Blessed Mother Teresa of Calcutta by poljames2012

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									                                         recognized as a saint by the Catholic   not only in the poor countries, but I
                                         church.[3][4]                           found the poverty of the West so
                                                                                 much more difficult to remove. When
                                         Mother Teresa founded
                                                                                 I pick up a person from the street,
                                         the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman
                                                                                 hungry, I give him a plate of rice, a
                                         Catholic religious congregation,
                                                                                 piece of bread, I have satisfied. I
                                         which in 2012 consisted of over
                                                                                 have removed that hunger. But a
                                         4,500 sisters and is active in 133
                                                                                 person that is shut out, that feels
                                         countries. Members of the order
                                                                                 unwanted, unloved, terrified, the
                                         must adhere to the vows of chastity,
                                                                                 person that has been thrown out
                                         poverty and obedience, and the
                                                                                 from society—that poverty is so
                                         fourth vow, to give "Wholehearted
                                                                                 hurtable [sic] and so much, and I find
                                         and Free service to the poorest of
                                                                                 that very difficult." She also singled
                                         the poor". The Missionaries of
                                                                                 out abortion as 'the greatest
                                         Charity at the time of her death had
                                                                                 destroyer of peace in the world'.
                                         610 missions in 123 countries
                                         including hospices and homes for        During her lifetime, Mother Teresa
                                         people with HIV/AIDS, leprosy and       was named 18 times in the yearly
                                         tuberculosis, soup kitchens,            Gallup's most admired man and
                                         children's and family counselling                 ‎
                                                                                 woman poll‎as‎one‎of‎the‎ten‎women‎
                                         programmes, orphanages and              around‎the‎world‎that‎Americans‎
                                         schools.                                admired‎most‎.In‎9111,‎a‎ooll‎of‎
                                                                                 Americans‎ran ed‎her‎first‎in‎
                                                                                 palluo's‎eist‎of‎lost‎ idel ‎Admired‎
                                         For over 45 years, she ministered to    teoole‎of‎the 20th Century. In that
                                         the poor, sick, orphaned, and dying,    survey, she out-polled all other
                                         while guiding the Missionaries of       volunteered answers by a wide
                                         Charity's expansion, first throughout   margin, and was in first place in all
                                         India and then in other countries.      major demographic categories
                                         Herbeatification by Pope John Paul      except the very young.
                                         II following her death gave her the
                                         title "Blessed Teresa of Calcutta".
                                                                                 On 10 September 1946, Teresa
                                         She was the recipient of numerous       experienced what she later described as
                                                                                 "the call within the call" while traveling
                                         honours including the 1979 Nobel
                                                                                 by train to the Loreto
                                         Peace Prize. She refused the            convent in Darjeeling from Calcutta for
                                                                                 her annual retreat. "I was to leave the
                                         conventional ceremonial banquet
                                                                                 convent and help the poor while living
                                         given to laureates, and asked that      among them. It was an order. To fail
                                         the $192,000 funds be given to the      would have been to break the
                                                                                 faith."[26] As one author later noted,
                                         poor in India. Her awards include the   "Though no one knew it at the time,
                                         first Pope John XXIII Peace Prize,      Sister Teresa had just
                                                                                 become Mother Teresa".[27]
                                         the Philippines-based Ramon             She began her missionary work with the
                                         Magsaysay Award, the Pacem in           poor in 1948, replacing her traditional
                                                                                 Loreto habit with a simple white
                                         Terris Award, an honorary               cotton sari decorated with a blue
Blessed Mother Teresa of                 Companion of the Order of Australia,    border. Mother Teresa adopted Indian
                                                                                 citizenship, spent a few months
         [1]
Calcutta born Agnes Gonxha               the Order of Merit from both the        in Patna to receive a basic medical
Bojaxhiu (pronounced [aɡˈnɛs             United Kingdom and the United           training in the Holy Family Hospital and
                                                                                 then ventured out into the
ˈɡɔndʒa bɔjaˈdʒiu]) commonly known       States, Albania's Golden Honour of
                                                                                 slums.[28][29] Initially she started a school
as Mother Teresa (26 August 1910         the Nation, honorary degrees, the       in Motijhil (Calcutta); soon she started
                                                                                 tending to the needs of the destitute
– 5 September 1997) was                  Balzan Prize, and the Albert
                                                                                 and starving.[30] In the beginning of 1949
an Albanian–born Indian Roman            Schweitzer International Prize          she was joined in her effort by a group
                                         amongst many others.                    of young women and laid the
Catholic nun. "By blood, I                                                       foundations to create a new religious
amAlbanian. By citizenship, an                                                   community helping the "poorest among
                                         Mother Teresa stated that earthly
                                                                                 the poor".
Indian. By faith, I am a Catholic nun.   rewards were important only if they     Her efforts quickly caught the attention
As to my calling, I belong to the        helped her help the world's needy.      of Indian officials, including the prime
                                                                                 minister, who expressed his
world. As to my heart, I belong          When Mother Teresa received the         appreciation.[31]
entirely to the Heart of Jesus."[2] In   Nobel Peace Prize, she was asked,       Teresa wrote in her diary that her first
late 2003, she was beatified, the                                                year was fraught with difficulties. She
                                         "What can we do to promote world        had no income and had to resort to
third step toward possible sainthood.    peace?" She answered "Go home           begging for food and supplies. Teresa
A second miracle credited to Mother                                              experienced doubt, loneliness and the
                                         and love your family." In her Nobel     temptation to return to the comfort of
Teresa is required before she can be     Lecture, she said: "Around the world,
convent life during these early months.      Mother Teresa agreed to continue her          conversions. Subsequently, the islands
She wrote in her diary:                      work as head of the order.                    were renamed “Marianas” by the
Our Lord wants me to be a free nun           In April 1996, Mother Teresa fell and         missionaries in honor of the Blessed
covered with the poverty of the cross.       broke her collar bone. In August she          Virgin Mary and of the Queen Regent of
Today I learned a good lesson. The           suffered from malaria and failure of the      Spain, María Ana, who was the
poverty of the poor must be so hard for      left heart ventricle. She had heart           benefactress of that Mission.
them. While looking for a home I walked      surgery but it was clear that her health      But very soon, a Chinese quack, named
and walked till my arms and legs ached.      was declining. The Archbishop of              Choco, envious of the prestige that the
I thought how much they must ache in         Calcutta, Henry Sebastian D'Souza, said       missionaries were gaining among the
body and soul, looking for a home, food      he ordered a priest to perform                Chamorros, started to spread the talk
and health. Then the comfort of Loreto       an exorcism on Mother Teresa with her         that the baptismal water of the
[her former order] came to tempt me.         permission when she was first                 missionaries was poisonous. And since
'You have only to say the word and all       hospitalised with cardiac problems            some sickly Chamorro infants who were
that will be yours again,' the Tempter       because he thought she may be under           baptized died, many believed the
kept on saying ... Of free choice, my        attack by the devil.[52]                      calumniator and eventually apostatized.
God, and out of love for you, I desire to    On 13 March 1997, she stepped down            The evil campaign of Choco was readily
remain and do whatever be your Holy          from the head of Missionaries of              supported by the Macanjas (sorcerers)
will in my regard. I did not let a single    Charity. She died on 5 September 1997.        and the Urritaos (young male
tear come.[32]                               At the time of her death, Mother              prostitutes) who, along with the
                                             Teresa's Missionaries of Charity had          apostates, began persecuting the
Teresa received Vatican permission on        over 4,000 sisters, and an associated         missionaries.
7 October 1950 to start the diocesan         brotherhood of 300 members,
congregation that would become the           operating 610 missions in 123                 The most unforgettable assault
Missionaries of Charity.[33] Its mission     countries.[53] These included hospices        happened on 2 April 1672, the Saturday
was to care for, in her own words, "the      and homes for people with HIV/AIDS,           just before the Passion Sunday of that
hungry, the naked, the homeless, the         leprosy and tuberculosis, soup kitchens,      year. At around seven o’clock in the
crippled, the blind, the lepers, all those   children's and family counseling              morning, Pedro—by then already about
people who feel unwanted, unloved,           programs, personal helpers,                   17 years old—and the superior of the
uncared for throughout society, people       orphanages, and schools. The                  mission, named Padre Diego Luís de San
that have become a burden to the             Missionaries of Charity were also aided       Vitores, came to the village of Tomhom,
society and are shunned by everyone."        by Co-Workers, who numbered over 1            in the Island of Guam. There, they were
It began as a small order with 13            million by the 1990s.[54]                     told that a baby girl was recently born in
members in Calcutta; by 1997 it had          Mother Teresa lay in repose in St             the village, so they went to ask the
grown to more than 4,000 sisters             Thomas, Kolkata for one week prior to         child’s father, named Matapang, to
running orphanages, AIDS hospices and        her funeral, in September 1997. She           bring out the infant for baptism.
charity centers worldwide, and caring        was granted a state funeral by the            Matapang was a Christian and a friend
for refugees, the blind, disabled, aged,     Indian government in gratitude for her        of the missionaries, but having
alcoholics, the poor and homeless, and       services to the poor of all religions in      apostatized, he angrily refused to have
victims of floods, epidemics, and            India.[55] Her death was mourned in           his baby baptized.
famine.[34]                                  both secular and religious communities.       To give Matapang some time to cool
In 1952 Mother Teresa opened the first       In tribute, Nawaz Sharif, the Prime           down, Padre Diego and Pedro gathered
Home for the Dying in space made             Minister of Pakistan said that she was        the children and some adults of the
available by the city of Calcutta. With      "a rare and unique individual who lived       village at the nearby shore and started
the help of Indian officials she             long for higher purposes. Her life-long       chanting with them the truths of the
converted an abandoned Hindu temple          devotion to the care of the poor, the         Catholic Faith. They invited Matapang to
into the Kalighat Home for the Dying,        sick, and the disadvantaged was one of        join them, but the apostate shouted
a free hospice for the poor. She             the highest examples of service to our        back that he was angry with God and
renamed it Kalighat, the Home of the         humanity."[56] The former U.N.                was already fed up with the Christian
Pure Heart (Nirmal Hriday).[35] Those        Secretary-General Javier Pérez de             teachings.
brought to the home received medical         Cuéllar said: "She is the United Nations.
attention and were afforded the              She is peace in the world."[56]
opportunity to die with dignity,
according to the rituals of their faith;     Analyzing her deeds and
Muslims were read the Quran, Hindus          achievements, John Paul II asked:
received water from the Ganges, and          "Where did Mother Teresa find the
Catholics received the Last Rites.[36] "A    strength and perseverance to place
beautiful death," she said, "is for people   herself completely at the service of
who lived like animals to die like           others? She found it in prayer and in the
angels—loved and wanted."[36]                silent contemplation of Jesus Christ, his
Mother Teresa soon opened a home for         Holy Face, his Sacred
those suffering from Hansen's                Heart."[86] Privately, Mother Teresa
disease, commonly known as leprosy,          experienced doubts and struggles over
and called the hospice Shanti Nagar          her religious beliefs which lasted nearly
(City of Peace).[37] The Missionaries of     50 years until the end of her life, during
Charity also established several leprosy     which "she felt no presence of God
outreach clinics throughout Calcutta,        whatsoever", "neither in her heart or in
providing medication, bandages and           the eucharist" as put by
food.[38]                                    herpostulator Rev. Brian
As the Missionaries of Charity took in       Kolodiejchuk.[87] Mother Teresa
increasing numbers of lost children,         expressed grave doubts about God's
Mother Teresa felt the need to create a      existence and pain over her lack of faith:
home for them. In 1955 she opened the
Nirmala Shishu Bhavan, the Children's        PEDRO CALUNGSOD was a young native
Home of the Immaculate Heart, as a           of the Visayas region of the Philippines.
haven for orphans and homeless               Very little is known about him. He was
youth.[39]                                   just one of the boy catechists who went
                                             with some Spanish Jesuit missionaries
Mother Teresa suffered a heart               from the Philippines to the Ladrones
attack in Rome in 1983, while                Islands in the western Pacific in 1668 to
visiting Pope John Paul II. After a          evangelize the Chamorros.
second attack in 1989, she received          Life in the Ladrones was hard. The
anartificial pacemaker. In 1991, after a     provisions for the Mission did not arrive
battle with pneumonia while in               regularly; the jungles were too thick to
Mexico, she suffered further heart           cross; the cliffs were very stiff to climb,
problems. She offered to resign her          and the islands were frequently visited
position as head of the Missionaries of      by devastating typhoons. Despite all
Charity, but the sisters of the order, in    these, the missionaries persevered, and
a secret ballot, voted for her to stay.      the Mission was blessed with many

								
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