The Treaty of Versailles
“To be able to explain how the
treaty of Versailles could have
contributed to the causes of WW2”
• Turn to page 155, quickly in the back
of your book list the differences you can
find between the map on that page and
the map on page 154
What were the key terms..?
• Germany took the blame (war guilt clause)
• Germany had to pay reparations (the actual
figure of 6.6 billion pounds was decided upon
• Germany lost its colonies and some territory.
• Germany’s army was massively reduced, it
was banned from having an air force and
could only have a tiny navy
What did people think of the
• Well one observer at the conference clearly
wasn’t impressed, he said:
• “This is not peace, it is a truce for 20 years.”
• Some French thought that Germany had not
been treated harshly enough, whilst Woodrow
Wilson felt they had gone too far!
What about now…
• With the benefit of hindsight it is often
suggested that the Treaty was too harsh
and contributed towards the rise of
Hitler and WW2.
• However others have suggested that it
wasn’t harsh enough and the problem is
that is wasn’t enforced.
Looking at cartoons from the
• Go to www.activehistory.co.uk
• Log in and then click on ‘GCSE history’
• Then go to “4. The Peace Treaties after
World War One’
• Then all the way down to ‘Interactive
Which cartoons to do?
• Start with this one:
• Then save it to print later…
• Then do this one…
• What can you
see in this
• What do you
• What do you
trying to say?
What is the message of the
• 1 mark = correctly states that the cartoon is about the
Treaty of Versailles and how it was too harsh
• 2-3 marks = as above but also give examples from the
cartoon OR includes supporting knowledge e.g. the army
was reduced, reparations were too high, germany lost land
• 4 marks = as above but includes BOTH supporting
knowledge AND examples from the cartoon along with a
How useful are cartoons for
leaning about History?