Brazil 1100 MW Wind Programme by sIKk7148

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									EWEC 2004
London, UK




 Brazil 1100 MW Wind Programme
        Instruments and support schemes

               Everaldo Feitosa¹
             Carolina Caheté Silva¹
             Ivonice Aires Campos²
               ¹Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
                     www.eolica.com.br
             ²Ministry of Science and Technology
                             Brazil
    ELECTRICITY IN BRAZIL


   Hydro (> 30 MW)           65.128 MW
   Thermal                   13.474 MW
   Nuclear                    2.007 MW
   Wind                          22 MW
   Small Hydro                2.027 MW
   Solar                         15 MWp
   Biomass                    2.410 MW
   Importation                8.000 MW                       Nuclear   Renewable
                                                Importation
                                                   9%           2%         5%          Thermal
Consumers Total: 52,5 millions      (ABRADEE)                                           14%




                                                         Hydro
                                                       (>30 MW)
                                                         70%

  Source (jul/03): MME - Brazil
                                                                  Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
WIND PROJECTS IN BRAZIL - TODAY



                                  5 MW - CE
                                            10 MW - CE

                                              2.4 MW - CE
                                                    1.8 MW - RN

                                                            0.3MW - FN/PE


                                                  0.3MW - PE




                                            1 MW - MG



               2.5 MW - PR

                             4.8 MW - SC


                              0.6 MW - SC

Operational: 29.2 MW

                                            Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
THE SUDDEN INCREASE IN WIND CAPACITY IN
BRAZIL




   2004  29.2 MW         2006  ≈1,300 MW
                              Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
PROINFA



                   LAW No. 10 438, 26 April 2002




First Phase                              1 100 MW Wind
Total Capacity: 3 300 MW                 1 100 MW Biomass
                                         1 100 MW Small Hydro
PPA Contract: 20 years
Implementation Period: up to December 2006
All Brazilian consumers will pay the “extra” price




                                                     Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
PROINFA



                  LAW No. 10 438, 26 April 2002




Second Phase
Total capacity:   10% of electricity consumption of Brazil
                  in 20 years (from 2002) based on wind,
                  biomass and small hydro




                                            Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
                                                                                                483 MW
                                                                                               Northeast


                                                                         Main Hydro
                                                                           Plants
                                                                         11,000 MW         São Francisco River

                         WIND SPEED [m/s]
                     50 meters above surface level
                           Open       Coast          Hills   Mountains
              Woodland     areas     regions


                                                                                           163 MW
Wind Energy
   Class




                                                                                          Southeast

              Wind Projects                                                           454 MW
              PPA Signed                                                               South
                                                                                          Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
WIND - WATER BEHAVIOUR




                         Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
   WIND PROJECTS APPROVED


MW               1000

                        927 MW
                 900


                 800             794.4 MW



                 700

                                            616.2 MW
                 600
 Potência [MW]




                 500


                 400
                                                       344.7 MW

                 300                                              277.3 MW


                 200                                                         192.1 MW

                                                                                        142.8 MW

                 100                                                                               70.6 MW   64.9 MW


                    0
                         RN        CE         RS         SC          RJ        BA          PE        PI        PB
                                                                  Estado
                                                                     State
                                                                                         Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
             WIND PROJECTS WITH CONTRACTS SIGNED
             (OCT 2004)
                                              Projetos Selecionados - PROINFA Eólica


MW               1000


                 900


                 800


                 700
 Potência [MW]




                 600


                 500


                 400


                 300
                                 264.7 MW
                                            227.6 MW     226.7 MW
                 200
                                                                        163.1 MW
                        114 MW
                 100
                                                                                                           64.9 MW
                                                                                       21.3 MW   18 MW
                   0
                         RN         CE        RS             SC             RJ           PE        PI        PB
                                                                    State
                                                                  Estado

                                                                                         Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
BRAZILIAN RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM
PROINFA  REALITY!!!!



                                                  (?)

                         Formal Proposal/
                                              Reality 2006
                            Expected

           Wind             1,100 MW           1,350 MW
3,300 MW
           Biomass          1,100 MW            600 MW

           Small Hydro      1,100 MW           1,350 MW




 Lack of biomass projects
 Large alcohol programme in the world
                                       Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
PRICES – PPA




         Fonts                    Case               Euro/MWh

                                CF ≤ 32.4%               62.48

         Wind              32.4% > CF > 41.9%      Linear Variation

                                CF ≥ 41.9%               55.09

* exchange rate – 14 Nov 2004

CF – Capacity Factor


Inefficient sitting of wind projects!!
                                                Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
 FINANCING




 Large
                       Wind Farms
 Small (< 5 MW)




                Bank of Northeast of Brazil – BNB
 Main Banks
                National Development Bank - BNDES



  + Local tax regime

                                    Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
FINANCING – CONDITIONS


Bank of Northeast of Brazil

Wind support special programme (PPA with Eletrobrás:
  20 years

 Loans can cover up to 70% of the investment

 Repayment period: 4 + 16 = 20 years

 Fixed interest rate: 8% to 10% per year

  (project in semi-arid)

 Additional fiscal incentives for northeast



                                         Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
GRID CONNECTION



 Less than 69 kV line    Local private utility
                          Developer will pay the
                          extra line + connection


 138 kV line             National Operator – ONS
  230 kV                  Developer will pay the
                          extra line + connection


Projects approved (PPA signed) in first phase do
not present problems with grid connection


                                    Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
ANATOMY OF THE INDUSTRY


 ≈ 4 Turbine manufactures (all international)

 60% of the total cost of the wind farms must be use
  components/services from Brazil (first phase –
  PROINFA)

 90% of the total cost of the wind farms must be use
  components/services from Brazil (second phase –
  PROINFA)

 Very large “interest” from the investors




                                       Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
MARKET


 Short term
  1,350 MW up to December 2006


 Medium/Long term
  10% of all new generation in Brazil from renewables
      ≈ 100 – 200 MW/year


 New political strategies supporting wind!!




                                       Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
 WIND CHARACTERISTICS
 NORTHEAST OF BRAZIL

       Intensity
       Small variation (Weibull k=3 – 4)
       Low turbulence intensity          IEC Standard not applied???
       Constant direction           Question to be analyzed by the market
       Extreme wind (low) – IEC                  Distribuição estatística FOR
                                           DIFFERENT TURBINESdos Ventos
                                               DIFFERENT SITES
                                                20.0%




                                                                    15.0%




                                                   Frequência (%)
                    N   CLASS I
                              60%       CLASS II                    CLASS III                   CLASS IV

Vref        [m/s]         X
                          50 30           42,5                         37,5
                                                                    10.0%
                                                                                                    30

Vave        [m/s]         10              8,5                           7,5                          6
                                                                    5.0%
             I15         0,18             0,18                         0,18                        0,18
A       W                         E
              a           2                2                        0.0%
                                                                            2                        2
                                                                            0     5        10        15     20
                                                                                Velocidade do Vento (m/s)
             I15         0,16             0,16                         0,16                        0,16
B                               u<4

              a           3     4u<8      3                                3                        3
                                u8
                    S
                         $$$$             $$$                           $$                           $
                                                                            Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
CONCLUSIONS



 Political will

 Fiscal measures

 Financial incentives

 High winds

 High level of components manufactured in Brazil

 Perspectives of special wind turbines

 Concrete market



                                          Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
 Brazilian Wind Energy Centre
Ministry of Science and Technology

     everaldofeitosa@eolica.com.br

								
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