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					Office of Diversity and Inclusion
          June 18, 2012
       The information briefing focuses on the
        clear and useful communication of facts and
        information.
       The information briefing delivers diversity
        and inclusion information in a form the
        reader can immediately understand and
        use.
       It is designed as a stand-alone
        presentation.
                             Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                        Informational Briefing
2                                                                6/18/2012
After reviewing this informational briefing, the
reader will be able to:

    1. Define “Sexual Orientation”
    2. Identify Core Concepts Related to Sexuality
    3. Know What To Do If They Are A Victim of Sex
       Discrimination Based On Orientation
    4. Know Some Workplace Best Practices




                            Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                       Informational Briefing
3                                                               6/18/2012
Dimensions of Diversity:
Sexual Orientation
An Informational Briefing




           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                      Informational Briefing   6/18/2012   4
         Sex refers to a person’s biological status and is
          typically categorized as male, female, or intersex
          (i.e., atypical combinations of features that usually
          distinguish male from female).
         There are a number of indicators of biological sex,
          including sex chromosomes, gonads, internal
          reproductive organs, and external genitalia.



    American Psychological Association. (2011). Definition of Terms: Sex, Gender, Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation. Excerpt from: The
    Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients, adopted by the APA Council of Representatives, February
    18-20, 2011. The Guidelines are available on the APA website at http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/guidelines.aspx. Retrieved
    from http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/sexuality-definitions.pdf .




                                                                        Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                   Informational Briefing
5                                                                                                                       6/18/2012
         Sexual orientation refers to the sex of those to
          whom one is sexually and romantically attracted.

         Categories of sexual orientation typically have
          included attraction to members of one’s own sex
          (gay men or lesbians), attraction to members of the
          other sex (heterosexuals), and attraction to
          members of both sexes (bisexuals).
    American Psychological Association. (2011). Definition of Terms: Sex, Gender, Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation. Excerpt from: The
    Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients, adopted by the APA Council of Representatives, February 18-20,
    2011. The Guidelines are available on the APA website at http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/guidelines.aspx. Retrieved from
    http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/sexuality-definitions.pdf .




                                                                           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                      Informational Briefing
6                                                                                                                              6/18/2012
        While these categories continue to be widely used,
         research has suggested that sexual orientation does
         not always appear in such definable categories and
         instead occurs on a continuum (e.g., Kinsey, Pomeroy,
         Martin, & Gebhard, 1953; Klein, 1993; Klein, Sepekoff, & Wolff,
         1985; Shiveley & DeCecco, 1977)

        In addition, some research indicates that sexual
         orientation is fluid for some people; this may be
         especially true for women (e.g., Diamond, 2007; Golden,
         1987; Peplau & Garnets, 2000).
    American Psychological Association. (2011). Definition of Terms: Sex, Gender, Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation. Excerpt from: The
    Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients, adopted by the APA Council of Representatives, February 18-20,
    2011. The Guidelines are available on the APA website at http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/guidelines.aspx. Retrieved from
    http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/sexuality-definitions.pdf .




                                                                          Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                     Informational Briefing
7                                                                                                                            6/18/2012
         Coming out refers to the process in which one
          acknowledges and accepts one’s own sexual
          orientation. It also encompasses the process in
          which one discloses one’s sexual orientation to
          others.
         The term closeted refers to a state of secrecy or
          cautious privacy regarding one’s sexual orientation.




    American Psychological Association. (2011). Definition of Terms: Sex, Gender, Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation. Excerpt from: The
    Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients, adopted by the APA Council of Representatives, February 18-20,
    2011. The Guidelines are available on the APA website at http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/guidelines.aspx. Retrieved from
    http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/sexuality-definitions.pdf




                                                                           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                      Informational Briefing
8                                                                                                                              6/18/2012
       “Outing” is telling people that someone else is gay,
        lesbian, or bisexual without that person's permission.

       Sometimes, this is done maliciously to hurt someone.
        Sometimes, it is done by a person who thinks they are
        being helpful.

       But whatever the motivation, it is never okay to “out”
        someone. Everyone has to come out at their own pace,
        and revealing a person's sexual orientation when they
        aren't ready to have this revealed can be very damaging.
Adapted from Outing. What is "Outing?” by Ellen Friedrichs, About.com Guide. GLBT Teens. Retrieved from:
http://gayteens.about.com/od/comingout/f/outing.htm




                                                                                 Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                            Informational Briefing
9                                                                                                                    6/18/2012
          Gender refers to the attitudes, feelings, and
           behaviors that a given culture associates with a
           person’s biological sex.
          Behavior that is compatible with cultural
           expectations is referred to as gender-normative;
           behaviors that are viewed as incompatible with
           these expectations constitute gender non-
           conformity.

     American Psychological Association. (2011). Definition of Terms: Sex, Gender, Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation. Excerpt from: The
     Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients, adopted by the APA Council of Representatives, February 18-20,
     2011. The Guidelines are available on the APA website at http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/guidelines.aspx. Retrieved from
     http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/sexuality-definitions.pdf




                                                                            Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                       Informational Briefing
10                                                                                                                              6/18/2012
          Gender identity refers to “one’s sense of oneself as
           male, female, or transgender”                                                      (American Psychological
           Association, 2006).

          When one’s gender identity and biological sex are
           not congruent, the individual may identify as
           transsexual or as another transgender category (cf.
           Gainor, 2000).




     American Psychological Association. (2011). Definition of Terms: Sex, Gender, Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation. Excerpt from: The
     Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients, adopted by the APA Council of Representatives, February 18-20,
     2011. The Guidelines are available on the APA website at http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/guidelines.aspx. Retrieved from
     http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/sexuality-definitions.pdf




                                                                            Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                       Informational Briefing
11                                                                                                                              6/18/2012
         Gender expression refers to the “…way in which a
          person acts to communicate gender within a given
          culture; for example, in terms of clothing,
          communication patterns and interests. A person’s
          gender expression may or may not be consistent
          with socially prescribed gender roles, and may or
          may not reflect his or her gender identity” (American
          Psychological Association, 2008, p. 28).

     American Psychological Association. (2011). Definition of Terms: Sex, Gender, Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation. Excerpt from:
     The Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients, adopted by the APA Council of Representatives,
     February 18-20, 2011. The Guidelines are available on the APA website at
     http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/guidelines.aspx . Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/sexuality-
     definitions.pdf.




                                                                     Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                Informational Briefing
12                                                                                                                  6/18/2012
Dimensions of Diversity:
Sexual Orientation
An Informational Briefing




           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                      Informational Briefing   6/18/2012   13
          Everyone has a sexual orientation.
          Sexual orientation ranges along a continuum,
           from exclusive attraction to the other sex to
           exclusive attraction to the same sex.
          A person's sexual orientation is not the result of a
           conscious choice. The American Psychological
           Association states that individuals can choose
           whether or not to act on their feelings, but cannot
           voluntarily change from one orientation to
           another.
     American Psychological Association. (2008). Answers to your questions: For a better understanding of sexual orientation and homosexuality.
     Washington, DC: Author. [Retrieved fromwww.apa.org/topics/sorientation.pdf.] http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/sexual-orientation.aspx.




                                                                           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                      Informational Briefing
14                                                                                                                           6/18/2012
           Sexual orientation is usually discussed in
            terms of three categories:
             ◦ Heterosexuality (having emotional, romantic, or
                 sexual attractions to members of the other sex).
             ◦ Gay/Lesbian (having emotional, romantic, or
                 sexual attractions to members of one’s own sex).
             ◦ Bisexuality (having emotional, romantic, or sexual
                 attractions to both men and women).

     American Psychological Association. (2008). Answers to your questions: For a better understanding of sexual orientation and homosexuality.
     Washington, DC: Author. [Retrieved fromwww.apa.org/topics/sorientation.pdf.] http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/sexual-orientation.aspx.




                                                                            Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                       Informational Briefing
15                                                                                                                             6/18/2012
        Sexual orientation is distinct from other
         components of sex and gender, including biological
         sex, gender identity, and social gender role.
        Sexual orientation is closely tied to the intimate
         personal relationships that meet deeply felt needs
         for love, attachment, and intimacy.




     American Psychological Association. (2008). Answers to your questions: For a better understanding of sexual
     orientation and homosexuality. Washington, DC: Author. [Retrieved fromwww.apa.org/topics/sorientation.pdf.]
     http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/sexual-orientation.aspx.




                                                             Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                        Informational Briefing
16                                                                                                    6/18/2012
        According to current scientific and professional
         understanding, the core attractions that form the
         basis for adult sexual orientation typically emerge
         between middle childhood and early adolescence.
        These patterns of emotional, romantic, and sexual
         attraction may arise without any prior sexual
         experience. People can be celibate and still know
         their sexual orientation-–be it lesbian, gay, bisexual,
         or heterosexual.

     American Psychological Association. (2008). Answers to your questions: For a better understanding of sexual
     orientation and homosexuality. Washington, DC: Author. [Retrieved fromwww.apa.org/topics/sorientation.pdf.]
     http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/sexual-orientation.aspx .




                                                             Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                        Informational Briefing
17                                                                                                    6/18/2012
          Sexual orientation refers to an enduring pattern of
           emotional, romantic, and/or sexual attractions to
           men, women, or both sexes.
          Sexual orientation also refers to a person’s sense of
           identity based on those attractions, related
           behaviors, and membership in a community of
           others who share those attractions.



     American Psychological Association. (2008). Answers to your questions: For a better understanding of sexual
     orientation and homosexuality. Washington, DC: Author. [Retrieved fromwww.apa.org/topics/sorientation.pdf.]
     http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/sexual-orientation.aspx




                                                              Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                         Informational Briefing
18                                                                                                     6/18/2012
Dimensions of Diversity:
Sexual Orientation
An Informational Briefing




           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                      Informational Briefing   6/18/2012   19
        The 1978 Civil Service Reform Act
        Presidential Executive Order 13087
        The Secretary's EEO, Diversity, and No FEAR
         Act Policy Statement




                               Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                          Informational Briefing
20                                                                 6/18/2012
Dimensions of Diversity:
Sexual Orientation
An Informational Briefing




           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                      Informational Briefing   6/18/2012   21
        According to the Human Rights Campaign
         Foundation, there are more than

         750,000                                                                     same-sex couples
         living in the United States, according to the
         most recent figures from the U.S. Census.

 Source: Human Rights Campaign. (2012) Human Rights Campaign Foundation: ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS ABOUT MARRIAGE EQUALITY. Retrieved from
 http://www.hrc.org/files/assets/resources/HRC_Foundation_Answers_to_Questions_About_Marriage_Equality_2009.pdf Source citation: Williams Institute report
 on the 2005 American Community Survey. www.law.ucla.edu/williamsinstitute/publications/SameSexCouplesandGLBpopACS.pdf. Human Rights Campaign:
 www.hrc.org.




                                                                                Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                           Informational Briefing
22                                                                                                                                     6/18/2012
         According to the American Psychological
          Association:
          ◦ Survey data indicates that between 40% and 60% of gay men
            and between 45% and 80% of lesbians are currently involved
            in a romantic relationship.

          ◦ Data from the 2000 U.S. Census indicate that of the 5.5
            million couples who were living together but not married,
            about 1 in 9 (594,391) had partners of the same
            sex…301,026 male same-sex households and 293,365
            female same-sex households in the United States.

          ◦ Survey data indicates that between 18% and 28% of gay
            couples and between 8% and 21% of lesbian couples have
            lived together 10 or more years.
     American Psychological Association. (2008). Answers to your questions: For a better understanding of sexual orientation and homosexuality.
     Washington, DC: Author. [Retrieved fromwww.apa.org/topics/sorientation.pdf.] http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/sexual-orientation.aspx

                                                                           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                      Informational Briefing
23                                                                                                                           6/18/2012
     According to the Human Rights Campaign:
     1.     Same-sex couples live in 99.3 percent of all counties
            nationwide.

     2.     There are an estimated 3.1 million people living together in
            same-sex relationship in the United States.

     3.     Fifteen percent of these same-sex couples live in rural
            settings.

     4.     One out of three lesbian couples is raising children. One out
            of five gay male couples is raising children.
 Source: Human Rights Campaign. (2012) Human Rights Campaign Foundation: ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS ABOUT MARRIAGE EQUALITY. Retrieved from
 http://www.hrc.org/files/assets/resources/HRC_Foundation_Answers_to_Questions_About_Marriage_Equality_2009.pdf Source citation: Williams Institute report on
 the 2005 American Community Survey. www.law.ucla.edu/williamsinstitute/publications/SameSexCouplesandGLBpopACS.pdf. Human Rights Campaign:
 www.hrc.org.




                                                                                Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                           Informational Briefing
24                                                                                                                                     6/18/2012
      According to the Human Rights Campaign:
      5.       Between 1 million and 9 million children are being raised
               by lesbian, gay and bisexual parents in the United States
               today.

      6.       At least one same-sex couple is raising children in 96
               percent of all counties nationwide.

      7.       The highest percentages of same-sex couples raising
               children live in the South.


     Source: Human Rights Campaign. (2012) Human Rights Campaign Foundation: ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS ABOUT MARRIAGE EQUALITY. Retrieved from
     http://www.hrc.org/files/assets/resources/HRC_Foundation_Answers_to_Questions_About_Marriage_Equality_2009.pdf Source citation: Williams Institute report on
     the 2005 American Community Survey. www.law.ucla.edu/williamsinstitute/publications/SameSexCouplesandGLBpopACS.pdf. Human Rights Campaign:
     www.hrc.org.




                                                                                   Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                              Informational Briefing
25                                                                                                                                       6/18/2012
     According to the Human Rights Campaign:
     8.      Nearly one in four same-sex couples includes a
             partner 55 years old or older, and nearly one in five same-sex
             couples is composed of two people 55 or older.

     9.      More than one in 10 same-sex couples include a partner 65
             years old or older, and nearly one in 10 same-sex couples is
             composed of two people 65 or older.

     10.     The states with the highest numbers of same-sex senior
             couples are also the most popular for straight senior couples:
             California, New York and Florida.
     Source: Human Rights Campaign. (2012) Human Rights Campaign Foundation: ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS ABOUT MARRIAGE EQUALITY. Retrieved from
     http://www.hrc.org/files/assets/resources/HRC_Foundation_Answers_to_Questions_About_Marriage_Equality_2009.pdf Source citation: Williams Institute report on
     the 2005 American Community Survey. www.law.ucla.edu/williamsinstitute/publications/SameSexCouplesandGLBpopACS.pdf. Human Rights Campaign:
     www.hrc.org.




                                                                                   Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                              Informational Briefing
26                                                                                                                                       6/18/2012
Dimensions of Diversity:
Sexual Orientation
An Informational Briefing




           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                      Informational Briefing   6/18/2012   27
        Creating fair workplaces can
           •      Enhance corporate reputation,

           •      Increase job satisfaction and boost employee morale,

           •      Increase business opportunities, employee recruitment,
                  retention and productivity, and

           •      Decrease legal vulnerability.




     Adapted from Human Rights Campaign, Issues: Workplace, Employer Resources, http://www.hrc.org/issues/pages/employer-resources




                                                                      Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                 Informational Briefing
28                                                                                                                   6/18/2012
          Having inclusive protections and benefits are
           keystone practices to attracting and retaining a
           diverse workforce, i.e., becoming an “employer of
           choice.”
          Training new workers is costly, and becomes
           wasteful if employees are leaving or being fired for
           reasons that have nothing to do with job
           performance.




     Adapted from Human Rights Campaign, Issues: Workplace, Employer Resources, http://www.hrc.org/issues/pages/employer-resources




                                                                       Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                  Informational Briefing
29                                                                                                                    6/18/2012
   Replacement Costs. The costs to replace an employee vary by
    their earning level, so training costs also vary. The Sasha
    Corporation averaged the results of 15 studies that
    determined average costs to replace an $8 per hour
    employee, determining an average cost of $9,444.47 per
    turnover. Even when the 33 percent of estimates with the
    highest prices were removed from calculations, replacement
    costs were $5,505.80 per turnover. Chartcourse estimates it
    costs $40,000 on average to replace a nurse, while
    technology companies can run up replacement costs of more
    than $125,000 per vacancy.
    -- The Average Cost to Train a New Employee by Wilhelm Schnotz, Demand Media, Small Business – Chron.com,
        http://smallbusiness.chron.com/average-cost-train-new-employee-44072.html



   See Employee Retention: What Employee Turnover Really
    Costs Your Company By Ross Blake


                                                             Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                        Informational Briefing       6/18/2012   30
        Many employees take pride in their labor and seek
         emotional satisfaction from meeting the challenges
         work can offer. Employees who are not valued or
         safe at work may not be able to perform to the best
         of their abilities, which can affect the performance
         of an entire team.
        Inclusive workplace policies impacts the workplace
         for all employees. Fair-minded employees and
         consumers, particularly those in other minority
         populations, see lesbian, gay, bisexual and
         transgender inclusion as an indicator of an
         environment that supports all employees and their
         contributions.
     Adapted from Human Rights Campaign, Issues: Workplace, Employer Resources, http://www.hrc.org/issues/pages/employer-resources
                                                                    Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                               Informational Briefing
31                                                                                                                  6/18/2012
     VA’s workforce includes a diversity of religious
     views, and discrimination on the basis of religion is
     prohibited in the Federal workplace. This means
     that no one can or should ask an employee to
     change his or her religious beliefs on
     homosexuality. Conversely, this also means that
     religious objections to homosexuality cannot be
     imposed on other coworkers or be used to obstruct
     nondiscrimination laws, policies, and diversity
     activities.


                                 Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                            Informational Briefing
32                                                                   6/18/2012
Dimensions of Diversity:
Sexual Orientation
An Informational Briefing




           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                      Informational Briefing   6/18/2012   33
     Consistent with the Administrative Dispute Resolution Act of 1996 and as
     stated in VA’s ADR Policy, VA Directive 5978, VA supports ADR to the
     maximum extent practicable and at the earliest possible stage to
     prevent, minimize, and resolve disputes between or among the
     Department and its employees and other parties. ADR helps to achieve
     mutually acceptable and cost-effective outcomes and to accomplish
     business efficiently, economically, and productively.

          Via the U.S. Postal Service      Via Private Express Carriers                      Via Telephone
        Department of Veterans Affairs   Department of Veterans Affairs                     (202) 461-0280
             Office of Resolution              Office of Resolution
               Management (08)                     Management                               Via Fax Machine
         Office of the Deputy Dispute     Office of the Deputy Dispute                      (202) 461-4145
                   Resolution                       Resolution
         Specialist for Workplace ADR     Specialist for Workplace ADR                     Via Electronic Mail
           810 Vermont Avenue, NW         1575 I Street, NW - 10th Floor                     WorkplaceADR
            Washington, DC 20420              Washington, DC 20005

          [Note: Use of the Mail Code
           "(08)" is very important]




                                                       Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                  Informational Briefing
34                                                                                                     6/18/2012
     • Office of Resolution Management is available to execute the VA
       EEO complaint procedure up to and through the investigative
       stage. Office of Employment Discrimination Complaint
       Adjudication will issue a Final Agency Decision in lieu of Equal
       Employment Opportunity Commission processing.

        Contact Office of Resolution Management at:

         ◦ Toll Free 1-888- 737-3361 (1-888-RES-EEO1) TDD 1-
           888-626-9008

         ◦ Department of Veterans Affairs
           Office of Resolution Management (08)
           810 Vermont Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20420
           1-202-461-0280

                                     Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                Informational Briefing
35                                                                       6/18/2012
      •   Presently employees and applicants may not seek
          relief from the EEOC or file a discrimination
          complaint under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of
          1964, as amended, because that law does not
          prohibit discrimination based upon sexual
          orientation.

     Source: US Office of Personnel Management. Addressing Sexual Orientation Discrimination In Federal Civilian Employment
      A Guide to Employee's Rights. http://www.opm.gov/er/address2/Guide04.asp




                                                                   Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                              Informational Briefing
36                                                                                                              6/18/2012
         Another possible area of redress for those who feel
          victimized by discrimination based upon sexual
          orientation is the VA’s Administrative Grievance
          Procedure.
         Employees who believe that they have been
          discriminated against due to sexual orientation
          should ask their Human Resource Office for a copy
          of the VA Administrative Grievance Procedures to
          determine the subjects they cover and the
          procedures to follow.
     Source: US Office of Personnel Management. Addressing Sexual Orientation Discrimination In Federal Civilian Employment. A
     Guide to Employee's Rights. http://www.opm.gov/er/address2/Guide04.asp




                                                                    Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                               Informational Briefing
37                                                                                                               6/18/2012
          If you think you have been the victim of sexual
           orientation discrimination, you may also wish to
           contact the union that represents you.

          Employees who are in a certified bargaining unit,
           that is, who are represented by a duly recognized
           labor organization and covered by a collective
           bargaining agreement, may file grievances in
           accordance with 5 U.S.C. § 7121.


         Source: US Office of Personnel Management. Addressing Sexual Orientation Discrimination In Federal Civilian Employment. A Guide to
         Employee's Rights. http://www.opm.gov/er/address2/Guide04.asp




                                                                            Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                       Informational Briefing
38                                                                                                                            6/18/2012
     If the personnel action is not one appealable to
     MSPB, employees and applicants must seek the
     assistance of the Office of Special Counsel (OSC),
     which has authority to investigate and to petition
     MSPB on behalf of the employee or applicant. You
     may wish to contact OSC at the address listed below.
       Office of the Special Counsel                                Office of Special Counsel's phone numbers are:
       Suite 300                                                    Complaints Examining Unit (202) 653-7188
       1730 M Street, NW                                            (TDD-ready)
       Washington, D.C. 20036-4505                                  Toll Free (800) 872-9855 (TDD-ready)
                                                                    Public Information (202) 653-7984
                                                                    OSC has a web site at www.osc.gov,

     Source: US Office of Personnel Management. Addressing Sexual Orientation Discrimination In Federal Civilian Employment. A Guide to Employee's Rights.
     http://www.opm.gov/er/address2/Guide04.asp



                                                                              Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                         Informational Briefing
39                                                                                                                                  6/18/2012
      If you wish to appeal an agency action, you should
      contact the MSPB at the address below as soon as
      possible after the action was taken to determine
      whether it is an action upon which the MSPB may rule.
             Merit Systems Protection Board
             1120 Vermont Avenue, NW
             Washington, DC 20419
             (202) 653-7200 or (800) 209-8960


     Source: US Office of Personnel Management. Addressing Sexual Orientation Discrimination In Federal Civilian Employment
      A Guide to Employee's Rights. http://www.opm.gov/er/address2/Guide04.asp




                                                                           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                      Informational Briefing
40                                                                                                                            6/18/2012
Dimensions of Diversity:
Sexual Orientation
An Informational Briefing




           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                      Informational Briefing   6/18/2012   41
          Lesbian, gay, and bisexual people who want to help
           reduce prejudice and discrimination can:
           ◦ Be open about their sexual orientation, even as
             they take necessary precautions to be as safe as
             possible.
           ◦ Examine their own belief systems for the presence
             of antigay stereotypes.
           ◦ Make use of the lesbian, gay, and bisexual
             community—as well as supportive heterosexual
             people—for support.
     American Psychological Association. (2008). Answers to your questions: For a better understanding of sexual orientation and homosexuality.
     Washington, DC: Author. [Retrieved from www.apa.org/topics/sorientation.pdf http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/sexual-orientation.aspx



                                                                           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                      Informational Briefing
42                                                                                                                           6/18/2012
        Heterosexual people who wish to help reduce
         prejudice and discrimination can:
         ◦ Examine their own response to antigay
           stereotypes and prejudice.
         ◦ Make a point of coming to know lesbian, gay, and
           bisexual people.
         ◦ Work with lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals
           and communities to combat prejudice and
           discrimination.
     American Psychological Association. (2008). Answers to your questions: For a better understanding of sexual orientation and homosexuality.
     Washington, DC: Author. [Retrieved from www.apa.org/topics/sorientation.pdf http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/sexual-orientation.aspx.




                                                                           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                      Informational Briefing
43                                                                                                                           6/18/2012
        When gay, lesbian, and bisexual employees feel
         free to make public their sexual orientation,
         heterosexual allies can:
         ◦ Encourage nondiscrimination policies that include
           sexual orientation.
         ◦ Seek personal contact with openly gay, lesbian,
           and bisexual employees.
         ◦ Treat gay, lesbian, and bisexual employees as
           individuals.
         ◦ Work to make coming out safe.
     American Psychological Association. (2008). Answers to your questions: For a better understanding of sexual orientation and homosexuality.
     Washington, DC: Author. [Retrieved from www.apa.org/topics/sorientation.pdf http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/sexual-orientation.aspx

                                                                           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                                                      Informational Briefing
44                                                                                                                           6/18/2012
     1.   Be self-aware. Know your “cultural lens.”

     2.   Recognize that others have “cultural lens.”

     3.   Commit to expanding your cultural knowledge and cultural
          sensitivity. Collect information.

     4.   Divide out the facts from your opinions, theories, and
          suppositions.

     5.   Make judgment based only on the facts.

     6.   Periodically refine your judgment based on the facts.

     7.   Try to continue expanding your opinion of other’s potential.


                                       Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                  Informational Briefing
45                                                                         6/18/2012
 1.   Be alert for negative biases and stereotypes.

 2.   Identify ways to value uniqueness among your colleagues.

 3.   Learn about the values and beliefs of others in the workplace.

 4.   Promote on-going education about diversity and inclusion.

 5.   Suggest and take steps to implement discussions or workshops
      aimed at understanding and eliminating discrimination.

 6.   Watch for changes in relationships. Is there hostility among co-
      workers? What distinguishing diversity characteristics do you
      notice?




                                      Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                 Informational Briefing
46                                                                        6/18/2012
        Sharing aspects of one's personal life with coworkers is a
         normal part of everyone's workday. Conversations about
         spouses, friends and family help form bonds of mutual
         respect and trust that support a productive workplace.
        Unfortunately, many employees do not discuss their
         personal life at work for fear that they will be rejected,
         harassed or threatened by other employees, thereby
         damaging their opportunities for advancement and
         promotion.
        Therefore, to enhance the productivity of ALL employees, it
         is just as important for gay, lesbian, bisexual and
         transgender employees to be comfortable to speak about
         personal issues and matters as do other co-workers.


                                          Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                     Informational Briefing
47                                                                            6/18/2012
1.   All VA employees should be welcomed and valued members of
     your work unit regardless of sexual orientation. Acts of
     harassment or threats against employees because of sexual
     orientation should be reported immediately to your manager.

2.   Employees should refrain from inappropriate jokes and
     negative comments regarding sexual orientation.

3.   An individual's sexual orientation should not be a factor in
     hiring, promotion, evaluation, and work assignment decisions.

4.   Finally, VA needs the thoughtful attention of every member of
     the VA family in order to create a work environment where all
     employees are safe, respected, and able to share in the full
     responsibilities and benefits of employment.


                                   Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                              Informational Briefing
48                                                                     6/18/2012
Dimensions of Diversity:
Sexual Orientation
An Informational Briefing




           Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                      Informational Briefing   6/18/2012   49
     American Psychological Association               Human Rights Campaign
     Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender          1640 Rhode Island Ave. N.W.
     Concerns Office                                  Washington, DC 20036-3278
     750 First Street, NE. Washington, DC 20002       HRC Front Desk: (202) 628-4160
     E-mail: lgbc@apa.org                             TTY: (202) 216-1572
     Http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbc/                      Toll-Free: (800) 777-4723
                                                      Fax: (202) 347-5323
     Related Web Sites:                               http://www.hrc.org/the-hrc-story/about-us
     http://www.apadivision44.org/resources/we
     bsites.php
     Mental Health America (formerly the National     Out & Equal™ Workplace Advocates
     Mental Health Association)                       155 Sansome Street, Suite 450
     2000 N. Beauregard Street, 6th Floor             San Francisco, CA 94104
     Alexandria, VA 22311                             Phone: (415) 694.6500
     Main Switchboard: (703) 684-7722                 Fax: (415) 694.6530
     Toll-free: (800) 969-6MHA (6642)                 http://www.outandequal.org/about-us
     TTY: (800) 433-5959
     Fax: (703) 684-5968
     http://www.nmha.org/go/home



                                                    Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                                               Informational Briefing
50                                                                                      6/18/2012
   Lloyds TSB Case studies in The Times 100:
    Lloyds TSB´s sexual orientation strategy

   SHRM: A Case for Sexual Orientation Diversity
    Management in Small and Large
    Organizations

   THE LINKAGE LEADER: Not Too Tough to
    Tackle – How to Build Sexual Orientation
    Training

                          Office of Diversity and Inclusion
                                     Informational Briefing   6/18/2012   51

				
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