Basic Pistol Marksmanship - Download as PowerPoint by 8XlAP53

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									Weapon Training Basics


 Safety
              For Judges
 Knowledge   Revised 2/28/2010
              Created: 12/03/2008
              Created by Judge James P. MacElree
              using the NRA training template
              “First Steps Pistol #2” http://www.nratraining.com/

 Practice    This should only be used in conjunction with a
              certified firearms instructor and is an outline only.

              Also: CLICK here for judicialsecuritypa.com
        Gun Safety Rules
                    NRA




1.   Always keep the gun pointed in a
     safe direction.

2.   Always keep your finger off the
     trigger until you are ready to shoot.

3.   Always keep the gun unloaded until
     you’re ready to use it.
         SAFETY FIRST

1.   Treat every gun as if it were loaded.
2.   Be sure of your target and what is
     beyond it.
3.   Never point a gun at anything you are
     not willing to destroy.
4.   Keep your finger off the trigger until
     the gun is lined up on target.
   GUNS DESTROY

Negligent Discharges Kill
Keep Your Finger OFF the Trigger

One Mistake With a Gun
May Be Your Last

Stay Focused On SAFETY
Keep Your Finger OFF the Trigger
    Negligent Discharge
        Is Not an Accident

   I thought it was empty
   I was picking it up
   I dropped it on the ground
   I pulled it from my holster
   I was putting it back
   I was under stress
   I was cleaning it
   Keep Your Finger Off the Trigger
    K. I. S. S.

Keep
It
Safe &
 Simple

            These are Hand Guns


            Revolver                                   Pistol

                                                                                Hammerless
                               Hammer         BARREL                            or Hammer
BARREL
Bullet
comes out
here
                                                          TRIGGER
                                                        TRIGGER
             TRIGGER                                    Keep finger off
             Keep Finger off
                                GRIP                                      GRIP
                                Hold firmly                               Hold firmly
                Revolver Parts

                                        Action
   Barrel
    •   Front sight                          •Hammer
    •   Muzzle                               •Cylinder
    •   Bore
    •   Rifling                              •Cylinder release

   Frame                                    •Ejector rod
    •   Trigger guard
                                             •Trigger
    •   Grip panels
    •   Back strap
    •   Rear sight
                        To View Animation
                        CLICK below or paste to browser
                        Genitron.com - Interactive Illustrated
                        Revolver
                        Pistol Parts
                       Semi-automatics


 Frame                                          Action
      Safety                                         Hammer
      (De-cocker)                                    Slide
      Slide lock
                                                      Sights
      Grip panels
      Back strap                                     Ejection port
      Trigger guard                                  Magazine
                                                      Magazine release
 Barrel                                              Trigger
      Bore
      Chamber
      Rifling
      Muzzle
                             To View Animation
                             CLICK below or paste in browser
                             Genitron.com - Interactive Illustrated Glock
        Shotgun Parts

         Ejection port
                                    Front sight




                           Pump Slide
                 Trigger
Stock
                 Rifle Parts

        Rear Sight        Ejection port      Front sight



                                                       Barrel
Stock                                     Hand Guard
                Trigger
  Grip                    Magazine
    Ammunition & Fundamentals


   Proper Ammo

   Malfunctions

   Hand/eye choice

   Fundamentals
       Types of
      Ammunition

                             Rifle Cartridge




Pistol Cartridge

                   Shotgun
                    Shell
Ammunition
 Components



         THE CARTRIDGE

         1. Primer
         2. Powder
         3. Case
         4. Bullet
              The Bullet

JHP - Jacketed Hollow Point




                              1 - metal jacket
                              2 - lead
                              3 - hollow point
        Shotgun Shells

00 Buck Shot
    9 to 12 – Balls
    30 Yard Range

Slugs
    One - Heavy Projectile
    100+ Yard Range
Bird Shot
    100s - Small Pellets
    Not Recommended
                Rifle Ammo

Devastating Power

300 + Yard Range

Goes Through Walls
     Note: Cal .223 - .50 gr. JHP
Considered a good home defense load
      Does not over penetrate
                                      50 BMG, 30-06, 308 7.62x39, .223, .22LR
           Ammunition
Make sure you have the correct ammunition


CHECK MARKINGS
1. Barrel or Slide
2. Box of Ammo
3. Cartridge Case

   ALL 3 MUST BE
   MARKED FOR
   SAME AMMO
                     Failure to use ammunition designed for the
                     gun can result in serious injury or death
    Squib - Misfire
Potential ammunition malfunctions



                       Squib Misfire
                       Bullet stuck in
                       barrel

                       Next Shot =

                       Gun Explosion
                        “K-BOOM”

                       Injury to You
Pistol K-BOOM
  semi-automatic
Revolver K-Boom
 Hand Gun Operation


 SAFETY   FIRST
 •Unloading
  •Loading
    •Cocking
      •Uncocking
                              Unload Revolver

1.   Open the cylinder

1.   Push the extractor rod

1.   Keep pushing to extract all
     cartridges

1.   Revolver unloading
     complete



     Click Here for Video
     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02tGhg98uUo
   Unload Semi-Automatic

Point gun in safe
direction
Press magazine release
Remove magazine
Pull slide back to eject any cartridge in
chamber
Hold slide in open position (back)
Inspect chamber making sure it is empty
Slowly release slide to forward position.
                     Click Here for Video
                     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=utrMir_9wMQ
Shooting Fundamentals

    Grip       Hold on Gun

    Position      Standing or Sitting

    Sight Alignment
    Breath Control

    Trigger Squeeze
    Follow Through
Dominant Eye
Right or Left
      Which Eye is Dominant

1.   Poke a small hole in a piece of paper
2.   Hold paper up with both hands with
     arms fully extended
3.   View a object/target through the hole
4.   Close one of your eyes
5.   If what you are looking at disappears,
     the other eye is dominate
6.   If it is still there then the eye you
     closed is dominate
Shooting Fundamentals
                      Grip



                        “V” high on the backstrap
                        Lower three fingers wrap &
                         hold
                        Thumb & middle finger
                         touch

Wrap the four fingers of
 weak hand around lower
 three fingers of the strong
 hand
Thumbs on the same side of
 the pistol
    Position - Stance

Consistency
Balance
Support
NPA (Natural
  Point of Aim)
Comfort
Sight Alignment
Sight Alignment on Target


                Target, front
                 sight and rear
                 sight aligned


                “Six o’clock”
                 hold, or “center
                 of mass” hold
Focus on Front Sight




 Focus is on the…   Front Sight
            Breath Control

Body movement affects the shot
  - So… quiet yourself

Breathing requires muscle movement
  - So… shoot between breaths

Breathe out part way, hold, and shoot
Don’t hold your breath too long or muscle tremors will
  create movement and disrupt the shot
                Trigger
Don’t “Pull” the trigger!!!

SQUEEZE or PRESS THE
 TRIGGER
Gradually increasing pressure until the
   mechanism releases

SURPRISE yourself when the gun shoots
    Follow Through
   Bring the gun back on target

   Ready for a second or third shot

   Keep both eyes open

   BE AWARE
BREAK
     Gun Selection
    The Best for You
 Safety    First
 Guns              For Judges
 Ammunition         12/03/2008 Revised 2/28/2010
                     Created by Judge James P. MacElree

 Holsters
                     using the NRA training template
                     “First Steps Pistol #2”
                     http://www.nratraining.com/


 Tactics            This should only be used in conjunction
                     with a certified firearms instructor and is an


 Resources
                     outline only.

                      Click on Link
                     judicialsecuritypa.com
         SAFETY FIRST

1.   Treat every gun as if it were loaded.
2.   Be sure of your target and what is
     beyond it.
3.   Never point a gun at anything you are
     not willing to destroy.
4.   Keep your finger off the trigger until
     the gun is lined up on target.
        Gun Safety Rules
                    NRA




1.   Always keep the gun pointed in a
     safe direction.

2.   Always keep your finger off the
     trigger until you are ready to shoot.

3.   Always keep the gun unloaded until
     you’re ready to use it.
 You are Unique

  Quality   Options

 Quality   Equipment
  Properly   Chosen
 Will   Work for You
Which Hammer is Best




       Depends on
        The Job
           &
       Your Ability
 Which Gun is Best

When   Under Attack

    The   Gun

  In   Your Hand
         SAFE

Gun       and Ammo
    Must  Be Safe
        For You

   Your Life Depends on It
      EASY TO USE

Gun       and Ammo
    Must  Be Easy
        For You

   Your Life Depends on It
100% RELIABLE

Gun       and Ammo
    Must  Be 100%
        Reliable

   Your Life Depends on It
        Your Mind Set

           Be Alert
        See the Threat
        Stop the Threat
        Your Life Depends on It
The most important means of surviving a lethal confrontation is neither the
weapon nor the martial skills. The primary tool is the combat mindset, set
forth in Principles of Personal Defense.   Lt. Col. Jeff Cooper
   Your Alert Levels
             The Color Code


Military has 4 colors   [Color Code Details Click Here]



Civilian L.E. has 5 colors
White    =   Unprepared
Yellow   =   Relaxed Alertness
Orange   =   Unspecified Alert
Red      =   Armed Encounter
Black    =   Lethal Assault - Must Shoot.
Your Knowledge


 "Be careful around the
man who owns only one
gun - He probably knows
   how to use it!"Anon.
 It’s All About You

Your - Use for the Gun
Your - Abilities
Your - Limitations
Your - Comfort Level
Your - Gun’s Safety Features
            Your Abilities

   Are You Mechanically Inclined

   What is Your Dexterity

   How Often Will You Practice
    • Practice – For Real Life Scenarios
What Size Are You
 SIZE MATTERS

   How   Big Are You
 How    Strong Are You
             ********
 What   Size is the Gun
 Too   Big or Too Small
                 Revolver

                  38 Special                             Snub Nose
•Easy to Carry
                  [Click on Link]
•Concealable
                  357 Magnum                           4 Inch Barrel
•Simple To Use
•5 to 7 Shots
•Slower Reload
                                    Inherent Safe Design
•Short Range                        Double Action Trigger
                                    Heavier Trigger Pull
                  Pistol
                   Semi -Auto




Easy to Carry   9MM

Concealable     [Click on Link]


Complicated     40 S&W
to Use
7 to 19 Shots   45 ACP            May or May Not Have:
                                    External Safety
Faster Reload                       Single Action Trigger
                                    Double Action Trigger
Short Range
                                    Decocker
      Good Choices
           Hand Gun

 Revolver       (Best for All Around Use)
       • 2” – 6” Barrel
       • Chambered      for   .357       or   38
         Special
       • Loaded with JHP      125 gr.         110 gr.


 Pistol        (More Experience Required)
       • 3” – 5” Barrel
       • Chambered      for    9MM       or    40
         S&W
       • Loaded with JHP       115 gr.         165 gr.
                 Shotgun


                                    Pump Action
                                    12 Gauge
•Good for Home Defense              00 Buck Shot

•Devastating Damage
                                        Good Safety Features
•Easy to use      [Click on Link]
                                          External Safety
•3 to 8 Shots     12 Gauge Pump
                                          Shell Ejector
•Devastating Power                        The Slide Action
•Medium Range                             Reliable
         Tactical Rifle

                                                   Semi-Auto - Colt 6920
                                                   .223 Cal - 5.56x45mm
                                                   NATO
                                                   55 gr. Hollow Point
Great Damage
                                               Good Safety Features
Complicated to Use
                                                 External Safety
10 to 30 Shots       [Click on Link]             Collapsing Stock
                      AR - 15                    Detachable Magazine
Medium High Power
Longer Range         “The rifle is for serious work”
                        Lt. Col. Jeff Cooper
               Hunting Rifle

                            Pump Action
                            30 Cal
Extreme Penetration         150 gr. Hollow Point

Devastating Damage    Good Safety Features
                        External Safety
Easy to use             Cartridge Ejector
3 to 5 Shots            Detachable Magazine
High Power
Long Range
     Good Choices
     Rifle - Shotgun

 Rifle   AR-15 (At Home – Trunk of Car)
          • 16” Barrel
          • Chambered   for .223 NATO 5.56
          • Loaded with 55gr. JHP or 50 gr. JHP



 Shotgun           (At Home – Trunk of Car)
          • 18” – 20” Barrel
          • Chambered for 12 Gauge
          • Loaded with 00 Buck Shot
        Buy Quality

Beretta          Remington
Browning         Ruger
Colt             Sig Sauer
Glock            Smith & Wesson
Heckler & Koch   Springfield Armory
Kimber           Taurus
                                     To See on Line
Kahr             Walther
                                     Selection Site
Mossberg         Winchester
                 Not exhaustive list
                                     [Click Here]
          Video Clips
          Guns in Action

   38 Snub Nose
   9MM
   40 S&W          [CLICK ON LINKS]

   357 Magnum
   45 ACP
   12 Gauge Pump
       The Mouse Guns
            Pocket Pistols


 Any    Gun Less Than 9MM

 Such     As .380 .32          .22

     Small - Weak - Light

   But: “They Cause Leaks” -   Walt Rauch
                  Mouse Guns
                       Too Small ?


   22 Derringer               Only Two Shots


   32 ACP                Marginal Pocket Pistol

   380 ACP               Better Pocket Pistol
   [Click on Links]


                      But They Can Kill
                   Big Magnums
                    Too Large ?
44 Magnum
Kicks Hard



    500 S&W
    Kicks Harder
    Defense Against
    Grizzly Bears
[Click on Links]
                    Big Bore Rifles
                    Can Knock You Over
                Gun Ammo
                  Energy at Muzzle
      Jacketed Hollow Points (from Fed., Speer & Rem. Data)



   .380 Auto            89 grs     =  216        ft/lbs
   .38 Special         110 grs     =  208        ft/lbs
   .38 Special +P      125 grs     =  248        ft/lbs
    9MM                124 grs     =  364        ft/lbs
    9MM +P             124 grs     =  410         ft/lbs
   .45 ACP             230 grs     =  404         ft/lbs
   .45 ACP +P          230 grs      = 461         ft/lbs
   .40 S&W             165 grs     =  484         ft/lbs
   .357 Magnum         125 grs     =  584         ft/lbs
   .223 Rifle ***       50 grs     = 1227         ft/lbs
   +P = Extra Pressure      Use Only in Modern Guns
                             Produces Extra Recoil - Kick
        Ammo for Carry
         Jacketed Hollow Points


   Your Life is on The Line
   Do Not Skimp on Quality
   Quality Factory Ammo Only
   HST Fed.
   Gold Dot Speer
   Golden Saber Rem.
   COR BON             [Click on Links at Left]
   Hydra-Shok Fed.
    Ammo For Practice
   Police Practice
   With Carry Ammo

   If Jacketed Hollow Points are Too
    Expensive for Practice then Use:

   Ammo with Same Ballistics
    • Same Weight Bullet
    • Same Velocity
        Stopping Power

   Bullet Placement
      • Vital Organs - Arteries - Brain

   Depth of Penetration
      • 12+ Inches of Flesh
   Multiple Hits
      • Keep shooting until the threat is stopped
      • Practice Multiple Shots – Center Mass
    How Much Ammo

   "You'll never leave a gunfight
    wishing you had brought LESS
    ammunition." Anon.

           Carry With You
   A spare speed loader - Revolver
   A spare magazine - Pistol
        Bullet in Chamber ?
                     Conditions 1 & 2



   Revolvers        Yes - Fully Loaded
    • Modern Revolvers are Safe
         • Older Revolvers - No Hammer Block


   Pistols – Shotguns - Rifles
   Depends on Many Factors
    •   Manuel Safety? Yes - No
    •   Features of Gun
    •   Your Training
    •   Your Comfort Level
    •   Perhaps Suggested Article [Click on Link]
       Locked and Cocked ?


   Condition Zero:
    • A round chambered, hammer cocked, safety off
   Condition One:
    • A round chambered, hammer cocked, safety on
   Condition Two:
    • A round chambered, hammer down
   Condition Three:
    • Chamber empty
   Condition Four:
    • Chamber empty, no magazine
           Sights & Lasers

   White Outline
    • Helps with Aim

   Glow in the Dark
    • Trijicon     [Click on Link]
    • Greater Accuracy in Low Light


   Laser Beam -            Projects a Red Dot
    • Grip Mount - [Click on Link]
    • Barrel Mount - [Click on Link]
       Bright Flash Light


   Illuminates Target
         &
   Blinds Attacker

   Using Gun Lights    [Click on Link]
                By Walt Rauch


   Mount on Gun   [Click on Link]
        Holsters
Secure
    • Keeps You in Possession

Safe
    • No Accidentally Discharge

Comfortable
    • So You Will Carry it
     Holsters & Gun Bags


 Retention of Gun is Critical
 Dozens of Options

 Very   Personal Choice
 Do   Not Skimp on Quality
   You Will End up With Many
                      Purse Holsters




                                                 Slide
                                                 Holster




                   Fanny Pack
Inside The Pants                Strap and Lock
                                                 Pocket Holsters
                    Paddle




                                Small of Back     Shoulder Rig
Belt Loop          High Rider
    Considerations

 Retention
 Comfort
 Ease of Access
 Time to Draw and Re-Holster
 Concealment Level
 Clothing to be Worn
 Durability
         Holster Sites

   DeSantis
   Safariland
                  [Click on Link]
   Galco
   Uncle Mikes
   Bianchi
   Concealed Carry Vests
   U.S.C.C.A. U.S. Concealed Carry Assoc
BREAK
        Average Gun Fight

           BE AWARE - BE PREPARED
Onset    Fast You will be the one surprised by the attack
Duration Seconds First solid hit usually wins
Distance   Close Less than 20’ - Distance is your friend
Shots Fired Few Practice multiple shots
Lighting      Poor Light Practice in low light also
        STAY IN CONTROL OF YOURSELF
   FBI stats may be meaningless to your situation – based on Officer Killed study
       Survivability

Be Aware       Gives You Time To Act Quickly

Ready Your Weapon          Draw Your Gun

Move to Cover        Something Solid

State of Mind    Willing to Shoot

Stop the Threat        Shooting Center Mass
Stay Alert   Don’t Let Your Guard Down
     What Really Happens


   Read This Article -      [Click on Link]


   Tactics & Training

   What Really Happens In A Gunfight?

   The conclusions from twenty-five
    years of lethal force investigation.
       • By Dave Spaulding
    Carjacker Attack

If he says: Get out of the car!
Let him have the car - Everyone Out

If he says: Move over!
He intends to kill you – Fight or Flight

  Defeating the Carjacker   [Click on Link]
      Attack At Home

   Move Quickly to a Safe Room
   Close and Lock Door
   Seek Cover
   Ready Your Weapon – Point at Door
   Dial 911
                   Personal Protection Inside
   Yell
                   the Home DVD [Click Here]
    • I Have a Gun
    • Get Out
    • I called Police
               Self Defense
                 A Good Book


            Real-World

           SURVIVAL!
          • What Has Worked For Me
                      By Walt Rauch
[Click Here To See]    US Secret Service
                       US Army Intelligence
                Self Defense
                 A Good Book


     IN    THE GRAVEST EXTREME
                       By Mass Ayoob
                           “Master Instructor”
                           “Law Enforcement Guru”
[Click Here To See]

             If You Shoot Someone
          Your Life Will Change Forever
      Self Defense
          Good - Books



Basics of Personal Protection in
 the Home – Book [Click Here]

Personal Protection Outside the
 Home - Book [Click Here]
     More Information

   More Detailed Information

   What you need to know about
    • GUNS and AMMUNITION

   “Ammo & Ballistics” [Click Here]
      Additional Training
   NRA Basic Pistol
    Shooting Course
                      [Click on Link]

   NRA Personal
    Protection Course

   Competitive shooting
    (IPSC, IDPA, SASS,
    etc.)
   Smith & Wesson
    Training [Click on Link]

   Sheriff’s Department

								
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