Exploring Livelihood Resilience_Disaster Risk Reduction Perspective

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					 Exploring Livelihood Resilience:
    Disaster Risk Reduction
Presented By: Munish Kaushik, Cordaid/SEA Change:
      Community of Practitioners (M and E/DRR)

                   April 9, 2012
          Orissa…. Coastal
Dry season…Droughts   season….floods/erosion
…world development direction was shifted from
 poverty reduction to disaster risk reduction.
     Number of disasters registered in EMDAT
                   1900 - 2005

The unparalleled increasing
number of disaster is no
longer natural phenomena but
a product of lack of
capacity of society to
absorb and bounces back
from the hazard events.
Unless more determined
efforts are made to address
the loss of lives, livelihoods
and infrastructure,
disasters will become an
increasingly serious
obstacle to the achievement
of any form of sustainable
So What is DRR
An emerging framework for
 development and a tool
Capacities that addresses hazards and
  these are:

               Preventive capacity

                                     Mitigation capacity
Capacities that addresses
  vulnerability and these are:

                       Individual Survivability

                                                  Community Readiness
A resilient livelihood
ensures the individual
household to bounce back
from the hazard events…
(eg: Saline resistant
cropping, drought resistant
Livelihood is one of the
capacities that ensure food
security; form of savings,
buying power to address
individual or community
needs to go back to normal
functioning. Thus, securing
livelihood is an important
element in building resilient
In DRR, the formula also
applies in livelihood as the
Element at risk, thus it will
be subjected to disaster
risk assessment and
analysis. The end result
would be the assessment
of capacity gaps that
would define the level of
risk of the livelihood of
FLOOD             CROPS as an Element at                       Animals as an Element at Risk

PREVENTIVE      Embankment, diversion water canal, land use/zoning , diversion water canal,
                contour farming, soil and water       contour farming, soil and water
                conservation practices, reforestation conservation practices, reforestation

MITIGATION      Dams-water management, tree           dams, tree planting, soil and water
                planting, soil and water conservation conservation

SURVIVABILITY   Flood-resistant crops, crop care and      Health well-being, enjoying basic rights
                management, inter-cropping, crop         and access to resources, animal care and
                diversification, agro-forestry, multi-   management, first aid, food, access to
                storied cropping                         early warning system, timely evacuation,
                                                         access to floating devices such as boat
                                                         and rubber tires
COMMUNITY       Seed conservation and banking of         early warning system, search and rescue
READINESS       flood resistant crops, food              system, evacuation system,
                processing and storage, crop             communication facilities, transportation,
                insurance, credit system…                food stocking, potable water supply
                                                         system, animal health system, insurance,
                                                         response system based on damage
                                                         assessment and needs analysis...
Livelihood Resilience: Meaning from DRR

                    Livelihood is an element
                    at risk and it should be
                    assess separately in
                    order to offer solutions
                    specifically on how best
                    the livelihood could be
                    secured and bounce back
                    in the advent of the
                    hazard events.
Livelihood Resilience: Meaning from DRR
                    In one community, there is no
                    identical livelihood among
                    community members.
                    Livelihood is a product of
                    their access to resources
                    and/or their capability to
                    manage their body of
                    knowledge to support their
   Livelihood Resilience: Meaning from DRR

Therefore, livelihood risk
assessment and analysis
should be done
individually at the
community level to
ensure you are building
up the capacity of
individuals at the
community level to safe
guard their livelihood.
Resilient Livelihood Anyone?
Thank You
Very Much!

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