Docstoc

Chile

Document Sample
Chile Powered By Docstoc
					                                     Chile/Chili

                                         (489)

                     UNITWIN / UNESCO Chairs Programme

                                  Progress report

                    Period of activity: March 2000 to April 2001

 UNESCO-EOLSS Chair in Natural Resource Management, Land Planning and
                       Environmental Protection

            Report established by: OSCAR PARRA, COORDINATOR

                                    I. Activities

1. Education/Training/Research

To implement a "Module on Environmental Topics" for Professional Careers of
Concepción University.

Expected results.

To introduce at the undergraduate level the basic elements of environmental selected
issues dealing with natural resources management, land planning and environmental
protection.

To become aware about the sustainability of the natural support systems of the
Biobio Region and the country.

To inform and discuss the role of each professional career in environmental
management and protection.

To reach the above objectives three courses were given during 2000 academic year:

Introduction to Environmental Sciences

Environmental Management

Environmental Problems of Modern Society

Duration: March 15 throughout December 15, 2000 (1st and 2nd academic semesters)

Target groups: Undergraduate students of diverse professional careers of
Concepción University

Course: Introduction to Environmental Sciences

Total number of students: 139
Course: Environmental Management

Total number of students: 59

Course: Environmental Problems of Modern Society

Total number of students: 11

Partnership .Ten faculties of Concepción University: Engineering, Forestry,
Agronomy, Social Sciences, Natural Resources and Oceanography, Biological
Sciences, Education, Humanity and Arts, Physics and Mathematical Sciences,
Chemistry.

Geographical coverage for partners and participants-Chile

Outputs: A number of undergraduate students (see above) of diverse careers were
familiarised in important issues dealing with the concept of environmental
sustainability including the analyses of international and local case of studies.

To implement a Programme on Environmental Sciences at university level addressed
to neighbouring countries through fellowships.

Expected results:

To reinforce the programme of postgraduate studies (Diploma and Ph.D.) in relevant
Environmental Topics at the University of Concepción.

To interact with European and American universities through the organisation of
teaching activities at a postgraduate levels.

Two postgraduate courses were given on:

"Evaluation and Monitoring of Water Pollution"

"Watershed Integrated Management"

Course: Evaluation and Monitoring of Water Pollution

Expected results:

To familiarise the students with the concepts and the methodology of water pollution
issues.

To give theoretical and practical tools for the development of water quality monitoring
program.

To share research experiences derived from EULA Centre-Chile and Sienna
University, Italy international collaboration project.

Duration-December 4-16, 2000
Target groups: Students of Postgraduate Programs in Environmental Sciences,
Marine Biology, Biology, Engineering.

Partnership: University of Milan, Italy; University of Sienna, Italy; University of
Cornell, USA.

Geographical coverage for partners and participants: Peru, Brazil, Colombia, Italy,
USA and Chile

Outputs:

The course was attended by 8 Chile, 1 Peru, 1 Brazil, 1 Colombia doctoral students.
They had an intensive interaction in theoretical, laboratory and fieldwork. The
collaboration of the lecturers of USA, Italy and Chile allow the students to compare
different and update approaches from Europe, USA and Chile.

Course: Watershed Integrated Management

Expected results:

To familiarize with the holistic approach and the required multi- and interdisciplinary
characteristics of watershed issues.

To understand the complexity of the watershed structure and function system through
the analysis of a study cases.

To compare the status of watershed integrated management in USA, Europe and
Chile.

Duration: January 4-16, 2001.

Target groups:

Students of Postgraduate Programs in Environmental Sciences, Biology, Civil
Engineering. Forestry Engineering.

Partnership: Pennsylvania State University, USA; Environmental Sciences Center,
Magdeburg and Leipzig, Germany (UFZ).

Geographical coverage for partners and participants

Chile, Brazil, Ecuador, USA, Germany

Outputs:

The course was attended by 10 Chile, 1 Peru, 1 Brazil, 1 Ecuador doctoral students.
They had an intensive interaction in theoretical, laboratory and fieldwork. The course
was develop taking into account as a case of study the Biobío watershed, allowing to
the student to know diverse conflicts related to water uses, like hydroelectric power
generation, irrigation, tourism, aquaculture etc. The collaboration of the lecturers of
USA, Germany and Chile allow the students to compare different and update
approaches from Europe, USA and Chile.

The course was attended by 8 Chile, 1 Peru, 1 Brazil, 1 Colombia doctoral students.
They had an intensive interaction in theoretical, laboratory and fieldwork. The
collaboration of the lecturers of USA, Italy and Chile allow the students to compare
different and update approaches from Europe, USA and Chile.

2.Conferences/Congresses/Meetings

Summit of the Education Consortium for Environmental Protection (CEPA), 5-8 April
2000, University of Texas at Brownsville, USA.

Expected results:

Revision and discussion of the results and its impacts on CEPA member Institutions.

Presentation of new proposals of inter-institutional interactions.

Explore the funding possibilities for research and environmental education proposals.

Partnership:

Chile: Universidad Austral de Chile; Universidad de Concepción; Universidad de
Santiago de Chile; Comisión Nacional del Medio Ambiente de Chile

Mexico: Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla (UPAEP); Universidad
Autónoma de Tlaxcala

United States: Texas A & M University at Corpus Christy (Texas), The University of
Texas at Brownsville (Texas ), Argonne National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National
Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory, United States Department of Energy, Equity
Research Corporation

Puerto Rico: Universidad Interamericana de Puerto Rico, Universidad Politécnica de
Puerto Rico, Universidad del Sagrado Corazón de Puerto Rico

Geographical coverage for participants and partners:

Chile: 6

Mexico: 6

United States: 20

Puerto Rico: 8

Outputs:
One of the agreements of the CEPA Institutions was to collaborate with the EULA
Centre in the activities considered in the UNESCO/EOLSS CHAIR.

Workshop " Building a Network on Environmental Research and Teaching: Europe-
Latin America", 2-5 May 2000 at Sienna University, Italy

Expected results:

To build a network on environmental research and teaching between European and
Latin American universities and research institutions.

To develop research and teaching activities on natural resources, land planning and
environmental protection dealing with water resources.

To develop environmental education activities at diverse education levels on natural
resources protection, with emphasis on water.

Partnership

Chile, Concepcion University, Environmetal Sciencies Center, EULA-Chile;

Italy, University of Siena, Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of
Sciences;

Spain, University of Córdoba, Environmental Chair;

Germany, Center of Environmental Research, Leipzig and Magdeburg (UFZ).

Geographical coverage for participants and partners:

Chile: 2

Italy: 4

Spain: 2

Germany: 2

Outputs:

It was built an Academic European and Latin-American Network for working on
Environmental Issues.

It was agreed to formulate a joint proposal (Italy, Spain, German, Argentina and
Chile) to the European INCO IV Programme, entitled " Integrated management tools
for temperate southamerican catchments with multiple use for agriculture,
aquaculture, forestry and hydroelectric power production".

"XXIV Congreso Latinoamericano de Química" Lima, Peru, October 2000, 15-19
October, Pontifical Catholic University, Lima, Peru.
Expected results:

To present the development of the environmental sciences in the teaching and
research activities in Concepción University.

To analyse the difficulties and conflicts between an interdisciplinary approach
(holistic) and the dominant reductionism approach in the universities.

To propose new ways of academic work dealing with environmental issues.

Partnership (please specify: Name of the Institution, City, Country)

Department of Chemistry of the Pontifical Catholic University, Lima, Peru.

Participants:

In the panel presentation were ca. 90 participants.

Geographical coverage for participants and partners

There were representative of most Latin-American countries.

Outputs:

To discuss the concept of the interdisciplinary approach in the Chemists Area, which
is dominated by the monodisciplinary and reductionism approach.

A paper to be published in the journal "Ambiente y Desarrollo" entitled " El desafío de
abordar los temas ambientales desde una perspectiva interdisciplinaria" (Oscar
Parra author).

International Seminar: " Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and its Role in
the Land Planning and Regional Development"

March 22-23, University of Concepcion, Chile

Expected results.

To understand the importance and the meaning of strategic environmental
assessment in the land planning and regional development.

To know the level of application of this environmental management approach in
developed countries.

To transfer the utility of this approach to the public and private sector in order to
prevent conflicts of interest caused by development of sectorial plans and
programmes.

Partnership : Minera Escondida Ltd., Antofagasta, Chile, International Finance
Commission.
Participants 45 representatives of Public Services, Companies and ONG)

Geographical coverage for participants and partners

Mexico, Portugal, Spain, Peru, Chile

Outputs:

The Biobío Región presents a diverse environmental conflicts among different
productive sectors, e.g. forestry, agriculture, tourism, industrial etc. The Seminar was
an appropriate opportunity for analysis and discussion among public agencies,
private sector and NGOs, about the needs to consider other instruments for
environmental management and land planning besides the EIA.

A document will be published.

3.Missions / Travels abroad

Dr. Oscar Parra and Dr. Eduardo Tarifeño; University of Texas at Brownsville, USA

Purpose: to participate in the Summit of the Educational Consortium for
Environmental Protection (CEPA) for presenting report of ongoing projects, discuss
future initiatives, and start the discussion of institutionalisation of the Consortium.

Duration; 5-8 April 2000

Outputs.

To present the goals and the programme of the UNESCO/EOLSS Chair in order to
involve the institutions of CEPA Consortium.

Dr. Oscar Parra and Dr. Ricardo Barra, Sienna, Italy

Purpose: to participate in the Workshop " Network on Environmental Research and
Teaching: Europe and Latin America"

Duration: 2-5 May 2000

Outputs.

It was built an Academic European and Latin-American Network for working on
Environmental Issues.

It was formulated a proposal to the INCO IV Program, entitled " Integrated
management tools for temperate southamerican catchments with multiple use for
agriculture, aquaculture, forestry and hydroelectric power production".

Dr. Oscar Parra, Lima, Perú, Octubre 2000.

Purpose: to assist at "XXIV Congreso Latinoamericano de Química"
Duration: October 2000.

Outputs.

To introduce into the Chemists Area the discussion of the interdisciplinary subject

A paper on interdisciplinary in the University to be publish in the Journal "Ambiente y
Desarrollo".

4.Visiting Professors

Prof. Marco Vighi, University of Milan, Milan, Italy, 3-12 December 2000

Prof. Daniel Loucks, University of Cornell, USA, 4-9 December 2000

Prof. Silvano Focardi, University of Sienna, Sienna Italy, 3-18 January 2000

Prof. Michael Rode, Environmental Sciences Center, Magdeburg- Leipzig, Germany
(UFZ), 3-13 January 2001

Prof. Paul Robillard, Pennsylvania State University, State College, USA, 3-12 Januar
2001

Prof. Maria Rosario Partidario, University of Lisboa, Portugal

Dr. Mauricio Athié, International Finance Corporation, World Bank

5.Fellowships

1. Carlos Tavares, Geographer, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, 4-16
December 2000 and 3-12 January 2001

Jessica Nieto J., Chemist, Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería de Lima , Perú, 4-
16December 2000

Beatriz Toro Restrepo, Biologist, Universidad de Antioquía, Colombia 4-16December
2000

Claudia Vega , Computer Engineer, Universidad del Biobio, Chile

April-December 2000

Alejandra Quezada, Marine Biologist, Universidad Católica de la Santísima de
Concepción

April-December 2000

6. Information and documentation activities
Building of a WEB site " http://www.eula.cl/ " as a tool for scientific dissemination,
environmental education and national and international interactions.

An important aspect of this activity is the participation of the EULA Centre staff
members (researchers, technicians and graduate students) preparing updated
information and documentation about varied and relevant environmental issues of
global and local importance.

                                        II. Impact

The impact on the human, social, economical and cultural development at national,
regional or international level.

Enhancement of the academic international collaboration among European and
American universities.

Attraction of students of different levels of education on environmental issues.

Strengthen the environmental knowledge and research capabilities of universities of
ongoing developed countries.

Development of new areas of research and teaching dealing with water resources
management.

Interactions among Universities and national and international Enterprises through
the development of educational and research activities dealing with natural resources
management, land planning and environmental protection.

Opportunity for analyses and discussions on relevant environmental matter at
national, regional and international level addressed to different actors like
enterprises, public agencies, ONG and public in general.

Development of intellectual and practical activities related with global sustainability
issues with diverse partners from outside the university (NGOs, municipalities,
government agencies, enterprises, and politicians).

Integration of natural resources management, land planning and environmental
protection topics into the university curricula.

Development of new academic education framework for analysis and teaching the
sustainability concepts and related issues.

                              III. Forthcoming activities

To sign a five years collaboration agreement with 10 enterprises to share costs for
applying a water quality model to and followed by a monitoring programme of the
Biobío river.

To publish a document containing the information of a 7 years water quality
monitoring programme of the Biobío river as an example for the interaction between
"University and Enterprise". The publication will be distributed to the educational
system, private and public sectors and the general community.

To carry out during the 2001 academic year an " Environmental Summer School"
(ESS) as a formal activity of Concepción University Graduate School, with the
collaboration of: the Environmental Sciences Center of Leipzig (UFZ, Germany), the
Environmental Sciences Department of Sienna University (Italy), The Pennsylvania
State University and the Educational Consortium for Environmental Protection, CEPA
network (USA, Mexico, Puerto Rico and Chile). The ESS will consider:

Four intensive doctorate courses:

Integrated Watershed Management

Evaluation and Monitoring of Water Pollution

Environmental Modelling

Land Planning and Urban Ecology

A Seminar on International Scientific Collaboration in Environmental Sciences as a
key factor for enhancing the academic capability.

To publish a series of "lamina set" on environmental educational information dealing
with the main natural resources of the Biobío Region, addressed to basic and
medium schools and university students. The finance support will be shared by the
UNESCO/EOLSS CHAIR and selected national and international enterprises.

To strengthen the role of the EULA WEB SITE (http://www.eula.cl/) as a tool of an
international interaction with other scientific institutions in environmental sciences and
as a mean of transference of environmental educational topics.

To implement an interdisciplinary environmental management program dealing with
the incorporation of clean technology and sustainability of natural resources to be
addressed to the private and public sectors.

To offer fellowships to national and foreign students for attending the doctorate,
master and diploma environmental programmes of Concepción University.

To collaborate with the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (Lima) and CEPA
member institutions, through the participation of the EULA Centre staff members in
the dictation of postgraduate courses in selected environmental topics, natural
resources management, land planning and environmental protection.

To publish scientific papers and books related with environmental education, aquatic
environment and sustainability of natural resources.

                             IV. Development prospects
The second year academic activities of the UNESCO/EOLSS CHAIR will be focused
on:

To publish environmental education information dealing with the UNESCO/EOLSS
issues for its dissemination among the formal education system (basic, media and
high education) and the general public.

To widen the international collaboration to other Latin-American countries (Bolivia,
Paraguay and Uruguay).

To emphasise the teaching and research activities dealing with relevant
environmental problems of Latin-American countries, e.g. water pollution, loss of
aquatic and forest biodiversity, loss of soil productivity due to soil misuses, land
planning ecological criteria, watershed management, theoretical and practical tools
on sustainability.

To attain a sound domain of interdisciplinary actions and thereby its application to the
academic activities dealing with natural resources management, land planning and
environmental protection.

                                    Target groups

Undergraduate students

1.- Professional careers: Sociology, Law, Geography, Biology, Marine Biology,
Engineering (Civil, Chemistry, Agronomy, Forestry), Economy, Chemistry and
Pharmacy, Medicine

Graduate students

1.Doctorate in Environmental Sciences of Concepcion University

2. Doctorate in Chemical Engineering of Concepcion University

3.Doctorate of other National and Foreign Universities

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago

Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia

Universidad de la Frontera, Temuco, Chile

Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile

Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú

Universidad de Pernambuco, Brazil

Universidad de Génova, Italia
Escuela Politécnica Nacional de Ecuador

Universidad de Granada, España

Academics

Lecturers and Vissiting Professor from european and american universities

University of Siena, Italy, University of Córdova and Barcelona Spain, University of
Gantt, Belgium, Umweldt Forschung Zentrum, Germany, Pennsylvannia State
University, USA, Poliithecnic University and Interamericana University of Puerto Rico,
Pontificial catholic University of Perú, University of Puebla, México.

Public administrators of Chilean Government

Staff members of:

1.Environnemental National Commission (CONAMA)

2.Ministry of Agriculture

3. Ministry of Houses and Urbanism

4.Ministry of Public Works

5.Ministry of Health

6. Ministry of Education

7. Ministry of National Property

8.Forestry National Service

9. Directorate of National Water

Employees from industry, or other private organisations (please, specify)

1. Pulp and Paper Mill Industries (Celulosa Arauco Constitución S.A., CMPC S.A.,
Papeles Biobio)

2.Sugar Factory (IANSA S.A.)

3.Tanning Industry (Curtiembres Gacel S.A.),

4. Steel Mill Company ( CAP),

5. Petrodow S.A.,

6. Chemical Industries (Petroquímica S.A.)
7. Oil National Refinery ( Petrox S.A.)

8. Sanitary Services Company ( ESSBIO)

9. Harbour Company ( Portuaria Lirquen S.A.)

Teachers from primary education

1.Municipal School System of Biobío Region, Chile

2. Private School System of Biobío Region, Chile

Teachers from secondary education

1.Municipal School System of Biobío Region, Chile

2.Private School System of Biobío Region, Chile

Teachers from technical and vocational education

Teachers from adult education

Others groups

1.Non Governmental Organizations

CODEFF

Casa de la Paz

                               Geographical Coverage

National

The National Universities Network cover institutions along the country. They
correspond to 25 public universities located from northern to the southern region of
the country.

Regional

Eastern and Central Europe: Belgium, Germany

Western Europe and North America; Italy, Spain, Portugal, USA

Latin America: Perú, Argentina, Uruguay, Ecuador, Brasil, Colombia, Panamá,
México, Puerto Rico.

International

Europe and America continents
Notes:

Publications and Teaching /learning material will be annexed in the report of the
second year

Multimedia material will be annexed in the report of the second year

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:6
posted:8/5/2012
language:Unknown
pages:14