basic types of fishing
Fishing is a great past time, which requires a
lot of patience and time. In this presentation I
will discuss the few basic types of fishing and
equipment that are generally used around the
world. The 3 types include bait fishing, lures
and fly fishing.
“The problems of the modern anglers are still
those of his ancestor: where to find fish, how
to approach them, and what sort of bait to
3 types of fishing
1. BAIT FISHING- USE OF
LIVE BAIT (WORMS, CRICKETS, SMALL
FISH, EGGS) OR ARTIFICIAL FOODS
(POWER BAIT, RUBBER WORMS)
2. LURE- U S U A L L Y M A D E O F M E T A L O R
PLASTIC. PAINTED DIFFERENT COLORS TO
MAKE FLAMBOYANT AND APPETIZING
3. FLY FISHING- USE OF
IMITATION FLY'S AND INSECTS FOUND
AROUND LAKES AND RIVERS
I. Bait Fishing
The most basic of fishing and the most common type
of fishing for younger fisher folk
There are a few components to bait fishing
1. basic setup.
1. Weights- weights hold down part of the line when bait fishing. It
allows the bait to float at a certain height above the ground.
2. Swivel- holds weights back from sliding down line. “The main purpose
of the swivel is to allow the line to untwist during line retrieval,
preventing undesirable tangling.” (2)
3. Leader line- extra line tied to swivels or end of another fishing line.
Allows you to extend the length of your line
4. Hook (treble or worm hook)- three prongs on a treble hook
and just one “J” hook on a worm hook.
5. Bait ( live or artificial)- powerbait-wide range of colors-, worms,
salmon eggs, plastic worms/fish
Basic set up for Bait
• Leader line
Casting is really important when it comes to bait
fishing, just because you have so much weight and
parts to your setup you don’t want to loose anything.
Step by step directions
1. Bring around over your shoulder
2. Flip reel so line will release as you cast
3. Cast over head releasing line as the pole comes in front of you
4. When weight, swivel and bait hit the water wait a few second to
it will sink.
5. Flip the reel bar (Bail) so that you can reel it in when there's a
fish at the end of your line.
Bait casting takes some time, unless your lucky and
you catch a fish as soon as you cast.
Just watch the tip of your pole. When you see it
bending start reeling.
“The purpose of the lure is to use movement,
color, and vibration to grab the fish's attention
and cause him to bite the hook.” (4)
There are hundreds of different types of lure with
each its own color.
Also different types of fish go after different
types of lures.
Pretty easy concept, cast and reel back in.
1. Set up
For lure fishing its pretty basic just tie your
fishing know to the eye of the lure and cast
there is no need for leader or weights, all
though some people may attach a swivel to
prevent twisting of the line.
Lures act as smaller bait for fish so you want
to try to mimic the real thing.
This can be done by just flicking your pole
up, down, left, or right.
Different lures have different patterns of
moving. Sinking, jumping, floating, swimming
Try whatever seems most relevant.
Types of lures
• Different fish, different
1. Panther martin- lake or river
2. kastmaster- lake or river
3. Rapala- ocean, lake, river
4. Squids- ocean fishing
5. Frogs- river, lake
6. Jigs- lake, river, ocean
One of the hardest types of fishing. This style
requires a lot of practice and talent.
10 and 2 casting
when your bringing your rod and line
forward you want to come to about 10
o’clock and when going backward stop
at around 2 o clock.
The line when casting should look like a
As brought forward the
line will roll forward
creating a front loop
When line is straight you
can bring it back for a
longer cast or lay the line
down to begin reeling it in
Just like lures there are hundreds of different
fly's that are used for different fish and
Most fly’s are hand made, and because there
so small there kind of pricey
Components of a fly are; hook, lead, threads,
feathers, fabrics, beads, glue.
1. Woolly bugger-
2. Adams -
5. Black gnats-
Fly fishing line is different from regular line. They
are a lot thinker in diameter and not easily
It comes it 3 types floating, intermediate, and
In fly fishing your not casting the fly, like you
would in lure or bait fishing. You are casting the
line which is why it is so much thicker and
heavier than regular fishing line.
Leaders are attached to fly line for lower
visibility to the fish.
“THEY seem to take a masochistic pride in making
it hard to catch fish. Instead of lobbing a weighty
lure with a stout pole, fly-fishermen spend years
perfecting the looping casts that court
entanglement on every nearby branch”(4)
“…the most skittish species as a test of skill.”(5)
Types of fishing
• That concludes the 3 basic types of fishing
1. Bait fishing
• Set-up; weights, swivels, leader, hooks and bait
• Casting; over head or shoulder and let sink before you flip the bail
• Time, wait for the fish and watch the tip
• Swivels are optional
• Types of lures
• Style and movement
3. Fly fishing
• 10 and 2 casting, and creating a loop
• Floating, intermediate, and sinking lines
These are the basic things you will need to start fishing. Everything listed has a
different size and/or different use for the type of fishing you will be doing.
• Fishing pole- different range of sizes, materials, and uses
• Reel/line- spinning, bait casting, fly reel
• Vest/ tackle box
There are thousands of poles available on the market today.
Each has a certain weight a certain length and a different
use. To list the basics they are;
• Ocean poles- much stronger and thicker compared to a lake or river
pole. Some are shorter but stronger for catching big fish
• Regular poles- usually at a max. length of 6 to 7 feet. These are the
most used and common poles when it comes to river or lake fishing.
• Fly rods- some of the longer poles in fishing, reaching from 6 to 10 ft
long. Many types of materials, mainly carbon. Specially designed for
casting thicker fly lines.
REEL’s component on a fishing pole.
There are a few types of reels but the most common are.
1. Spinning reel- ”The Spinning Reel is the most common type
of reel you will encounter. This reel has a visible, exposed,
spool with a wire loop called a bail that moves around the
spool as you crank the line back in” (1)
Baitcasting reel- “This type of reel is mounted on top of the rod…,
like a miniature winch. The spool is arranged perpendicular to the
plane of the rod. ” (1)
Fly Fishing reel- “The fly fishing reel is the simplest design of all
the fishing reels, and consists of a drum-like spool with a hole in it to
play the line out.” (1)
Vest and tackle box
Vests- usually the best way to keep everything with you and making it
Tackle box- keep all your hooks, baits swivels,
fishing line, lures organized in one box
Clippers- cutting fishing line made easy.
Just don’t cut the wrong end!!
Hemostats- easy hook removal
License- daily or annual license’ available
(1). “Fishing reels .” Fishing reels guide. 2007. ads by Google. 16 Apr. 2009
(2). “fishing swivel.” Wikipedia. 30 Dec. 2008. fishing equipment. 16 Apr. 2009
(3). “fishing." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
16 Apr. 2009 <http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9034401>.
(4). “background” fishing lure. 2007. How products are made. Volume 5. 16 Apr. 2009
(5). "Lords of the flies. " The Economist 29 Apr. 1995: 104 (UK. ABI/INFORM
Global. ProQuest. College of the canyons , Valencia, Ca. 16 Apr.