Abyssinia - PowerPoint

Document Sample
Abyssinia - PowerPoint Powered By Docstoc
					                  Abyssinia
• Because of the Great Depression, Italy wanted to
  build an empire to secure raw materials.
• Mussolini was a fascist, and wanted to revive the
  glories of Rome
• France and Britain needed Mussolini’s support
  against Hitler (Stresa Pact 1935)
Abyssinia
                 Abyssinia
• The border between Abyssinia and Italian
  Somaliland was uncertain and disputed - in Dec
  1934 there was a small skirmish at Wal-Wal.
• Mussolini demanded an apology and threatened
  to invade.
• There was great anger in Britain; Hoare (the
  foreign minister) made a strong speech
  supporting sanctions and collective security.
                  Abyssinia
• Feb 1935: The League set up a commission,
  which reported in Sept. It suggested giving part
  of Abyssinia to Italy.
• Oct 1935: Mussolini rejected the plan and
  invaded Abyssinia. He used tanks and flame-
  throwers and attacked red Cross hospitals.
• The League banned weapons sales, and put
  sanctions on rubber and metal (this hurt
  Abyssinia more than Italy).
• It did NOT close the Suez Canal or ban oil sales,
  which would have stopped the Italian invasion.
                  Abyssinia
• Dec 1935: Hoare-Laval Pact, a secret plan by
  Britain and France to give Abyssinia to Italy.
• Britain and France asked that sanctions be lifted
  - only Abyssinia voted against.
• March 1936: Hitler marched into the Rhineland;
  everyone forgot about Abyssinia.
• May 1936: Mussolini conquered Abyssinia.
• June 1936: Haile Selassie went to the League to
  ask it to reconsider its 'terrible precedent' of
  giving way to force. He was ignored.
                 Abyssinia
A SPECTACULAR failure:
1. The Fascists continued to expand:
   •   Mussolini kept Abyssinia
   •   Hitler began to expand in Europe.
   •   Fascists took power in Spain
   •   Britain and France abandoned the League as a way
       of keeping the peace - started to appease Hitler.
                    Abyssinia
A SPECTACULAR failure:
2. The League was ‘a useless fraud’ (AJP Taylor):
    •   It was slow (the Report took 8 months).
    •   A country could get its own way if it ignored it.
    •   ‘Collective security' was useless against big
         countries - especially during the Great Depression.
    •   Even the great powers within the League were
        happy to ignore it (Japan was on the Council).
    •   Even Britain and France would betray the League.
    •   Nine countries left 1936-1939.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:2
posted:8/6/2012
language:English
pages:7