The Mayflower Compact - Ohio Mayflower Descendants by ewghwehws


									The Mayflower Compact

    Foundation Stone of
     American Liberty
      Reasons for the Compact
 Mayflower originally bound for Hudson River
 Instead, Mayflower landed to the north, near Cape
  Cod – belonged to another government (1)(2)(3)
 Some of the “strangers” (not part of the religious
  community) wanted to proclaim their own liberty
 To prevent this anarchy, many of the other
  colonists decided to establish a government
     Reasons for the Compact
 Compact is based upon majority rule (even
  though signers were not in the majority) and
  the settler’s allegiance to the king (2)(3)(8)
 Mayflower’s passengers knew that the
  earlier settlements failed due to a lack of
 Compact was composed for the sake of
  their own survival (8)
 Forty-one male passengers composed a
  written document, signed on
  November 21, 1620, 10 days after land is
  sighted on November 11th – (Gregorian
 Remained the Constitution of the Colony
  until Plymouth was merged in the
  Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1692 by order
  of King William and Queen Mary (3)(5)(8)
 Would you sign the Mayflower Compact?
Original Document
was lost, but Bradford’s
hand-written manuscript
is kept in a special vault
at the State Library of
      Those who didn’t sign (6)
 Of the 73 men listed on the Mayflower, 32
  did not sign. Of them:
 23 were minors: in the care of their parents
 2 were contracted seaman: and therefore
  controlled by their contract and not the
 7 were servants: subject to the terms of their
  contracts with their respective masters
Re-enactment of Signers
          Those who did sign
 All 41 of the adult male members on the
  Mayflower signed the Compact (6)
 The Compact determined authority within
  the settlement and was the observed “law”
  until ??? (8)
 Later governments in the colony developed
  out of the compact (10)
 It established that the colony was to be free
  of English law (11)
 Founded on the words of the Bible

 Signers believed that covenants were not
  only to be honored between God and man,
  but also between each other
 Part of their righteous integrity bound them
  to abide by the Compact
 These colonists honored God and set their
  founding principles by the words of the Bible
 Actual Signatures
   Edmund Burke (1729-1794)
 Author and leader in Great Britain, defended
  the colonies in Parliament
 “There is but one law for all, namely, that
  law which governs all law, the law of the
     Patrick Henry (1736-1799)
 Five-time Governor of Virginia (Give me
  liberty or give me death)
 It cannot be emphasized too strongly, nor
  too often that this great nation was founded,
  not by religionists, but by Christians; not on
  religions, but on the Gospel of Jesus
 Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826)
 Third US President, chosen to write the
  Declaration of Independence
 “I have little doubt that the whole country will soon
  be rallied to the unity of our Creator, and, I hope,
  to the pure doctrines of Jesus also.” Jefferson
  proclaimed that it was the God of the Bible who
  founded America in his 1805 inaugural address: “I
  shall need, too, the favor of that being in whose
  hands we are, who led our forefathers, as Israel of
  old, from their native land and planted them in this
         John Quincy Adams
 Calls the Mayflower Compact the foundation
  of the US Constitution in a speech given in
  1802 (7) (10)
 In reality, the Compact was superseded in
  authority by the 1621 Peirce patent, which
  gave the Pilgrims the right to self-
  government at Plymouth, and was
  authorized by the King (8)
                   The Text
 Dread Sovereign Lord King James – dread
  sovereign meant awe and reverence to the King,
  not fear
 Although the Compact did not actually set up a
  government, it expressed that the people were
  willing to show due submission to “such just and
  equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and
  offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most
  meet and convenient for the general good of the
  colony.” (9)
 Upon completion of the Compact, one man
  was elected to act and speak on behalf of
  the whole company. John Carver was to be
  their governor. The Pilgrims became the
  first colonists in the history of the world to
  name a colonial governor by free election
     Contribution to Democracy
 From the beginning in Plymouth, self-government
  evolved into town meetings of New England and
  larger local governments in colonial
 By the time of the Constitutional Convention, the
  Mayflower Company had been nearly forgotten,
  but the powerful idea of self-government had not
 Born out of necessity on the Mayflower, the
  Compact made a significant contribution to the
  creation of a new democratic nation (12)(13)(14)
 Would you sign the Mayflower Compact?

To top