Sociology 12 Exam Outline: June 2011 by W3uXqSq

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									                            Sociology 12    Exam Outline: January 2012

General terms/concepts
         Explain how social scientists can study an issue/event from a different focus:
         Sociology, anthropology and psychology
         Define Society and sociology

Bias
         Understand the term bias
         Know the steps to detecting bias
         Know examples of how to detect bias in the news

Sociological Imagination
         Personal troubles
         Public issues
         Components (Historical and social forces)

Origins of Sociological Thinking
         Age or Reason/ Age of Enlightenment
         Development of Natural Sciences
         Less reliance on Religion for answers to questions about people and society
         Age of Revolution (French and American Revolutions- changes in government and
         power structures, new social class emerging)
         Industrialization (effect on society- social problems)
         Urbanization (effect on society- social problems)
         Macro-level sociology and micro-level sociology

Sociologists: Know important sociologists and each of his/her contributions to the field of
sociology
         Auguste Comte (sociology, positivism, social statics, social dynamics)
         Harriet Martineau (Translated Comte’s works, social research, sufferers, equality,
         social classes working together)
         Herbert Spencer (Evolution, Social Darwinism, survival of the fittest)
         Emile Durkheim (Functionalism, product of social environment, anomie, study of
         suicide)
         Karl Marx (conflict theory, economics, class conflict and change, bourgeoisie,
         proletariat, means of production, capitalists, alienation, revolution)
         Max Weber (Value-free sociology, Verstehen, )
         C. Wright Mills (Sociological Imagination, personal troubles, public issues, social and
         historical forces)
         Sociological Perspectives: Understand the five main sociological perspectives
         (schools of thought). Know the theory and be able to apply it to an example as we
         did in class through our work with analogies and the specific examples given on the
         handouts.

         Functionalism
         Conflict Theory
         Symbolic Interactionism
         Feminism
         Post-Modernism
         Be sure to consider the connections we made to other units such as culture and
         socialization ex:

           a) What would a conflict theorist /functionalist/ Symbolic Interactionist/Feminist
              Post-Modernist say about the purpose of culture?
           b) What would a conflict theorist /functionalist/ Symbolic Interactionist/Feminist
              Post-Modernist say about school or family as agents of socialization?

Research Methods
        Distinguish between qualitative and quantitative research methods
        Distinguish between descriptive and explanatory studies
        Understand the steps to the scientific inquiry method
        Understand and be able to identify and explain research methods including:
        observation (structured, unstructured, natural, participant), experiment, case studies,
        survey (random, representative), interview, historical analysis/content analysis
        Be able to explain the advantages and disadvantages of each type of research
        Explain the difference between a common cause and cause and effect
        Make reference to examples discussed in class/ text (Kitty Genovese, Milgram’s
        experiment on obedience, Queue Culture, Inside a Glasgow Gang etc.)

Research Methods- define/ apply the following terms:
        Reactivity/
        Hawthorne effect
        Validity
        Reliability
        Analysis
        Replication
        Control group
        Experimental group
        Variable
        Independent variable
        Dependent variable
        Random sample
        Representative sample
Culture: A Shared Human Experience
         Define Anthropology
         Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
         Culture- definition
         material & non-material culture
         values, symbols, folkways (a norm), mores (a norm), laws (a norm)
         Maslow’s Hierarchies of Need
         Cultural Universals (Murdock)
         ethnocentrism vs. cultural relativity (see definitions in binder, photocopied case study
         on the Fore)
         cultural diffusion & cultural lag(see definitions in binder, consider discussion of what
         happens when cultures change)
         culture shock (see stations booklet, remember example of Swiss woman living in a
         Masai village)
         cultural variation (see stations booklet, remember example of arranged vs. romantic
         marriage)
         counterculture (remember example of the Hippies)
         subculture (see stations booklet, remember example of Rodeo- note the features of a
         subculture)
         popular or pop culture & high culture (see handout for video assignment, answers to
         questions)

Socialization
          Agents of socialization (family, school, peers, media, government, religion, clubs/social
          groups, ethnic background, work)
          Ascribed and achieved roles
          Personality development theorists: Cooley, Mead, Freud Jung, Piaget Kohlberg
          Gilligan, Erikson, Skinner
          Digital Divide
          Hidden curriculum
          Gender Socialization
          Anticipatory socialization
          Voluntary and involuntary re-socialization
          Social devaluation
          Total institution
          Feral and Isolated Children (Genie) nature, nurture, innate, learned
          Mass media, socialization and its impact- be ready to analyse an image!
          Videos… Killing us Softly, Tough Guise
Social Organization
         Social institutions (you have a handout about this)
         Characteristics of personal and impersonal institutions
         Macro-level sociology and micro-level sociology
         Stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination terms
         ISMS” (classism, ageism, racism etc)
         Types of racism, overt, polite, subliminal, institutional, systemic
         In groups and Out groups
         Social groups, aggregates, categories
         Primary and secondary groups
         reference group
         Networks
         Videos…Blue Eyed- see quotes page too!

Deviance and Social Control
        Conformity
        5 reasons why people conform
        Deviance
        Admired, bad and odd deviant behaviours
        Societal and situational deviance
        Formal and informal social rules
        Informal and formal social control
        Zimbardo’s Prison experiment
        Roles and role expectations

								
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