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					    How to Deal with Latino Data:
      A Guide for Montgomery County Service Providers

      A Community Based Strategy
     For Reducing Health Disparities
                   Latino Health Initiative
  Montgomery County Department of Health and Human Services,
                           Maryland

                         Presented by:
Graciela Jaschek, MPH; Eduardo Pezo, MPH, JD/MA Candidate (WCL)
       Latino Health Initiative
        Background History

 In July 2000, Latino community
  leaders formed the Latino Health
  Initiative (LHI) with support of the
  County Executive and County Council
 In August 2000, the Latino Health
  Steering Committee (LHSC) was
  formed to advocate for Latino health
       Latino Health Steering
         Committee (LHSC)

 The LHSC is composed of 16 volunteer
  professionals and community leaders
  that work at the national, state and local
  levels
 LHSC members work as a team to provide
  expert guidance and technical
  assistance to the LHI and to advocate on
  behalf of Latino communities
      Latino Health Initiative
              Goals

 Address  health disparities by
  developing and implementing a plan of
  action
 Engage in an ongoing community
  based participatory process to
  determine the major health priorities in
  the community that need to be
  addressed
      Results of a Community
    Based Participatory Process

 In February 2002, the Blueprint for Latino
  Health 2002-2006 was released
 The Blueprint is for policy and decision
  makers to develop responsive medical
  care and public health systems that
  address the basic needs of the community
 An updated Blueprint for Latino Health will
  be released in February 2008
       Latino Data Workgroup

 In2002, the LDW was created to
  improve the collection, analysis, and
  reporting of health data for Latinos
  (Blueprint Priority Area A)
 Composed of 9 volunteer
  professionals who work in Federal
  government, academia, and the private
  sector
            Latino Data Issues

 Lack of data (ex: MD Vital Statistics)
 Under-representation of latinos (ex:
  surveys done by phone, in English)
 Under-reporting of data (ex: combining sub-
  populations, foreign-born/US-born)
       Lack of completeness
       Lack of accuracy
            How to Deal with
              Latino Data

   In December 2006,
    the How to Deal
    with Latino Data
    Guide is released
         How to Deal with
        Latino Data: Purpose

 The Guide is meant to be used by
  professionals
 The Guide is meant to help entities
  improve data collection, analysis,
  and reporting efforts
           How to Deal with Latino
             Data: Demographics

Latinos in the United States:
 Largest and fastest growing minority
 In 2004, there were 41 million Latinos
 Latinos will grow from 14% to 24% of
  the total population by 2050*
 64% Mexican, 15% Caribbean, 13%
  Central and South America**
* 2005 American Community Survey   ** 2006 American Community Survey
             How to Deal with Latino
               Data: Demographics

Latinos in Montgomery County
 Fastest growing minority population*

 In 2005 Latinos were 14% of the total
  county population*
 67% Central and South America, 12%
  Caribbean, 10% Mexico**

* 2005 American Community Survey Data   ** 2006 American Community Survey
          How to Deal with Latino
          Data: Demographics ctd.

The MC Latino population is similar to other
Latino populations in the U.S.
 The Latino population in MC is young (28.5)
 Latino households are large (3.83)
 Most Latino households are families (83%)
 Most Latinos speak a language other than
  English at home (90%)
 Latinos face many economic challenges
* 2005 American Community Survey
       How to Deal with Latino
       Data: Community Assets

 Richness  in diversity
 Latinos seek the American dream too
     Many skilled professionals
     Strong social and community networks
     Untapped potential for community
      leadership
     Well developed Spanish media
       How to Deal with Latino
      Data: Cultural Considerations

Cultural factors:
     Strong core values
     Strong family ties
     Importance of the personal rather than
      the institutional
     Face to face communication preference
     Fatalistic attitude about disease
    How to Deal with Latino
  Data: Linguistic Considerations

Linguistic factors:
     Spanish is one language
     Not everyone who speaks Spanish can
      be a translator or interpreter
     Translations (written text)
     Interpreters (oral communications)
       How to Deal with Latino
       Data: Collecting Data from
                       Latinos
 Go to the experts: Latinos themselves
 Trust from the community is key
 Research methods: there are several
  options
 Considerations for survey design,
  administration, and analysis
     Tips for developing and administering forms
      and surveys
     Tips for analyzing and reporting collected data
      How to Deal with Latino
     Data: Take-Home Messages

 Learn as much as possible about your local
  Latino community and their contributions
 Take the risk to learn new information
 Train those collecting information about
  Latino cultural and language nuances
 Do not rely on stereotypes
 Ensure data gathering is conducted with
  methodological rigor, integrity, and
  patience
         Lessons Learned

 The community knows the solution
 Community generated information is
  credible
 Data are vital to any community
 Cultural and linguistic issues need to
  be considered for collection, analysis
  and dissemination of data
    Latino Health Initiative
     Contact Information


               LHI Offices
              240-777-3221
graciela.jaschek@montgomerycounty.gov
             Website
           www.lhiinfo.org

				
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