Fishing by wanghonghx


basic types of fishing
        Jake Gallegos
   Fishing is a great past time, which requires a
    lot of patience and time. In this presentation I
    will discuss the few basic types of fishing and
    equipment that are generally used around the
    world. The 3 types include bait fishing, lures
    and fly fishing.
   “The problems of the modern anglers are still
    those of his ancestor: where to find fish, how
    to approach them, and what sort of bait to
    use” (3)
       3 types of fishing
1. BAIT FISHING-                USE OF

2. LURE- U S U A L L Y M A D E O F M E T A L O R

3. FLY FISHING-               USE OF
                  I. Bait Fishing

 The most basic of fishing and the most common type
  of fishing for younger fisher folk
 There are a few components to bait fishing
    1. basic setup.
    2. casting.
    3. waiting
                          Basic setup
                                Bait fishing
1. Weights- weights hold down part of the line when bait fishing. It
   allows the bait to float at a certain height above the ground.
2. Swivel- holds weights back from sliding down line. “The main purpose
   of the swivel is to allow the line to untwist during line retrieval,
   preventing undesirable tangling.” (2)
3. Leader line- extra line tied to swivels or end of another fishing line.
   Allows you to extend the length of your line
4. Hook (treble or worm hook)- three prongs on a treble hook
   and just one “J” hook on a worm hook.
5. Bait ( live or artificial)- powerbait-wide range of colors-, worms,
   salmon eggs, plastic worms/fish
Basic set up for Bait
•   Swivel
•   Weights
•   Leader line
•   hooks
•   Bait

 Casting is really important when it comes to bait
  fishing, just because you have so much weight and
  parts to your setup you don’t want to loose anything.
 Step by step directions
1.   Bring around over your shoulder
2.   Flip reel so line will release as you cast
3.   Cast over head releasing line as the pole comes in front of you
4.   When weight, swivel and bait hit the water wait a few second to
     it will sink.
5.   Flip the reel bar (Bail) so that you can reel it in when there's a
     fish at the end of your line.

 Bait casting takes some time, unless your lucky and
  you catch a fish as soon as you cast.
 Just watch the tip of your pole. When you see it
  bending start reeling.
    “The purpose of the lure is to use movement,
     color, and vibration to grab the fish's attention
     and cause him to bite the hook.” (4)

    There are hundreds of different types of lure with
     each its own color.

    Also different types of fish go after different
     types of lures.

    Pretty easy concept, cast and reel back in.
1.    Set up
2.    style
3.    types
   For lure fishing its pretty basic just tie your
    fishing know to the eye of the lure and cast
    there is no need for leader or weights, all
    though some people may attach a swivel to
    prevent twisting of the line.
           And Movement

   Lures act as smaller bait for fish so you want
    to try to mimic the real thing.
   This can be done by just flicking your pole
    up, down, left, or right.
   Different lures have different patterns of
    moving. Sinking, jumping, floating, swimming
   Try whatever seems most relevant.
                  Types of lures
• Different fish, different
Some Examples;
1.   Panther martin- lake or river
2.   kastmaster- lake or river
3.   Rapala- ocean, lake, river
4.   Squids- ocean fishing
5.   Frogs- river, lake
6.   Jigs- lake, river, ocean
 One of the hardest types of fishing. This style
 requires a lot of practice and talent.

1. Casting
2. Flies
3. Line
 10 and 2 casting
 when your bringing your rod and line
  forward you want to come to about 10
  o’clock and when going backward stop
  at around 2 o clock.
 The line when casting should look like a
  “J” unfolding.
 As brought forward the
  line will roll forward
  creating a front loop

 When line is straight you
can bring it back for a
longer cast or lay the line
down to begin reeling it in
   Just like lures there are hundreds of different
    fly's that are used for different fish and
    different areas.
   Most fly’s are hand made, and because there
    so small there kind of pricey
   Components of a fly are; hook, lead, threads,
    feathers, fabrics, beads, glue.
              Fly examples
1. Woolly bugger-
2. Adams -
3. midges-
4. mosquito-
5. Black gnats-
6. Crickets-
 Fly fishing line is different from regular line. They
  are a lot thinker in diameter and not easily
 It comes it 3 types floating, intermediate, and
 In fly fishing your not casting the fly, like you
  would in lure or bait fishing. You are casting the
  line which is why it is so much thicker and
  heavier than regular fishing line.
 Leaders are attached to fly line for lower
  visibility to the fish.
 “THEY seem to take a masochistic pride in making
 it hard to catch fish. Instead of lobbing a weighty
 lure with a stout pole, fly-fishermen spend years
 perfecting the looping casts that court
 entanglement on every nearby branch”(4)

 “…the most skittish species as a test of skill.”(5)
                      Types of fishing
• That concludes the 3 basic types of fishing
1. Bait fishing
      •    Set-up; weights, swivels, leader, hooks and bait
      •    Casting; over head or shoulder and let sink before you flip the bail
      •    Time, wait for the fish and watch the tip
2. Lure
      •    Swivels are optional
      •    Types of lures
      •    Style and movement
3. Fly fishing
      •    10 and 2 casting, and creating a loop
      •    Flies
      •    Floating, intermediate, and sinking lines
                 Equipment/ clothing
These are the basic things you will need to start fishing. Everything listed has a
different size and/or different use for the type of fishing you will be doing.

•   Fishing pole- different range of sizes, materials, and uses
•   Reel/line- spinning, bait casting, fly reel
•   Vest/ tackle box
•   Clippers
•   Hemostats
•   License
                           Fishing poles
   There are thousands of poles available on the market today.
   Each has a certain weight a certain length and a different
   use. To list the basics they are;

• Ocean poles- much stronger and thicker compared to a lake or river
   pole. Some are shorter but stronger for catching big fish

• Regular poles- usually at a max. length of 6 to 7 feet. These are the
   most used and common poles when it comes to river or lake fishing.

• Fly rods- some of the longer poles in fishing, reaching from 6 to 10 ft
   long. Many types of materials, mainly carbon. Specially designed for
   casting thicker fly lines.
REEL’s component on a fishing pole.
 The main
        There are a few types of reels but the most common are.
         1. Spinning reel- ”The Spinning Reel is the most common type
            of reel you will encounter. This reel has a visible, exposed,
            spool with a wire loop called a bail that moves around the
            spool as you crank the line back in” (1)

Drag control
Reels cont.
 Baitcasting reel- “This type of reel is mounted on top of the rod…,
  like a miniature winch. The spool is arranged perpendicular to the
  plane of the rod. ” (1)

                 crank          release


Reels cont.
 Fly Fishing reel- “The fly fishing reel is the simplest design of all
  the fishing reels, and consists of a drum-like spool with a hole in it to
  play the line out.” (1)
Vest and tackle box
 Vests- usually the best way to keep everything with you and making it

 Tackle box- keep all your hooks, baits swivels,
                fishing line, lures organized in one box
 Clippers- cutting fishing line made easy.
               Just don’t cut the wrong end!!

 Hemostats- easy hook removal

 License- daily or annual license’ available
                                Works cited
(1). “Fishing reels .” Fishing reels guide. 2007. ads by Google. 16 Apr. 2009

(2). “fishing swivel.” Wikipedia. 30 Dec. 2008. fishing equipment. 16 Apr. 2009

(3). “fishing." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
     16 Apr. 2009 <>.

(4). “background” fishing lure. 2007. How products are made. Volume 5. 16 Apr. 2009

(5). "Lords of the flies. " The Economist 29 Apr. 1995: 104 (UK. ABI/INFORM
     Global. ProQuest. College of the canyons , Valencia, Ca. 16 Apr.

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