APUSH Chapter 18 19 by G4iXp43

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									                 Chapter 18: “Renewing the Sectional Struggle”
                               ~ 1848 – 1854 ~
 1. The Popular Sovereignty-What does the term popular sovereignty mean? Who was for it and why?


 2. Political Triumphs for General Taylor-what factors helped Taylor to win the Presidency?


 3. “California Gold”-what was the result (political, social and economics) of gold being found in California?


4.   Sectional Balance and the Underground Railroad.-What threatened the balance that Southerners were so
     worried about during the mid nineteenth century? What was the Underground Railroad and who
     “conducted” it?



5.   Twilight of the Senatorial Giants-Who were these Senatorial Giants, where were they from, what was their
     last big contribution to American history?


 6. Deadlock and Danger on Capitol Hill-explain the rationale of the Young Guard regarding slavery
    and compromise.


 7. Breaking the Congressional Logjam-Explain the Compromise of 1850 and how it passed.


 8. Balancing the Compromise Scales-What was so controversial with the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850?


 9. Defeat and Doom for the Whigs-What happened to the Whig Party in the 1852 election?


 10. President Pierce the Expansionist-Who was William Walker, what did he do, how did it end?


 11. What did Commodore Matthew Perry do that forever affected the US and Asia?


 12. Coveted Cuba: Pearl of the Antilles-Explain the Ostend Manifesto.


 13. Pacific Railroad Promoters and the Gadsden Purchase-What was the Gadsden Purchase and how
     did it benefit the South?


 14. Douglas’s Kansas-Nebraska Scheme-Why was Douglas so passionate about popular sovereignty?


 15. Congress Legislates a Civil War-Explain the consequences of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
         Chapter 19: “Drifting Toward Disunion”~ 1854 – 1861 ~
1. Stowe and Helper: Literary Incendiaries-How did Stowe and Helper’s books educate the public on slavery?


2. The North-South Contest for Kansas-What caused Kansas to become unstable?

3. Kansas in Convulsion-What happened at Pottawatomie Creek in May of 1856? Explain the
   Lecompton Constitution.


4. “Bully” Brooks and His Bludgeon-What was the caning of Sumner about and what affect did it
   have on slavery?


5.    “Old Buck” versus “The Pathfinder”-Explain what, who and why the three parties represented for
     president in 1856 were so different and controversial.


6. The Electoral Fruits of 1856-Why did Buchanan and the Democrats win in 1856?

7. The Dred Scot Bombshell-Explain the controversy and results of the Dred Scot case.


8. The Financial Crash of 1857-What caused the Panic of 1857? Why was it so important in causing
   the Civil War?


9. An Illinois Rail-Splitter Emerges-How did Abraham Lincoln become nationally known?

10. The Great Debate: Lincoln versus Douglas-Explain the Freeport Doctrine?

11. John Brown: Murderer or Martyr? Explain the significance of the raid on Harper’s Ferry by John
    Brown.

12. The Disruption of the Democrats-Explain the Democratic ticket of 1860.


13. A Rail-Splitter Splits the Union-How did Lincoln gain the nomination with the Republican Party?
    What appeal did the Republican Party have for Northerners?


14. The Electoral Upheaval of 1860-Explain the political breakdown after the election of 1860.

15. The Secessionist Exodus-Why was there Northern support for the South to secede? Why didn’t
    Buchanan force (or threaten) them back into the Union?


16. The Collapse of Compromise-Explain Crittenden’s compromise. Why was it rejected?

17. Farewell to Union-Why did states secede from the Union?

								
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