PowerPoint Presentation - Preindustrial Farming Societies by ewghwehws

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									   Two Organizing Schemes for
        Human Kinship
 Bilateral   (Examples: U.S.A., Eskimos)
  –   Often found in hunter-gatherer societies
  –   Also a trend in industrial societies
 Unilineal
  –   Patrilineal (Examples: Hebrew, Chinese)
  –   Matrilineal (Examples: Hopi, Iroquois)
  –   Often found in farming societies
                Bilateral Kindred

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                Bilateral Kindred

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                Bilateral Kindred

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                Bilateral Kindred

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                Bilateral Kindred

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Advantages and disadvantages of
       bilateral kinship
 Flexibility
 Lack   of clarity
  –   Not suitable for farmers
     Farmers need well-defined groups
   Joint land holdings
   Cooperative labor
   Collective ownership
    of crops
   How to have a clearly
    defined kin group?
            Unilineal Kinship:
           A Matrilineal Example
 Clan  membership retained for life
 Clan membership inherited from mother
 Totemic names
 Exogamy (marrying out)
 Matrilocal Residence
 Clan owns rights to property, leadership positions,
  rituals, etc.
    Ego’s Matrilineal Clan: Cardinal
           Who is included?
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                        Ego’s Clan
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                    Ego’s Father
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                    Father’s Clan
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                        Wife
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                    Wife’s Clan
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        Mother’s Brother’s Children
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            My Wife and Children?
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                            Mother’s Brother’s Grandchildren

								
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