
      Roman goods.
     Many conquered peoples did adopt Roman lifestyles.
ROME’S INFLUENCE
   Rome saw the
    unconquered people as
    barbarians.
     Uncultured
     Stupid
     uncivilized


   Rome wanted to civilize
    the world, and therefore
    brought many good
    things to conquered
    areas.
       Public baths, aqueducts,
        roads, etc…

								
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