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Chapter 18: “Renewing the Sectional Struggle” ~ 1848 – 1854 ~ 1. The Popular Sovereignty-What does the term popular sovereignty mean? Who was for it and why? 2. Political Triumphs for General Taylor-what factors helped Taylor to win the Presidency? 3. “California Gold”-what was the result (political, social and economics) of gold being found in California? 4. Sectional Balance and the Underground Railroad.-What threatened the balance that Southerners were so worried about during the mid nineteenth century? What was the Underground Railroad and who “conducted” it? 5. Twilight of the Senatorial Giants-Who were these Senatorial Giants, where were they from, what was their last big contribution to American history? 6. Deadlock and Danger on Capitol Hill-explain the rationale of the Young Guard regarding slavery and compromise. 7. Breaking the Congressional Logjam-Explain the Compromise of 1850 and how it passed. 8. Balancing the Compromise Scales-What was so controversial with the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850? 9. Defeat and Doom for the Whigs-What happened to the Whig Party in the 1852 election? 10. President Pierce the Expansionist-Who was William Walker, what did he do, how did it end? 11. What did Commodore Matthew Perry do that forever affected the US and Asia? 12. Coveted Cuba: Pearl of the Antilles-Explain the Ostend Manifesto. 13. Pacific Railroad Promoters and the Gadsden Purchase-What was the Gadsden Purchase and how did it benefit the South? 14. Douglas’s Kansas-Nebraska Scheme-Why was Douglas so passionate about popular sovereignty? 15. Congress Legislates a Civil War-Explain the consequences of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Chapter 19: “Drifting Toward Disunion”~ 1854 – 1861 ~ 1. Stowe and Helper: Literary Incendiaries-How did Stowe and Helper’s books educate the public on slavery? 2. The North-South Contest for Kansas-What caused Kansas to become unstable? 3. Kansas in Convulsion-What happened at Pottawatomie Creek in May of 1856? Explain the Lecompton Constitution. 4. “Bully” Brooks and His Bludgeon-What was the caning of Sumner about and what affect did it have on slavery? 5. “Old Buck” versus “The Pathfinder”-Explain what, who and why the three parties represented for president in 1856 were so different and controversial. 6. The Electoral Fruits of 1856-Why did Buchanan and the Democrats win in 1856? 7. The Dred Scot Bombshell-Explain the controversy and results of the Dred Scot case. 8. The Financial Crash of 1857-What caused the Panic of 1857? Why was it so important in causing the Civil War? 9. An Illinois Rail-Splitter Emerges-How did Abraham Lincoln become nationally known? 10. The Great Debate: Lincoln versus Douglas-Explain the Freeport Doctrine? 11. John Brown: Murderer or Martyr? Explain the significance of the raid on Harper’s Ferry by John Brown. 12. The Disruption of the Democrats-Explain the Democratic ticket of 1860. 13. A Rail-Splitter Splits the Union-How did Lincoln gain the nomination with the Republican Party? What appeal did the Republican Party have for Northerners? 14. The Electoral Upheaval of 1860-Explain the political breakdown after the election of 1860. 15. The Secessionist Exodus-Why was there Northern support for the South to secede? Why didn’t Buchanan force (or threaten) them back into the Union? 16. The Collapse of Compromise-Explain Crittenden’s compromise. Why was it rejected? 17. Farewell to Union-Why did states secede from the Union?
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