Fishing Manual by wanghonghx

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									    ESS 258
  Spring 2011
Fishing Manual
 Caryn Herrick,
Britney Kruessel,
  Rob Rydeski,
   Braden Tice




                    1
Introduction
                                                  how to sidearm cast with small closed reel

                                                  poles and learn how to do basic knots using
        Fishing is a lifetime activity that can
                                                  an eyehole and rope. Middle school
be enjoyed by all ages, young and old. In
                                                  students might learn the basic types of fish
Wisconsin, anyone can fish in waters
                                                  that can be found in nearby waters, and be
around the state with a purchase of a
                                                  able to differentiate between them. In
fishing license (although people under the
                                                  addition, they might learn how to overhead
age of 16 are not required to have one).
                                                  and sidearm cast with a closed and open
Because fishing is a lifelong activity, it is
                                                  reel pole. High school students can learn
important for physical educators to teach
                                                  the specifics of what bait each fish prefers
students about the various aspects of
                                                  and where to find certain fish. In addition,
fishing. Elementary, middle, and high school
                                                  high school students can refine their casting
students can learn and improve on many
                                                  skills and learn how to tie knots with the
skills during a fishing curriculum. The main
                                                  wire and lure. This way, students can carry
skills include how to correctly sidearm and
                                                  what they have learned from P.E. and be
overhead cast with open and closed reel
                                                  able to fish on their own outside of a school
fishing rods. In addition, students in a
                                                  setting. In this manual, there are several
fishing curriculum can learn how to hook a
                                                  different kinds of fishing activities,
lure, how to tie various fishing knots, and
                                                  assessments, drills, lesson plans, and other
become more familiar about the
                                                  related information that can be utilized in
characteristics of fish found near the region.
                                                  any physical education class.
Elementary students can start out learning


                                                                                                 2
Table of Contents
 1. Rules Handout (4-5)

 2. Equipment (6)

 3. Safety Considerations (7)

 4. Instant Activities (8-13)

 5. Drills (14-28)

 6. Lead-up Activities (29-40)

 7. Inclusive Activities (41)

 8. Fishing Etiquette (42)

 9. Assessment Tools (43-57)

 10. Rainy Day Activities (58-61)

           Large group (58-59)

           Limited space (59-61)

 11. Skills (62-65)

 12. References (66)

 13. Lesson Plans (67-115)




                                    3
Rules
                                                 hooks, baits, or lures.
                                                 It is illegal to… release unused bait into
                                                 Wisconsin’s lakes, ponds, rivers, and
                                                 streams.
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources        It is illegal to… fish for a species of fish
         http://dnr.wi.gov/index.asp             during the closed season for that species
                                                 (including catch and release fishing).


The DNR mandates that Wisconsin
residents who are 16 years old or older need
a fishing license to fish in any waters of the
state. Residents need a fishing license to
take rough fish by hand, hook and line or to
spear fish where allowed. Residents do not
need a fishing license to take smelt, rough
fish, or minnows with nets, traps, and seines
of legal size.
Nonresidents who are 16 years old or older
need a nonresident fishing license to fish in
Wisconsin waters.
It is illegal to… fish in any waters of the
state without a Wisconsin fishing license
and stamp (including most private ponds).
It is illegal to… possess, loan, or borrow
another person’s license, stamp, or tag.
It is illegal to… fish with more than three




                                                                                           4
5
Equipment
K-5

         Fishing pole          Hula hoops
         Casting plugs         Foam pins
         Fishing line          Cones
         Hula hoops            Plastic fish
         Foam pins             Whistle
         Cones                 Pencils
         Yoga block            Poly spots
         Yoga mat              Pennies
         Plastic fish          Rope
         Whistle               Socks
         Pencils               Nail clippers
         Poly spots            Eye hooks
         Pennies               Rhino balls
         Rope                  Blue tape
         Socks                 Music
         Nail clippers         Lures
         Eye hooks
         Rhino balls     Adapted Equipment
         Blue tape             Smaller fishing poles
         Music                 Rhino balls
         Balloons              Scarfs
         Noodles               Balloons
         Fish toy              String
         Magnets               Large hula hoops
         String                Big cones
Secondary

   Fishing pole
   Casting plugs
 Fishing line
 Bobber
 Tackle Box


                                                         6
Safety
Considerations
    Lay out all rods in same direction in
     designated area.
    Use cones to identify area for
     students not to walk through so as
     not to step on rods.
    When carrying rods, carry upright to
     avoid contact with other fishers.
    Be aware of height of rod when
     carrying in an environment with low
     ceilings or low hanging objects.
    During a lesson, ensure students
     have sufficient personal space when
     casting to avoid contact with
     another student.
    During a lesson, have all students
     cast in the same direction.
    During a lesson, have all students
     place their rods on the ground when
     giving directions to avoid
     uninstructed casting.
    Following a lesson, students should
     be aware of moving with the rod
     and place them back in a designated
     area.




                                             7
                                                         
Instant Activities
                                                               Once the music stops, students must
                                                               carefully set down their poles and travel
                                                               to a new pond performing whatever
                                                               fundamental movement skill the
                                                               teacher calls out (i.e. skipping).
Fishing For Fitness
Manual Group: Fishing                                Safety:
Name of Activity: Fishing for Fitness                         To
Age Group: Elementary
                                                               prevent
Fitness Component: Cardiovascular and                          accidently
strength endurance, improvement and practice                   hitting
of fundamental movement skills                                 another
                                                               student with
NASPE Standards Used: Standard 1, Standard 5                   their pole, the
                                                               teacher should
Equipment Needed:                                              stress not to swing their pole or line and
                                                               be aware of other students around
       “Fishing poles” with magnets attached
                                                               them.
        to end of line—one for each student
       4 large hula-hoops
       Approx. 20 paper fish with magnets
        attached on front                            Source: ESS 112, Fundamentals of Movement
       Writing utensil
                                                     Manual Group: Fishing
       Music

Organization/Set-Up: Each hula-hoop is set up
at separate areas of the gym. In each one there      Grade Level: Elementary
are five paper fish with an activity written on
the back of each one (i.e. do five jumping
                                                     Name of Activity: Flippidy Floppidy Fish
jacks)—this side should be facing down. The          Fitness component: flexibility, cv fitness
fishing poles should be lying next to each hula-
hoop. The class is divided into four, so there are   NASPE Standards: 1, 5, and 6
an equal number of students at each hula-hoop.
                                                     Equipment:
Directions:
                                                              Small stuffed animal fish toy
       Students walk over to their designated
        hula-hoop, or “pond” and pick up their
                                                              Noodle
        fishing poles.                                        Hula Hoops
       Students try to catch the fish by
        touching the magnetic end of their line
        with the magnetic part of the paper
                                                     Directions:
        fish.
                                                              Have each student walk in and stand
       Once they catch a fish they must
                                                               next to a hula hoop (spaced out
        perform whatever activity is written on
        the other side of the fish.                            evenly on the floor)


                                                                                                       8
   On “Go” have each student pick up a      Source: (i.e. Kruesel, 2011)
    noodle
   Use the noodle (which is symbolic
    for a fishing rod) to perform
    different stretches. Example:
    Holding it horizontally over your
    head and lift it as high as you can.
   Next, have each student “cast” the
    noodle into the hula hoop (while
    continuing to hold on to it) aiming at
    a fish.
   Once they hit their own fish, they
    should skip, hop, jump, jog, or gallop
    to




    another open hula hoop and try to
    “catch” that fish (without taking
    another’s spot).




                                                                            9
Age Group: Middle School                               Remind students to be aware of
                                                        who is around them and their
Fitness Component: Flexibility, Muscular
                                                        surroundings to avoid collisions
Strength, Muscular Endurance,
                                                       Instruct students          to carry
Cardiovascular Endurance
                                                        fishing poles
NASPE Standards: Standard 1, Standard 5                 vertically                        to

Equipment:
    poly-spots (3 different colors, 1 poly-
      spot per student)
    tackle boxes (1 per student)
    bobbers (1 per student)
    fishing poles (1 per student)                      reduce risk of                injury

Organization: Designate three separate           (Rydeski, 2011)
areas for the tackle boxes, fishing poles, and
tackle boxes. Group like color poly-spots
together and place them about half the
distance of a basketball court away from
the equipment. The class will be split into
thirds, one third per color poly-spot.
Game Play:

        Students travel to pick up fishing
         pole via “inch worming.” Carefully
         carry the pole back via walking.
        Students karaoke to and from
         bobbers, picking one up. Upon
         return, complete 25 jumping jacks
        Students bear crawl to tackle box.
         High knees back. Hold a plank
         position for 20 seconds.
        After each group finishes, they then
         collect the next piece of equipment
         until each student has all 3.
Safety




                                                                                           10
Manual Group: Fishing

Grade Level: Middle School

Name of Activity: Fish Aerobics

Fitness Component:

      Muscular Strength
      Flexibility


NASPE Standards: 1, 5, 6

Equipment:

      Gymnasium or empty area
      Fishing Rod (one for each student)


Directions:

      When students enter gym, have
       them walk and find a fishing rod on
       the floor and sit on the floor next to
       it and wait for instructions.
      Teacher starts by saying, “In order to
       lift our HUGE fish that we are about
       to catch on to our boat, we must
       have our arm, legs, and core
       muscles ready and warmed up.”
      Perform each skill for 30 seconds:
            o Abs, arms, legs:
                    Crunches
                    Oblique bicycle
                       crunches
                    Hip raises
                    Push ups
                    Squats
            o Stretching: Grab rod in both
                hands
                    Reach high to the sky
                    To the floor
                    Out to each side


Source: Britney Kruesel, 2011
                                                11
Manual Group: Fishing
Grade Level: High School Students
Name of Activity: Matchin Fish

Fitness Component:

      Cardiovascular fitness
      Muscular Strength

NASPE Standards: Standards 1, 2 & 5
Equipment: Fish Flash Cards, Cones
Organization: All the students are lined up
on the sideline of the court. The task cards
are placed in the center circle. The cones
are spread out with fish regulations (limits)
on them and an activity, such as push-ups,
sit-ups, plank holds, and wall sits.

Directions:

      Students will be lined up at on the
       sideline.
      Students will do a locomotor
       movement, such as running,
       skipping, hopping, galloping or
       sliding, to the center to get a fish
       flash card.
      Students will then have to match the
       fish with the correct fishing limits,
       and then perform the activity listed.
      The student leaves the card there and
       does the same locomotor movement
       back to the center for another card.

Safety: To prevent injury, students will
move safely within the space.

(Tice, 2011)




                                                12
Manual Group: Fishing                           Safety: To prevent injury, students will use
                                                their fishing rods properly.
Grade Level: High School Students
                                                (Tice, 2011)
Name of Activity: Cast Away

Fitness Component:

      Cardiovascular fitness
      Muscular endurance
      Muscular strength

NASPE Standards: Standards 1, 2 & 5

Equipment:

      10 hula hoops
      Fishing rods (one per student)
      Music

Organization: All the students are lined up
at half court of the gym. The 10 hula hoops
are scattered throughout on one half of the
gym. The other half of the gym is left open
that is the “activity space.” Each student
has a fishing pole and weight on the end to
simulate casting a lure.

Directions:

      Students will be lined up at half
       court facing the scattered hula
       hoops.
      Students will cast attempting to land
       your “lure” in the hula hoop.
      If the student misses he/she will do
       an activity in the “activity space.”
       Activities such as: push-ups, sit-ups,
       squats, squat jumps, or “wheel
       barrow” down and back with a
       partner.
      If the student makes it in the hula
       hoop they continue casting until
       they miss.
                                                                                          13
                                                         
Drills                                                   
                                                             Fishing rods (one per student)
                                                             Poly spots (one per student)
                                                            Yoga blocks (10)
                                                            Large hula hoops (10)
                                                            Cones (10)
             Side Arm Cast Drill
                 Elementary                        Drill Explanation:
                                                        Students will line up, either on a
Diagram/ Layout:                                           poly-spot or in this case, a




                                     Cone (Tree,             predetermined line with their
                                     Debris)                 bodies turned 90 ˚ to their dominant
                                                             hand.
                                     Yoga Block (Rock)            Make sure students have
                                                             sufficient room to avoid contacting
                                     Hoop (Trophy Fish)
                                                             other students with rod
                                     Student                      Students will then begin to
                                                             cast out in the direction their non-
Goal:
                                                             dominant side is facing toward the
    To provide students with an
                                                             open space.
       opportunity for increased repetition
                                                            As the drill continues, pause activity
       for practicing the side arm cast, with
                                                             and add large hula hoops for a new
       the intent to improve accuracy and
                                                             challenge, eventually adding the
       level of comfort using the move.
                                                             cones and yoga blocks as obstacles
Standards:
                                                             to cast around.
    NASPE standards 1,2,5,6
    INTASC standards 1, 5, 7, 10
                                                   To increase difficulty    To decrease difficulty
                                                   Move students farther     Move students closer
Equipment:

                                                                                                 14
away from targets     to targets
Replace large hula    Add additional large
hoops with smaller    hoops
hoops

Cues:
     “Opening the door.”
     “Cast when the pole meets your
        belly button.”
     “Foot steps away and points toward
        the target.”
Safety:
     Make sure students have ample
        room so as not to hit one another.
     Have all students cast in the same
        direction
     All students cast from the same
        distance

References
    Malecek, ESS 258, Spring 2011




                                             15
Beginning Position

    Athletic Stance
    Body turned 90˚
    One hand on rod




Pre-Cast
    “Opening the door”
    Rod pointed in opposite direction of
       cast




Cast and follow through
    “Close the door, turn, and walk
       away.”
    Cast is released when pole is even
       with belly button
    Step is taking in same direction as
       cast
    Toe and rod are pointed in same
       direction of cast.




                                            16
                                                    “Foot opposite the hand you          “Hand
                                                    back by your ear”           “Arm points to
                                                    target”
                                                    write with should be in front”
              Overhead Casting
              Elementary School

Standards: 1 and 2

Equipment: 25 balloons, 5 cones, 25 bean
bags, 10 hula hoops

Safety: Make sure students stay spread out so
that they do not run into each other.

Goal: To set foundation of overhead casting for     References: (Malecek, ESS 258, 2011
elementary students by having them concentrate
on a few things, foot opposite the hand you write
with should be in front, hand back by your ear,
arm points to target.                                            Side Arm Cast Drill
                                                                    Middle School
Drill Directions:
     Students will be divided up into 5
                                                    Diagram/
        groups of 4.
     Each group will stand behind one of 5         Layout:
        designated cones
     The students will each have their own
        balloon
     When whistle is blown the first student
        in line can take the balloon and use
        proper form to release it.
     Then they can take two steps and again
        throw the balloon using the casting
        form.
     When first student goes to cast for a
        third time the second student can then
        begin.
     When all 4 students in the group get to
        the end of the gym they should sit down
        in line.
     When all 5 groups are done they should
        do the same thing again going back to                              Cones
        the beginning.
     Increase difficulty by giving them bean                              Students
        bags to “cast”
        into a hula hoop.                                                  Hula Hoops
Cues:



                                                                                                 17
                                                                    Equipment:
                                                                             Fishing rods (one
                                                                             per student)
                                                                                     Poly spots
                                                                                   (one per
                                                                                     student)


                                          8
                                                    6
                                                                                           Plastic
                                                                                   Fish (40+)
                                                                                    Large hula
                  2                                                    hoop
                                                4                     Small hula hoop
                                                                      2 Long pieces of rope


                                                               (approx 20’-30’)

                                                        Drill Explanation:
                                                                                       Students
                           Rope                                                   will line up, either
                                                                                  on a poly-spot or
                           Plastic Fish
                                                                                  in this case, a
                           Hoops                                                  predetermined
                                                                                  line with their
                           Student                                                bodies turned 90 ˚
                                                                                  to their dominant
                                                               hand.
Goal:                                                         Make sure students have sufficient
    To provide students with an                               room to avoid contacting other
       opportunity for increased repetition                    students with rod
       for practicing the side arm cast, with                 Students will then begin to cast out
       the intent to improve accuracy and                      in the direction their non-dominant
       level of comfort using the move.                        side is facing toward the open space.
Standards:                                                    Students cast and attempt to
    NASPE standards 1,2,5,6                                   “catch” the fish located in the
    INTASC standards 1, 5, 7, 10                              different ranges. Going from outer
                                                               to inner the point values begin at 2

                                                                                                    18
       per fish and increase by 2 as you
       reach the center. Highest fish is          Pre-Cast
       worth 8 pts in the provided diagram.
      Students can play against each other
       to achieve the highest score, teams
       can be made, or students can try to
       beat their old score.

To increase difficulty   To decrease difficulty
Move students farther    Move students closer
away from targets.       to targets.
                                                      “Opening the door”
Reduce number of         Add additional larger
fish to catch.           targets.                     Rod pointed in opposite direction of
                                                       cast
Cues:
     “Opening the door.”
     “Cast when the pole meets your
        belly button.”
     “Foot steps away and points toward
        the target.”
Safety:
     Make sure students have ample
        room so as not to hit one another.
                                                  Cast and follow
     Have all students cast in the same          through
        direction
                                                       “Close
     All students cast from the same                    the
        distance                                         door,
                                                         turn,
References                                               and
    Malecek, ESS 258, Spring 2011                       walk
                                                         away.”
                                                       Cast is

Beginning Position

    Athletic Stance
    Body turned 90˚
    One hand on rod




                                                                                         19
  released when pole is even with
  belly button
 Step is taking in same direction as
  cast
 Toe and rod are pointed in same
  direction of cast.




                                        20
Name of Drill for Fishing Lesson: Circle
Around, Knot it Up

Level: Middle School

Equipment:

         Eyehooks (1 for each student)
         Pieces of Rope (1 for each student—
          1yard long)
         Knot cards w/ explanations
         Whistle

Safety:
                                                    Square Knot:
         Only use the eyehooks and rope for
          knot tying purposes only

Goal: For students to become more familiar
and skilled at different types of fishing knots
(Palomar knot, Clinch knot, Square knot)

NASPE Standards: 1, 2, 5

Cues:

         Clinch Knot: Snake goes through the
          hole, wraps around the tree trunk
          three times, then crawls up through
          the top hole to hide, and then
          comes back out the new hole. Pull
          tight!
         Square Knot: String the line through
          the hole, wrap the right end with
          the left and pull tight. Do two times.
         Palomar Knot: Fold line in half, string
          through hole, tie a square knot, go
          around the hook and pull

Picture(s) & Diagram:

KEY: Cone w/ knot-tying diagrams & eye
hooks, and rope=


Direction of Rotation=
                                                    Clinch Knot:

                                                                   21
                On Knot Cards:

                Clinch Knot:




Palomar Knot:




                                 22
                                                             they see who can tie the knot
                                                             the fastest
                                                                  When teacher blows
                                                             whistle two times, students
                                                             rotate to next station

                                                                    To Increase Difficulty:

                                                                     -Take away knot-tying
                                                             directions
                                                                     -Have students tie knots
                                                             with eyes closed

                                                                 To Decrease Difficulty:
                                                             -Have students work in
                                                             partners and have each other
                                                             walk through the steps



                                                 References: Katie Toftum, ESS 258, Fall
                                                 2010




Drill Explanation:

      Class splits into three groups and go
       to separate stations
      At each station there is a different
       knot for them to practice
      Students at each station rotate
       through until they try all three kinds
       of knots
      After students become more
       confident with their knot tying skills,


                                                                                               23
                                                      Gym will be set up before class
                                                       with the Fish Splash Cards set out
                                                       around the gym in a round robin
                                                       formation.
Manual Group: Fishing                                 Each student will be given an
                                                       answer sheet and a pencil to write
Title: Fish Splash
                                                       with.
Age: High School                                      Tell the students that when the
                                                       music stops, they are to move to
Standards: 1 and 2                                     the next station in a clockwise
                                                       direction.
Equipment:                                            Students are to go around to each
    Gymnasium                                         Fish Splash Card station and write
    10 Laminated Fish Flash Cards                     the correct fish name by the
     (full page, numbered)                             number that corresponds to the
    Answer page for each student                      Splash Card on their paper.
    Pencil for each student                          Stop the music one final time and
    Music player                                      call students to center of
                                                       gymnasium
Safety:                                               While music is playing softly in the
    No running.                                       background, hold up each Fish
    Keep eyes up and forward.                         Splash Card and have the students
    Hold pencil tip down when                         shout out the name of the fish as a
       moving.                                         review.
    Watch out for other classmates.                  Students should check over their
                                                       answer sheet to see how well they
Cues:                                                  did at recognizing each fish.
       What’s special about the mouth?               You can increase physical activity
       Fins can determine a fish!                     by using a larger gym and more
       Look closely at the eyes!                      Fish Flash Cards or by having the
       Look at the size!                              students do different locomotor
                                                       movements to the music.
Goal: To practice fish identification by
looking at the size, eyes, mouth, and fins of   To Increase Difficulty:
a fish.                                             Include description instead of
                                                      picture
Drill Explanation:                                  Include more Fish Splash Cards
     Students want to be able to
        identify as many fish as possible.
            o This is not a contest.
               Students do not compete
               against each other. Number
               of fish identified for the
               students’ benefit.


                                                                                         24
      Limit the time limit at each station
                                              KEY:
To Decrease Difficulty:                       Station- includes fish identification card
    Include a description along with the
       picture
    Have students work with a partner        Direction of rotation- Clockwise
    Have the answer sheet be
       “matching” instead of fill in the
       blank type

References: Ali Weber, ESS 258 2010




                                                                                    25
              Overhead Casting                         After each
                                                        round,          Cones
                 High School                            students
                                                        will shift      Hula hoops
Standards: 1 and 2                                      one spot
                                                                        Student
                                                        to the right
Equipment: 25 Fishing poles with casting                to fish a       Foam pins
plugs, 20 plastic fish, 15 foam pins, 15 hula           different
hoops, 10 cones, 10 foam bricks.                        spot on         Plastic fish
                                                        the lake.
Safety: Make sure students stay spread out             Increase difficulty by moving the
so that they do not run into each other.                students back, and by using small
Students always look behind them before                 hula hoops with a lot of structure in
they cast.                                              the lakes
                                                       Decrease difficulty by moving
Goal: To teach the students correct
                                                        students closer to the targets and by
overhand casting form and have them
                                                        taking out the rocks and stumps.
become proficient with the skill. The
students should complete the following
tasks, foot opposite the hand you cast with
should be in front, casting arm to 12
o’clock, and point at your target.
                                                Cues:
Drill Explanation:
     Students will be spread out on the        “Foot
        baseline of the tennis courts.          opposite the
     The students will each have their         hand you
        own fishing pole.                       “Casting arm
     The equipment is spread out 20 feet       to 12 o’clock”
        in front of the students.               “Point at
     The students will make ten casts          target”
        each, keeping track of their points     cast with
     1 point for landing your casting plug     should be in
        in a hula hoop, 2 points for knocking   front”
        over a foam pin, 3 points for
        catching a plastic fish.
     The cones and foam bricks will act as
        structure (rocks or stumps) in the
        lake that you can get “snagged on.”
     If your cast hits a cone or brick, you
        lose 1 point.
     After ten casts total up your score,
        and return any fish to the “lake.”


                                                                                          26
References: (Malecek, ESS 258, 2011)




                                       27
Lead-Up Games                                            ° °              
                                                                          °
      Fishing Lead-Up Activity                          °
 1. Name of Game: Fishing Manual
    Group
                                                          ° °
 2. Grade Level: Elementary                                                ° °
 3. Equipment:
        Fishing Poles (enough for
                                                           
            each student)                                                           °
        12 polyspots
        three pennies                                  °
        Whistle
 4. Objective: to improve cardiovascular
                                                                                   °
    endurance while learning fish                       °
    predators
 5. NASPE Standards: 1, 2, 6                            
 6. Safety:
        Stay out of the ‘fishing zone’                                         
            while people are casting
        Make sure to check for any
                                                               
            people/obstacles before
            casting your line
        Make sure to set down
            fishing pole when restacking
            foam pins in the ‘fishing
            zone’                                ° = Poly spots marking safe-zone
 7. Organization/Set-up:                   boundaries
        Three ‘safety areas’ are set
            up around the playing area—           =Student
            four polyspots each make
            the boundaries                       − =Boundary line (shoreline)
        The three students who are
            ‘the predators’ start behind      8. Directions:
            the line in the ‘shore line’             Teacher selects three students
        The rest of the students who                   to be northern pikes and
            are the ‘bluegill’ are                      explains that they are the
            scattered throughout the                    predators who prey on
            playing area                                bluegill (these students wear
                                                        a pennie)
                                                     The rest of the class are
                                                        bluegill and have to prevent
                                                        getting tagged by the
                                                        northern pike

                                                                                    28
          Bluegill can run to the safety
           areas designated by the four
           polyspots to prevent getting
           tagged from the northern pike
        Bluegill can only wait in the
           safety area for 10 seconds
        When bluegill get tagged by
           the northern pike, they must
           wait on the shoreline
        Each game is short, so those
           that get out do not wait very
           long
        At the end of each game, new
           taggers are selected
9. Inclusion Suggestions:
        Decrease the playing area so
           it is easier for students to tag
           other students
        Increase number of taggers to
           increase success
10. Resources
    Malecek, ESS 258 Spring 2011




                                              29
Name: Fickle Finny Fish



Manual group: Fishing                          Organization/setup: (see diagram)



Level: Elementary
                                                  KEY:


Equipment:

      Gymnasium                                  Lake
      Scooter (boat)
      Blue painters tape (pond)
      Fish picture                               Scooter
      Printing paper
      Colored pencils/crayons/markers
      Boom box                                   Paper and colored pencils
      Little Mermaid song


Objective: To improve fish identification by      Fish cards
paying close attention and replicating the
size, eyes, mouth, and fins of a fish.
                                                  Direction of movement

NASPE Standards:

      Standard 1
      Standard 2
      Standard 5


Safety Considerations:

      Need to be cautious of other fishers
       when on and off scooter
      Do not scooter with writing utensil
       in hand
      Keep all colored pencils by paper




                                                                                   30
Directions:

      Upon entering, explain the
       directions and then have each
       student find their own scooter
      On “go”, the students should
       scooter on boat towards the lake
       and grab a fish picture
      Scooter back to piece of paper and
       colored pencils
      Look at fish picture
      Turn it over and attempt to read fish
       name
      Teacher should walk around to help
       pronounce name of fish and answer
       questions
      Student should draw picture of fish
       as they see it making sure to pay
       attention to eyes, fins, mouth, size,
       and color
      When done, scooter back to the
       pond and set the fish free
      Pick up a new one
      Repeat
      Play Disney (Little Mermaid) music,
       when music stops, students should
       freeze


Inclusion Suggestions:

      Only use legs or only use arms when
       scootering
      Increase or decrease distance from
       paper to pond
      Have a specific part of the fish the
       student should focus on drawing
      Have student write the fish type on
       the back of their drawing


Resources: www.flaghouse.com




                                               31
       Middle School Lead-Up Game                       fishing pole and start doing push-ups
                                                        or crunches. (Students must use
Name of Game: Cast n Dash
                                                        correct overhead casting form)
Manual Group: Fishing                                  As soon as the A’s start doing push-
Level: Middle School                                    ups or crunches, the B’s will start
                                                        doing a locomotor movement to
Equipment                                               retrieve the object their partner cast
      15 Fishing poles with casting plugs              or threw, pick it up, return it to the
                                                        boat (if your partner cast a casting
      15 Rhino balls
                                                        plug, you must reel it all the way in).
Objective: To work on using correct                    The A’s will stop doing push-ups or
overhead casting form with different                    crunches when the B’s drop of their
objects.                                                ball or finish reeling in the plug.
NASPE Standards: Standards 1, 2 & 5                    The A’s and B’s will then switch roles
                                                        and continue the game, changing
Safety: Students need to be aware of
                                                        the locomotor movements after
students casting while in the “boat.”
Students also need to be aware of other                 each round.
students and flying objects while in the
                                                 Suggestions:
“lake.”
                                                       Instead of locomotor movements,
Organization:
                                                        use more challenging movements
                                                                 = Fishing Poles
                Lake                                    such as, bear crawl, army crawl,
                                                        lunge walk or broad jump.
                               Boat
                                                                  Rhino sidearm casting by
                                                        Can also=work onBalls
                                                        using fishing poles and Frisbees.

                                                 Resource: http://www.aahperd.org
Directions:

      All students will be in the boat. Each
       student will have a partner. One
       partner will be an A and one will be
       a B.
      The A’s will grab either a fishing pole
       or a rhino ball.
      The A’s will then cast the casting
       plugs or throw the rhino balls out
       into the lake, when they finish the
       cast they will safely set down the
                                                                                            32
33
                                                       location of where the individual will
                                                       be casting from.
Fishing Manual Group
Middle School                                   Resources:
Equipment:
     Fishing Rods ( 1 per student)             (Rydeski, 2011)
     Hula Hoops (20)
Objective: To increase the distance and
accuracy of a cast.
NASPE Standards: Standards 1 and 2
Safety:
     Excessive casts by students, over
        shooting target
     Preparatory backswing contacting
        students behind fishers
Organization:
     Divide class into groups of four
     Each group is directed to one corner
        of the activity area
     The group members must cast and
        land their lines in each of their
        respective hula hoops one time.
     When the complete this, they are
        allowed to take three large steps
        toward the center and repeat until
        they reach the middle.
     If a student misses a hoop, they
        must reel in and retry until they
        successfully land a line in each hoop




Inclusion:

      Have a single hoop with a sound
       emitting device and vary the

                                                                                          34
                                                            
High School Fishing Lead-Up Activity

   11. Name of Game: Right in the Pocket!
       Fishing Manual Group
   12. Grade Level: High School                             
   13. Equipment:
            Fishing Poles (enough for each
               student)
                                                            °
            Foam pins
            Hula hoops
                                                            °
            Whistle
   14. Objective: to improve overhead cast                  
                                                            
       technique and casting accuracy
   15. NASPE Standards: 1, 2, 6
   16. Safety:
            Stay out of the ‘fishing zone’
               while people are casting
            Make sure to check for any
               people/obstacles before casting              /           /       /   /
               your line                                    /               /   /    /
            Make sure to set down fishing                  /       /
               pole when restacking foam pins
               in the ‘fishing zone’                                              
   17. Organization/Set-up:
            Students stand with fishing
                                                                                  
               poles behind line and are evenly
               spaced out
                                                            
            Foam pins and hula hoops are
               scattered around gym on
               opposite line of the students
                                                     =Hula Hoop
                                                     ° = Foam Pin
               °                                  =Student
               °                                 / = Fishing Pole
                                                   − =Boundary line
                                                  18. Directions:
                                                          Teacher blows whistle when
                                                             it is okay to begin casting
               °                                         Students try to cast to

               °
                                                             different targets using an
                                                             overhead cast, making sure to
                                                             smoothly bring rod straight
                                                                                         35
            over head (around 12 o’
            clock) and then following
            through with the rod
            (stopping around 10 o’clock).
            The rod should be facing the
            target.
         Students aim their line to hit
            the hula-hoop (an easier          1. Name: Around the Lake
            target) or the foam pin
                                              2. Level: High School - Fishing
            (harder target).
         Each of the hula hoops and          3. Equipment:
            foam pins are worth a certain
            amount of points (foam pins             Capped fishing rods (one for each
            that are furthest away are the           student)
            most points and hula hoops             Blue painters tape
            closest to students are worth          Styrofoam bowling pins (3:1 pin to
            the least points)                        student ratio)
         Students keep track of their             Scooters (one for each student)
            score and see how many
                                                   Cones (one per rod)
            points they earn after 10
            casts.                            4. Objective: Improve casting accuracy and
         After everyone does 10 casts,       muscle strength when rowing in Fishing
            teacher blows two whistles        5. NASPE Standards:
            and has students set down
            their rods, restack any pins in        Standard 1
            the ‘fishing zone’ that were           Standard 2
            possibly knocked down.                 Standard 5
         Then students stand behind          6. Safety Considerations:
            the line at a different spot
            than they were before for                Need to be cautious of other fishers
            their next 10 casts to try                rowing and casting
            casting in a different view.           When rowing, avoid poking other
19. Inclusion Suggestions:
                                                      people with rod
         Have students cast closer to
                                                   Fishing lines getting tangled
            the targets to decrease
            difficulty                        7. Directions:
         Use larger targets or add                 In the center of the gym, a large
            more targets to increase                 geometric shape is made using blue
            chance of hitting the them
                                                     painters tape (the lake)
         Work in pairs and have each
                                                    Inside the lake are Styrofoam
            other give feedback on their
            overhead cast technique                  bowling pins (fish)
20. Resources                                       Around the lake are safety cones,
    Modified activity from                           each holding a capped fishing rod
    http://www.dgif.state.va.us/fishing/sa
    rep/PDF/angling_alt_cast.pdf

                                                                                        36
       The cones are placed a rod’s length   9. Resources:
        away from one another for safety      www.flaghouse.com/PDF/CatchAFish.pdf
        persuasions
     At each end of the gym are scooters
        (boats)                               10. Organization/set up:
     Each child will carefully walk to a
        scooter (Last names A-J start on                                                     Key:
                                                                                          Scooter
        near end. L-Z far end scooters)                                                   (boat)
     When I say “Go” the students will
        sit on their boat and scooter
        themselves towards the lake
                                                                                          Painters
     Each student will grab a fishing                                                    tape (lake)
        rod out of the cone
     The students will then scoot
        (row) around the lake casting
        their rod at a fish knocking them                                                 Cone (rod
        over                                                                              holder)
     It is important to remind the
        students that the goal of the
        lead-up game is to work on form                                                   Fishing Rod
        and not just franticly knock over
        as many pins as they can
     Students can keep track of how                                                      Pins (fish)
        many pins they knock over if they
        would like for their own personal
        records
     When all of the pins are knocked
        down, the students are to row                                                     Scoot
        back to their side of the gym and                                                 towards
        line their scooters up against the                                                cones
        wall
     The pins can be re-set and played
        again
8. Inclusion Suggestions:

      Could add point system to the fish
       for a challenge
      Add or subtract amount of pins in
       the lake
      Increase or shorten the distance the
       students must be away from lake
      Decrease or increase the length of
       the line

                                                                                     37
Inclusive Activities
     English as a Second Language

    Use visuals, such as posters or signs
     that the student can look at and
     interpret.
    Write down key words and ideas on
     whiteboard or chalkboard in both
     English and Spanish.
    Use hands-on objects the students
     can handle.
    Place post it notes on objects with
     the name written on it in both
     English and Spanish.
    When speaking, use gestures and
     body language to help illustrate
     language.
    Speak clearly and pause often.




                                             38
Fishing Etiquette
                                             Speed past other boats or steer near

                                             them, unless in an emergency.
Should Do’s
                                             Guard a “hot” fishing spot.

      Obtain permission to fish on private   Disturb other angles with yelling or

      land.                                  loud music.

      Clean up not only your own personal    Leave fish remains on the shore,

      trash, but also trash that you find    tables, or other public use areas.

      while fishing.

      Renew license upon expiration.

      Follow current regulations.

      Maintain motorboat to avoid leaking

      fluids where fishing.

      Offer aid to those in outdoor

      emergencies.

      Refrain from disrupting wildlife

      habitats.

      Keep noise to a minimum.

      Give other fishers room on the

      water.


Should Not’s


      Throw trash into the environment.


                                                                                  39
                                               
Assessment Tools
                                                   SLIGHT BACKWARD LEAN
                                                  HANDS ARE POSITIONED ONE ABOVE
                                                   THE OTHER LIKE A BASEBALL BAT
                                            CASTING
   ELEMENTARY FISHING SKILL ASSESSMENT-         ROD IS BROUGHT FORWARD OVER
                                                   SHOULDER , RELEASED AT PEAK
                                                ARMS ARE EXTENDED AT MID-CHEST
              OVERHEAD CAST                        LEVEL
                                                  FLICK OF THE WRIST AS ARMS REACH
                                                   EXTENSION
DIRECTIONS: ORGANIZE STUDENTS INTO A
         SINGLE LINE , FACING THE SAME
                                            POST-CAST
         DIRECTION , ENSURE EACH STUDENT        NEUTRAL POSTURE
         HAS SUFFICIENT PERSONAL SPACE ,        ARMS RESTING COMFORTABLY AT SIDE
          AND INSTRUCT THEM TO CAST THEIR          WITH ELBOWS BENT
          RODS. ASSESS WHILE STUDENTS
          PRACTICE CASTING .
                                            Cues
ASSESSMENT: PLACE A CHECKMARK ON THE
          LINE FOR EACH SKILL THE STUDENT         When casting, it’s like you have a
          DEMONSTRATES CORRECTLY. IF THE           rope over your shoulder and you
          STUDENT FAILS TO CORRECTLY               want to pull it over your shoulder.
          DEMONSTRATE A SKILL , NO                Flick the wrist like you’re shaking
          CHECKMARK IS RECORDED.                   out a wet towel.

PRE-CAST                                    Errors
    ROD IS DRAWN BACK OVER SHOULDER            Cast is released too soon/ too late
                                                                ________
    ELBOWS ARE BENT WITH ARMS                  Flick of the wrist is minimal
      PARALLEL TO FLOOR                                         ________
                                            Scoring

   Grading Scale:

   9-10   Advanced
   6-8    Satisfactory
   3-5    Beginning
   0-2    Needs Improvement


   In Grade Book:

   A: Advanced
   S: Satisfactory
   B: Beginning
   N: Needs Improvement




                                                                                      40
                                                    Name:_________________________________

                                                    Hour: __________



                                      Sidearm Cast Assessment
                                           Middle School
 Directions:

         Students stand with their fishing poles line facing hula hoop targets with partner
         Targets are 15ft away from students
         Student attempts 5 sidearm casts and tries to hit inside hula hoop target
         Partners take turns casting and assess each other
         Place an ‘X’ in box in each correctly executed item
         Each ‘X’ is worth 1pts Maximum points=55pts
         Passing grade is 40pts or higher

 Pre-Cast                                                           Cast Number
                                                                1       2     3          4     5

Chest Facing target/Feet shoulder width apart

Holding rod with dominant hand

Eyes on target

Finger holding down on button

Checks to make sure surroundings are clear & safe

                                                                                 Points: _______/25

 Cast
                                                                1        2       3       4     5

Arm brought back from the center of body at 45 degrees
with backswing
Wrist flicks with forward swing

Pole ends up pointing toward target

Entire cast appears fluid


                                                                                  Points: ______/20




                                                                                                41
Accuracy
For each cast, write point amount student earns & add to total score:
     Lands inside hula hoop=2pts
     Lands less than 1ft away from hula hoop=1pt
     Lands more than 1ft away from hula hoop=0pts

                                  Points earned
       Cast #1

       Cast #2
       Cast #3

       Cast #4

       Cast #5


                                 Points: ______/10


Name of Person Assessing: ________________________________              Total Score:_______/55




                                                                                           42
                             Skill Assessment                      Total Checks:       /17

                                      High School
                                     Overhead Cast


Name of student being assessed: ___________________________________

Name of student observing: _________________________________________

Directions: Reward a student with an (X) on either the YES or NO side in the box if
the student is able to perform the skill.

Stance (2 possible checks)
   YES/NO
Hips Facing target                                                                     /
Feet shoulder width apart                                                              /

Open Reel (7 possible checks)
Reel held on top                                                                       /
Flip bail to grab line                                                                 /
Arm starts in front of body, not over head                                             /
Rod starts over head, parallel to ground                                               /
Rod is swung forward and line is released                                              /
Wrist flick at release of line                                                         /
Rod always points towards target                                                       /

Closed Reel (7 possible checks)
Reel held on bottom                                                                    /
Push button in preparation to cast                                                     /
Arm starts in front of body, not overhead                                              /
Rod starts over head, parallel to ground                                               /
Rod is swung forward and line is released                                              /
Wrist flick at release of line                                                         /
Rod always points in direction of target                                               /

Overall Safety (1 possible check)
Student checks his/her surroundings for before every cast                              /


                                                                       Total Checks:   /17

Teacher Guide:
15-17 checks “A”
12-14 checks “B”
9-11 checks “C”
6-8 checks “D”



                                                                                           43
                                         Name: ___________________________
                                         Hour: __________
                                         Points: ____/_12_


                       Basic Fishing Quiz—Middle School
                                    12 Points

True/False: Clearly write true or false on the blank line (1 point each)
   1. Wisconsin residents and non-residents 16 years old or older need fishing
      license to fish in any waters in Wisconsin
      __________


   2. When there are other people standing close beside you, a sidearm cast is
      an appropriate cast to use
      __________


   3. You do not need to check for any obstacles before casting if you are
      fishing from a boat on an open body of water
      __________


   4. Fishing is a lifetime activity which people of all ages can benefit from
      __________


   5. You should grasp the fishing pole with your left hand if you are right-
      handed
      __________



Short Answer: List answers in bullet format in the space provided under each
question.
   6. Name at least three different types of lures (3 points)




   7. What is another word for fisherman/woman? (1 point)

                                                                                 44
Multiple Choice: Circle the best answer (1 point each)
   8. What term is commonly used to describe when the line is tangled in the
      reel?
      A. Barb
      B. Bird/Bees nest
      C. Leger
      D. Plug

   9. Before doing a side arm cast you should make sure to…
      A. Check for any obstacles
      B. Make sure your shoulder is facing your target
      C. Make sure your line is untangled
      D. All of the Above

   10. This type of reel has a button that you push with your thumb that releases
       the line
       A. Spin casting reel
       B. Spinning reel
       C. Bait casting reel
       D. None of the Above




                                                                               45
Answer Key:
   1. True
   2. False
   3. False
   4. True
   5. False
   6. Example answers: Jigs, poppers and flies, spoons, plugs, spinners,
      spinner baits
   7. Angler
   8. B
   9. D
   10. A




                                                                           46
                                                 NAME: ____________________________


                                                                  HOUR: _____________


                                                               POINTS: _______/_______




                                          Fishing Quiz
                                          High School
                                  20 Total Points Available




1. Nationwide, how many people on average go fishing? (1 point)
    A.   1 in 2
    B.   1 in 4
    C.   1 in 6
    D.   1 in 8


2. Most fishing trips are to: (1 point)
    A.   Lakes and Ponds
    B.   Streams and Small Rivers
    C.   Large Boundary Rivers
    D.   A Swimming Pool


3. In this “fishing hot spot,” weeds filter the water from impurities and add oxygen for the
fish to breath. This area also provides protection and food for the fish. What is this
“fishing hot spot” called? (1 point)
    A.   Wood and Rocks
    B.   River Mouth
    C.   Drop-Off
    D.   Weed Beds


                                                                                         47
4. In this “fishing hot spot,” the river or creek flows into a larger body of water. The
flowing water carries the food to the waiting fish. What is this “fishing hot spot” called?
(1 point)
   A.   Wood and Rocks
   B.   River Mouth
   C.   Drop-Off
   D.   Weed Beds


5. Circle True (A) or False (B)
An inexpensive and rugged reel to start with is the spin cast outfit. (1 point)
   A. True
   B. False


6. Circle True (A) or False (B)
Normally fish hide around cover. Cover can be anything from weeds, trees, logs, and
rocks. (1 point)
   A. True
   B. False


7. Circle True (A) or False (B)
After a fish strikes you need to set the hook. Wait a few seconds after you feel a tap on
the line lower the rod tip, reel up the slack and sharply jerk the rod upward. (1 point)
   A. True
   B. False




                                                                                            48
8. Name That Knot: (1 points) _____________________




9. Name That Knot: (1 points) _____________________




                                                      49
10. Name That Knot: (1 points) _____________________




11. As discussed in class, how might one practice their casting skills? (5 points)




12. List 5 pieces of equipment for children while fishing: (5 points)




                                                                                     50
20 Total Points


                                        Fishing Quiz
                                        High School
                                  20 Total Points Available
                                      ANSWER KEY


1. Nationwide, how many people on average go fishing?
   E.   1 in 2
   F.   1 in 4
   G.   1 in 6
   H.   1 in 8


2. Most fishing trips are to:
   E.   Lakes and Ponds
   F.   Streams and Small Rivers
   G.   Large Boundary Rivers
   H.   A Swimming Pool
    t
3. In this “fishing hot spot,” weeds filter the water from impurities and add oxygen for the
fish to breath. This area also provides protection and food for the fish. What is this
“fishing hot spot” called?
   E.   Wood and Rocks
   F.   River Mouth
   G.   Drop-Off
   H.   Weed Beds


4. In this “fishing hot spot,” the river or creek flows into a larger body of water. The
flowing water carries the food to the waiting fish. What is this “fishing hot spot” called?
   E.   Wood and Rocks
   F.   River Mouth
   G.   Drop-Off
   H.   Weed Beds


5. Circle True (A) or False (B)


                                                                                          51
An inexpensive and rugged reel to start with is the spin cast outfit.
   C. True
   D. False


6. Circle True (A) or False (B)
Normally fish hide around cover. Cover can be anything from weeds, trees, logs, and
rocks.
   C. True
   D. False


7. Circle True (A) or False (B)
After a fish strikes you need to set the hook. Wait a few seconds after you feel a tap on
the line lower the rod tip, reel up the slack and sharply jerk the rod upward.
   A. True
   B. False (True if: When a fish strikes you need to set the hook. The second you feel a
   tap on the line lower the rod tip, reel up the slack and sharply jerk the rod upward.)


8. Name That Knot:




                                                                                            52
9. Name That Knot:




10. Name That Knot




11. As discussed in class, how might one practice their casting skills?
Use an open area with no trees or power lines. Practice plugs are best suited for
practicing. Place a target on the ground about 25 feet in front of you. Extend your
arm with the rod pointed at the target, bend your arm back until the rod is at the 1
o'clock position, then snap your arm forward while releasing the button at the same
time.



                                                                                  53
12. List 5 pieces of equipment for children while fishing:

      Spin casting Reel
      Casting Rod
      Fishing Line (6 to 8 pound test)
      Small Tackle Box
      Small Split Shot Weights (BB style)
      Hooks (size 2 up to 3/0)
      Bobbers
      Pliers (for removing hooks)
      Bait (buy fresh that day)
      Lures
       - Plastic Worms
       - Spinner bait (white)
       - Top Water (not too big)
       - Road Runner (white or yellow)
      Sunglasses
      Sunscreen
      Drink




                                                        Total Points: _________________




                                                                                    54
Rainy Day Activities
                            Rainy Day Activity- Large Group
Manual Group: Fishing
Name of Activity: Clean Out Your Backyard
NASPE Standards: Standards 1& 5
Grade Level: High School
Equipment

      Rhino balls
      Balled up socks
      Tape
      Music

Directions

      The class is divided in half to make 2 groups.
      The room is divided in half (using tape or a line but stand up pads work best)
      The balls are scattered about on each half of room.
      The students will try to get all the “garbage,” or “balls” out of their half of the
       room.
      The game will be played for about 5 minutes. The students must stop once the
       whistle is blown. Then count up the pieces of garbage on each end and then reset
       to play again.
      You can change up the game by using different throwing motions (over hand,
       under hand, two hands over head, opposite hand, behind the back)

Diagram

                                                            Key
                                                            Student –

                                                            Ball-


Resources
Tice, 2011



                                                                                         55
Fishing Manual

NASPE Standards 5 & 6

Middle School

Equipment:
    8-10 jump ropes
    Bobbers (at least one per student, the more the better)

Directions
     Class is divided into even groups of 7-9 students.
     Groups are positioned on baseline of a basketball court (or area of similar length)
       with bobbers scattered on opposite end.
     Each group is given a jump rope and each member is instructed to grab
       anywhere on the rope with both hands. After their hands are on the rope, they
       cannot move them.
     Groups must sprint and pick up one bobber per group member and carry it back
       to the starting position.
     If a bobber is dropped, group must start over. Reinforce that hands cannot
       move.

Variation

      Adding additional bobbers and hula hoops, one per group, can change the task
       to collecting the most bobbers as a group.
      Blindfolding a few members of the group can also provide an additional



                   Retrieve bobbers (1 per
                   person)




                        Return without dropping


       challenge.                  Bobber
                                                            Group (7-9)
      (ESS 121: Adventure Theory, Steffen)


                                                                                      56
                                  Dramatic Play
        Dramatic play is an excellent rainy day activity for a limited space.


Manual Group: FISHING

NASPE Standards: 2, 5, 6

Level: Elementary for Limited Space

Equipment:

     Prop box
     Tackle box with tackle
     Plastic worms
     Fishing rods with string
     Plastic fish with magnets
     Binoculars
     Fishing vests and hats
     A thermos
     Fishing literature
     Thermoses
     Lunch boxes
     Hand crafted boat
Directions:

   1. Create a prop box out of a cardboard box
   2. Create a boat out of a larger box
   3. Set up a fishing scene with all of the creative equipment in prop box.
   4. Children pick and choose the props they want to explore and set up imaginary
      scenarios
   5. Ask children to teach show you how they catch a fish or children may imagine
      they are on a fishing trip with friends
Resources:

        http://www.ownadaycare.com/blog/rainy-day-activities-for-daycare-and-
         preschool




                                                                                     57
                                    Rainy Day Activity

Manual Group: Fishing

Name of Activity: What’s on your Line?

NASPE Standards: Standard 1, Standard 2, Standard 5, Standard 6

Level: Elementary class (K-2) in limited space

Equipment/Supplies:

      Polyspots (enough for each student), spread throughout the space
      Homemade fishing poles (1 per student—could be a ribbon or string)

Directions:

      Each student stands on their own polyspot with a fishing pole for entire activity
      Teacher stresses the importance of personal space to students
      Using imagination, students do the actions of the story that the teacher narrates
       Example:
       “Cast your line in the water”
       “You feel a bite, start reeling in!”
       “It’s a strong fish, reel as fast as you can!”
       “Don’t loose your balance and fall off your boat (polyspot)”
       “It’s coming near the boat—get your net and scoop it out”
      Encourage students to use different levels

Resource: Idea from pecentral
(http://www.pecentral.org/LessonIdeas/ViewLesson.asp?ID=5290)




                                                                                      58
Skills
                               Skill: Overhand Cast Skills



              Beginner         Proficient        Cues             Common           Corrections
                                                                  Errors

Preparatory   Holds the pole Holds the rod       “Hold the pole Gripping rod       Have students
Phase         loosely        where the rod       like your      too loosely or     practice
              Holds the pole grips the reel.     giving a firm  too tightly.       giving a firm
              above or                           handshake.”                       handshake to
              below the grip                                                       a partner, and
                                                                                   then let them
                                                                                   know that’s
                                                                                   how tight they
                                                                                   should hold
                                                                                   the rod.
Execution     Able to bring    Brings casting    “Make sure to    Brings casting   Have students
Phase         casting arm      arm back till     bring your rod   arm back too     practice their
              back then        forearm is        back to          far behind       execution
              forward in a     level with ear.   12:00.”          their head.      phase with a
              straight line.                                                       partner letting
              Forearm is not                                                       them know
              level with ear                                                       when to stop
              when cast arm                                                        bringing the
              is brought                                                           rod back.
              back
Follow        Propels rod      Propels rod       “When you        When             Have students
Through       forward and      forward           follow           bringing rod     critique each
              releases         without           through with     forward,         other on their
              button not at    moving            your swing,      students will    release of the
              45 degree        elbow,            keep your        often move       rod, making
              angle            releases          elbow straight   their elbow      sure to focus
              Moves elbow      button when       and bring your   too much.        on keeping
              while            arm is at a 45    arm to 3:00”                      their elbows
              propelling rod   degree angle.                                       straight.




                                                                                    59
                                             Skill: Fish Identification

                  Beginner -5       Proficient->5       Cues                   Common Errors        Corrections
                  notecards         notecards
Preparatory       Look at fish on   Look at fish on     Look at fins, mouth,   Does not pay         Give class a study
Phase             note cards        note cards          eyes, and color        attention to mouth   guide that
                                                                               size or fin          compares/contra
                                                                               placement            sts the fish

Execution         Guess the name    Correctly name      What important         Picks the wrong      Give class study
Phase             of the fish       the fish and its    characteristics are    characteristic.      guide for
                                    other               present? (mouth,                            important
                                    characteristics     fins, color, size,                          characteristics on
                                                        eyes)                                       different fish

Follow            Check answer      Check answer        What did you           Error in             Walk student
Through           against back of   against back of     interpret wrong on     Identification       through
                  note              note                the fish?                                   identification of
                  card/teacher      card/teacher                                                    fish again.
                                                                                                    Explain where
                                                                                                    they went wrong.



                  Note cards should have a picture of a fish on one side (front), and the name of the
                   fish and information about the fish on the other side (back).
                       o Information about fish should include: important characteristics, what bait
                           to use to catch them, when/where they can be found, fin placement, color,
                           size, legal number to catch and keep, normal size, diet, etc.




                                                                                                     60
                                 Skill: Sidearm Cast

              Beginner         Proficient          Cues       Common             Corrections
                                                               Errors
Preparatory   Pole held with   - lead shoulder    “Open      Body facing         Have shoulder
              two hands        facing target      the        target.             facing the target
Phase         Chest facing     - one handed       door.”                         with a straight
              target           grip with finger              Two handed          line from shoulder
              Non-athletic     on button                     grip.               to shoulder
              stance           - pole held in                                    pointing to the
                               front of body,                                    target.
                               parallel with
                               ground                                            Use dominate
                               - eyes on target                                  hand to grip pole.
                               area
                               - feet about
                               shoulder width
                               apart,
                               comfortable
Execution     No/ minimal      Sufficient back    “Close     Release is too      Release cast at the
              back swing       swing              the        soon or too late.   belly button.
Phase         No/ minimal      Step toward        door.”
              step             target                                            Ensure there is a
              Release is not   Release at belly   Release    Cast is not         straight line from
              at belly         button             at the     straight.           shoulder to
              button, too                         belly                          shoulder pointing
              soon or too                         button.                        to the target.
              late
                                                  Step to
                                                  the
                                                  target.
Follow        Pole not         Pole ends up       Open       Pole pointed        Look at the target
              pointed at       pointed at         stance.    away from the       after the
Through       target.          target.                       target.             execution and
                               Stance is          Pole and                       during follow
              Toe not          opened up.         foot you   Uncomfortable       through.
              pointed at       Toe is pointed     stepped    stance.
              target.          at target.         with are                       Step and rotate
                                                  pointed                        hips to open the
                                                  at the                         stance.
                                                  target.




                                                                                                 61
              Beginner                           Beginner-Proficient          Cues                        Common Errors                Corrections
Square Knot   Preparatory phase: Student         Preparatory phase:           String the line through     Forgetting to tie the knot   Continually remind students
              uses cord.                         Student uses fishing line.   the hole, wrap the right    a second time.               about the times 2.
              Execution phase: Students tie      Execution phase: Tie the     end with the left and
              the knot along with the teacher    knot using fishing line      pull tight. Do two times.
              using the cues and diagrams.       without cues from
              Follow through: Students test      teacher.
              the strength of the knot and the   Follow through: Tie the
              knot holds.                        knot quickly with eyes
                                                 closed.
Palomar       Preparatory phase: Student         Preparatory phase:           Fold line in half, string   Tightening the knot too      Remind students to leave a
Knot          uses eye bolt and cord.            Student uses fishing line.   through hole, tie a         much before swooping it      big loop or not pull tight after
              Execution phase: Students tie      Execution phase: : Tie       square knot, go around      around the hook.             making the square knot.
              the knot along with the teacher    the knot using fishing       the hook and pull
              using the cues and diagrams.       line without cues from
              Follow through: Students test      teacher.
              the strength of the knot and the   Follow through: Tie the
              knot holds.                        knot quickly with eyes
                                                 closed.

Clinch Knot   Preparatory phase: Student         Preparatory phase:           Snake goes through the      Not remembering to go        Remind to go back through
              uses eye bolt and cord.            Student uses fishing line.   hole, wraps around the      through the hole made        the hole. Emphasize cues.
              Execution phase: Students tie      Execution phase: : Tie       tree trunk three times,     by the hook and twisted
              the knot along with the teacher    the knot using fishing       then crawls up through      rope or the first hole.
              using the cues and diagrams.       line without cues from         the top hole to hide,
              Follow through: Students test      teacher.                      and then comes back
              the strength of the knot and the   Follow through: Tie the       out the new hole. Pull
              knot holds.                        knot quickly with eyes                tight!
                                                 closed.




                                                                                                                                                       62
References
    ESS 258, Teaching Activities 1, Malecek, Peterson, and Students, Fall 2010
    Wisconsin. Fishing Rules and Regulations 2010. Bureau of Fisheries Management,
     2010, www. dnr.wisconsin.gov/fish
    NASPE (2004), Moving Into the Future-National Standards for Physical Education,
     Second Edition
    Rainy Day Activities for Daycare and Preschool. (n.d.). OwnADaycare.com — How To
     Start A Daycare, Start Your Own Childcare Business. Retrieved April 25, 2011, from
     http://www.ownadaycare.com/blog/rainy-day-activities-for-daycare-and-
     preschool
    Virginia Bass (n.d.). Alternative casting. Retrieved from
             http://www.dgif.state.va.us/fishing/sarep/PDF/angling_alt_cast.pdf
    Dr. Mally, Spring 2010: ESS 112
    http://www.pecentral.org/LessonIdeas/ViewLesson.asp?ID=5290 (PE Central)
    Jeff Steffen, J-term 2011: ESS 121
    Katie Toftum, ESS 258: Fall 2010
    Ali Weber, ESS 258: Fall 2010
    Wisconsin fishing. (1981). Madison, WI: Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources.
    Stabo, T, & McEvoy, J. Angler education instruction manual. Madison, WI:
     Wisconsin               Dept. of Natural Resources.
    (2011). Wisconsin Natural Resources Magazine.

    Flaghouse Physical Education Equipment – Flying Start – Giant Leaps – Going
     Strong. (n.d.). Flaghouse Physical Education Equipment – Flying Start – Giant
     Leaps – Going Strong. Retrieved April 25, 2011, from
     www.flaghouse.com/PDF/CatchAFish.pdf




                                                                                     63
Lesson Plans




               64
 Unit       Fishing                               Grade       High School                    Name:      Britney Kruesel

 Lesson       Overhead Cast                       Station          Courts 1-3                Date     Monday, April 11, 2011

 Materials/Equipment          18 poly spots, whistle, bag of Styrofoam bowling pins, bag of practice fish, 13 fishing rods, 6 red
                              hula hoops, 6 yellow hula hoops, 6 green hula hoops.

 Standards         Standards 1, 5, and 6                                                      Style: Direct/Mass

          Assessment Tools: During closure, TSW be able to tell me where power comes while casting with the response of, “the
          wrist flick.”

        Performance Objectives                              LX’s                    Time      Organization           Cues/Feedback



                                           Introduction: Upon entering          1          Before the class
                                           the gym, the students will be                   begins the teacher
T.S.W.:                                    instructed to gather in the center              will:
                                           of court 1 and listen to the
                                           teacher speak. The teacher will                    1. Line polyspots
                                           then give an introduction to                          horizontally
P.) Perform overhead cast: Non-
                                           casting and safety and explain                        along the side
dominant foot in front, “tick-tock”
                                           what will be done first,                              of court 1.
motion for draw and release,
                                           abdominal work and push-ups.                       2. Make sure
release the button as the wrist
                                                                                                 spots are
snaps during the follow through.
                                           Safety:                                               spaced out for
                                                                                                 safety.
                                                 Stay within own space.                      3. Set prepared
C.) During closure, TSW be able to tell          Know where you and                             fishing poles
me where power comes while casting                your classmates are.                           beside the
with the response of, “the wrist flick.”         Do not cast when you are                       polyspots.
                                                  away from your polyspot.                    4. Practice fish     C1: “When you hear
                                                 Listen to whistle: stop                        will be           the whistle, that
                                                  when it is blown.                              scattered on      means STOP and
                                                 Respect your classmates.                       other end.        hold the fishing rod
A.) Display enjoyment by smiling,                                                             5. Set a hula-


                                                                                                                                65
      Performance Objectives                        LX’s                       Time   Organization           Cues/Feedback



giggling, and giving high fives to                                                      hoops,             down by your side”
classmates after a successful cast.                                                     Styrofoam
                                      TR: TSW be instructed to find a                   bowling pins,
                                      polyspot on court 1 and listen for                and polyspots
                                      which exercise is first.                          up on courts 2
                                                                                        and 3 for later.
                                            “If we’re going to catch a
                                             big fish and lift it out of
                                             the water on to our boat,
                                             we’re going to need
                                             strong core and arm
                                             muscles which is why
                                             we’re going to start with
                                             some core exercises and       1
                                             push-ups”


                                      LX1: TSW listen to the instructor
                                      and perform each exercise for
                                      30 seconds:

                                            Regular crunches
                                            Oblique crunches                                              C2: “Pull your belly
                                            Lower back crunches                                           button to your back!”
                                            Push-ups

                                                                                                           FB: _____, I really
                                      TR: After completing the                                             like how your arms


                                                                                                                        66
Performance Objectives                  LX’s                     Time   Organization     Cues/Feedback



                         exercises, TSW stand on their                                 are in a 90 degree
                         poly spot and pick up their                                   angle when going
                         fishing pole and hold it to their                             down in your sit-up.
                         side. TSW then listen for
                         instruction of overhead casting
                         given by teacher and student
                         demonstration. When the
                         teacher says “go” TSW begin         2
                         overhead casting at the plastic
                         fish until whistle is blown.


                         LX2: TSW practice overhead
                         casting using the technique
                         demonstrated during the
                         instruction period. The
                         technique is characterized by:

                               Holding arm out straight,
                                in the direction of where
                                TSW cast.
                                                             1                         C3: “Use a tick-tock
                               Slowly bringing rod over
                                the throwing shoulder                                  motion when
                                and stopping with a 90-                                casting.”
                                degree bend at the elbow
                                at the 2 o’clock position.
                               Stepping with the


                                                                                                    67
Performance Objectives                  LX’s                      Time   Organization     Cues/Feedback



                                opposing leg and casting
                                the line out with a smooth
                                throwing motion.
                               Release the button as the
                                wrist snaps. Flick of the
                                wrist.
                               Reel line in and repeat.
                                                                                        FB: _____, I really
                                                                                        like how smoothly
                         TR: Tell the students to turn to                               you take the rod back
                         the person next to them and                                    and follow through!
                         give them a high-five. Tell them                               Way to go!
                         this will be their partner for the
                         next activity. TSW walk with                                   (Psychomotor)
                         their partner to either court two    4
                         or three and find a poly spot.
                         TSW listen for instructions.                                   FB: Way to draw the
                                                                                        pole back further in
                                                                                        order to cast the line
                         Instruction: The teacher will                                  further!
                         explain and give a
                         demonstration of Don’t Get
                         Stuck in the Seaweed.                                          C4: Flick the wrist for
                                                                                        a good release!

                         LX3: TSW participate in an
                         activity called Don’t Get Stuck in


                                                                                                      68
Performance Objectives                 LX’s                       Time   Organization     Cues/Feedback



                         the Seaweed while working on
                         overhead casting using the
                         technique demonstrated earlier.
                         The rules are as follows:

                               6 groups of two people
                               Each partner takes turn
                                casting out at the hula-
                                hoops
                               (Green- 6 points, Yellow-
                                4 points, Red- 2 points)
                               Avoid the Styrofoam
                                bowling pins (seaweed)
                               If a pin is knocked over,
                                that set of partners
                                returns back to zero
                                points
                               The teacher will call out a
                                number that each set of
                                partners is trying to get
                                first
                               Example: If the teacher
                                calls out the number 20,
                                then the
                                fishermen/women must          1                         C5: Slow and steady
                                try and cast to the correct                             reeling
                                hoops to equal 20 points



                                                                                                    69
Performance Objectives                 LX’s                     Time   Organization     Cues/Feedback



                               Partners raise their hand
                                once they get the number
                                given                                                 FB: _____ really
                               When the teacher blows                                understands how to
                                the whistle, a new                                    reel in their line slow
                                number will be given                                  and steady! That’s
                                                                                      what I like to see!

                         TR: Blow the whistle and
                         instruct students to set their
                         poles beside their polyspot and
                         gather in the center of court 2.                             FB: Wow! Look how
                                                            2                         many fish you
                                                                                      caught! You must be
                                                                                      doing a great job of
                                                                                      timing your release!
                         Closure: Can anybody tell me
                         some of the things we must do
                         when overhead casting?                                       FB: I love the way
                         Class Response:                                              ____ is high fiving
                                                            6                         his/her partner for
                             “opposite foot in front”                                support. Thanks!
                             “use a tick-tock motion”
                                                                                      (Affective)
                             “release the button when
                              we follow through”
                         Where does the power come
                                                                                      C6: Think “load”


                                                                                                     70
Performance Objectives                  LX’s        Time   Organization     Cues/Feedback



                         from while casting?                              when you are taking
                                                                          the rod back, and
                         Class Response:                                  “unload” when you
                                                                          cast the line.
                               “the wrist flick”


                                                                          C7: “Release the
                                                                          button earlier in the
                                                                          follow through to
                                                                          throw the line
                                                                          further.”




                                                                          Closure Feedback:
                                                                          Those are great
                                                                          answers class! We
                                                                          want our opposite
                                                                          foot in front, we want
                                                                          to use a tick-tock
                                                                          motion, and we want
                                                                          to release the button
                                                                          as our pole follows
                                                                          through! Great


                                                                                        71
Performance Objectives   LX’s   Time   Organization     Cues/Feedback



                                                      answers class! Have
                                                      a good day; I’ll see
                                                      you on Wednesday!


                                                      FB: Good job _____,
                                                      the correct answer is
                                                      “the wrist flick.”
                                                      (Cognitive)




                                                      Safety:

                                                            Stay within
                                                             own space.
                                                            Know where
                                                             you and your
                                                             classmates
                                                             are.
                                                            Do not cast
                                                             when you are
                                                             away from



                                                                    72
Performance Objectives   LX’s       Time   Organization   Cues/Feedback



                                                              your polyspot.
                                                             Listen to
                                                              whistle: stop
                                                              when it is
                                                              blown.
                                                             Respect your
                                                              classmates.

                                2




                                                                    73
Unit        Fishing                               Grade       3rd Grade                             Name:      Rachael Perrault

Lesson        Sidearm Casting                     Station          Outside on field/ courts 1-3     Date     4/11/11

Materials/Equipment             12 fishing poles 12 casting plugs, 4 regular-sized cones, 2 extra large cones, 1 yoga mat, 4 foam
                                pins, 5 hula hoops, 2 small hula hoops, 8 plastic fish, three empty plastic bins

Standards               1,2,5                                                                            Style: Direct/Mass Task

          Assessment Tools: Visually check students standing sideways to target with casting arm furthest from target,
          eyes on target, forearm parallel to floor, pushing and holding the button or flipping the bail open before
          beginning to cast, and swinging forearm back and then forward, releasing the button or letting go off the line
          when the pole is even with the body.

       Performance Objectives                               LX’s                     Time            Organization         Cues/Feedback



                                           TR) S will come sit in court 1                         S sit in court 1
                                           around teacher.                                        around teacher. Rest
T.S.W.:                                                                                           of space is set up as
                                                                                                  below. (Diagram is
                                                                                                  sideways)
                                           LX1) Good morning boys and
P) individually sidearm cast during        girls! Today, we are going to                            = small cones
the casting activities displaying the      continue with our fishing unit
following qualities: standing                                                          1
                                           and work on sidearm casting.                             = big cones
sideways to target with casting arm        Before we begin to practice that
furthest from target, eyes on target,      though, we need to know when                             = fishing poles
forearm parallel to floor, pushing         to use sidearm casting.
and holding the button or flipping                                                                  = yoga mat
the bail open before beginning to             -   Windy days
                                                                                                    = foam pins
cast, and swinging forearm back               -   When you need to cast
and then forward, releasing the                   under obstacles such as                           = hula hoop
button or letting go off the line                 tree branches along a
when the pole is even with the                    shoreline                                         = small hula hoop



                                                                                                                                   74
      Performance Objectives                          LX’s                  Time      Organization         Cues/Feedback



body. (Standard 1)                         -   When your boat is close               = plastic fishes
                                               to the shore
                                           -   When you are trying to                = empty plastic bin
                                               not disturb the surface of
C) tell me when to use a sidearm
                                               the water too much
cast during the closure of class:
                                               because it could scare
windy, casting under obstacles
                                               the fish away
such tree branches along a
shoreline, close to the shore, and
when you are trying to not disturb      TR) Now we are going to play a
the surface of the water too much.      warm-up game to help us
(Standard 2)                            remember when to use a
                                        sidearm cast! Everyone find
                                        your own personal space in
A) congratulate classmates when         court 1!
they achieve success in sidearm
casting during the casting activities
by saying “Wow, nice cast!” or          IA) (MVPA) Wherever I call out
“Yes! You hit the target!”. (Standard   one of the reasons to use a
5)                                      sidearm cast, we are going to do
                                        a movement.
                                           -   When I say “It’s windy!”
                                               everyone will run around
                                               court 1, pretending to be     1
                                               blown around with a
                                               strong wind.                        Fishing Poles



                                                                                                                   75
Performance Objectives              LX’s                  Time      Organization     Cues/Feedback



                         -   When I say “Under
                             obstacles!” everyone will
                             get down and army crawl
                             around court 1.
                                                                 Student moving
                         - When I say “Close to
                                                                 inside court 1
                             shore!” everyone will get
                             down on the floor of court
                             1 and do 5 crunches,
                             bringing arms close to
                             knees.                        2                       CIA) “It’s windy!”
                         - When I say “Don’t disturb                               “Under obstacles!”
                             the surface!” everyone                                “Close to shore!”
                             will leap across the floor                            “Don’t disturb the
                             as quietly as they can.                               surface!”
                         Touch your head if you
                         remember all 4 moves. Let’s
                         begin! When I call out a
                         different reason for sidearm
                         casting, switch to that                                   F) “I love the way ___
                         movement.                                                 is being blown
                                                                                   around by the wind!”
                         -   “It’s windy!”
                         -   “Under obstacles!”
                         -   “Close to shore!”
                         -   “Don’t disturb the
                             surface!”




                                                                                                76
Performance Objectives              LX’s                    Time   Organization   Cues/Feedback



                         TR) Great job 3rd graders!
                         Come over and have a seat
                         by me! (Have fishing pole in
                         hand)


                         LX2) Now that we know why
                         we are using a sidearm cast,
                         let’s work on actually doing
                         it! (Demonstrate while class
                         watches)
                         -   Cast with the arm you
                             feel most comfortable
                             with
                         -   Stand so side of foot is
                             facing the fish with
                             casting arm furthest from
                             target
                         -   Eyes on fish!
                         -   Forearm parallel to floor
                         -   Push and hold the button
                             with closed reel or flip the
                             bail open with open reel
                             before casting
                         -    Swing forearm back and
                             then forward, releasing         2



                                                                                          77
Performance Objectives               LX’s                  Time       Organization        Cues/Feedback



                             the button or letting go of
                             the line when the pole is
                             even with the body
                         -   Reel the line in slow and
                             steady so the casting
                             plug isn’t jumping
                             everywhere


                         TR) Now everyone is going
                         to practice their sidearm
                         cast. When I say go,
                         everyone needs to pick up a
                         fishing pole and stand on the
                         white line facing the chairs             Students come sit
                         along the wall (or the bluffs),          over by fishing poles
                         and far enough apart so
                         when you hold your pole out
                         sideways from your body,
                         you aren’t touching the
                         person next to you.
                         -   “Go!”


                         TR) Whenever I say freeze,
                         everyone must finish reeling
                         in their lines and set their


                                                                                                  78
Performance Objectives              LX’s                    Time   Organization   Cues/Feedback



                         fishing pole on the ground          1
                         next to them. Let’s practice…
                         “Freeze!”


                         LX3) Everyone practice
                         sidearm casting 10 times
                         while I walk around to see if
                         you are doing the cast
                         correctly. Do not try to hit the
                         objects set up yet and only
                         aim to hit this line (indicate a
                         line of cones placed out for
                         next activity).


                         TR) “Freeze!” (Quickly set up
                         the final station on court 1)


                         LX4) Alright, now that
                         everyone understands how
                         to do the sidearm cast a little
                         better, let’s work on casting
                         in a fun way! I’ve set up 5
                         stations to practice our


                                                                                          79
Performance Objectives              LX’s                    Time      Organization         Cues/Feedback



                         casting at. If you start at this
                         station on court 1, you will
                         move to the station next to it
                         on court 2. If you are on
                         court 3 in the last spot, you
                         will move to the station at
                         court 1. When I say “Freeze”,
                         set down your pole and go
                         make sure your station is set
                         up correctly for the next
                         group. Then get your pole
                         and move to next station.
                         Cast from the line of cones.
                         -   Station 1: try to cast
                             under yoga mat between
                             cones. If your line gets
                             wrapped around a cone
                             on accident, make sure
                                                                   Students stand along
                             your group stops casting
                                                                   end line of courts
                             until you have the line
                                                                   holding fishing pole,
                             untangled and you are
                                                                   far enough apart so
                             back behind the cones.          1
                                                                   they aren’t hitting
                         -   Station 2: Knock over
                                                                   anyone around them
                             pins or try to get the plug
                             to land in the hula hoops;
                             count the number of


                                                                                                   80
Performance Objectives             LX’s                   Time       Organization      Cues/Feedback



                            times you do this.
                         -  Station 3: Try to catch the
                            fish by reeling in the plug
                            over the top of the fish.
                         - Station 4: Try to get the
                            plug to land in the big or
                            small hula hoops.
                         - Station 5: Try to cast so
                            the plug lands in a plastic
                            box.
                         Rotate every 1-11/2 minutes
                         by blowing whistle and
                         saying freeze and then tell to
                         begin at the next station.


                         LX5) Congratulate people in
                         your group when they do
                         something great, such as
                         knocking over a pin, when
                         sidearm casting!

                                                                 Students casting    CLX3) Eyes on the
                                                                 from end lines to   fish!
                         TR) Everyone freeze! Leave
                                                                 cones
                         all the equipment where it is                               -Release button or
                         and come have a seat over                                   line when the pole is


                                                                                                   81
Performance Objectives              LX’s                  Time       Organization           Cues/Feedback



                         here on court 1 with me.                                         even with your body!
                                                                                          -Forearm parallel to
                                                           2                              floor!
                         Closure: Thinking back to                                        F) “Great job keeping
                         the very beginning of class                                      the forearm parallel
                         today; we talked about the                                       to the floor ____!”
                         reasons why someone would
                         use a sidearm cast. Let’s see
                         if we can name them all.
                         Raise your hand if you know
                         one!
                         -   Windy
                         -   Casting under obstacles
                             such tree branches along            Same set-up as
                             a shoreline                         above, except for
                         -   Close to the shore                  court 1. Court 1 looks
                         -   When you are trying to              as follows:
                             not disturb the surface of
                             the water too much




                                                                                                       82
Performance Objectives   LX’s   Time      Organization      Cues/Feedback




                                       Students stand at
                                       cones now, casting
                                       towards objects at
                                       each station.
                                 1




                                                                    83
Performance Objectives   LX’s   Time   Organization     Cues/Feedback




                                                      CLX4) Outside of the
                                                      foot faces the fish!
                                                      - Forearm moves
                                                      back and forward!
                                                      F) “Wow, ____, nice
                                                      job going under the
                                                      obstacle at station 1!
                                                      You must have been
                                                      looking at the target
                                                      and keeping your



                                                                    84
Performance Objectives   LX’s   Time       Organization          Cues/Feedback



                                       Students rotate to      forearm parallel to
                                       each station            the ground!”


                                                               CLX5) Make sure
                                                               you let others in your
                                                               group know when
                                                               they do something
                                                               good!
                                                               F) “Great job ____ for
                                                               congratulating ____
                                 7                             for that amazing
                                                               cast!”




                                       Equipment remains
                                       where it was last
                                       used and students sit   F) “That’s right ____!
                                       near end of court 1     That’s exactly why
                                       by end line.            we sidearm cast!”




                                                                             85
Performance Objectives   LX’s   Time   Organization     Cues/Feedback




                                                      Safety:
                                                         -   Students
                                                             should be
                                 1                           spaced far
                                                             enough apart
                                                             to not hit
                                                             each other
                                                             with a
                                                             sidearm cast
                                                         -   All students
                                                             casting in
                                 1                           same
                                                             direction




                                                                  86
Unit        Fishing                          Grade       Elementary                       Name:      Rob Rydeski

Lesson        Side Arm Casting               Station      Courts 4-6                      Date     4/9/2011

Materials/Equipment          12 fishing poles, 12 poly- spots, 6 cones, 5 big hula hoops, 4 small hula hoops, 3 foam pins, plastic
                             fish, yoga blocks

Standards         1, 2, 5                                                                   Style: Direct/ Mass Task

          Assessment Tools: Visual check of students completing a side-arm cast by demonstrating a pre-cast, step to
          open the hips, release when rod is perpendicular to the body, and follow through.
       Performance Objectives                            LX’s                     Time            Organization         Cues/Feedback



                                          TR) Welcome the fishers and          <1 min      *Use cones as
                                          have them line up along the                      boundaries if outdoors
T.S.W.:                                   baseline of court 6.
                                                                                           12 rods and poly spots
P) Complete a side-arm cast by                                                             set along the service
demonstrating a pre-cast, step to                                                          line of courts 4 & 5.
open the hips, release when rod is        IA) Students will participate in a               Other equipment is on
perpendicular to the body, and follow     tag-like game of sharks and                      the side until needed.
                                                                                  4 min
through.                                  minnows. Once tagged, minnows
                                          become sharks until all are
*Standard 1                               tagged. Stress personal space to
                                          avoid collisions.
                                          MVPA
C) During the closure, the student will
tell me the correct steps as to how to
side-arm cast including a pre-cast,
step to open the hips, release when       TR) “Head down to the end of the
rod is perpendicular to the body, and     court and stand on a poly-spot
follow through.                           behind a fishing pole, but don’t
                                          touch it until I say so.”
*Standard 2


                                                                                                                          87
       Performance Objectives                            LX’s                   Time    Organization      Cues/Feedback



                                                                                1 min
A) When casting, the student will         LX1) Students will line up along
ensure that he or she has sufficient      the base lines of courts 4-5 and
space by visually checking around         pick up a rod and being to side
them so as not to hit or interfere with   arm cast after a demonstration
another student when casting.             has been given. Before students
                                          begin, have them give a “Happy
*Standard 5                               Salmon” handshake to their
                                          neighbors.                            2 min                  C1) “Step to the fish!”
                                                                                                       F1) “Good job
                                                                                                       releasing it, Caryn.”
                                          TR) Have students set poles down
                                                                                         Foam Pin
                                          as instructor positions hoops and
                                          again for pins.                                Equipment

                                                                                         Hoop
                                          LX 2) Students will begin to work
                                          on accuracy as objects are added
                                          to the lesson. Large hula hoops
                                          and small hula hoops will be
                                          added first worth 1 and 2 points,
                                          respectively. Foam pins will be
                                          added later in the activity worth 3
                                                                                1 min
                                          points. Tell the students the more
                                          points they accumulate as a team
                                          the more fish they can catch in the


                                                                                                              88
Performance Objectives                    LX’s                  Time        Organization              Cues/Feedback



                         next activity.


                         TR) Have the students turn             5 min   Select 2 volunteers to
                         around. And explain the next                   help distribute hula
                         activity, emphasizing not to put the           hoops.                     C2) “Remember to
                         fish back out on the court after                                          ‘open the door’ before
                         they catch it.                                                            you cast.”


                                                                                                   F2) “Right on, Ethan.
                                                                                                   Good cast!”
                         LX 3) Students will now attempt to
                         catch fish scattered across the
                         floor on court 6. Also included will
                         be yoga blocks to represent rocks.
                         The side-arm cast will also be
                         used in this activity. Ask the class
                         what the cues are for the side-arm
                         class. (backswing, release                     Select 2 different
                         midway, follow through).                       volunteers to place fish
                                                                        and yoga blocks.


                         TR) Closure- set rods down and
                         come to center.
                                                                1 min



                                                                                                          89
Performance Objectives                  LX’s                  Time    Organization        Cues/Feedback



                         1.What are the steps for the side-
                         arm cast?


                         2. Show me the happy salmon
                         hand shake.
                                                                                       C3) “Check to make
                                                                                       sure you have enough
                                                                                       room around you
                                                                                       before you cast.”
                                                                                       F3) “Way to follow
                                                              4 min
                                                                                       through on your cast,
                                                                                       Braden.”
                                                                        Plastic Fish

                                                                        Yoga Block




                                                                                              90
Performance Objectives   LX’s   Time    Organization      Cues/Feedback



                                1 min




                                                       Safety:

                                                             Make sure all
                                                              students have
                                                              sufficient space
                                                              when side-arm
                                                              casting.
                                                             Make sure
                                                              students do not
                                                              run out into the
                                                              cast zone.
                                                             Do not let
                                                              students slap
                                                              each other hard
                                                              when
                                                              performing the
                                                              “Happy
                                                              Salmon.”




                                                              91
Unit        Fishing                           Grade       Middle School: 7th             Name:      Christina Steffens

Lesson        Knots, Overhead Casting         Station          Court 1-3                 Date     4/11/2011

Materials/Equipment          5 Poly spots, 10 Eye bolts, 10 pieces of cord, 10 fishing rods, 5 cones, 15 Hula hoops, 25 fish

Standards         Standards 1,2, 5                                                       Style: Direct



          Assessment Tools: Using a visual assessment, the student will perform an overhead cast during class,
          demonstrated by starting above and behind their head, releasing the line above their head, and having control of
          the cast and reel.
       Performance Objectives                           LX’s                   Time       Organization          Cues/Feedback



                                        TR) Find someone with the               1
                                        same color shirt and sit next to a
T.S.W.:                                 poly spot with this partner.


P) perform an overhead cast during LX1) Take the eyebolt and cord
class, demonstrated by starting      and practice the cinch knot after
above and behind their head,                                                    4
                                     visual demonstration
releasing the line above their head,
and having control of the cast and        Follow with the Palomar
reel. NASPE Standard 1                      knot.                                                             CLX1) Talk with your
                                          Try to tie one or both                                             partner when trying
                                            knots with your partner,                                          to tie the knots.
C) during the closure, be able to           each one only using one
give points of proper overhead              hand
casting form by responding “hold          Retrieve a fishing rod and
                                                                                                              F) Good job talking
the button/line when bringing the           tie on the hook with
                                                                                                              with your partner to


                                                                                                                           92
      Performance Objectives                          LX’s                   Time       Organization          Cues/Feedback



rod back, releasing when the rod is            whichever knot you feel is                                   work out the knots
above their head, and reeling in at a          stronger
slow pace as to not tangle the line”                                                   = hula hoops to
NASPE Standard 2                                                                    be replaced with fish
                                        TR) Leave your rod next to your
                                        poly spots and place the cord                  = cones
                                        and bolt on the side. Go back to
A) congratulate their partner after a                                                  = poly spots with
                                        your poly spots. Watch out for
successful cast by saying “nice                                                     eye bolts and cord
                                        poles as you are walking
job” or giving a high five. NASPE
                                                                                       = safety area
Standard 5
                                                                                    containing fishing
                                        LX2) When overhead casting,                 poles
                                        bring the rod straight back and
                                        when bringing it straight forward,
                                        release the line above your           1
                                        head. Facing the wall, overhead
                                        cast towards the wall.
                                                                                                            CLX2) Release the
                                                                                                            line at the right time
                                        TR) With your partner, bring                                        over your head.
                                        your rods to a cone.
                                                                                    Students along one
                                                                                    line facing in the
                                                                                                            F) Great job ______
                                                                                    same direction
                                        LX3) Work on overhead                                               for looking for others
                                                                              3
                                        casting, using the hula hoops as                                    around you
                                        a target. Between you and your



                                                                                                                           93
Performance Objectives                  LX’s                  Time   Organization     Cues/Feedback



                         partner, try to cast into all the
                         hula hoops.

                               After making all the
                                hoops, move them                                    CLX3) End with your
                                around.                                             rod pointing to you
                                                                                    target

                         LX4) Exchange the hula hoops
                         for the fish and reel in the fish.    1                    F) I like how ______
                         If you catch all the fish, place                           is complimenting
                         them out in the space again.                               their partner.


                         TR) Reel in the line. One             3
                         partner kneels down. The
                         partner standing place the rods                            CLX4) Move your
                         back off to the side again and                             rod around to catch
                         come in.                                                   your fish.


                         Closure) Who can name one of                               CLX4) Congratulate
                         the knots we practiced today?                              your partner when
                                                                                    they catch a fish

                         “Cinch knot and Palomar knot”



                                                                                                 94
Performance Objectives                 LX’s                Time   Organization     Cues/Feedback



                                                                                 F) Good job _____
                         How do you start the overhead                           on keeping control as
                         cast?                              4                    you are reeling in
                                                                                 your fish.

                         “Holding the line/button, bring
                         the rod straight back”


                         How do you end the cast?
                                                            1


                         “Release the line/button above
                         your head, ending with the rod
                         in front of you”

                                                            2




                                                                                              95
Performance Objectives   LX’s   Time   Organization     Cues/Feedback




                                                      Safety:

                                                       Watch for other
                                                        students around
                                                        you when casting
                                                        and keep a good
                                                        distance from
                                                        other anglers
                                                       Be aware where
                                                        other students’
                                                        lines are when
                                                        casting
                                                       Do not reel in your
                                                        line too quickly so
                                                        it does not tangle




                                                                   96
Unit      Fishing                              Grade      Middle School                     Name:       Braden Tice

Lesson      Sidearm Casting                    Station      Courts 1-5                      Date      4/10/11

Materials/Equipment         30 fishing poles, 15 hula hoops, 20 foam pins, 30 fish

Standards       1,2,5                                                                            Style: Direct/Mass Task

       Assessment Tools: Visual check of students using the correct sidearm cast form. Shoulders aligned with your
       target, step with front foot, “tick-tock” arm motion, pole parallel to the floor, flick wrist and release button or line
       at the correct time for an accurate cast.



    Performance Objectives                         LX’s                   Time        Organization                    Cues/Feedback




T.S.W.:                              TR) The students will come into    2 min      TR) Fishing poles         TR) You use a sidearm cast when
                                     the gym and sit in front of myself            lined up 10 ft in front   it’s windy, when you do not want to
                                     as I explain the fundamentals of              of baseline. Fish are     scare the fish, and when you want
                                     the sidearm cast and why we use               placed on the             to go under or avoid obstacles.
                                     it.                                           baseline.
P) TSW use the correct form
while sidearm casting:                     Shoulders aligned w/target
shoulders aligned with your                One hand grip
target, step with front foot,              Step w/ front foot
“tick-tock” arm motion, pole               Pole parallel w/ floor
parallel to the floor, flick wrist         Tick-tock arm motion
and release button or line at the          Flick wrist upon release of
correct time for an accurate                line or button
cast.                                      Point at your target



                                                                                                                                 97
                                   LX1) Have students stand up and
                                   without using the poles practice
C) TSW be able to tell me when     the sidearm cast, arm circles
to use the side arm cast with
the answer of: when it’s windy,                                                         C) Tick-tock arm motion!
when you do not want to scare
                                   TR) Students will find a fishing                     Point at your target!
the fish, and when you want to
go under or avoid obstacles.       pole

                                         Protocol, whistle means                       F) Good job, ___, way to point at
                                          stop casting, finish reeling                  your target
A) TSW display enjoyment                  in and set pole down
when they are casting by
smiling, laughing, or giving                                             2 min
their classmates high 5’s when     LX2) Students will practice the                      TR) whistle blown means stop
they have a successful cast at a   sidearm cast, trying to land the                     casting, reel in and set pole
target.                            plug in the hula hoop or knock
                                   the pins over. (Demonstation)

                                         After they practice, stop                     LX2) always look behind you before
                                          them and add points to the                    you cast.
                                          game.
                                                                                        Cues) Follow thru and point at your
                                       1 point for landing in hula
                                                                                        target
                                          hoop
                                       3 points for knocking over 1 min
                                          pin
                                   LX3) Tell the students to                            F) Nice accurate cast ____!
                                   congratulate each other when
                                                                                        Way look behind you before you
                                   they see a classmate make a
                                                                                        cast ___!
                                   good cast
                                                                                 LX2)



                                                                                                                98
TR) Blow whistle, ask students
who had over ___ points
                                     5 min                 C) Good cast ___!
      Count during the drill to
       see about how many pts.                             Way to knock that pin down ____!


TR) Spread fish out among hula                             TR) How many points did you have
hoops and pins.                                            ____?
                                                           Who had over 8 points?
LX3) Students will then cast at
the fish and try to catch as many
fish as they can while still using                         TR) hoops and pins are now
the correct form.                                          structure at the bottom of the lake
      Once all fish are caught,
       have the students put the
       fish back out
      Then switch to a                      - hula hoop
       backhand sidearm cast, if
       extra time.                1 min      - foam pin    C)Point at your target!
      Hula hoops and pins are
                                             - students    Step with your front foot
       now stumps, logs and
       weeds at the bottom of the
       lake.
                                                            F) Good job, ___, way to point at
                                                           your target

                                     1 min



                                                                                99
                                  2 min   TR) Fish are on
                                          track



                                  4 min
                                          LX3)
                                                            TR) Who got to catch a fish today?


TR) Have students put poles
down and gather on track.




Closure:
                                                            Good job class, enjoy the rest of
      When do we want to use                               your day.
       the sidearm cast?
      How many hands do we       1 min
       grip the fishing pole w/                             Safety:
       sidearm cast?
      What kind of arm motion                Students            Always look behind you
       do you use? (tick-tock)                                     before you cast
                                              Fish                Stay at the casting line



                                                                               100
Unit       Fishing                              Grade      High School                      Name:      Caryn Herrick

Lesson        Fish ID, Overhead Casting         Station     Court 1-3                       Date     4/11/11

Materials/Equipment            5 fish identification packets, 5 question handouts & flashcards, 30 plastic fish, 10 fishing poles w/
                               plugs, 5 hula hoops, 5 foam pins, whistle

Standards            1, 5, 6                                                                       Style: Mass/Direct

          Assessment Tools: Visual assessment of S correctly overhead casting, participating in fish identification, and
          successfully cooperating with other S

       Performance Objectives                               LX’s                    Time            Organization           Cues/Feedback



                                             TR) Upon entering gym, S find a        30sec
                                             partner with the same colored
T.S.W.:                                      eyes and sit on the floor together
                                             and review fish identification
                                             packets together
P) Correctly overhead cast to a target
at varying distances away
characterized by chest facing target         LX1) Fish question handout and
raising pole over their head, bending        flashcards are handed out to each                                          C1) Check the fish
at the elbow, snapping the elbow and         pair of students. S take turns                                             handout if you do not
wrist straight down (pointing at             reading off questions to each                                              know the answer
target)                                      other. (5 questions each)
                                                                                                                        F1) That’s right! You
                                             -If S does not know answer, they                                           really know your fish
                                             can refer to packet                      5
C) Correctly identify various kinds of
fish and their specific characteristics


                                                                                                                              101
       Performance Objectives                           LX’s                  Time   Organization      Cues/Feedback



(such as, where they can be located,
what kind of bait to use to catch the,
their predators, and what they eat)      TR) Partners place handouts in
and during closure, say how to do a      pile and sit back down on floor
proper overhead cast.                    with partner & teacher reviews
                                         overhead cast with demo:
                                                                                                    C) Does everyone
                                         -Check to see that surroundings                            understand what we
A) Congratulate and work with a          are clear                                                  are doing?
partner while identifying fish, and
display good sportsmanship when          -Chest faces target
competing with one another while                                               2                    F) Thank you ___ for
                                         -Raise pole straight overhead
overhead casting.                                                                                   demonstrating the
                                         -Bend at elbow and snap the wrist                          overhead cast
                                         down straight, releasing the line
                                         -Pole ends up pointing straight at
                                         target
                                         Then, partners stand next to their
                                         own rod on designated line


                                         LX2) TSW practice over head
                                         casting without trying to make
                                         targets
                                         -When teacher blows whistle,


                                                                                                         102
Performance Objectives                  LX’s                   Time       Organization      Cues/Feedback



                         students stop casting.
                                                                                         C2) Remember to look
                                                                                         behind you to check
                                                                         foam pin        that no one is there


                                                                          fishing rod    F2) Nice cast, ___! I
                                                                                         liked how you bent
                                                                1     casting line
                                                                                         your arm at the elbow


                         LX3) S then compete with partner
                         and try to overhead cast their lure
                         into hula hoop (5pts) or knock                   hula hoop
                         down pin (10pts)
                         -S back up from line and overhead
                         cast to targets at greater distance                             C3) Remember that
                         (marked by line)                                                you face the target
                                                                                         with your chest
                         -S will back up even further and
                         try overhead casting
                         When whistle blows, S add up                                    F3) Wow ___,
                         points and see which partner got                                awesome job knocking
                         the most                                                        down the pin. Your aim
                                                                5                        is really improving.


                                                                                              103
Performance Objectives                   LX’s                  Time   Organization     Cues/Feedback




                         TR) S set down their poles where
                         they are standing.
                         -One partner puts away hula
                         hoop/pin
                         -Other partner gets 6 plastic fish
                         and lies them down where hula
                         hoop/pins once were


                         LX4) S overhead cast and see
                         how many fish they can reel in
                         together before whistle is blown—
                         S congratulate each other when
                         he/she successfully reels in a fish
                         -After each fish is reeled in, S
                         identify which fish they have
                         caught
                         -Count up fish after whistle is        5
                         blown and see which pair reeled
                         in the most                                                 C4) Work together to
                                                                                     see how many fish you
                                                                                     can catch!



                                                                                          104
Performance Objectives                  LX’s                 Time   Organization      Cues/Feedback




                         Closure:                                                  F4) Thank you for
                                                                                   showing good
                         What does a proper overhead                               teamwork by
                         cast look like?                                           congratulating your
                                                                                   partner, _____.
                         -Bring the rod straight over head
                         -Bend at the elbow
                         -Chest faces target
                         -Arm and wrist snap
                         -Rod points at target at end of
                         cast

                                                                                   F) You guys did a
                                                                                   great job today with
                         What should you always do before
                                                                                   your overhead casts
                         you cast?
                                                                                   and fish identification!
                         -Check to make sure your                                  You are becoming
                         surroundings are clear and safe                           skilled fisherpeople!



                         What was your favorite fish to
                         catch?



                                                                                         105
Performance Objectives                  LX’s                 Time    Organization   Cues/Feedback



                         -(Answers will vary)




                         TR) S help collect and return all   30sec
                         equipment




                                                                     Plastic Fish




                                                                                      106
Performance Objectives   LX’s   Time   Organization      Cues/Feedback




                                                      Safety:
                                                         1. Check your
                                                            surroundings for
                                                            any obstacles
                                                            before you cast
                                 1
                                                         2. One whistle
                                                            blow means to
                                                            stop casting
                                                         3. Do not cross
                                                            the casting line
                                                            while other S
                                                            are casting




                                                           107
Unit        Fishing                            Grade       High School                      Name:       Zachary Lee

Lesson        Overhead Casting/Fish ID         Station          Court 4/6                   Date      04/10/11

Materials/Equipment            Fishing Poles, Plastic Fish with the pictures on the back of them.

Standards         1,2, and 5                                                                           Style: Direct

          Assessment Tools: Have them answer questions at the end of the lesson during closure.

       Performance Objectives                            LX’s                   Time          Organization             Cues/Feedback



                                          Introduction: Have the students    2 mins.      Seated in a              Eyes up here!
                                          seated and explain to them the                  organized fashion so
T.S.W.:                                   directions and what we will be                  where they can see
                                          doing today. Also explain safety                me.
                                          is a primary concern, but should
 Pyschomotor: The student will be         not take the fun away from the
able to perform correctly an              lesson.
overhead cast in their own space.



Cognitive: The student will be able    TR: Have the students all grab
identify the certain type of fish they fishing poles that are already
caught during the activity by          laid out on the ground.                            The poles will be laid
looking at the picture on the back of
the plastic fish.                                                                         out next to each
                                                                             30 seconds   other in an organized    Be careful not to step
                                                                                          fashion.                 on the poles!
Affective: The student will be able       LX1:) Explain to the class how
to work together with a partner and       to do an overhead cast. Teach


                                                                                                                               108
      Performance Objectives                        LX’s                  Time   Organization   Cues/Feedback



offering help if their fishing pole   them the important parts such
has problems.                         as how to hold the pole in their
                                      hands and when to press the
                                      button/flip the bail. Then, have
                                      them try it in their own personal
                                      space around the field/ court.
                                      Keep in mind the saftey inf




                                                                                                       109
Performance Objectives   LX’s   Time   Organization   Cues/Feedback




                                                             110
Performance Objectives   LX’s   Time   Organization     Cues/Feedback




                                                      Safety:

                                                            Always make
                                                             sure you know
                                                             where your
                                                             classmates are
                                                             at when you are
                                                             casting.
                                                            Be careful not
                                                             to damage the
                                                             poles by
                                                             throwing them
                                                             on the ground
                                                             or stepping on
                                                             them.
                                                            Make sure you
                                                             know where
                                                             your partners


                                                                  111
Performance Objectives   LX’s   Time   Organization   Cues/Feedback



                                                         line is at and try
                                                         not to cast over
                                                         it and get it
                                                         tangled.




                                                                112

								
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